Christian Churches of God

No. Q053




Commentary on the Koran: Surah 53 “The Star”


(Edition 1.5 20180107-20200715)


An Najm “The Star” takes its name from a word in the first verse. It is again part of the sequence of the early Beccan Surahs.




Christian Churches of God

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(Copyright © 2018, 2020 Wade Cox & Alan Brach)


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 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 53 The Star

Pickthall Translation, Bible Quotes are from the English Standard Version unless otherwise noted.



The star refers to the transition of power from Satan to Christ as Morning Star in accordance with prophecy in Numbers 24:17.


53.1. By the Star when it setteth,

The end of this present age is upon us and that would also signify the end of Satan as a morning star. When Christ died on the 14th Abib 30 CE the countdown started to bring the rule of Satan as morning star of this planet to a close.


Satan started on his downward trail when he rebelled and sinned. Christ will take over soon as the new morning star. Christ is the star that is referred to in Numbers that is to come out of Jacob as Israel as the leader of the planet (Num. 24:17).


Isaiah 14:12 How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star, son of Dawn! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low!


2Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment;


2Peter 1:19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.


53.2. Your comrade erreth not, nor is deceived;

53.3. Nor doth he speak of (his own) desire.

53.4. It is naught save an inspiration that is inspired,


Refer to 2Timothy 3:16 and 2Peter 1:21 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020)  at ayat 6.


2Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD speaks by me; his word is on my tongue.

53.5. Which one of mighty powers hath taught him,


 Now from verses 6 to 12 we see the vision given to the Prophet usually attributed to that at Mt Hira.

53.6. One vigorous; and he grew clear to view

53.7. When he was on the uppermost horizon.

53.8. Then he drew nigh and came down

53.9. Till he was (distant) two bows' length or even nearer,

53.10. And He revealed unto His slave that which He revealed.

Hebrews 1:1-2 Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.

[This is the eon, the cosmos or environment.]

Numbers 12:6 And he said, “Hear my words: If there is a prophet among you, I the LORD make myself known to him in a vision; I speak with him in a dream.

Revelation 1:1-2 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.


The revelation of God comes through His angelic messengers and given to His human servants in the form of visions and dreams through the Holy Spirit. Revelation and understanding comes in portions, not all at once.


Isaiah 28:10, 13 10For it is precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little.

13And the word of the LORD will be to them precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little, that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

53.11. The heart lied not (in seeing) what it saw.

53.12. Will ye then dispute with him concerning what he seeth?


This vision is then held to be followed by the second vision from verses 13-18 and the vision is often attributed by some Muslimin to be the vision of the Seven Heavens.


53.13. And verily he saw him yet another time

53.14. By the lote-tree of the utmost boundary,

53.15. Nigh unto which is the Garden of Abode.

53.16. When that which shroudeth did enshroud the lote-tree,

53.17. The eye turned not aside nor yet was overbold.

53.18. Verily he saw one of the greater revelations of his Lord.

Acts 5:32 And we are witnesses to these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.”


Revelation 1:2 who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.


Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God that I command you.

Deuteronomy 12:32 Everything that I command you, you shall be careful to do. You shall not add to it or take from it.

Proverbs 30:6 Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.

Revelation 22:18-19 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.

Deuteronomy 5:32 You shall be careful therefore to do as the LORD your God has commanded you. You shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.

Deuteronomy 28:14 and if you do not turn aside from any of the words that I command you today, to the right hand or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them.


The pagan Arabs as worshippers of the gods, both Qamar the Male Moon and Shams the Female sun god, pretended that their gods were the daughters of the Sun and the Moon gods and formed a Triune system of them as Al-Lat, Al-Uzza and Manat

53.19. Have ye thought upon Al-Lat and Al-'Uzza

53.20. And Manat, the third, the other?

53.21. Are yours the males and His the females?

53.22. That indeed were an unfair division!

53.23. They are but names which ye have named, ye and your fathers, for which Allah hath revealed no warrant. They follow but a guess and that which (they) themselves desire. And now the guidance from their Lord hath come unto them.


53.24. Or shall man have what he coveteth?


HuBal was “The Lord” with Baal (or Bal or Bel) meaning “Lord” as their centre of worship at Mecca in the Ka’abah. But their gods were legion with many in the Ka’abah and some 360 day-gods around it.

Exodus 20:3 You shall have no other gods before me.

Deuteronomy 28:14 and if you do not turn aside from any of the words that I command you today, to the right hand or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them.

Deuteronomy 6:14 You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are around you.

Revelation 18:4 Then I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you take part in her sins, lest you share in her plagues.

Job 38:7 when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy?


See Matthew 22:30 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 52 (No.Q052) at ayat 28.


Some societies prefer the male species and would rather kill their females as they are inferior in strength and easily captured by their enemies and are not able to earn as much as the males. It seems the Arabs sought to create their deities to be females but the sun was female also, yet the crescent moon of Sin or Qamar was male.

Mark 7:13 thus making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And many such things you do.

