Christian Churches of God

No. 132z



The New Moons of Israel

(Edition 2.0 19950826-19990918)

This paper deals with the spiritual significance of the New Moons. The keeping of the New Moons by the Church over the centuries is also examined.





Christian Churches of God



(Copyright ã 1995, 1999 Wade Cox,

Summary by June Hoyt, Ed. Wade Cox)

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The New Moons of Israel

The church has kept the New Moons over many centuries and what are termed eras. The Apostolic Church kept the New Moons. We know without doubt that the Jerusalem Church was Sabbath-keeping until the fourth century. Paul would not have made the statement if the various types of observances were not being kept. The New Moons and Feasts fell into disuse prior to the Council of Nicaea. However, that does not mean that they were not kept.

The New Moons were of such importance that the Feast of Trumpets was not listed in the Old Sabbath Songbook under its own feast. It was dealt with as a New Moon. New Moons are usually listed biblically in order of precedence after the Sabbath and before the feasts (1Chron. 23:31; 2Chron. 2:4; 8:13; 31:3: Ezra 3:5; Neh. 10:33; Isa. 1:13-14; Ezek. 45:17). In the temple under Solomon and in each restoration, the New Moons were established. No restoration was complete without them.

The hymnal was written in Hungarian. It consisted of 102 Hymns: 44 for Sabbaths, 5 for New Moons, 11 for Passover and Unleavened Bread, 6 for the Feast of Weeks, 6 for Tabernacles, 3 New year, 1 for Atonement, and 26 for everyday purposes.

Just like the western Waldensians, at the commencement of the Reformation, the East European Church split into Sunday and Sabbath-keepers. The Church of God actually came to be opposed by these Sunday Unitarians who were used by the establishment. The lure of the power of the Protestant system was the prime cause.

The New Moons are established from the Pentateuch. No trading was done on either New Moon or Sabbath (Amos 8:1). The New Moons are integral to the plan of salvation. The New Moons represent the completed sequence of the sacrifices, which determine the composition of the 144,000. These are essential to an explanation of the sacrifices.

Without the New Moons there can be no complete restoration. Elijah will restore also the New Moons (Mal. 4:5; Mat. 17:10-11). "From New Moon to New Moon and from Sabbath to Sabbath all flesh shall come and worship before me" says the Lord (Isa. 66:23). The restoration will commence before the coming of Messiah and will continue until the nations are all subjugated and converted. If the Holy Days stand with the fourth commandment than so do the New Moons. The moon demonstrates the light of the world within the darkness that rules. The sun is used to depict Christ (Mal. 4:2).

The heavenly bodies differ in glory as the bodies are used to denote different states (1Cor 15:40-50). The moon is used to denote both Israel as the nation and Israel as the church. He, Israel, shall rule as God (elohim). Israel grew out of the nation and became the church.

The Nation and the church are persecuted after she had brought forth the man-child and he was taken up to God and to his throne. The angels here refer to the elect as their brethren. Thus we are talking of a family relationship, which includes the angelic host. Here we see that the offspring of the woman are those who keep the commandments of God and testimony of Jesus so that the nation here becomes the Church and therefore opens to embrace the Gentiles as part of Israel (Rev. 12:1-17).

Regardless of time frames involved, the sun, moon, and stars represent both the woman who gave birth to Messiah and also the offspring of the woman who is the Church and bride of Messiah. The moon is used to denote the nation of Israel and also the Church because the moon possesses no light of its own. The moon is also symbolic because it is in phases. The New Moon represents the beginning of the activity of each cycle (1Kgs. 44:7; 1Chro. 27:1-15; Gen. 7:1; 8:3-4; Nu. 20:29; Deut. 21:13; 34:8; Est. 4:11; Dan. 6:7-13).

The Months are: 1) Nisan (March–April; 2) Iyyar (April–May); 3) Sivan (May- June); 4) Tummuz (June-July); 5) Ab (July-August); 6) Elul (August-September); 7) Tishri (September-October); 8) Marcheshvan (October-November); 9) Chislev (November- December); 10) Tebeth (December-January); 11) Shebat (January-February); 12) Adar (February-March). There are 12 months, generally reckoned to have 30 days in a year.

The Passover festival begins the cycle of agricultural Feasts. Passover must coincide with the first harvest. The commencement of the year is dependent upon the location of the moon for that period in which the barely harvest occurs. The feasts are dependent upon the New Moon. The New Moon is the "beginning of the lunar month, namely the period between one conjunction and the next, the length of which has been accurately calculated in the astronomical schools" (Judaeus Philo, The Special Laws, II, XXVI, 140, F. H. Colson (Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA, 1937)

God dealt with the Babylonian system through the proper establishment of the calendar and the church. The Babylonian system began the year from Tishri. From this month Messiah will establish the New Beginning, symbolised by Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement and Tabernacles. Each New Moon represents the phase from Messiah through each Church to the return of Messiah in the advent. The New Moons represent the Churches. The year was made to start in the month of sacrifice, represented by the Passover sacrifice of Messiah. The sacrifices are: the fifty-two Sabbaths, the seven feast holy days, and the twelve New Moons, together with the Wave Sheaf offering (Lev. 23:9-14). Trumpets is a double sacrifice being both Feast and New Moon (Num. 29:1-6). The relationship of the moons to Israel is predicated on the function of the intercalary month as it occurs with the twelve normal months. Without the New Moons there can be no detailed understanding of the Plan of Salvation.

God is thus Alpha and Omega being both beginning and end (Rev. 1:8; 21:6; 22:13). Whatever God does endures forever. Nothing can be added to it or taken from it. God has made it so in order that men should fear Him. That which is already has been, and that which is to be already has been and seeks what has been driven away (Eccl 3:14-15).

The New Moons stand for eternity under Messiah and his elect.