Christian Churches of God
Commentary on the Koran: Surah 1 “The Opening”
and Surah 2 “The Heifer”
(Edition 2.0 20170504-20180227)
This section deals with Surahs 1 and 2 and shows the outline plan of the Koran and the Nature of God. We see the nature of the word of God and the infallibility of Scripture in the plan of Salvation. Surah 2 is the longest in the Koran and delineates the position of the Church of God in Arabia in the Seventh Century. It shows the complete corruption of the Koran by ignoring the OT and NT Scriptures.
Commentary on the Koran: Surahs 1 and 2
Shakir’s translation and RSV used throughout unless otherwise indicated.
Surah 1. al-Fatihah: The Opening
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Literal translation: 1 Fragment: Verse In Name (Of) The Lah The Rahman The Raheem
1:1. The Advocation (Is) To Lah Director (Of) The Worlds.
[Lah means the power or the deity.]
Pickthall’s comments on the Standard Invocation
Pickthall states of this standard invocation that: three letters of the Arabic alphabet. Many Surahs begin thus with letters of the alphabet. Opinions differ as to their significance, the prevalent view being that they indicate some mystic words. They are always included in the text and recited as part of it.
1.2. All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
1.3. The Beneficent, the Merciful.
[Direct reference to the Lah, the Godhead and petitioning of the Godhead.]
1.4. Master of the Day of Judgment,
1.5. Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.
1.6. Show us the straight path,
A plea for direction of the church. The plea isolates those not on the path. The Muhammad is the council of the church and its position is isolated in the Introduction Q001.
Matthew 7:14 For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few.
1.7. The path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed favors.
Pickthall’s translation is numbered differently:
In the name of Allah, the Benificent, the Merciful (Not numbered)
1. Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds,
2. The beneficent the Merciful.
3. Owner of the Day of Judgment,
4. Thee (Alone) we worship: Thee (alone) we ask for help.
5. Show us the straight path,
6. The path of those who thou hast favoured;
7. Not the path of those who earn thine anger nor of those who go astray.
In this section verse 7 is the second philosophical antithesis of verse 6 which is verse 7 in Shakir. Some, such as Shakir, have effectively removed verse 7 and renumbered it.
There is little doubt that the Surah 1 was a prayer text compiled after the Koran was compiled and added to it to be a prayer before the studies. It does not exist in some of the more ancient Korans.
Surah 1 is thus an introduction - a prayer for direction and understanding of the faith; cf. Psalm 25:4 and see also Bullinger’s explanation.
Surah 2: al-Baqara: The Heifer
The longest and most extensive of the Surahs is based on the place of the Messiah and the commencement of the purification of the church as the red heifer under the laws given by Christ to Moses.
Remember the Red Heifer was used to commence the sanctification process of the Temple of God.
We need to deal with the Surah section by section and then tease out the meanings of each section.
First, we have to see the Qur'an for what it is, and that is a collection of teachings to the Arabian church and reminders of the spiritual identity of those following this book. To give an idea of similarities we can compare Paul and his letters and epistles to the Qur'an and its Surahs, and we can compare the CCG with its study papers. All of these works have been, and still are being taught to the church after the death and resurrection of Christ; all hold to the law and the testimony. Taken as an isolated book not dependent on any previous word of God it is comparable to the works of Paul and can be and has been twisted into meanings that it wasn't meant to convey. The Bible must be understood in order to understand the Quran properly.
The name of this Surah, the Cow, does relate to the physical red heifer and its function in the sanctification process. This Surah speaks to the elect and what they must do to be pure and to be presentable to God. The red heifer is actually the ruddy heifer based on the word derived from adam meaning the ruddy. The Surah here refers to the “golden heifer” derived from the glowing countenance of Christ that was reflected in the countenance of Moses that glowed when he was seen by Israel at Sinai. It reflects the spiritual glorification of the elect.
Surah 2 lays down the foundation of the beliefs of the Arabian church and gives the basic understanding of the identity of a Christian. This chapter speaks of requirements for eternal life, baptism and commandment keeping and reminds people to keep the food laws. It speaks to those of the covenant that have fallen into error and tells them what they should do to correct their sins. It speaks of the sins of both physical and spiritual Israel as a warning to those being taught in Surah 2. Interestingly at ayats 189-190 we are told about the new moon and that we are to enter the houses (of worship) openly and not be ashamed of this sabbath.
It is the Law of God that the Sabbaths, New Moons and Feasts are to be kept continually (cf. also 1Cor. 3:16).
Surah 2 also reinforces that the laws of God delivered by Moses and the testimony of Christ that reveals what we must do to receive eternal life are to be followed in ayat 87.
Undoubtedly the Arabian church had difficulty with the concept of God having sons. It appears those being taught were carnal minded and didn't understand a son coming to be other than through sexual intercourse. The explanation in ayats 105-117 against the Trinity explains that Jesus was not a product of sexual intercourse but God created him through His power alone, by divine fiat.
Let’s start with the prologue of this Surah which is addressing the predestined (al muttaqeen, see v. 2) people of God, the elect, keeping “The Way” (hudan see v. 2. cf. John 14:5; Acts 9:2) or the “Faith Once Delivered to the Saints”.
First Section: verses 2 to 27.
Before getting into the text proper, it is important to understand and to always have in mind that at Pentecost of the year 30 CE, there were Jews or those of Israel in diaspora or those faithful to God who came to Jerusalem to keep this feast (see Acts chapter 2, esp. verse 14), and having been convinced by the exposure of the Way, the Gospel of the Kingdom of God by the apostles, it is written that 3,000 were baptized (see Acts 2:37-41). Then those Arabians (see Acts 2:11) converted returned home. Therefore the historical fact is the Church of God was already in the sectors of Arabia long before the destruction of the Temple in the year 70 CE and many centuries before the prophet Qasim was born. We have to understand that very well as a primary rule for dealing with the texts. The dishonest Arabian scholars invented the lie that the Scriptures had been lost to stop this referral to Scripture and break the Hadith and later teachings free of the Scriptures and then allow them to invent false doctrine.
It is a matter of fact that the texts teach that the Scriptures are God breathed and are infallible and that Scripture cannot be broken as Christ said himself quoting the law of God (Jn. 10:34-36).
The concept of the universality of God as part of Scripture is explained in the text of The Song of Moses (No. 179) in that it can be derived from the Song of Moses in the Torah at Exodus and cannot be lost or written away as to do so is blasphemy and impugning the Nature and Omnipotence of God. This heresy is prevalent in Hadithic Islam and its advocates are apostates and will die unless they repent.
As explained “Scripture is the only true worship text besides spontaneous prayer, witness and exhortation. Not only the Psalms but also other portions of Scripture, such as the book of Revelation, are clearly written with the intent to be recited and heard as worship.
If Scripture is the embodiment of God then it can be argued that to replace the book of Psalms with a hymn book is to replace the God of the Scriptures with an idol. However the translation is meant to be sung (see CCG Hymnal).
God becomes salvation. This is a process in four steps. It begins with the recognition of God as strength that is complete human dependence upon God and the closest possible relationship with Him. The second step is the realization that Scripture is God insofar as humans can experience God as revealed through the Holy Spirit. The third step is salvation through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit as God with us. The fourth step defines salvation: He is my God.
The state of salvation is then described. It is to build a habitation for God, that is, to sing the Psalms of deliverance, the praises of Israel that are His habitation. God has chosen to dwell in the elect as Israel. They thus become the Temple of God. The recitation of the inspired music of the Bible through the Holy Spirit in worship is to effectively build the temple of God. Human temples are bound by place, and are thus capable of monopoly and eventually corruption and manipulation. The temple of God is made of Spirit begotten Sons of God worshipping on the Sabbaths, that democratic, fleeting, ungraspable temple that comes equally to high and low through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, and equally contains the presence of the Unseen One. Finally, the temple of God is made of the recitation of Scripture, the praises of Israel, again potentially available to everyone who has a voice, an eye, an ear, or a mind. I will exalt Him is a parallel, a repetition of the thought that I will build Him a habitation.
The apostle Paul perhaps reached the comtemplative pinnacle of the unimaginable truth contained in these expressions when he stated that the bodies of the elect in Christ are the temple of God. The apostle Peter went directly to the heart of the truth by saying “Through these things He has freely granted us precious and most great promises, in order that you might through them become sharers in the divine nature” (2Pe. 1:4).
Exodus 15:3 The LORD is a man of war: the LORD is his name.
The Hebrew does in fact use the word iish or man in reference to the LORD. It would be to construe the Scriptures contrary to themselves to attribute humanity to God in any way. Numbers 23:19 states clearly: Loo iish Eel, God is not a man. The expression could be an elliptical reference to the angel of the LORD, but the context seems clear that the verse is speaking of God Himself. In Hebrew it is not allowed to separate the two words of a construct expression, and this is one of those. What must be analyzed is the whole phrase iish milhaamaa, man of war. As such, the phrase does not regard humanity or lack of it. It focuses on the military function. In this case, the military function is one of salvation. The expression has the import that God saves.
The last half of the verse reveals God’s name. To know a person’s name or reputation (in Hebrew the word covers both meanings) gives access to what that person can do in one’s favor. Humanity needs deliverance from time to time, and knowing the name of God is knowing where to turn, and having the possibility of turning to Him.
Exodus 15:4-10 thus, as explained, instills God in the word of God as an inviolate part of the nature of God and that is why these people who disregard or forge or mistranslate Scriptures die spiritually and are sent to the Second Resurrection.
The presence of the Scriptures and the Unitarian teachings of the church in Arabia were also centuries before Arius in their doctrines. Pentecost 30 CE is then the original history of the Original Islam.
In Surah 2 there is mentioned a Sacred Mosque. We have to consider that this is the temple mount. The Ka’aba was a pagan shrine at the time of the Prophet in the Seventh century and over 130 idols were removed from the Ka’aba in the Seventh century.
The word used for the place of the Mosque or sacrifice is just a summary or a concept of all sacrifices in the book of Leviticus. The animal for the sacrifices described in the Scriptures has to be perfect etc. It is talking about the Plan of Salvation. The Heifer (meaning cow) was used for sacrificing and spiritually refers to the sanctification of the Temple of God, which function was performed by the Messiah.
Most of Surah 2 deals with examples of failure to obey God and that we are to repent of our sins to return or revert to God. The intent of this Surah is interwoven and it is difficult to find a single ayat that can be posted and retain the whole understanding given so this Surah must be read in full and prayed over for understanding. This Surah deals with those that break God's laws and tells them what they must do to return to His covenant. We also see that those who enter into the covenant have promised God their submission to Him. The major difference between Christians and Islam is Jesus and his roles, as the testimony, as the mediator of the covenant, as the one time perfect sacrifice and as the first begotten son of God in the spiritual creation and the first resurrected from the dead. So called Christians are themselves divided between Trinitarian and Binitarian or Ditheist Christianity as elements of distinction, most of whom are Sunday worshipping followers of the Sun and Mystery Cults of Baal worhip and those of the Sabbatarians who have been Unitarians over the two millennia and the Binitarian/Trinitarians who have corrupted the Sabbatarian system over the last two centuries.
Overall Q2.1-27 seems to be a recapitulation of Romans chapter 1 to the Arabian church.
