Christian Churches of God





Commentary on the Koran: Surah 91 “The Sun”


(Edition 1.5 20180530-20180530)


Surah 91 Ash–Shams is the commencement in verse 1. A Very Early Beccan Surah.




Christian Churches of God

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 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 91 “The Sun”


Pickthall Translation; Bible Quotes are from the English Standard Version unless otherwise noted.



Ash-Shams takes its name from verse 1. The translation could be taken to be incorrect in Pickthall as the Sun is femine and represents the Goddess and the moon Al-Qamar is masculine. It represents the system of Baal and Easter in the Sun and Mystery cults.


The terms are also applied Scripturally to the Messiah as the Sun of Righteousness.


It is also a Very Early Beccan Surah in the primary witness to the Beccans and Arabs generally.




91.1. By the sun and his brightness,

91.2. And the moon when she followeth him,

91.3. And the day when it revealeth him,

91.4. And the night when it enshroudeth him,


Refer to Amos 5:8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 37 (No. Q037) at ayat 6.


Psalm 19:6 Its rising is from the end of the heavens, and its circuit to the end of them, and there is nothing hidden from its heat.


Ecclesiastes 1:5 The sun rises, and the sun goes down, and hastens to the place where it rises.


Psalm 104:19 He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting.


Genesis 1:14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years,


The oaths are stated in the names of these celestial bodies because they play important roles in our environment and the timing of their activities is so extremely accurate that there is no doubt about those certainties. Those absolute certainties in timing form the basis of God’s Calendar (No. 156).


The sun exposes by its light what the night hides by its darkness. Similarly God makes His revelations known to man. We cannot exist without God. He sustains the entire universe.


91.5. And the heaven and Him Who built it,

91.6. And the earth and Him Who spread it,


Refer to:

Romans 1:19-20 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 16 (No. Q016) at ayat 3 and Jeremiah 10:12 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 52 (No. Q052) at ayat 37.


Psalm 104:3 He lays the beams of his chambers on the waters; he makes the clouds his chariot; he rides on the wings of the wind;


Amos 9:6 who builds his upper chambers in the heavens and founds his vault upon the earth; who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out upon the surface of the earth— the LORD is his name.


Job 38:4 Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding.


Psalm 136:5-6 to him who by understanding made the heavens, for his steadfast love endures forever; 6to him who spread out the earth above the waters, for his steadfast love endures forever;


Psalm 19:1The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.


His handiwork is seen in the works that He made. He sustains the entire universe by His power. His wisdom and understanding is beyond our comprehension. Yet man thinks that He does not exist. He makes His revelations known to man so we can praise and worship Him. 


91.7. And a soul and Him Who perfected it

91.8. And inspired it (with conscience of) what is wrong for it and (what is) right for it.

91.9. He is indeed successful who causeth it to grow,

91.10. And he is indeed a failure who stunteth it.


Refer to:

2Peter 3:18 in Commentary on the Koran (No. Q010) at ayat 5; Deuteronomy 29:29 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 21 (No. Q021) at ayat 15; Revelation 21:8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 23 (No. Q023)  at ayat 98; Hebrews 8:10 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 33 (No. Q033 at ayat 8; Psalm 139:13-14 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 41 (No. Q041) at ayat 54 and Job 10:9-11 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 52 (No. Q052) at ayat 37.


Job 10:12 You have granted me life and steadfast love, and your care has preserved my spirit.


Job 32:8 But it is the spirit in a person, the breath of the Almighty, that gives them understanding. (NIV)


Hebrews 10:16 “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws on their hearts, and write them on their minds,”


Philippians 2:12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling,


1Thessalonians 4:1 Finally, then, brothers, we ask and urge you in the Lord Jesus, that as you received from us how you ought to walk and to please God, just as you are doing, that you do so more and more.


1Thessalonians 5:19 Do not quench the Spirit.


Ephesians 4:30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.


Revelation 21:7 The one who conquers will have this heritage, and I will be his God and he will be my son.


God made man a living soul and endowed him with a spirit that gives him understanding. The Holy Spirit, given to the elect, helps them to grow in the grace and knowledge of God. Quenching the Holy Spirit leads to failure which takes the person to the Second Resurrection for re-education and training to lead him to repentance. If he does not repent he will face the Second Death in the Lake of Fire.


91.11. (The tribe of) Thamud denied (the truth) in their rebellious pride,

91.12. When the basest of them broke forth

91.13. And the messenger of Allah said: It is the she-camel of Allah, so let her drink!

91.14. But they denied him, and they hamstrung her, so Allah doomed them for their sin and razed (their dwellings).

91.15. He dreadeth not the sequel (of events).


It is believed that the folk of Thamud were visited by a loud thunder strike which was followed by a massive catastrophic earthquake which buried them in their houses and their buildings.


The messenger sent to them had warned them of the consequences of their evil deeds. They refused to modify their scandalous behaviour and return to the correct worship of Allah and they ruined their lives.


God is not afraid of the consequences of the punishment He had decreed as they deserved the punishment.


Refer to Proverbs 16:18 and Proverbs 11:21 which state that the evildoers will not go unpunished. For the wages of sin is death, as stated in Romans 6:23, and the sinner is consigned to the Second Resurrection for re-education and retraining to lead them to repentance. Those who do not repent will face the Second Death in the Lake of Fire.