Titus 1:14 not devoting themselves to Jewish myths and the commands of people who turn away from the truth.

Exodus 20:17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.”

James 4:2-3 You desire and do not have, so you murder. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. You do not have, because you do not ask. 3You ask and do not receive, because you ask wrongly, to spend it on your passions.

53.25. But unto Allah belongeth the after (life), and the former.


See Nehemiah 9:6 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 44 at ayat 9 and Deuteronomy 10:14 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 48 (No. Q048) at ayat 5.

1Corinthians 15:28 When all things are subjected to him, then the Son himself will also be subjected to him who put all things in subjection under him, that God may be all in all.


Refer to Ecclesiastes 12:7 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 19 (No. Q019) at ayat 40 and Revelation 4:11 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 39 (No. Q039) at ayat 4.


53.26. And how many angels are in the heavens whose intercession availeth naught save after Allah giveth leave to whom He chooseth and accepteth.


See Isaiah 59:16; 1Timothy 2:5 in Surah 45 at ayat 20 and Isaiah 63:5 in Surah 46 at ayat 32.


Here the doctrine of Predestination is introduced again (see Predestination (No. 296)).

53.27. Lo! it is those who disbelieve in the Hereafter who name the angels with the names of females.

53.28. And they have no knowledge thereof. They follow but a guess, and lo! a guess can never take the place of the truth.

Jeremiah 4:22 “For my people are foolish; they know me not; they are stupid children; they have no understanding. They are ‘wise’—in doing evil! But how to do good they know not.”

Psalm 82:5 They have neither knowledge nor understanding, they walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.


Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength and my stronghold, my refuge in the day of trouble, to you shall the nations come from the ends of the earth and say: “Our fathers have inherited nothing but lies, worthless things in which there is no profit.

The pagans honor and serve their female deities as they follow in the traditions of their ancestors as they know nothing better. It seems that they not only admire but also worship the female body.


53.29. Then withdraw (O Muhammad) from him who fleeth from Our remembrance and desireth but the life of the world.

Revelation 18:4 Then I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you take part in her sins, lest you share in her plagues.


1Corinthians 2:14 The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.


Romans 8:7 For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot.


Refer to 1John 2:16 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 18 (No. Q018) at ayat 8.

53.30. Such is their sum of knowledge. Lo! thy Lord is Best Aware of him who strayeth, and He is Best Aware of him whom goeth right.


Refer to Hebrews 4:13 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 30 (No. Q030) at ayat 1.


See Psalm 82:5 at ayat 53.28 above.

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.

53.31. And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, that He may reward those who do evil with that which they have done, and reward those who do good with goodness.


See Nehemiah 9:6 in Commentary on the Koran:

Surah 44 (No. Q044) at ayat 9; Deuteronomy 10:14 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 48 (No. Q048) at ayat 5; Jeremiah 17:10 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017) at ayat 1 and Galatians 6:7-8 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 39 (No. Q039) at ayat 48.


53.32. Those who avoid enormities of sin and abominations, save the unwilled offences - (for them) lo! thy Lord is of vast mercy. He is Best Aware of you (from the time) when He created you from the earth, and when ye were hidden in the bellies of your mothers. Therefor ascribe not purity unto yourselves. He is Best Aware of him who wardeth off (evil).


See Hebrews 10:26 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 47 (No. Q047)  at ayat 9.

Numbers 15:30 But the person who does anything with a high hand, whether he is native or a sojourner, reviles the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from among his people.

Lamentations 3:22 The steadfast love of the LORD never ceases; his mercies never come to an end;

Psalm 103:10-11 He does not deal with us according to our sins, nor repay us according to our iniquities. 11For as high as the heavens are above the earth, so great is his steadfast love toward those who fear him

Jeremiah 1:5 “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I appointed you a prophet to the nations.”

Psalm 139:12-13 even the darkness is not dark to you; the night is bright as the day, for darkness is as light with you. 13For you formed my inward parts; you knitted me together in my mother’s womb.

Romans 3:10 as it is written: “None is righteous, no, not one

Romans 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God

Psalm 33:14-15 from where he sits enthroned he looks out on all the inhabitants of the earth, 15he who fashions the hearts of them all and observes all their deeds.

Psalm 4:3 But know that the LORD has set apart the godly for himself; the LORD hears when I call to him.

53.33. Didst thou (O Muhammad) observe him who turned away,

53.34. And gave a little, then was grudging?

53.35. Hath he knowledge of the Unseen so that he seeth?

2Corinthians 9:7 Each one must give as he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.


See 1Timothy 6:16 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 52 (No. Q052) at ayat 38.

53.36. Or hath he not had news of what is in the books of Moses

53.37. And Abraham who paid his debt:


Refer to Deuteronomy 29:29 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020) at ayat 6.


Genesis 26:5 because Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

53.38. That no laden one shall bear another's load,

Galatians 6:5 For each will have to bear his own load.

53.39. And that man hath only that for which he maketh effort,

53.40. And that his effort will be seen.

53.41. And afterward he will be repaid for it with fullest payment;


See Romans 2:7-8 in Surah 45 at ayat 15 and  Hebrews  6:10  in Surah 47 at ayat 4.