Alif Lam Mim. are signs widespread in rabbinic writings, and carry the meaning of God's Salvation or God of deliverances.
It can be found in Psalm 68:21 Our God is a God who saves; from [ADONAI Adonai] comes escape from death. (CBJ)
The origin of the bismillah can be easily found among the Persians whose sacred books begin with: In the name of God, just and merciful. The Jews say: In the name of God or in the name of the great God.
There are Bible texts that reinforce this section and this is why this is the entry to the Koran as it identifies the elect and the servants of the demons and displays how these people are simply not allowed to understand. This aspect is seen in these pseudo Muslims that try to prevent a proper analysis of the Koran or Qur’an.
2.1. Alif Lam Mim.
2.2. This Book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who guard (against evil)
Note the text in Isaiah 8:20: My faith is the Kingdom of God.
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. (KJV)
2.3. Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them.
[Compare verses 3-5 regarding righteousness of the faith. Faith is evidence of things not seen.]
Sale’s comments at Chapter 2, p 2. f.: The Arabic word is gherib, which properly signifies a thing that is absent, at a great distance, or invisible, such as the resurrection and paradise. And this is agreeable to the language of scripture, which defines faith to be the evidence of things not seen.
Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2For by it the men of old received divine approval. 3By faith we understand that the world was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was made out of things which do not appear. (RSV) See also Commentary on Hebrews (No. F058).
Worship/salat – prayer; David’s comments in the Psalms show there were appointed times of prayer.
2.4. And who believe in that which has been revealed to you and that which was revealed before you and they are sure of the hereafter.
Authority of the church as the seal of authority – note: Sale’s comments at Chapter 2, page 2, g.: The Mohammedans believe that God gave written revelations not only to Moses, Jesus and Mohammed, but to several other prophets; though they acknowledge none of those which preceded the Koran to be now extant, except the Pentateuch of Moses, the Psalms of David, and the Gospel of Jesus; which yet they say were even before Mohammed’s time altered and corrupted by the Jews and Christians; therefore will not allow our present copies to be genuine. This contention is blatantly false as we see from archaeology and current findings of the early writings of the “Muhammad” which is the Church of God in Arabia. It is a direct attack on the Omnipotence and Omniscience of Eloah or Allah’, Ha Elohim.
This text states that the elect are those who believe in the Scriptures and the ones that were revealed earlier i.e. the OT and the NT. This is again confirmed in subsequent Surahs. We have absolute proof of the genuine structure of the Scriptures used at the time of the writing of the Koran. Hadithic Islam is a fabrication in this regard as well as other aspects.
2.5. These are on a right course from their Lord and these it is that shall be successful.
This is through the direction of Holy Spirit.
Revelation 12:17 Then the dragon was angry with the woman, and went off to make war on the rest of her offspring, on those who keep the commandments of God and bear testimony to Jesus. And he stood on the sand of the sea.
Revelation 14:12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.
Love of God is also demonstrated by the faith in or of Jesus Christ.
We see at ayats 2.2-5 that the elect are identified as the recipients of the Quran which explains the Scriptures as we see below. That is why the unbaptised Arabs and other adherents of Hadithic Islam have no idea of the meaning of the Qur’an.
Texts regarding S2:6-20
2.6. Surely those who disbelieve, it being alike to them whether you warn them, or do not warn them, will not believe.
[Ayats 6 & 7 dislocation shows dislocation of the unbelievers.]
2.7. Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing and there is a covering over their eyes, and there is a great punishment for them.
The gospels under Christ or Isa speak in parables:
Matthew 13:10-17 Then the disciples came and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?" 11And he answered them, "To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12For to him who has will more be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken way.13This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 14With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says: 'You shall indeed hear but never understand, and you shall indeed see but never perceive. 15For this people's heart has grown dull, and their ears are heavy of hearing, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should perceive with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and turn for me to heal them.' 16But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. 17Truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous men longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.
It parallels also the called but not chosen from Matthew 22:14 which says:
For many are called, but few are chosen.
2.8. And there are some people who say: We believe in Allah and the last day; and they are not at all believers.
Note Sale’s comments at Chapter 2, page 2 i.: Mohammed here and elsewhere frequently imitates the truly inspired writers, in making God by operation on the minds of reprobates to prevent their conversion. This is a biblical principle of the faith. Most people are unbaptised, or invalidly baptised without the laying on of hands as a repentant adult, both in Christianity and in Islam and do not understand the faith.
2.9. They desire to deceive Allah and those who believe, and they deceive only themselves and they do not perceive.
They are given a strong delusion so that they may be saved in the last day.
2Thessalonians 2:10-12 and with all Wicked deception for those who are to perish, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. 11Therefore God sends upon them a strong delusion, to make them believe what is false, 12so that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
2Peter 2:1-5 But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. 2And many will follow their licentiousness, and because of them the way of truth will be reviled. 3And in their greed they will exploit you with false words; from of old their condemnation has not been idle, and their destruction has not been asleep. 4For if God did not spare the angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of nether gloom to be kept until the judgment; 5if he did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a herald of righteousness, with seven other persons, when he brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly;
2.10. There is a disease in their hearts, so Allah added to their disease and they shall have a painful chastisement because they lied.
[Hearts - refers to the power of the Holy Spirit in Psalm 55.]
2.11. And when it is said to them, Do not make mischief in the land, they say: We are but peace-makers.
Note Sale’s comments Chapter 2; page 2; k: Literally corrupt not in the earth, by which some expositors understand the sowing of false doctrine, and corrupting people’s principles.
Jeremiah 7:18-20 The children gather wood, the fathers kindle fire, and the women knead dough, to make cakes for the queen of heaven; and they pour out drink offerings to other gods, to provoke me to anger. 19Is it I whom they provoke? says the LORD. Is it not themselves, to their own confusion? 20Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Behold, my anger and my wrath will be poured out on this place, upon man and beast, upon the trees of the field and the fruit of the ground; it will burn and not be quenched."
2.12. Now surely they themselves are the mischief makers, but they do not perceive.
This ties in with 2:11 above.
2.13. And when it is said to them: Believe as the people believe they say: Shall we believe as the fools believe? Now surely they themselves are the fools, but they do not know.
[The reference to the people of the Book is to those who follow the faith, but the faith is foolishness to the world.
1Corinthians 2:14 The unspiritual man does not receive the gifts of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.
1Thessalonians.5:1-5 But as to the times and the seasons, brethren, you have no need to have anything written to you. 2For you yourselves know well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. 3When people say, "There is peace and security," then sudden destruction will come upon them as travail comes upon a woman with child, and there will be no escape. 4But you are not in darkness, brethren, for that day to surprise you like a thief. 5For you are all sons of light and sons of the day; we are not of the night or of darkness.
This is a reference also to Al Tariq, the Morning Star, which is Surah 86 The Morning Star, which also He Who Comes in the Night that is the reference in this text and a so to Thessalonians. The other understanding is He Who Stands at the Door and we will see that in other koranic and biblical texts.]
The coming of the Messiah
2.14. And when they meet those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they are alone with their Shaitans, they say: Surely we are with you, we were only mocking.
[The people who turn back. Parable of the sower, Mat. 13:17-19; Mk. 4:2-4; Lk. 8:4-6 applies to the conditions in the Middle East and the reference to the test of Peter, who remember betrayed Christ three times before the cock crowed.]
Matthew 13:17-19 Truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous men longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it. 18"Hear then the parable of the sower. 19When any one hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what is sown in his heart; this is what was sown along the path.
2.15. Allah shall pay them back their mockery, and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
[Refers to loss of the Holy Spirit and they fall from the faith. Grieving the spirit and quenching the Spirit.]
Ephesians 4:29-31 Let no evil talk come out of your mouths, but only such as is good for edifying, as fits the occasion, that it may impart grace to those who hear. 30And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, with all malice,
1Thessalonians 5:18-20 give thanks in all circumstances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you. 19Do not quench the Spirit, 20do not despise prophesying,
2.16. These are they who buy error for the right direction, so their bargain shall bring no gain, nor are they the followers of the right direction.
Micah 5:5 And this shall be peace, when the Assyrian comes into our land and treads upon our soil, that we will raise against him seven shepherds and eight princes of men;
Micah 3:11 Its heads give judgment for a bribe, its priests teach for hire, its prophets divine for money; yet they lean upon the LORD and say, "Is not the LORD in the midst of us? No evil shall come upon us."
2.17. Their parable is like the parable of one who kindled a fire but when it had illumined all around him, Allah took away their light, and left them in utter darkness-- they do not see.
Sales comment Chapter 2; page 3. In this passage the prophet compares those who believe not on him to a man who wants to kindle a fire, but as soon as it burns up, and the flames give a light, shuts his eyes, lest he should see.
[Refers to the spiritually dead – quench not the fire of the spirit.]
2.18. Deaf, dumb (and) blind, so they will not turn back.
This is the Laodicean system – Revelation 2 and 3, they see and hear not.
Isaiah 6:8-10 And I heard the voice of the Lord saying, "Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?" Then I said, "Here am I! Send me." 9And he said, "Go, and say to this people: 'Hear and hear, but do not understand; see and see, but do not perceive.' 10Make the heart of this people fat, and their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be and be healed.
Jeremiah 5:20-22 Declare this in the house of Jacob, proclaim it in Judah: 21"Hear this, O foolish and senseless people, who have eyes, but see not, who have ears, but hear not. 22Do you not fear me? says the LORD; Do you not tremble before me? I placed the sand as the bound for the sea, a perpetual barrier which it cannot pass; though the waves toss, they cannot prevail, though they roar, they cannot pass over it.
Matthew 13:14 With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says: 'You shall indeed hear but never understand, and you shall indeed see but never perceive.
See also Matthew 15:14 and 23:16.
Mark 4:12 so that they may indeed see but not perceive, and may indeed hear but not understand; lest they should turn again, and be forgiven."
2.19. Or like abundant rain from the cloud in which is utter darkness and thunder and lightning; they put their fingers into their ears because of the thunder peal, for fear of death, and Allah encompasses the unbelievers. Hypocrites.
Note: Pickthall’s comments page 25 – the people of Al-Madinah, most of whom were Muslims, verses 8 to 19 refer to the “Hypocrites,: or lukewarm Muslims of al-Madinah, whose leader was Abdullah ibn Ubeyy. They pretended that their aim was to make peace between Muslims and the Jewish rabbis, but they only embittered the controversy.
[This is an example of how the Koran is a commentary on the 7th century church as the New Testament was a commentary on the 1st century church. They are both commentaries on Scripture which is the Old Testament and that is important to be understood.]
2.20. The lightning almost takes away their sight; whenever it shines on them they walk in it, and when it becomes dark to them they stand still; and if Allah had pleased He would certainly have taken away their hearing and their sight; surely Allah has power over all things.
The Omniscience of God regulates the calling.
Romans 8:29-31 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the first-born among many brethren. 30And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified. 31What then shall we say to this? If God is for us, who is against us?
[We see in ayats 2.6-20 that those who reject God's word are described as being blocked from knowing the truth and what truth they have known will be removed from them.]
The faithful serve God as the Body of Christ (S2:21-27)
2.21. O men! serve your Lord Who created you and those before you so that you may guard (against evil).
[The text relates to serving God. The 1st Great Commandment tidies off verses 19 & 20. Follow the elect of the church and the prophets to salvation.]
