Christian Churches of God

No. Q100




Commentary on the Koran: Surah 100 “Those That Run”


(Edition 1.5 20180531-20201229)



The text is a Very Early Beccan Surah as a warning on violent greed and the Resurrection of the Dead.


Christian Churches of God

PO Box 369,  WODEN  ACT 2606,  AUSTRALIA






(Copyright © 2018, 2020 Wade Cox and Alan Brach)


This paper may be freely copied and distributed provided it is copied in total with no alterations or deletions. The publisher’s name and address and the copyright notice must be included.  No charge may be levied on recipients of distributed copies.  Brief quotations may be embodied in critical articles and reviews without breaching copyright.


This paper is available from the World Wide Web page: and



Commentary on the Koran: Surah 100 “Those That Run”


Pickthall Translation; Bible Quotes are from the English Standard Version unless otherwise noted.



Al-A’adiyat takes its name from a word in the first verse which Pickthall has rendered as “Coursers.”  It has the meaning of those running in competitive pursuit. The meaning of the first five verses is not clear to the Muslim translators. The words “snorting” and “sparks of fire” indicate a mounted pursuit. They are “scouring” in a raid at dawn; cleaving together as one in the centre. They are violent in their love of wealth and are ingrates to the Lord God.


They are all told that in the resurrection their Lord will know all concerning them.



100.1. By the snorting courses,

100.2. Striking sparks of fire

100.3. And scouring to the raid at dawn,

100.4. Then, therewith, with their trail of dust,

100.5. Cleaving, as one, the centre (of the foe),


Horses and their riders charging into enemy combatants in the early hours of dawn raising clouds of dust and causing sparks of fire by the friction between their hoofs and the gravel beneath their feet. A scenario of war from the past battles of Islam against their enemy forces. In modern warfare air force fighter planes execute bombing strikes against enemy fortifications in the early dawn causing fires and dust from demolished structures. So too the messengers of God rise up early to deliver the warning messages assigned to them and draw fire and scorn from the disbelievers. Soon they will see fire and dust storms when their entire structures are demolished by Messiah and his armies.


Refer to:

2Chronicles 36:15-16 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 21 (No. Q021) at ayat 15 and Jeremiah 7:25-26 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 44 (No. Q044) at ayat 6.


Matthew 23:34-35 Therefore I send you prophets and wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and persecute from town to town, 35so that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.


Zephaniah 1:14-17 The great day of the LORD is near, near and hastening fast; the sound of the day of the LORD is bitter; the mighty man cries aloud there. 15A day of wrath is that day, a day of distress and anguish, a day of ruin and devastation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness, 16a day of trumpet blast and battle cry against the fortified cities and against the lofty battlements. 17I will bring distress on mankind, so that they shall walk like the blind, because they have sinned against the LORD; their blood shall be poured out like dust, and their flesh like dung. 


100.6. Lo! man is an ingrate unto his Lord

100.7. And lo! he is a witness unto that;

100.8. And lo! in the love of wealth he is violent.


Refer to:

Romans 1:19-25 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 16 (No. Q016) at ayat 3; Romans 8:5 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 34 (No. Q034) at ayat 3; Jeremiah 16:19 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 53 (No. Q053) at ayat 28 and 1Timothy 6:9-10 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 64 (No. Q064) at ayat 15.


Zechariah 7:11-12 But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears that they might not hear. 12They made their hearts diamond-hard lest they should hear the law and the words that the LORD of hosts had sent by his Spirit through the former prophets. Therefore great anger came from the LORD of hosts.


Philippians 3:19 Their end is destruction, their god is their belly, and they glory in their shame, with minds set on earthly things.


Ecclesiastes 5:10 He who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves wealth with his income; this also is vanity.


Psalm 62:10 Put no trust in extortion; set no vain hopes on robbery; if riches increase, set not your heart on them.


100.9. Knoweth he not that, when the contents of the graves are poured forth


Refer to:

Revelation 20:13 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017) at ayat 15; John 5:28-29 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 21 (No. Q021) at ayat 47; Daniel 12:2 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 24 (No. Q024) at ayat 42 and Ezekiel 37:4-6 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 45 (No. Q045) at ayat 26.


100.10. And the secrets of the breasts are made known,


Psalm 90:8 You have set our iniquities before you, our secret sins in the light of your presence.


Psalm 44:21 would not God discover this? For he knows the secrets of the heart.


Jeremiah 20:12 O LORD of hosts, who tests the righteous, who sees the heart and the mind, let me see your vengeance upon them, for to you have I committed my cause.


Refer to Jeremiah 17:10 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017) at ayat 1.


100.11. On that day will their Lord be perfectly informed concerning them.


Refer to:

Revelation 20:12 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017) at ayat 15 and Hebrews 4:13 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020) at ayat 7.


Daniel 7:10 A stream of fire issued and came out from before him; a thousand thousands served him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; the court sat in judgment, and the books were opened.