Christian Churches of God

No. Q045




Commentary on the Koran: Surah 45 “The Kneeling”


(Edition 1.5 20180109-20200513)

Surah 45 is the Sixth of the Seven Ha Mim and is termed “the crouching” but is more appropriately the kneeling before God as each nation is judged.




Christian Churches of God

PO Box 369,  WODEN  ACT 2606,  AUSTRALIA






(Copyright © 2018, 2020 Wade Cox and Alan Brach)


This paper may be freely copied and distributed provided it is copied in total with no alterations or deletions. The publisher’s name and address and the copyright notice must be included.  No charge may be levied on recipients of distributed copies.  Brief quotations may be embodied in critical articles and reviews without breaching copyright.


This paper is available from the World Wide Web page: and



 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 45 “The Kneeling”


Pickthall Translation; English Standard Version Bible quotes unless otherwise noted.



The Surah 45 is Al-Jathiyah named from verse 28 where the nations are all brought before God. Pickthall translates it as “the Crouching” but it refers to the nations when they are brought before God in Judgment and is thus more appropriately termed “the Kneeling”.


It is the Sixth of the Seven Ha Mim series and is specifically a warning to the Arabs both in Becca/Petra and Arabia then and in the Last Days for the Judgment in the Two Resurrections of the Dead.


The text shows clearly that the Children of Israel were given the Scriptures, the Command and the Prophethood and with Christ it was vested in the Church of God as the Children of Israel, and the nations would be judged according to the Commands given to them (vv. 16-17).


The Ha Mim are from the Middle Group of the Beccan Surahs.



45.1. Ha. Mim.

Psalm 116:5
Gracious is the LORD, and righteous; our God is merciful.


See Nehemiah 9:31 at ayat 41.2 in Surah 41 above.


45.2. The revelation of the Scripture is from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.


Refer to 2Timothy 3:16 and Deuteronomy 29:29 at ayat 20.6 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020) and Jude 1:25 at ayat 33.2 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 33 (No. Q033).

Romans 16:27 to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.

45.3. Lo! in the heavens and the earth are portents for believers.

45.4. And in your creation, and all the beasts that He scattereth in the earth, are portents for a folk whose faith is sure.

45.5. And the difference of night and day and the provision that Allah sendeth down from the sky and thereby quickeneth the earth after her death, and the ordering of the winds, are portents for a people who have sense.

45.6. These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth. Then in what fact, after Allah and His portents, will they believe?


See Nehemiah 9:6 at ayat 44.9 in Surah 44 above.


Psalm 19:1 To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.


Exodus 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.


Genesis 1:20 And God said, "Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens."

Genesis 1:16
And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars.


Isaiah 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high and see: who created these? He who brings out their host by number, calling them all by name, by the greatness of his might, and because he is strong in power not one is missing.


Hebrews 11:3 By faith we understand that the universe was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things that are visible.

Isaiah 55:10
For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven and do not return there but water the earth, making it bring forth and sprout, giving seed to the sower and bread to the eater,


Psalm 107:29 He made the storm be still, and the waves of the sea were hushed.


Hosea 14:9 Whoever is wise, let him understand these things; whoever is discerning, let him know them; for the ways of the LORD are right, and the upright walk in them, but transgressors stumble in them.


Romans 1:20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.


The text is specifically a prophecy directed at the liars of Becca and the Arabs generally that denied the Scriptures and corrupted the revelations of God in all Testaments.


45.7. Woe unto each sinful liar,

45.8. Who heareth the revelations of Allah recited unto him, and then continueth in pride as though he heard them not. Give him tidings of a painful doom.

45.9. And when he knoweth aught of Our revelations he maketh it a jest. For such there is a shameful doom.

45.10. Beyond them there is hell, and that which they have earned will naught avail them, nor those whom they have chosen for protecting friends beside Allah. Theirs will be an awful doom.

45.11. This is guidance. And those who disbelieve the revelations of their Lord, for them there is a painful doom of wrath.


Here we are told of the grave and the wrath of God and the Resurrections.


See 2Chronicles 36:16 at ayat 10.39 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 10 (No. Q010) and also John 5:28-29 at ayat 20.55 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020).

Isaiah 3:11
Woe to the wicked! It shall be ill with him, for what his hands have dealt out shall be done to him.


2Timothy 4:4 and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths.

Zechariah 7:11-12
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears that they might not hear. 12They made their hearts diamond-hard lest they should hear the law and the words that the LORD of hosts had sent by his Spirit through the former prophets. Therefore great anger came from the LORD of hosts.