Isaiah 45:18-25 For thus says the LORD, who created the heavens (he is God!), who formed the earth and made it (he established it; he did not create it a chaos, he formed it to be inhabited!): "I am the LORD, and there is no other. 19I did not speak in secret, in a land of darkness; I did not say to the offspring of Jacob, 'Seek me in chaos.' I the LORD speak the truth, I declare what is right. 20"Assemble yourselves and come, draw near together, you survivors of the nations! They have no knowledge who carry about their wooden idols, and keep on praying to a god that cannot save. 21Declare and present your case; let them take counsel together! Who told this long ago? Who declared it of old? Was it not I, the LORD? And there is no other god besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none besides me. 22"Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other. 23By myself I have sworn, from my mouth has gone forth in righteousness a word that shall not return: 'To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.' 24"Only in the LORD, it shall be said of me, are righteousness and strength; to him shall come and be ashamed, all who were incensed against him. 25In the LORD all the offspring of Israel shall triumph and glory."
2.22. Who made the earth a resting place for you and the heaven a canopy and (Who) sends down rain from the cloud then brings forth with it subsistence for you of the fruits; therefore do not set up rivals to Allah while you know.
[This relates back to rain and storms, an allegory to verses 19-21 above as the rejection of idolatry and the First Great Commandment and see also verse 23.]
Philippians 2:6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,
2.23. And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a chapter like it and call on your witnesses besides Allah if you are truthful.
[Khalifa’s version notes the code of the Koran at App. 1, 2, 24 & 26.]
2.24. But if you do (it) not and never shall you do (it), then be on your guard against the fire of which men and stones are the fuel; it is prepared for the unbelievers.
This text referred to the authenticity of Scripture in verses 23-24 and verses 24-25 refer to the resurrection and judgment of Revelation 20.
Revelation 20:11-15 Then I saw a great white throne and him who sat upon it; from his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them. 12And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, by what they had done. 13And the sea gave up the dead in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead in them, and all were judged by what they had done. 14Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire; 15and if any one's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
Revelation 22:1-5 Then he showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2through the middle of the street of the city; also, on either side of the river, the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3There shall no more be anything accursed, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and his servants shall worship him; 4they shall see his face, and his name shall be on their foreheads. 5And night shall be no more; they need no light of lamp or sun, for the Lord God will be their light, and they shall reign for ever and ever.
Mark 13:10-13 And the gospel must first be preached to all nations. 11And when they bring you to trial and deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to say; but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 12And brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death; 13and you will be hated by all for my name's sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved.
1Corinthians 10:1-4 I want you to know, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3and all ate the same supernatural food 4and all drank the same supernatural drink. For they drank from the supernatural Rock which followed them, and the Rock was Christ.
See also Khalifa Appendix 5.
2.25. And convey good news to those who believe and do good deeds, that they shall have gardens in which rivers flow; whenever they shall be given a portion of the fruit thereof, they shall say: This is what was given to us before; and they shall be given the like of it, and they shall have pure mates in them, and in them, they shall abide.
[The Second Garden of paradise is the Second Resurrection of the Dead. The people are retaught from the beginning and then judged and corrected. The text follows the argument dealing with prophesy and the inspiration of prophesy.]
2.26. Surely Allah is not ashamed to set forth any parable-- (that of) a gnat or any thing above that; then as for those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord, and as for those who disbelieve, they say: What is it that Allah means by this parable: He causes many to err by it and many He leads aright by it! but He does not cause to err by it (any) except the transgressors.
This is a reference to the parables re. swallowing a camel and baulking at a gnat and the use of parables to guide the elect by the Holy Spirit and conceal salvation from the transgressors.
Revelation is in parables as we see from verses 23-26. The Covenant is explained after the revelation as we now see.
Balaam’s donkey is an example of this.
Numbers 22:22-31 But God's anger was kindled because he went; and the angel of the LORD took his stand in the way as his adversary. Now he was riding on the ass, and his two servants were with him. 23And the ass saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road, with a drawn sword in his hand; and the ass turned aside out of the road, and went into the field; and Balaam struck the ass, to turn her into the road. 24Then the angel of the LORD stood in a narrow path between the vineyards, with a wall on either side. 25And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she pushed against the wall, and pressed Balaam's foot against the wall; so he struck her again. 26Then the angel of the LORD went ahead, and stood in a narrow place, where there was no way to turn either to the right or to the left. 27When the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she lay down under Balaam; and Balaam's anger was kindled, and he struck the ass with his staff. 28Then the LORD opened the mouth of the ass, and she said to Balaam, "What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?" 29And Balaam said to the ass, "Because you have made sport of me. I wish I had a sword in my hand, for then I would kill you." 30And the ass said to Balaam, "Am I not your ass, upon which you have ridden all your life long to this day? Was I ever accustomed to do so to you?" And he said, "No." 31Then the LORD opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way, with his drawn sword in his hand; and he bowed his head, and fell on his face.
2.27. Who break the covenant of Allah after its confirmation and cut asunder what Allah has ordered to be joined, and make mischief in the land; these it is that are the losers.
[The text is also concerning blaspheming the Holy Spirit and in sin and death and those who are removed to the Second Resurrection so that their life may be saved (1Cor. 5:5) in the Day of Judgment.]
1John.3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law (KJV).
Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
In ayats 2.21-27 the body of Christ is addressed, reminding them that the word of God is unique in its truth and it is separate from all other words. There is interesting wording in ayat 25 in that it says to convey good news to those who believe in God; that means the elect who believe. This is to say support and edify your Christian brothers. In ayat 26 we see that to those not called we should speak in parables as it isn't their time to be called to Him.
The reward of believers is the Gardens of Paradise (i.e. gardens of the resurrection) and pure companions (i.e. the loyal angelic host).
We see this same concept mentioned in the Bible:
Matthew 13:10-15 Then the disciples came and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables?" 11And he answered them, "To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 13This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 14Indeed, in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says: "'"You will indeed hear but never understand, and you will indeed see but never perceive." 15For this people's heart has grown dull, and with their ears they can barely hear, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and turn, and I would heal them.' (ESV)
2Peter 3:14-16 Therefore, beloved, since you are waiting for these, be diligent to be found by him without spot or blemish, and at peace. 15And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, 16as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures. (ESV)
So we can see that the comments in the Koran are continued references to these biblical comments and mean similar or the same things.
The plan of Salvation is to baptism through the power of God into the Resurrection after death and Revelation 20, the Gospels; Paul’s writings; Job.
Isaiah and Ezekiel’s Valley of Dead Bones all refer to those concepts.
Ayat 2.28 has reference to the following:-
Colossians 2:13 And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses,
Ephesians 2:1 And you were dead in the trespasses and sins.
Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved. (ESV).
From ayats 28 to 143, the Prophet just recounts all the sequence of the holy History step by step for a specific aim. The Creation, the Fall, the Covenant are mainly those structures. He gives a commentary on each of them. He also explains what a Muslim is in this section. It is interesting that in his explanation Jesus arrives just after Moses, the aim is to make clear the fulfilment of the prophecy that the other Prophet promised by God (see Deut. 18:15-18) is Jesus (Isa) not Kasim. Note that it is only at the ayat 124 that the Koran recounts the Abraham sequence. All the order of the sequences is for an aim.
2.28. How do you deny Allah and you were dead and He gave you life? Again He will cause you to die and again bring you to life, then you shall be brought back to Him.
Ayat 28 also tells of the resurrections.
Revelation 20:4-10 Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection. 6Blessed and holy is the one who shares in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with him for a thousand years. 7And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will be released from his prison 8and will come out to deceive the nations that are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea. 9And they marched up over the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, but fire came down from heaven and consumed them, 10and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
So also Surahs 3:138 and 4:146 refer to this concept.
Sale states at chapter 2, page 4. x: i.e. you were dead while in the loins of your fathers, and he gave you life in your mother’s wombs; and after death ye shall be again raised at the resurrection.
Ayat 2:28 is also saying that we were dead in our sins. It is an explanation of 1Corinthians 15:22:
For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.
Ayat 28 is derived from Deuteronomy 32:39
See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god beside me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.
And also the Zabur (Psalm)
Psalm 30:3 O LORD, thou hast brought up my soul from Sheol, restored me to life from among those gone down to the Pit.
Sheol, hades is the grave. There is no hell. The text then proceeds to explain the way the human beings became dead.
The ayat 28 is also like the teaching of Paul in Romans.
Romans 4:17 as it is written, "I have made you the father of many nations"--in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist.
The elect are those that are alive from the dead, as Paul said in his epistle Romans 6:13.
Ayats 29 to 33 are a commentary of the Creation in Genesis. The Prophet has with him the Scriptures.
The Seven Heavens in 2.29 is from the understanding of the "heaven and heaven of heavens" in 1King 8:27 and also 2Corinthians 12:2ff. There are many heavens. And it was the Rabbis’ teachings (by the second century) that imagined that there are “seven heavens”.
And verse 2.29 also says that Allah is hidden to the human beings but it was translated as "He of everything (is) All-Knowing". I am in favour of the translation saying "But He to all the creation is hidden" because it is according to 1Timothy 6:16 which says that Allah: "Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen."
2.29. He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth, and He directed Himself to the heaven, so He made them complete seven heavens, and He knows all things.
The comment regarding three and seven heavens
The Symbolism of seven in the creation refers to the authority and purpose of creation and rebellion of the angelic Host from verses 29-30.
2Corinthians 12:1-3 I must boast; there is nothing to be gained by it, but I will go on to visions and revelations of the Lord. 2I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven--whether in the body or out of the body I do not know, God knows. 3And I know that this man was caught up into Paradise--whether in the body or out of the body I do not know, God knows—
See also Khalifa – appendix 5 & 6
2.30. And when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a khalif, they said: What! wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness? He said: Surely I know what you do not know.
This text refers to the re-creation in Genesis 1:26-27:
Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth." 27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
God knew that some of the angelic Host would rebel and that man would as well. He knew He had to have a master plan in place to reconcile the fallen angelic Host and fallen humanity back to Himself in the future. The angels were not aware of His plans.
In ayat 2.30 when Allah says "Surely I know that which ye know not." The Prophet is saying that the Angels don't know the mysteries of God or know only in part, and it is exactly the same teaching of Paul that the mysteries of God were hidden to the angels and are revealed to them through the Church of God (1Peter 1:12).
Thus, S2.31 to 2.33 is an emphasis that through the human beings the angels will understand the mysteries of God. They have also to exercise faith like the human beings.
Sale: Chapter 2, page 4. y; Concerning the creation of Adam, here intimated, the Mohammedans have several peculiar traditions. They say the angels, Gabriel, Michael and Irrafil, were sent by God, one after another, to fetch for that purpose seven handfuls of earth from different depth, and of different colours (whence some account for the various complexion of mankind)5; but the earth being apprehensive of the consequence, and desiring them to represent her fear to God that the creature he designed to form would rebel against him, and draw down his curse upon her, they returned without performing God’s command; whereupon he sent Azrail on the same errand, who executed his commission without remorse, for which reason God appointed that angel to separate the souls from the bodies, being therefore called the angel of death. The earth he had taken was carried into Arabia, to a place between Mecca and Tayef, where, being first kneaded by the angels, it was afterwards fashioned by God himself into a human form, and left to dry for the space of forty days, or as others say, as many years, the angels in the meantime often visiting it, and Eblis (then one of the angels who where nearest to God’s presence, afterwards the devil) among the rest; but he, not contented to be his superior, kicked it with his feet till it rung and knowing God designed that creature to be his superior, took a secret resolution never to acknowledge him as such. After this, God animated the figure of clay and endued it with an intelligent soul, and when he had placed him in paradise, formed Eve out of his left side.
