Christian Churches of God
Commentary on the Koran: Surah 76 “Man” or “Time”
(Edition 1.5 20180511-20201225)
This Surah concerns the doctrine of predestination in the plan of Salvation
Commentary on the Koran: Surah 76 “Man” or “Time”
Pickthall Translation; Bible Quotes are from the English Standard Version unless otherwise noted.
“Al-Insan or Ad-Dar in either case takes its name from verse 1. It is an early Beccan Surah concerned with the doctrine of Predestination (No. 296) of the elect in the plan of Salvation and ties in with the other Early Beccan Surahs bringing attention of the calling to the ears of the Beccan idolaters and to those who were to be called out and baptised from among them.
76.1. Hath there come upon man (ever) any period of time in which he was a thing unremembered?
Psalm 144:3 O LORD, what is man that you regard him, or the son of man that you think of him?
Isaiah 2:22 Stop regarding man in whose nostrils is breath, for of what account is he?
Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble.
Man, a mere breath, was created as a physical being for a short period of time. This creation is temporary as a stage for training and testing for a spiritual creation. Those called and chosen to live their lives in compliance with the commandments and testimonies of God will be raised to eternal life in the First Resurrection. The rest of humanity will be raised to a spiritual creation after repentance following on from their re-education and judgement during the Second Resurrection.
This understanding of Predestination was basic to the faith from the beginning and the Koran was concerned with explaining the Resurrections of the Dead and how each was to be determined and how the elect were concerned with reaching the First Resurrection and the First Garden of paradise in order to Judge the Demons in the Second Resurrection by their performance in the Millennial system (cf. 1 Cor. 6:3 and its application to the Judgment of the Demons (No. 080)).
76.2. Lo! We create man from a drop of thickened fluid to test him; so We make him hearing, knowing.
76.3. Lo! We have shown him the way, whether he be grateful or disbelieving.
Psalm 139:13 For You formed my inward parts; You wove me in my mother's womb.
Exodus 4:11 Then the LORD said to him, “Who has made man’s mouth? Who makes him mute, or deaf, or seeing, or blind? Is it not I, the LORD?
Matthew 13:16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear.
Deuteronomy 8:2 And you shall remember the whole way that the LORD your God has led you these forty years in the wilderness, that he might humble you, testing you to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep his commandments or not.
James 1:3 for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness.
Mark 16:16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.
76.4. Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers manacles and carcans and a raging fire.
Proverbs 2:22 but the wicked will be cut off from the land, and the treacherous will be rooted out of it.
2Thessalonians 1:8 in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.
Refer to Revelation 21:8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 23 (No. Q023) at ayat 98.
76.5. Lo! the righteous shall drink of a cup whereof the mixture is of Kafur,
The drink is a mixture of heavenly wine and the Kafur plant which is referred to as a form of Camphor but of plant origins from Java via India. The origins seem to come from its identification and presentation to the Caliph Omar and this reference in the Koran is probably word of mouth before the powder was introduced. The Purana Scriptures referred to in Q001 show the Prophet was known in India. There is also a tradition that it was a wine from the spring of the First Resurrection. The association here was of a covering of grapes and dates as a must. There is no doubt that it refers to a millennial wine of the elect and a blessing from God. It cannot have been the inferior Chinese camphor introduced in the Thirteenth century. The other wine in verse 17 is mixed with Zanjbil or Zanjabil. There is no doubt that the Koran refers positively to specific wines provided for the Resurrections and the millennial system as a blessing from God. There are other references to the provision of wine also
(see notes by Dr. M.I.H. Farooqi (Dr. Mohammed Iqtedar Husain Farooqi) Scientist (Deputy Director, National Botanical Research Institute Lucknow))
Revelation 21:6 And he said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give from the spring of the water of life without payment.
Revelation 22:17 The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price.
The elect fear God and abide by His commandments and His testimonies. They do not want to undergo judgement during the Second Resurrection.
Psalm 15:4 in whose eyes a vile person is despised, but who honors those who fear the LORD; who swears to his own hurt and does not change;
Hebrews 10:30-31 For we know him who said, “Vengeance is mine; I will repay.” And again, “The Lord will judge his people.” 31It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
1John 4:17-18 By this, love is perfected with us, so that we may have confidence in the day of judgment; because as He is, so also are we in this world. 18There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves punishment, and the one who fears is not perfected in love. (NASB)
Matthew 25:37-40 Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? 38And when did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you? 39And when did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?’ 40And the King will answer them, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.’
Proverbs 3:27 Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due, when it is in your power to do it.
Galatians 6:9-10 And let us not grow weary of doing good, for in due season we will reap, if we do not give up. 10Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to the family of faith.
76.10. Lo! we fear from our Lord a day of frowning and of fate.
Matthew 25:21 His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a little; I will set you over much. Enter into the joy of your master.’
1Samuel 2:9 He will guard the feet of his faithful ones, but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness, for not by might shall a man prevail.
1Corinthians 2:9 That is what the Scriptures mean when they say, "No eye has seen, no ear has heard, and no mind has imagined what God has prepared for those who love him." (NLT)
Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?
Zechariah 12:8 On that day the LORD will protect the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them on that day shall be like David, and the house of David shall be like God, like the angel of the LORD, going before them.
The righteous who attain eternal life in the First Resurrection will have the holy angels for companions (Rev 19:10; 22:9).
76.23. Lo! We, even We, have revealed unto thee the Qur'an, a revelation;
Refer to 2Timothy 3:16 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020) at ayat 6.
The Qur'an is a commentary and a confirmation of the OT and the NT Scriptures.
76.24. So submit patiently to thy Lord's command, and obey not of them any guilty one or disbeliever.
Ephesians 4:14 so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.
Psalm 55:17 Evening and morning and at noon I utter my complaint and moan, and he hears my voice.
Psalm 88:1 O LORD, God of my salvation, I cry out day and night before you.
Psalm 119:164 Seven times a day I praise you for your righteous rules.
Refer to 1John 2:16-17 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 18 (No. Q018) at ayat 8.
Genesis 1:26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
Matthew 3:9 And do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham.
Matthew 19:26 But Jesus looked at them and said, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”
God is able to raise up another generation or another creation if He so desires.
76.29. Lo! this is an Admonishment, that whosoever will may choose a way unto his Lord.
Matthew 7:14 For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few.
Job 12:13 With God are wisdom and might; he has counsel and understanding.
Refer to: Revelation 21:8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 23 (No. Q023) at ayat 98; John 14:6 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 33 (No. Q033) at ayat 4; Romans 2:7-8 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 45 (No. Q045) at ayat 15 and Romans 9:18 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 48 (No. Q048) at ayat 14.