Matthew 25:41 Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.


45.12. Allah it is Who hath made the sea of service unto you that the ships may run thereon by His command, and that ye may seek of His bounty, and that haply ye may be thankful;

45.13. And hath made of service unto you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; it is all from Him. Lo! herein verily are portents for a people who reflect.

Genesis 1:28
And God blessed them. And God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth."

Psalm 8:6
You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet,

Psalm 107:23-24
Some went down to the sea in ships, doing business on the great waters; 24they saw the deeds of the LORD, his wondrous works in the deep.


Psalm 107:31, 43,  31Let them thank the LORD for his steadfast love, for his wondrous works to the children of man!

43Whoever is wise, let him attend to these things; let them consider the steadfast love of the LORD.


45.14. Tell those who believe to forgive those who hope not for the days of Allah; in order that He may requite folk what they used to earn.

45.15. Whoso doeth right, it is for his soul, and whoso doeth wrong, it is against it. And afterward unto your Lord ye will be brought back.


Forgiveness is essential to the faith and the extension of mercy and forgiveness to the elect.

Matthew 6:12
and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.


Luke 11:4 and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation.

Romans 2:6-8
He will render to each one according to his works: 7to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 8but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.

Ecclesiastes 12:7
and the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.


Refer to Ezekiel 18:20 at ayat 17.13 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017).


Here we see the direct transmission of authority by God to the Children of Israel who are the Saints under the Messiah (cf. also Rev. 12:17; 14:12).


45.16. And verily we gave the Children of Israel the Scripture and the Command and the Prophethood, and provided them with good things and favoured them above (all) peoples;

45.17. And gave them plain commandments. And they differed not until after the knowledge came unto them, through rivalry among themselves. Lo! thy Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they used to differ.


Refer to Deuteronomy 29:29 at ayat 20.6 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020).

John 1:17
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.


Deuteronomy 4:44-45 This is the law that Moses set before the people of Israel. 45These are the testimonies, the statutes, and the rules, which Moses spoke to the people of Israel when they came out of Egypt,


Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth.


1Timothy 4:1-2 Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, 2through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared,


1Corinthians 11:19 For also heresies need to be among you, so that the approved ones may become revealed among you. (LITV)


Refer to John 5:28-29 at ayat 20.55 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020).


The confusion in the beliefs of humanity will remain until the Messiah and the millennial system when the world will be cleansed and error removed for the Millennium. Then all mankind will be raised and reeducated in the Second Resurrection when error is removed through re-education and right training and mankind and the fallen Host are prepared for Judgment.


45.18. And now have We set thee (O Muhammad) on a clear road of (Our) commandment; so follow it, and follow not the whims of those who know not.

1John 5:3
For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome.

2John 1:6
And this is love, that we walk according to his commandments; this is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, so that you should walk in it.


45.19. Lo! they can avail thee naught against Allah. And lo! as for the wrong-doers, some of them are friends of others; and Allah is the Friend of those who ward off (evil).

45.20. This is clear indication for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for a folk whose faith is sure.

Isaiah 59:16
He saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no one to intercede; then his own arm brought him salvation, and his righteousness upheld him.


1Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,

Acts 4:12
and there is salvation in no other One, for neither is there any other name under Heaven having been given among men by which we must be saved. (LITV)

Psalm 34:14-15
The eyes of the LORD are toward the righteous and his ears toward their cry. 15The face of the LORD is against those who do evil, to cut off the memory of them from the earth.


James 4:4 You adulterous people! Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.


45.21. Or do those who commit ill-deeds suppose that We shall make them as those who believe and do good works, the same in life and death? Bad is their judgment!


See 2Corinthians 6:14-16 at ayat 38.28 in Surah 38 and John 5:28-29 at ayat 20.55 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020).

45.22. And Allah hath created the heavens and the earth with truth, and that every soul may be repaid what it hath earned. And they will not be wronged.


Truth is the basis of the creation and the faith (see Truth (No. 168)).


Refer to Psalm 28:4 at ayat 10.70 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 10 (No. Q010) and Jeremiah 17:10 at ayat 17.1  Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017).

Genesis 1:31
And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.


Psalm 146:6  Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which keepeth truth for ever: (KJV)


45.23. Hast thou seen him who maketh his desire his god, and Allah sendeth him astray purposely, and sealeth up his hearing and his heart, and setteth on his sight a covering? Then who will lead him after Allah (hath condemned him)? Will ye not then heed?

45.24. And they say: There is naught but our life of the world; we die and we live, and naught destroyeth us save time; when they have no knowledge whatsoever of (all) that; they do but guess.