This is taken from the following texts:
Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Malachi 2:10 Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us? Why then are we faithless to one another, profaning the covenant of our fathers?
Colossians 1:16 for in him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or authorities--all things were created through him and for him.
Ephesians 3:9 and to make all men see what is the plan of the mystery hidden for ages in God who created all things;
Revelation 4:11 "Worthy art thou, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for thou didst create all things, and by thy will they existed and were created."
Revelation 10:6 and swore by him who lives for ever and ever, who created heaven and what is in it, the earth and what is in it, and the sea and what is in it, that there should be no more delay,
2.31. And He taught Adam all the names, then presented them to the angels; then He said: Tell me the names of those if you are right.
[The text deals with the test of the heart and the creation of Adam. All knowledge came from God through the Holy Spirit. Then we see the placement of Satan in the rebellion.]
Sale: Chapter 2, page 4. z: The story of Mohammed borrowed from the Jewish traditions, which say that the angels having spoken of man with some contempt when God consulted them about his creation, God made answer that the man was wiser than they; and to convince them of it, he brought all kinds of animals to them, and asked their names; which they not being able to tell, he put the same question to the man, who names them one after another; and being asked his own name and God’s name, he answered very justly, and gave God the name of Jehovah (Yahya).
Genesis 2:18-23 Then the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him." 19So out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. 20The man gave names to all cattle, and to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for the man there was not found a helper fit for him. 21So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh; 22and the rib which the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. 23Then the man said, "This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man."
2.32. They said: Glory be to Thee! we have no knowledge but that which Thou hast taught us; surely Thou art the Knowing, the Wise.
[In relation to the Host.]
1Samuel 2:3 Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your mouth; for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.
2.33. He said: O Adam! inform them of their names. Then when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not say to you that I surely know what is ghaib in the heavens and the earth and (that) I know what you manifest and what you hide?
[The text is continuing the test of the Host from the Garden of Eden, expanding on the naming; Genesis 1:26- 2:20.]
Ayats 34 to 38 are a commentary on the Fall.
2.34. And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam they did obeisance, but Iblis (did it not). He refused and he was proud, and he was one of the unbelievers.
Iblis or Iblees comes from the Arabic word balasa بَلَسَ which means despair and iblis would literally mean one who causes despair. Shaytan would be equivalent to Satan which means one who accuses or obstructs, or opposes; hence accuser of the Brethren.
In the Quran when Allah says iblees it’s definitely the devil; when Allah says shaytan it may refer to the devil, an evil creature, whether it be human or jinn, or the shaytans minions.
The Fall of the angelic host in Scripture:
Genesis 6:1-4 When men began to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took to wife such of them as they chose. 3Then the LORD said, "My spirit shall not abide in man for ever, for he is flesh, but his days shall be a hundred and twenty years." 4The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown.
Isaiah 14:12-15 "How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star, son of Dawn! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low! 13You said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far north; 14I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will make myself like the Most High.' 15But you are brought down to Sheol, to the depths of the Pit.
John 10:18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again; this charge I have received from my Father.
Revelation 12:3-9 And another portent appeared in heaven; behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems upon his heads. 4His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven, and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bear a child, that he might devour her child when she brought it forth; 5she brought forth a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne, 6and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which to be nourished for one thousand two hundred and sixty days. 7Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, 8but they were defeated and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. 9And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world--he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.
Ayat 2.34 is showing what Satan as a son of God (Light-Bearer or Lucifer) should have done in the Garden was to educate the Creation in obedience to the commandments of God. But when the Surah is correctly translated, it says he (Satan) did not consent to educate Adam, instead of that he misled Adam and Eve. It has nothing to do with Satan "refused" to prostrate before Adam. Satan is the theos of this aiœnos (age), the actual Morning Star of this planet (cf. Mat. 4:8-10).
It is the same concept of proskuneo in Hebrews 1:6.
And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God proskuneo him.
And we know that the angels served Christ. Hebrews 1:14 says that the angels are ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for the elect.
2.35. And We said: O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden and eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish and do not approach this tree, for then you will be of the unjust.
Ayat 2.35 relates to Genesis 2:16-17.
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "You may freely eat of every tree of the garden; 17but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall die."
2.36. But the Shaitan made them both fall from it, and caused them to depart from that (state) in which they were; and We said: Get forth, some of you being the enemies of others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time.
The text refers to the establishment of the six thousand year rule of the fallen Host.
Six days = six thousand years - 2Peter 3:8 and Revelation.
It refers also to Genesis 3:1-24.
Genesis 3:1-24 Now the serpent was more subtle than any other wild creature that the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God say, 'You shall not eat of any tree of the garden'?" 2And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden; 3but God said, 'You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.'" 4But the serpent said to the woman, "You will not die. 5For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." 6So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband, and he ate. 7Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves aprons. 8And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. 9But the LORD God called to the man, and said to him, "Where are you?" 10And he said, "I heard the sound of thee in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself." 11He said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?" 12The man said, "The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate." 13Then the LORD God said to the woman, "What is this that you have done?" The woman said, "The serpent beguiled me, and I ate." 14The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, cursed are you above all cattle, and above all wild animals; upon your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. 15I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel." 16To the woman he said, "I will greatly multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you." 17And to Adam he said, "Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, 'You shall not eat of it,' cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18thorns and thistles it shall bring forth to you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. 19In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return." 20The man called his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all living. 21And the LORD God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins, and clothed them. 22Then the LORD God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever"-- 23therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken. 24He drove out the man; and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.
Ayat 2.36 is very interesting because it says that it was Satan who expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden. It appears then to contradict the Genesis account but we will see that there is no contradiction but a specific meaning.
By the fact of deceiving Adam and Eve, the Shaitaan (Satan) is the origin of their being expelled from the Garden of Eden.
2.37. Then Adam received (some) words from his Lord, so He turned to him mercifully; surely He is Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[We thus see that the Plan of Salvation was implemented from the fall of Adam and original sin.]
Ayats 2.37 to 2.39 show there will come to man revelation and guidance. To followers of the revelation will be blessings, to those who deny the revelation and are wrongdoers they will be the losers.
Ayat 2.37 is very interesting also, it is teaching the Church that it is Allah who calls all of us in His proper time, and He turns all the human beings back to Him not because of our justices but because He is Merciful; and that it is only through repentance. The concept is derived from Jeremiah 31:18.
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God. (KJV)
Luke 3:6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.
Law of God and the Testimony
2.38. We said: Go forth from this (state) all; so surely there will come to you a guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.
[The Prophet then from 2.38 shows "The Way" that he previously used in the verse 2ff. This Way was given to Adam and through the children of Israel (see from 2.40ff).
This Way was taught to Adam and Eve and step by step to the human beings, and since the beginning they understood it. That is why Eve thought that her firstborn was the promised Messiah. She said in Genesis 4:1: I have gotten a man, even Yahovah.]
2.39. And (as to) those who disbelieve in and reject My communications, they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide.
[Hence we see the fall from light in Isaiah 8:20; the death and then Gehenna fire.
God reveals to the angels that He plans to make a physical creation, a man (khalif), to live on earth that will have dominion over the earth. Some of the angels expressed doubts about this. When told to give this man and his wife direction some refused to do so. The Qur’an speaks of Iblis refusing to direct Adam correctly; we know this being as Satan that appeared to Eve as a serpent. Although somewhat different than the Bible creation story they don't contradict each other. Genesis chapters 2–3.]
In ayats 40-48 it briefly speaks of Moses receiving the 10 Commandments: Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5.
From ayats 40 to 73 the Prophet shows and testifies God's Covenant with Israel and he shows also that as Adam fell, Israel fell also.
[He will then explain later that because Israel fell, the descendants of Ibrahim, those of Ishmael’s tribes, are the faithful to this Covenant. However, all are part of the nation of the Israel of God and Ishmael is intended to fuse the tribes into Israel in the last days through two tribes.]
2.40. O children of Israel! call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and be faithful to (your) covenant with Me, I will fulfill (My) covenant with you; and of Me, Me alone, should you be afraid.
Israel is the Church of God; establishment of the Covenant relationship.
Genesis 17:7-9 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you. 8And I will give to you, and to your descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God." 9And God said to Abraham, "As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations.
Galatians 3:15-17 To give a human example, brethren: no one annuls even a man's will, or adds to it, once it has been ratified. 16Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, "And to offsprings," referring to many; but, referring to one, "And to your offspring," which is Christ. 17This is what I mean: the law, which came four hundred and thirty years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void.
Acts 3:25 You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God gave to your fathers, saying to Abraham, 'And in your posterity shall all the families of the earth be blessed.'
Hebrews 13:20 Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant,
2.41. And believe in what I have revealed, verifying that which is with you, and be not the first to deny it, neither take a mean price in exchange for My communications; and Me, Me alone should you fear.
[The law and the testimonies are referred to again. Revelation 14:12 and 12:17, and the text is a Confirmation of the Covenant of the Church. See also the Commentary on Hebrews (F058).]
2.42. And do not mix up the truth with the falsehood, nor hide the truth while you know (it).
This is a reference to Paul’s comments re. withholding the truth in unrighteousness and facing the wrath of heaven, also the truth of the Way and preaching for hire:
Micah 3:11 Its heads give judgment for a bribe, its priests teach for hire, its prophets divine for money; yet they lean upon the LORD and say, "Is not the LORD in the midst of us? No evil shall come upon us."
[Paul’s comments regarding withholding the truth in unrighteousness are also in Romans 1:18.]
2.43. And keep up prayer and pay the poor tithe and bow down with those who bow down.
[The text refers to commonality in worship and to Tithing (see Malachi). It tells us to not refrain from worshiping together and also refers to the third year tithe in the Torah. See the paper on Tithing (P161).]
2.44. What! do you enjoin men to be good and neglect your own souls while you read the Book; have you then no sense?
[Thus Scripture is to be followed; it is an individual responsibility that cannot be denied.]
Matthew 23:3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not. (KJV)
2.45. And seek assistance through patience and prayer, and most surely it is a hard thing except for the humble ones.
[Christ’s injunction was to come like a child in humility as directed in Scripture.]
Matthew 18:3-4 and said, "Truly, I say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. 4Whoever humbles himself like this child, he is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.
Colossians 4:2 Continue steadfastly in prayer, being watchful in it with thanksgiving;
Acts 6:4 But we will devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word."
2.46. Who know that they shall meet their Lord and that they shall return to Him.
[All are to be resurrected to judgment – all will be brought before the Lord. It refers also to Revelation 20:4-5.]
Revelation 20:4-5 Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom judgment was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their testimony to Jesus and for the word of God, and who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life, and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection.
Revelation 22:4 They shall see his face, and his name shall be on their foreheads.