1Corinthians 3:8 He who plants and he who waters are one, and each will receive his wages according to his labor.


Psalm 62:12 and that to you, O Lord, belongs steadfast love. For you will render to a man according to his work.

Proverbs 27:18 Whoever tends a fig tree will eat its fruit, and he who guards his master will be honored.


53.42. And that thy Lord, He is the goal;

Deuteronomy 6:5 You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

Mark 12:30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’


See Luke 4:8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 51 (No. Q051) at ayat 54.

53.43. And that He it is who maketh laugh, and maketh weep,

Job 8:21 He will yet fill your mouth with laughter, and your lips with shouting.


Ecclesiastes 3:4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;

53.44. And that He it is Who giveth death and giveth life;


See Deuteronomy 32:39 and 1Samuel 2:6 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 50 (No. Q050) at ayat 45.

53.45. And that He createth the two spouses, the male and the female,

53.46. From a drop (of seed) when it is poured forth;

53.47. And that He hath ordained the second bringing forth;


See Acts 17:26 in Surah 46 at ayat 3 and  Daniel 12:2 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 50 (No. Q050) at ayat 3.

Genesis 5:2 Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and named them Man when they were created.

Genesis 1:25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.


God created the first pair and, from Adam’s seed through his wife, the succeeding generations. Some of his seed will be raised in the First Resurrection to eternal life and all the others will be raised in the Second Resurrection to face corrective training and judgement to lead them to repentance.

53.48. And that He it is Who enricheth and contenteth;

Psalm 115:14-15 May the Lord give you increase, you and your children! 15May you be blessed by the Lord, who made heaven and earth!

Luke 12:15 And he said to them, “Take care, and be on your guard against all covetousness, for one’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.”


1Timothy 6:6-8 Now there is great gain in godliness with contentment, 7for we brought nothing into the world, and we cannot take anything out of the world. 8But if we have food and clothing, with these we will be content.

53.49. And that He it is Who is the Lord of Sirius;

Sirius was termed the Dog Star and was of significance among the pagans.

Refer to 1Chronicles 29:11-12 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 30 (No. Q030) at ayat 28.


A’ad was a former and a latter tribe as some of that tribe are still extant among the Arabs. The tribes are dealt with under Surah 15 Al Hijr.


53.50. And that He destroyed the former (tribe of) A'ad,

53.51. And (the tribe of) Thamud He spared not;

53.52. And the folk of Noah aforetime, Lo! they were more unjust and more rebellious;

53.53. And Al-Mu'tafikah He destroyed

53.54. So that there covered them that which did cover.


The tribe of A’ad was destroyed by a fierce roaring wind which God imposed on them for seven long nights and eight long days.The tribe of Thamud were destroyed by a thunderbolt which was followed by a massive earthquake that levelled their dwellings. Al-Mutafikah were associated with the Sodomites destroyed under Lot.


Genesis 7:23 He blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens.


They were blotted out from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ark.

Genesis 19:24 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of heaven.

Psalm 37:38 But transgressors shall be altogether destroyed; the future of the wicked shall be cut off.

Proverbs 2:22 but the wicked will be cut off from the land, and the treacherous will be rooted out of it.

53.55. Concerning which then, of the bounties of thy Lord, canst thou dispute?

Psalm 103:2 Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits,


Psalm 107:8 Let them thank the LORD for his steadfast love, for his wondrous works to the children of man!


Psalm 116:12 What shall I render to the LORD for all his benefits to me?

He blesses us beyond what we deserve. Man forgets easily and is not thankful to God for his benefits.


53.56. This is a warner of the warners of old.


See Amos 3:7 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 46 (No. Q046) at ayat 9.

Ezekiel 3:17-19 “Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel. Whenever you hear a word from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me. 18If I say to the wicked, ‘You shall surely die,’ and you give him no warning, nor speak to warn the wicked from his wicked way, in order to save his life, that wicked person shall die for his iniquity, but his blood I will require at your hand. 19But if you warn the wicked, and he does not turn from his wickedness, or from his wicked way, he shall die for his iniquity, but you will have delivered your soul. 


Qasim and the church or Muhammad at Becca and then Medinah were stated to be as of the prophets of old in the Scriptures and the apostles of the faith.

53.57. The threatened Hour is nigh.

53.58. None beside Allah can disclose it.

53.59. Marvel ye then at this statement,

53.60. And laugh and not weep,

53.61. While ye amuse yourselves?

53.62. Rather prostrate yourselves before Allah and serve Him.


See Ecclesiastes 11:9 in Surah 46 at ayat 20 and Luke 4:8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 51 (No.Q051) at ayat 54.

Matthew 24:36 But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.

Acts 1:7 He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or seasons that the Father has fixed by his own authority.

Psalm 95:6 Oh come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the LORD, our Maker!


Thus Only God can disclose the time of the end when He will send the Witnesses and the Messiah to subjugate the earth.