Isaiah 44:18
They know not, nor do they discern, for he has shut their eyes, so that they cannot see, and their hearts, so that they cannot understand.


2Corinthians 3:14 But their minds were hardened; for to this day, when they read the old covenant, that same veil remains unlifted, because only through Christ is it taken away.


Ephesians 2:2-3 in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— 3among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.

Job 21:30
For the wicked is kept for the day of calamity; they shall be brought to the day of wrath. (LITV)


Refer to 1John 2:16-17 at ayat 18.8 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 18 (No. Q018).

45.25. And when Our clear revelations are recited unto them their only argument is that they say: Bring (back) our fathers. then, if ye are truthful.

45.26. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Allah giveth life to you, then causeth you to die, then gathereth you unto the Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. But most of mankind know not.

Job 14:14-15
If a man dies, will he revive? All the days of my warfare I will wait, until my change comes. 15You shall call, and I will answer You; You shall long to the work of Your hands. (LITV)


Ezekiel 37:4-6 Then he said to me, “Prophesy over these bones, and say to them, O dry bones, hear the word of the LORD. 5Thus says the Lord GOD to these bones: Behold, I will cause breath to enter you, and you shall live. 6And I will lay sinews upon you, and will cause flesh to come upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live, and you shall know that I am the LORD.”


Daniel 12:2  And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.


45.27. And unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and on the day when the Hour riseth, on that day those who follow falsehood will be lost.


Refer to John 5:28-29 at ayat 20.55 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 20 (No. Q020).


Refer to 1Chronicles 29:11-12 at ayat 30.28 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 30 (No. Q030).

Matthew 24:36
But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.

45.28. And thou wilt see each nation crouching, each nation summoned to its record. (And it will be said unto them): This day ye are requited what ye used to do.

45.29. This Our Book pronounceth against you with truth. Lo! We have caused (all) that ye did to be recorded.

Matthew 25:32
Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.


Refer to Revelation 20:11-12 at ayat 17.15 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017).

45.30. Then, as for those who believed and did good works, their Lord will bring them in unto His mercy. That is the evident triumph.


Refer to Revelation 20:4-6 at ayat 11.108 in Commentary on the Koran: Surah 11 (No. Q011).

45.31. And as for those who disbelieved (it will be said unto them): Were not Our revelations recited unto you? But ye were scornful and became a guilty folk.

45.32. And when it was said: Lo! Allah's promise is the truth, and there is no doubt of the Hour's coming, ye said: We know not what the Hour is. We deem it naught but a conjecture, and we are by no means convinced.

45.33. And the evils of what they did will appear unto them, and that which they used to deride will befall them.

45.34. And it will be said: This day We forget you, even as ye forgot the meeting of this your day; and your habitation is the Fire, and there is none to help you.

45.35. This, forasmuch as ye made the revelations of Allah a jest, and the life of the world beguiled you. Therefor this day they come not forth from thence, nor can they make amends.

45.36. Then praise be to Allah, Lord of the heavens and Lord of the earth, the Lord of the Worlds.

45.37. And unto Him (alone) belongeth Majesty in the heavens and the earth, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.


See Jeremiah 7:25-26 at ayat 44.6 in Surah 44, also Romans 16:27 at ayat 45.2 and Matthew 24:36 at ayat 45.27 above.


See 2Chronicles 36:15-16 at ayat 10.39 and in Psalm 28:4 at ayat 10.70 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 10 (No. Q010); Revelation 20:11-15 at ayat 17.15 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 17 (No. Q017); Habakkuk 2:3 at ayat 18.82 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 18 (No. Q018); 2Peter 3:9 at ayat 19.80 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 19 (No. Q019) and Jude 1:25 at ayat 33.2 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 33 (No. Q033).


Jeremiah 25:4 You have neither listened nor inclined your ears to hear, although the LORD persistently sent to you all his servants the prophets,


Ezekiel 33:11  Say to them, As I live, declares the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways, for why will you die, O house of Israel?


1Timothy 5:24-25 The sins of some people are conspicuous, going before them to judgment, but the sins of others appear later. 25So also good works are conspicuous, and even those that are not cannot remain hidden.

Proverbs 10:24
What the wicked dreads will come upon him, but the desire of the righteous will be granted.


1Timothy 1:17 To the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.


So also will we all be judged on Truth and there is no escape. Only those of the elect who are baptised for receipt of the Holy Spirit and who keep the Commandments of God and keep the Faith and Testimony of the Messiah will enter the First Resurrection to eternal life.