2.47. O children of Israel! call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations.
[Here we see Israel as the promised inheritance of the Messiah (Deut 32:8). The church is the end result of the plan of salvation. It was to be a chosen holy nation. The Hadith destroys this concept and understanding.]
1Kings 8:50-51 and forgive thy people who have sinned against thee, and all their transgressions which they have committed against thee; and grant them compassion in the sight of those who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them 51(for they are thy people, and thy heritage, which thou didst bring out of Egypt, from the midst of the iron furnace).
1Peter 2:8-10 and "A stone that will make men stumble, a rock that will make them fall"; for they stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do. 9But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's own people, that you may declare the wonderful deeds of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10Once you were no people but now you are God's people; once you had not received mercy but now you have received mercy.
2.48. And be on your guard against a day when one soul shall not avail another in the least, neither shall intercession on its behalf be accepted, nor shall any compensation be taken from it, nor shall they be helped.
[The understanding is that we are to strive for our own Resurrection.]
Philippians 2:12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling;
As also explained in the parable of the wise and foolish virgins.
Matthew 25:1-13 Then the kingdom of heaven shall be compared to ten maidens who took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. 2Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. 3For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them; 4but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps. 5As the bridegroom was delayed, they all slumbered and slept. 6But at midnight there was a cry, 'Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.' 7Then all those maidens rose and trimmed their lamps. 8And the foolish said to the wise, 'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.' 9But the wise replied, 'Perhaps there will not be enough for us and for you; go rather to the dealers and buy for yourselves.' 10And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast; and the door was shut. 11Afterward the other maidens came also, saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.' 12But he replied, 'Truly, I say to you, I do not know you.' 13Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour.
2.49. And when We delivered you from Firon's (pharaoh’s) people, who subjected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your women, and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
[Thus we see the Passover symbolism of Israel and the church as all who passed through the Red Sea under Christ.]
1Corinthians 10:4 And all drank the same supernatural drink. For they drank from the supernatural Rock which followed them, and the Rock was Christ.
[Understand that it was Christ in the desert, in the wilderness with Israel in the Exodus. It was Christ who gave the Law to Moses.]
Compare also Deuteronomy 32:3-4 For I will proclaim the name of the LORD. Ascribe greatness to our God! 4The Rock, his work is perfect; for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and right is he.
[That refers to the elohim who were allocated to nations and 32:8 refers to Christ.]
2.50. And when We parted the sea for you, so We saved you and drowned the followers of Firon and you watched by.
[This is Christ speaking to the Church and the nation.]
Exodus 14:8-31 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the people of Israel while the people of Israel were going out defiantly. 9The Egyptians pursued them, all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and his horsemen and his army, and overtook them encamped at the sea, by Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon. 10When Pharaoh drew near, the people of Israel lifted up their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them, and they feared greatly. And the people of Israel cried out to the LORD. 11They said to Moses, "Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What have you done to us in bringing us out of Egypt? 12Is not this what we said to you in Egypt: 'Leave us alone that we may serve the Egyptians'? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness." 13And Moses said to the people, "Fear not, stand firm, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will work for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall never see again. 14The LORD will fight for you, and you have only to be silent." 15The LORD said to Moses, "Why do you cry to me? Tell the people of Israel to go forward. 16Lift up your staff, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, that the people of Israel may go through the sea on dry ground. 17And I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they shall go in after them, and I will get glory over Pharaoh and all his host, his chariots, and his horsemen. 18And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten glory over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen." 19Then the angel of God who was going before the host of Israel moved and went behind them, and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them, 20coming between the host of Egypt and the host of Israel. And there was the cloud and the darkness. And it lit up the night without one coming near the other all night. 21Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the LORD drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22And the people of Israel went into the midst of the sea on dry ground, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23The Egyptians pursued and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24And in the morning watch the LORD in the pillar of fire and of cloud looked down on the Egyptian forces and threw the Egyptian forces into a panic, 25clogging their chariot wheels so that they drove heavily. And the Egyptians said, "Let us flee from before Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians." 26Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the water may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen." 27So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its normal course when the morning appeared. And as the Egyptians fled into it, the LORD threw the Egyptians into the midst of the sea. 28The waters returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen; of all the host of Pharaoh that had followed them into the sea, not one of them remained. 29But the people of Israel walked on dry ground through the sea, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 30Thus the LORD saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31Israel saw the great power that the LORD used against the Egyptians, so the people feared the LORD, and they believed in the LORD and in his servant Moses.
[Compare also 1Corinthians 1:10:4.]
2.51. And when We appointed a time of forty nights with Musa, then you took the calf (for a god) after him and you were unjust.
[So we see from this text the Golden Calf (No. 222) in contradiction to the Red Heifer derived from the word for ruddy in Hebrew and then as the Face of God in the Golden countenance of the Messiah and of Moses reflecting the Glory of the Angel of the Presence in the Ascents of Moses (No. 070) as seen in Exodus 32.]
2.52. Then We pardoned you after that so that you might give thanks.
[So we see God’s Mercy and the purpose of God in saving Israel and of the use of Israel in the laws of God and the Sacred Tablets. It is they who preserved the Sacred Tablets and it is not up to the Hadith to lie about the Tablets and the Law and the Testimony.]
2.53. And when We gave Musa the Book and the distinction that you might walk aright.
[The Law and the testimony were entrusted to Moses to establish Israel and the Church of God and it was to become the basis of the faith. Islam cannot ignore the Scripture and the Laws of God. See also the Commentary on Hebrews (F058).]
Exodus 34:28-29 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. 29When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, with the two tables of the testimony in his hand as he came down from the mountain, Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone because he had been talking with God.
[It is this golden countenance that is reflected in the Red Heifer or as the Golden Heifer.]
2.54. And when Musa said to his people: O my people! you have surely been unjust to yourselves by taking the calf (for a god), therefore turn to your Creator (penitently), so kill your people, that is best for you with your Creator: so He turned to you (mercifully), for surely He is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[Hence we are required to show repentance and return to God in the spirit. It refers to Exodus and the getting of the Law.]
Exodus 32:10-14 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them, in order that I may make a great nation of you." 11But Moses implored the LORD his God and said, "O LORD, why does your wrath burn hot against your people, whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12Why should the Egyptians say, 'With evil intent did he bring them out, to kill them in the mountains and to consume them from the face of the earth'? Turn from your burning anger and relent from this disaster against your people. 13Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants, to whom you swore by your own self, and said to them, 'I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have promised I will give to your offspring, and they shall inherit it forever.'" 14And the LORD relented from the disaster that he had spoken of bringing on his people.
Exodus 32:27-30 And he said to them, "Thus says the LORD God of Israel, 'Put your sword on your side each of you, and go to and fro from gate to gate throughout the camp, and each of you kill his brother and his companion and his neighbor.'" 28And the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses. And that day about three thousand men of the people fell. 29And Moses said, "Today you have been ordained for the service of the LORD, each one at the cost of his son and of his brother, so that he might bestow a blessing upon you this day." 30The next day Moses said to the people, "You have sinned a great sin. And now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin."
It is the rejection of self, with the submission of Al Islam, which is the surrender to God.
2.55. And when you said: O Musa! we will not believe in you until we see Allah manifestly, so the punishment overtook you while you looked on.
[This aspect refers to Korah’s rebellion in Numbers 16:5-19; 26:9-11 and the punishment of the Levites in the texts in Exodus 32:4-35.]
2.56. Then We raised you up after your death that you may give thanks.
[This refers to the move into Sinai and alludes to baptism as we see in 1Cor.10:4 also going into the Red Sea and the concept of Christ with them. It also refers to the concept of the 72 as the elders of Israel and the elders of the Church and their place in the resurrection from its context.]
2.57. And We made the clouds to give shade over you and We sent to you manna and quails: Eat of the good things that We have given you; and they did not do Us any harm, but they made their own souls suffer the loss.
[The text refers to Christ in the pillar of fire and cloud and his provision of manna in the Exodus and also for the church in the wilderness. (Manna is the question “what is it.”)]
Exodus 16:13 & 31 13In the evening quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning dew lay around the camp.
31 Now the house of Israel called its name manna. It was like coriander seed, white, and thetaste of it was like wafers made with honey.
Exodus 40:34-38 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting, because the cloud abode upon it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 36Throughout all their journeys, whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the people of Israel would go onward; 37but if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not go onward till the day that it was taken up. 38 For throughout all their journeys the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel.
Deuteronomy 8:16 who fed you in the wilderness with manna that your fathers did not know, that he might humble you and test you, to do you good in the end.
Numbers 11:31 Then a wind from the LORD sprang up, and it brought quail from the sea and let them fall beside the camp, about a day's journey on this side and a day's journey on the other side, around the camp, and about two cubits above the ground.
[This is a massive amount of quail. Manna means ‘what is it’.]
2.58. And when We said: Enter this city, then eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish, and enter the gate making obeisance, and say, forgiveness. We will forgive you your wrongs and give more to those who do good (to others).
[This text ties the church into the message and the spiritual food of manna.
In ayats 2.40-58 Israel is reminded to remember the covenant they had entered with God. These ayats are a retelling of Exodus 19 with another emphasis.]
2.59. But those who were unjust changed it for a saying other than that which had been spoken to them, so We sent upon those who were unjust a pestilence from heaven, because they transgressed.
[Here we see destruction of the Levites after the idolatry and refers on to the false teachers of the scriptural system by allegory.]
Numbers.20:7-12 and the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 8"Take the staff, and assemble the congregation, you and Aaron your brother, and tell the rock before their eyes to yield its water. So you shall bring water out of the rock for them and give drink to the congregation and their cattle." 9And Moses took the staff from before the LORD, as he commanded him. 10Then Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly together before the rock, and he said to them, "Hear now, you rebels: shall we bring water for you out of this rock?" 11And Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with his staff twice, and water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their livestock. 12And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "Because you did not believe in me, to uphold me as holy in the eyes of the people of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land that I have given them."
Exodus 15:27 Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees, and they encamped there by the water.
[Israel is told there will be consequences for not keeping the covenant (Ex. 9:15, Lev. 26:25, Num. 14:12, Deut. 28:21, Deut. 32:24). Each of these texts refers back to the Bible in key texts witch demonstrate and amplify the purpose of the creation and the purpose of the faith.]
2.60. And when Musa prayed for drink for his people, We said: Strike the rock with your staff So there gushed from it twelve springs; each tribe knew its drinking place: Eat and drink of the provisions of Allah and do not act corruptly in the land, making mischief.
[This text refers to the 12 divisions of Israel and also of the structure of the Mohammad (The Council of the church with its twelve elders). This structure of twelve is the divisions of the church. This is a brief retelling of Exodus 17.]
2.61. And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He bring forth for us of that which the earth groweth - of its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would ye exchange that which is higher for that which is lower? Go down to settled country, thus ye shall get that which ye demand. And humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them and they were visited with wrath from Allah. That was because they disbelieved in Allah's revelations and slew the prophets wrongfully. That was for their disobedience and transgression.
Numbers 11:4-9 Now the rabble that was among them had a strong craving; and the people of Israel also wept again, and said, "O that we had meat to eat! 5We remember the fish we ate in Egypt for nothing, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlic; 6but now our strength is dried up, and there is nothing at all but this manna to look at." 7Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its appearance like that of bdellium. 8The people went about and gathered it, and ground it in mills or beat it in mortars, and boiled it in pots, and made cakes of it; and the taste of it was like the taste of cakes baked with oil. 9 When the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell with it.
The reference is then also a Bible reference to the prophets Israel mocked and slew wrongfully (2Chr. 36:16).
2.62. Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last day and does good, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, nor shall they grieve.
[This text is referring to the Last Days of Judgment.]
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel: it is the power of God for salvation to every one who has faith, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
Romans 2:6-11 For he will render to every man according to his works: 7to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 8but for those who are factious and do not obey the truth, but obey wickedness, there will be wrath and fury. 9There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, 10 but glory and honor and peace for every one who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek. 11For God shows no partiality.
Romans 2:17-24 But if you call yourself a Jew and rely upon the law and boast of your relation to God 18and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed in the law, 19 and if you are sure that you are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of children, having in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth-- 21you then who teach others, will you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal? 22You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23You who boast in the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24For, as it is written, "The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you."
[That is so in the case of those who claim to be of Islam because they turn their backs on the Scriptures.]
Romans 3:1-2 Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? 2Much in every way. To begin with, the Jews are entrusted with the oracles of God.
[They were, and those oracles are preserved. Not as the Hadith would claim. God does not lose His Manual of Instructions. He is the One True God.]
Ayat 2.62 can be translated then as: While those who believe in, as well as those who embrace Judaism: the nasara and the sabi-eena, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and there is no fear for them, and they will not perish.
The comment is: Whilst they will not be in the First Resurrection, at the Day of Judgement they will certainly not perish.
Ayat 2.62 is misread by many of Islam to mean there are multiple paths to God. Firstly we know there is but one path to God and it is by following the Laws of God and the Gospel of Jesus (The Taurat and the Injeel) that tells us how to enter the covenant and the body of Christ. The key word in 62 is the meaning of the phrase “whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good.”
John 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me (ESV).
[And that is so for Islam to this very day and none will enter the First Resurrection until they repent and are baptised. That goes for all of Christianity and all of Islam and all of the people of this planet.]
All of John chapter 14 should be read to understand what verse 6 means.
Acts 4:12 And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under all heaven given among men by which we must be saved.
Those of the groups mentioned are covenant peoples with their repentance and their obedience of the commandments but what isn't mentioned in ayat 62 is the fuller understanding of what is involved to be within the covenant. We see in 2.87 that the Qur’an judges those who reject the role of Christ. Moses gave the law not from himself but from God. Jesus gave us the testimony, again not of himself but from God, of what we have to do to enter God's covenant.
To understand 2.62 the reader has to know the history which is that Judaism was predominant in Arabia in the centuries earlier to the 7th century.
The Nazarenes and the Sabeans were Christians of two distinct branches. The branch condemned in the Koran were the Trinitarians and the Sabbatarians were the branch to which the church in Arabia belonged. It was the Sabbatarian Branch that wrote the Koran. The Nestorians were another branch but the Koran concentrates on the two opposing branches (see the papers General Distribution of the Sabbath–keeping Churches (No. 122) and The Role of the Fourth Commandment in the Historical Sabbath-keeping Churches of God (No. 170)).
2.63. And when We took a promise from you and lifted the mountain over you: Take hold of the law (Taurat) We have given you with firmness and bear in mind what is in it, so that you may guard (against evil).
[The Law, the Torah, is the basis of the Koran and the faith.]
Matthew 7:6 "Do not give dogs what is holy; and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under foot and turn to attack you.
2Thessalonians 2:15-17 So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter. 16Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father, who loved us and gave us eternal comfort and good hope through grace, 17comfort your hearts and establish them in every good work and word.
Revelation 3:11 I am coming soon; hold fast what you have, so that no one may seize your crown.
2.64. Then you turned back after that; so were it not for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, you would certainly have been among the losers.
Luke 9:62 Jesus said to him, "No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God."
2Peter 2:22 It has happened to them according to the true proverb, The dog turns back to his own vomit, and the sow is washed only to wallow in the mire.
[Ayat 2:64 relates exactly to these texts.]
2Chronicles 7:14 If my people who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.
Jeremiah 31:34 And no longer shall each man teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, says the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more."
Jeremiah 36:3 It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I intend to do to them, so that every one may turn from his evil way, and that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin."
[Look now at the Middle East and you see that it is iniquitous and a complete mess and that is because they sin continually.]
2.65. And certainly you have known those among you who exceeded the limits of the Sabbath, so We said to them: Be (as) apes, despised and hated.
[The comment re being as apes is that those who do not keep the Laws of God (of which the Sabbath is the sign or identifier) are as primates and are not of the elect of the First Resurrection. Thus those who do not keep the Calendar of God are consigned to the Second Resurrection and retraining under judgment.]
Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
[The Sabbaths are a complex system of Sabbaths, New Moons and Feasts and they are to be kept. The prophet Qasim and the Muhammad as council over the church in Arabia kept them as we will see throughout the texts.]
Deuteronomy 5:15 You shall remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out thence with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.
Numbers 15:32 While the people of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath day.
[That man was killed. So will all who fail to keep the Sabbath from the Advent.]
Genesis 2:3 So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all his work which he had done in creation.
The two verses speak of the Sabbath command that was instituted from the beginning when man was placed on the earth. Those breaking the Sabbath are likened unto apes and elsewhere as donkeys laden with books of which they have no understanding.
The Sabbath was made for Man. It was for all mankind to honour and to keep holy.
Mark 2:27 And he said to them, "The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath;
(Compare Revelation 12:17 and 14:12.)
[All the world, in the near future, will keep the Sabbath or they will die.]
2.66. So We made them an example to those who witnessed it and those who came after it, and an admonition to those who guard (against evil).
[The faithful are reminded to keep the commandments, especially the Sabbaths.]
Law of the Red Heifer
2.67. And when Musa said to his people: Surely Allah commands you that you should sacrifice a cow; they said: Do you ridicule us? He said: I seek the protection of Allah from being one of the ignorant.
Numbers 18:17 But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, you shall not redeem; they are holy. You shall sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shall burn their fat as an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the LORD;
The red heifer sacrifice was to provide for the water of cleansing. It was a purification offering. This sacrifice looked forward to the blood of Messiah being shed on the stake for the remission of sins. Messiah was “without blemish” just like the red heifer. Like the heifer was sacrificed outside the camp Messiah was crucified outside of Jerusalem, on a stauros or stake.
Hebrews 13.12 Therefore Jesus also suffered outside the city gate in order to sanctify the people by his own blood.
2.68. They said: Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what she is. Musa said: He says, Surely she is a cow neither advanced in age nor too young, of middle age between that (and this); do therefore what you are commanded.
2.69. They said: Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what her color is. Musa said: He says, Surely she is a yellow cow; her color is intensely yellow, giving delight to the beholders.
This reference is to the adam or colour of the ruddiness of the heifer but the emphasis is on the shining face of the Angel of the Presence of God.
Ayats 2.67 to 2.71 refer to Numbers 19: 1-10.
Numbers 19:1-10 Now the LORD said to Moses and to Aaron, 2"This is the statute of the law which the LORD has commanded: Tell the people of Israel to bring you a red heifer without defect, in which there is no blemish, and upon which a yoke has never come. 3And you shall give her to Eleazar the priest, and she shall be taken outside the camp and slaughtered before him; 4and Eleazar the priest shall take some of her blood with his finger, and sprinkle some of her blood toward the front of the tent of meeting seven times. 5And the heifer shall be burned in his sight; her skin, her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall be burned; 6and the priest shall take cedarwood and hyssop and scarlet stuff, and cast them into the midst of the burning of the heifer. 7Then the priest shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterwards he shall come into the camp; and the priest shall be unclean until evening. 8He who burns the heifer shall wash his clothes in water and bathe his body in water, and shall be unclean until evening. 9And a man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and deposit them outside the camp in a clean place; and they shall be kept for the congregation of the people of Israel for the water for impurity, for the removal of sin. 10And he who gathers the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until evening. And this shall be to the people of Israel, and to the stranger who sojourns among them, a perpetual statute.
[That means it is to be kept forever, but it is kept under the auspices of the sacrifice of Christ.]
2.70. They said: Call on your Lord for our sake to make it plain to us what she is, for surely to us the cows are all alike, and if Allah please we shall surely be guided aright.
2.71. Musa said: He says, Surely she is a cow not made submissive that she should plough the land, nor does she irrigate the tilth; sound, without a blemish in her. They said: Now you have brought the truth; so they sacrificed her, though they had not the mind to do (it).
2.72. And when you killed a man, then you disagreed with respect to that, and Allah was to bring forth that which you were going to hide.
Ayat 2.72 probably refers to Exodus 2.12 to 14 where Moses had killed a man and hid him in the sand and it soon was known. The sin found Moses. The sanctification of the elect through baptism into the body of Christ follows the sacrifice of the Red Heifer.
2.73. So We said: Strike the (dead body) with part of the (Sacrificed cow), thus Allah brings the dead to life, and He shows you His signs so that you may understand.
Resurrection of the dead in Christ
The cow mentioned at ayats 2.67-73 is to be the red heifer but the colour yellow seems to say otherwise. The resolution is found in the glory of the Ahmad as the Holy Spirit as the glow imported from the Angel of the Presence and radiated from Moses’ face. The First Resurrection of the Dead is the inheritance of the Church of God.
2.74. Then your hearts hardened after that, so that they were like rocks, rather worse in hardness; and surely there are some rocks from which streams burst forth, and surely there are some of them which split asunder so water issues out of them, and surely there are some of them which fall down for fear of Allah, and Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.
[This text ties Christ in as the Red Heifer for the sanctification of Israel and it was through the Rock that was Christ that Israel was watered.
The text refers to the place of Christ in the wilderness as per 1Corinthians 10:4. The Holy Spirit was symbolised by the water coming from the Rock as struck by Moses (as the Holy Spirit for the Elect.]
2.75. Do you then hope that they would believe in you, and a party from among them indeed used to hear the Word of Allah, then altered it after they had understood it, and they know (this).
The Jews misunderstood the meaning of the texts and the Trinitarian church and the antinomians changed the laws and completely corrupted the teachings of the church through the later councils. But that did not affect the Bible. The Scriptures are still there and we know what they are. We still have them but they misuse them and lie about them, as did the Hadith.
The NT also speaks of the change of the meaning of Scripture.
2Peter 3:15-17 And count the forbearance of our Lord as salvation. So also our beloved brother Paul wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, 16speaking of this as he does in all his letters. There are some things in them hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other scriptures. 17You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, beware lest you be carried away with the error of lawless men and lose your own stability.
[This refers to Paul’s writings to the Parthian Hebrews in the Commentary in the Hebrews (No. F058) texts. The antinomians have to denigrate this and Hebrews because it upholds the law and the priesthood of Melchisedek.]
2Peter 2:21-22 For it would have been better for them never to have known the way of righteousness than after knowing it to turn back from the holy commandment delivered to them. 22It has happened to them according to the true proverb, The dog turns back to his own vomit, and the sow is washed only to wallow in the mire.
Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take from it; that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.
2.76. And when they meet those who believe they say: We believe, and when they are alone one with another they say: Do you talk to them of what Allah has disclosed to you that they may contend with you by this before your Lord? Do you not then understand?
[The text thus speaks of the divisions in understanding and the injunction that the Debater is worthy of death.]
2.77. Do they not know that Allah knows what they keep secret and what they make known?
Wrath of heaven
[God understands the hearts and the actions of men and their teachings. The great sin is in the teacher concealing or withholding the truth in unrighteousness which are the actions of the Councils and Sunday worshipping Trinitarianism and the followers of the Hadith.
They all withhold the truth in unrighteousness and the wrath of heaven will be declared against them and in the very near future many of them will die.
These are those who say they are of Islam but lie.]
Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; (KJV)
False prophesy – adding to the law
2.78. And there are among them illiterates who know not the Book but only lies, and they do but conjecture.
[This is the modern Hadith that does not understand the Book of the Law, the Scriptures, but lie and they conjecture, and they don’t understand the Koran because they don’t understand the Scriptures.
This text refers to the unconverted i.e. the gentiles and false prophets in the sects who misquote the Scriptures or the Hadith of Islam that denies that the Scriptures exist and ignore the Bible and pervert the Qur’an. Their God cannot preserve His own laws. The Scriptures were certainly available to the Prophet and the Church of God in the Seventh century as stated in the Koran and we can prove they exist to this day and the wrath of heaven will be revealed against those people; against the antinomians and the Trinitarians and the Hadithic Muslims, and they will be killed at the return of Messiah, the Christ or Isa.]
2.79. Woe, then, to those who write the book with their hands and then say: This is from Allah, so that they may take for it a small price; therefore woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they earn.
Ecclesiastes 12:11-14 The sayings of the wise are like goads, and like nails firmly fixed are the collected sayings which are given by one Shepherd. 12My son, beware of anything beyond these. Of making many books there is no end, and much study is a weariness of the flesh. 13The end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God, and keep his commandments; for this is the whole duty of man. 14For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil.
The originator of all Scripture is God. Thus it is God-breathed or inspired. The Shepherd has given us of this Scripture all that is for our education and guidance. God knows of our every need. He is our heavenly supplier of all good things.
2Timothy 3:16 All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
James 1:17 Every good endowment and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.
[Man writes many commentaries claiming to have insight in God's Word but in reality many are just the learned of this world who are just "illiterates who know not the Book but only lies, and they do but conjecture."
Many have been misled by such commentaries. Not only are they lost but they make others lose their way as well.]
2.80. And they say: Fire shall not touch us but for a few days. Say: Have you received a promise from Allah, then Allah will not fail to perform His promise, or do you speak against Allah what you do not know?
[Concerning the false doctrines of heaven and hell and limited punishment:- see Khalifa’s note to verses 2:80-82, page 12. “It is an established belief among corrupted Muslims that they will suffer in Hell only in proportion to the number of sins they had committed, then they will get out of Hell and go to Heaven. They also believe that Muhammad will intercede on their behalf, and will take them out of Hell. Such beliefs are contrary to the Quran”
They are also totally contrary to Scripture because there is no heaven and there is no hell. No man will go there. You will be resurrected to the second judgment, the Second Resurrection by the elect and there you will be retrained.]
2.81. Nay whoever earns evil and his sins beset him on every side, these are the inmates of the fire; in it they shall abide.
[That is in the Second Resurrection if you do not undertake correction and repent you will go into the lake of fire.]
To understand the position of the texts on heaven and hell and the Resurrection of the dead it is important to remember there is no heaven and no hell as places of eternal reward and punishment. Hell is the grave. Tartaros is the place of confinement of the fallen Host, Gehenna fire is the place of the cremation of the dead bodies of the Second Resurrection (see the papers Heaven, Hell or the First Resurrection of the Dead (No. 143A) and The Second Resurrection of the Dead the Great White Throne Judgment (No. 143B)).
From ayats 2.74 to 2.81 we see that those that reject the word of God are allowed to travel further into error.
Romans 1:28-32 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done. 29They were filled with all manner of unrighteousness, evil, covetousness, malice. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, maliciousness. They are gossips, 30slanderers, haters of God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless. 32Though they know God's righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them. (ESV).
[Look at the world today under Islam and Trinitarian Christianity and say that that is not so.]
From ayats 74 to 123, the Koran explains the divisions among religious authorities of Israel because of and after the coming of the Messiah Yahoshua (Isa) ibn Mariam.
And then from ayat 124 as stated previously above, the Prophet recounts the Abraham sequence.
All the texts in the order of these sequences are for an aim.
The Gardens of Paradise of the Resurrection
2.82. And (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, these are the dwellers of the garden; in it they shall abide.
This is the Resurrection of the righteous as we see in Revelation 20:1-15.
Revelation 20:1-15 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain. 2And he seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, 3and threw him into the pit, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he might not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be released for a little while. 4Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. 5The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection. 6Blessed and holy is the one who shares in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with him for a thousand years. 7And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will be released from his prison 8and will come out to deceive the nations that are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea. 9And they marched up over the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, but fire came down from heaven and consumed them, 10and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. 11Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. From his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them. 12And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had13And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. 14Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
Those of the First Resurrection are the baptised members of the Body of Christ who are under judgement during their life after baptism. Also that includes the Patriarchs and the Prophets before the coming of the Messiah, that is before the first incarnation. All other dead are resurrected as physical humans and judged in the Great White Throne Judgment over a thousand years after the Return of the Messiah. All people who are not baptised into the Body of Christ and who do not keep the Commandments of God and the Faith and Testimony of Jesus Christ (Rev. 12:17; 14:12) which is most of the planet will be re-educated. Every Hadithic or Sunni and Shia Muslim on earth after the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs will be in the Second Resurrection except for the Churches of God and those amongst Islam who have been baptised and kept the commandments of God and the Sabbaths, New Moons and Feasts and those who have been there over the centuries. That is a powerful concept.
The Covenant of God
2.83. And when We made a covenant with the children of Israel: You shall not serve any but Allah and (you shall do) good to (your) parents, and to the near of kin and to the orphans and the needy, and you shall speak to men good words and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. Then you turned back except a few of you and (now too) you turn aside.
This deals with the Commandments and the First and Second Great Commandments and the Tithing legislation. This also encompasses the Fifth Commandment.
1Timothy. 5:8 But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
Pickthall’s note to verse 83 page 40 (soft back version): verse 83 is generally taken as referring to the biblical covenant and verse 84 as referring to the solemn treaty which the Jews of Al-Madinah made with the Prophet in the year 1 A.H.
2.84. And when We made a covenant with you: You shall not shed your blood and you shall not turn your people out of your cities; then you gave a promise while you witnessed.
2.85. Yet you it is who slay your people and turn a party from among you out of their homes, backing each other up against them unlawfully and exceeding the limits; and if they should come to you, as captives you would ransom them-- while their very turning out was unlawful for you. Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other? What then is the reward of such among you as do this but disgrace in the life of this world, and on the day of resurrection they shall be sent back to the most grievous chastisement, and Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.
[This is clearly concerning the resurrection of the dead and the keeping of the commandments under the covenant of God to attain to the resurrection of the dead. There’s no heaven or hell. They don’t exist in the Koran in dealing with this concept.
The Laws of God cover this behaviour concerning the Sabbath and Jubilee years and the responsibility to fellow nationals under the law. You can’t take your own brethren for slaves and you have to obey the Jubilee system and the years of release under the laws of God.
Pickthall page 40 note: verse 85. The reference is to the wars between the Arab tribes of Al-Medinah in which the Jews used to take part as allies of one and the other; Jew waging war upon Jew. So also the law is breached.
This text also deals with those calling themselves Christians but have separated the New Testament from the Old Testament which cannot be done and so also the separation of the Koran from the Bible Scriptures cannot be done.]
2.86. These are they who buy the life of this world for the hereafter, so their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped.
[This text refers also to they who disregard the Bible and the calling for the pleasures of sin.]
Hebrews 11:35-40 Women received their dead by resurrection. Some were tortured, refusing to accept release, that they might rise again to a better life. 36Others suffered mocking and scourging, and even chains and imprisonment. 37They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were killed with the sword; they went about in skins of sheep and goats, destitute, afflicted, ill-treated-- 38of whom the world was not worthy--wandering over deserts and mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. 39And all these, though well attested by their faith, did not receive what was promised, 40since God had foreseen something better for us, that apart from us they should not be made perfect.
[In other words, everyone was to be held until the First Resurrection of the dead at the return of the Messiah and no man has ever entered heaven except Christ who came down from heaven (Jn. 3:13).]
2.87. And most certainly We gave Musa the Book and We sent apostles after him one after another; and We gave Isa, the son of Marium, clear arguments and strengthened him with the holy spirit, What! whenever then an apostle came to you with that which your souls did not desire, you were insolent so you called some liars and some you slew.
Luke 11:48-50 So you are witnesses and consent to the deeds of your fathers; for they killed them, and you build their tombs. 49Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,' 50that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation,
Matthew 23:30-37 saying, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.' 31Thus you witness against yourselves, that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers. 33You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? 34Therefore I send you prophets and wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from town to town, 35that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of innocent Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. 36 Truly, I say to you, all this will come upon this generation. 37 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, killing the prophets and stoning those who are sent to you! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not!
[And so they kill the prophets and the Muhammads of the Churches of God to the Last Days.]
Also Pickthall incorrectly claims that the Holy Spirit is Gabriel. The Koran does not make that case at all.
There are many prophets that have delivered God's warnings to man but only one was given the role of the mediator of the covenant and high priest of the elect. Ayat 87 is the key to understanding this Surah. Modern Islam doesn't understand because they have been lead away from the identity of Isa as the Christ. We know the Qur’an states that Jesus was just a prophet but when held in context the Qur’an is saying that he isn't equal with God. We know the Bible doesn't state this and we are able to identify the differences between those that believe this and those that do not. Of all of the prophets why were Moses and Jesus the ones singled out in this Surah? Those chosen by God (Rev. 12:17 and Rev. 14:12) are those that follow the laws given by Moses and the testimony along with the identity of Christ. We see that all of Surah 2's warnings and solutions to enter and stay within the covenant depend on the understanding and acceptance of what [2.87] means.
Below are two verses that explain much but are misunderstood by most. Trinitarians can't understand as they have God and Jesus being equal. Islam can't understand as their form of Monotheism rejects that God wants to make humans members of His family, as His sons. If we understand Hebrews 1:8-9 then we can understand Surah 2 entirely.
This is stated in both the Old and the New Testaments (cf. also Psa.45:6-7).
Hebrews 1:8-9 But of the Son he says, "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever, the righteous scepter is the scepter of thy kingdom. 9Thou hast loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, thy God, has anointed thee with the oil of gladness beyond thy comrades”
[So there are elohim that are comrades to Christ and they all have a God, another elohim.
Jesus is called a God (elohim) by his God (Eloah). Eloah (Hebrew) is Allah in the Arabic. Christ was chosen from his equals, the angels who are also elohim as sons of God (cf. Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:4-7). This selection to be the Messiah was due to his character. If we realize what a son of God means we can understand much more and the Koran is perfectly clear.]
The Plan of Salvation
Ayat 2.87 addresses the fact that from the time of Moses through the time of Jesus people rejected the word of God and still did until the day of Qasim and on until now in the Last Days. They will even fight against Christ when he comes.
2.88. And they say: Our hearts are covered. Nay, Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief; so little it is that they believe.
2.89. And when there came to them a Book from Allah verifying that which they have, and aforetime they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieve, but when there came to them (Prophet) that which they did not recognize, they disbelieved in him; so Allah's curse is on the unbelievers.
[These texts are directed at Arabs who disregard the Torah and wrest the Koran to unbelief.]
2.90. Evil is that for which they have sold their souls-- that they should deny what Allah has revealed, out of envy that Allah should send down of His grace on whomsoever of His servants He pleases; so they have made themselves deserving of wrath upon wrath, and there is a disgraceful punishment for the unbelievers.
[Denying prophecy in the body of the church and direction of the elect is a serious problem.]
2.91. And when it is said to them, Believe in what Allah has revealed, they say: We believe in that which was revealed to us; and they deny what is besides that, while it is the truth verifying that which they have. Say: Why then did you kill Allah's Prophets before if you were indeed believers?
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. (KJV)
2.92. And most certainly Musa came to you with clear arguments, then you took the calf (for a god) in his absence and you were unjust.
[Refer to Deuteronomy, Exodus and also the paper The Golden Calf (No. 222).
The church under Qasim had the same results as all of God's prophets and teachers. People wanted to do what they wished and rejected the word of God. So has it been over time.
These fundamentalist Muslims are no more Muslim than the Christians they oppose. They are both false and they follow false doctrines.]
2.93. And when We made a covenant with you and raised the mountain over you: Take hold of what We have given you with firmness and be obedient. They said: We hear and disobey. And they were made to imbibe (the love of) the calf into their hearts on account of their unbelief Say: Evil is that which your belief bids you if you are believers.
Divisions between the nations that fell away and the church which is faithful
2.94. Say: If the future abode with Allah is specially for you to the exclusion of the people, then invoke death if you are truthful.
[This was a rebuke to the paganised Arabs that are still heretical to this day yet claim Islam under the Sunna and traditions.]
Salvation is of the Gentiles
Isaiah 49:6 he says: "It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved of Israel; I will give you as a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth."
Acts 13:47 For so the Lord has commanded us, saying, 'I have set you to be a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring salvation to the uttermost parts of the earth.'".
Acts 28:28 Let it be known to you then that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will listen."
Romans 11:11 So I ask, have they stumbled so as to fall? By no means! But through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.
Long for the church as the Body of Christ if you are righteous. The next text refers to those who do not understand the plan of salvation and the role of the church. Even then they had those such as the Jehovah’s Witnesses that seek a physical existence in the Millennium.
2.95. And they will never invoke it on account of what their hands have sent before, and Allah knows the unjust.
2.96. And you will most certainly find them the greediest of men for life (greedier) than even those who are polytheists; every one of them loves that he should be granted a life of a thousand years, and his being granted a long life will in no way remove him further off from the chastisement, and Allah sees what they do.
[The texts refer to the millennial system of Revelation 20 and these men wish to inherit the life of the Physical Millennium and live for the Thousand years. They did not understand the Plan of God. Those who fail still face the Second Resurrection.
Ayats 2.93-96 speak of the covenant people that reject God by seeking their own goals. Carnal people seek their own glory and riches. This reminds the called (those that have heard the word and haven't converted) that it is the called and the chosen that are those of the First Resurrection.
2.97. Say: Whoever is the enemy of Jibreel-- for surely he revealed it to your heart by Allah's command, verifying that which is before it and guidance and good news for the believers.
[Pickthall says Gabriel is a Holy Spirit however he misunderstands the term ministering spirit.]
2.98. Whoever is the enemy of Allah and His angels and His apostles and Jibreel and Meekaeel, so surely Allah is the enemy of the unbelievers.
[Gabriel could not be Christ as he was the Angel of the Lord that spoke to Mariam when she was given the Messiah in her womb. The church at this time identified Michael as the pre-existent Christ.]
2.99. And certainly We have revealed to you clear communications and none disbelieve in them except the transgressors.
2.100. What! whenever they make a covenant, a party of them cast it aside? Nay, most of them do not believe.
[Sinners and antinomians deny the laws of God and deny and reject the Covenant and it was so at the time of the Prophet.]
Covenant confirmed again
2.101. And when there came to them an Apostle from Allah verifying that which they have, a party of those who were given the Book threw the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they knew nothing.
Khalifa translates the text as: Now that a messenger from God has come to them and even though he proves and confirms their own scripture, some followers of the Scripture (Jews, Christians and Muslims) disregard God’s Scriptures behind their backs as if they never had any Scripture. It is a fact that the Imams of today teach that the Scriptures have been lost and the antinomians say they have been done away. Neither of them will inherit the Kingdom of God until we deal with them in the Second Resurrection.
Khalifa also at fn. 8 says: God’s Messenger of the Covenant is prophesied in the OT (Malachi. 3:1-3); The New Testament (Luke 17:22-37) and this Final Testament (3:81).
Note to verse 101 by Yusufali: A party of Jews in the time of Muhammad ridiculed the Muslim belief that Gabriel brought down revelations to Muhammad Mustafa. Michael was called in their books “the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people’: (Daniel xii.1) The vision of Gabriel inspired fear (Daniel viii.16, 17). But this pretence – that Michael was their friend and Gabriel their enemy – was merely a manifestation of their unbelief in angels, apostles, and God Himself; and such unbelief could not win the love of God. In any case it was disingenuous to say that they believed in one angel and not in another. Muhammad’s [The Prophet’s] inspiration was through visions of Gabriel. [The Prophet] had been helped to the highest spiritual light, and the message which he delivered and his spotless integrity and exemplary life were manifest Signs, which everyone could understand except those who were obstinate and perverse. Besides, the verses of the Qur’an were in themselves reasonable and clear.
[But the books that are referred to in the Koran are the Scriptures of the Old and the New Testaments. They are not referring to the Koran because the Koran was not compiled when these verses were spoken.]
The disregarding of known Scripture was noted by most commentators. The Hadith’s comments on the Prophet are not true or correct.
2.102. And they followed what the Shaitans chanted of sorcery in the reign of Sulaiman, and Sulaiman was not an unbeliever, but the Shaitans disbelieved, they taught men sorcery and that was sent down to the two angels at Babel, Harut and Marut, yet these two taught no man until they had said, "Surely we are only a trial, therefore do not be a disbeliever." Even then men learned from these two, magic by which they might cause a separation between a man and his wife; and they cannot hurt with it anyone except with Allah's permission, and they learned what harmed them and did not profit them, and certainly they know that he who bought it should have no share of good in the hereafter and evil was the price for which they sold their souls, had they but known this.
[Shaitans are the demonic accusers and not necessarily Iblis or Satan as the main accuser of the brethren; cf. Yusufali re Harut and Marut.]
2.103. And if they had believed and guarded themselves (against evil), reward from Allah would certainly have been better; had they but known (this).
[Following the demons is idolatry and forfeits the First Resurrection is the clear intent of this text.]
2.104. O you who believe! do not say Raina and say Unzurna and listen, and for the unbelievers there is a painful chastisement.
Khalifa: Raa’ena (Be our shepherd)
Unzurna (Watch over us).
The text equates also to teaching the aspect of respect of persons.
Deuteronomy1:17 You shall not be partial in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike; you shall not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's; and the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.'
Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not pervert justice; you shall not show partiality; and you shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of the righteous.
2Chronicles.19:7 Now then, let the fear of the LORD be upon you; take heed what you do, for there is no perversion of justice with the LORD our God, or partiality, or taking bribes."
Proverbs 24:23 These also are sayings of the wise. Partiality in judging is not good.
Proverbs 28:21 To show partiality is not good; but for a piece of bread a man will do wrong.
Lamentations 4:16 The LORD himself has scattered them, he will regard them no more; no honor was shown to the priests, no favor to the elders.
Romans 2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God. (KJV)
Ephesians 6:9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him. (KJV)
Colossians 3:25 But he that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he hath done: and there is no respect of persons. (KJV)
James 2:9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.
1Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear: (KJV)
So also is teaching for hire.
Micah 3: Its heads give judgment for a bribe, its priests teach for hire, its prophets divine for money; yet they lean upon the LORD and say, "Is not the LORD in the midst of us? No evil shall come upon us."
2.105. Those who disbelieve from among the followers of the Book do not like, nor do the polytheists, that the good should be sent down to you from your Lord, and Allah chooses especially whom He pleases for His mercy, and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
The texts say the Lord has mercy on whom He will.
Exodus 33:19 And he said, "I will make all my goodness pass before you, and will proclaim before you my name 'The LORD'; and I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy.
Also many are called but few are chosen.
Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. (KJV)
Matthew 22:14 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. (KJV)
Jealousy of disbelievers
For much follows from this.
2.106. Whatever communications We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or like it. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?
Pickthall's translation renders the text:
2.106. Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we abrogate or cause be forgotten, but we bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things?
[Thus Allah has not lost one word of His texts. Scripture cannot be broken (Jn. 10:34-36). It will be fulfilled as Scripture.
Nothing is impossible with God and God reaffirms by later and fuller revelations.]
Matthew 5:17-18 "Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfil them. 18For truly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished.
God's Law does not become obsolete or done away as some have claimed. Yes there was the Old covenant and there is the New covenant but the New came with better promises. The physical has been replaced by the spiritual. The New has magnified the earlier to a spiritual level.
Ayat 2.106 is also rendered in one version of the Qur'an: We do not abolish or do not forget "one iota". We come with its explanation in clear, and in parable. Do you not know that Allah is "above all", [... ]?
Now we can see the real meaning of Surah 2 and it has nothing to do with the claims of the Hadith.
Khalifa renders the text ending with do you not realise that God is Omnipotent. The claims of the Hadith attack and impugn the Omnipotence of God and are blasphemy.
2.107. Do you not know that Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and that besides Allah you have no guardian or helper?
[Thus God is Supreme. All things belong to God. There is no God but God. He alone is Redeemer.]
Ayats 2.97-107 tell us that all of God's messengers have delivered His word to man only to see these words turned away from God and twisted to fit man’s wants and needs.
Hebrews 1:1-4 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world (age). 3He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature, upholding the universe by his word of power. When he had made purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4having become as much superior to angels as the name he has obtained is more excellent than theirs.
2.108. Rather you wish to put questions to your Apostle, as Musa was questioned before; and whoever adopts unbelief instead of faith, he indeed has lost the right direction of the way.
2.109. Many of the followers of the Book wish that they could turn you back into unbelievers after your faith, out of envy from themselves, (even) after the truth has become manifest to them; but pardon and forgive, so that Allah should bring about His command; surely Allah has power over all things.
[The church refers to the faith as the way as did Paul in the NT. The leaders of the church are referred to as apostles.
The text also refers to corruption in teachings of Jews, Trinitarians and Muslims. Thus many of the followers of the Book, i.e. the Bible, are using it to corrupt those they wish to divert. The church operates by faith and not unbelief.
So the texts from the Bible and the Koran tell us to hold fast in the faith one delivered.]
Hold fast in the faith once delivered
Revelation 3:11 I am coming soon; hold fast what you have, so that no one may seize your crown.
Proverbs 4:13 Take fast hold of instruction; let her not go: keep her; for she is thy life. (KJV)
1Thessalonians. 5:21 but test everything; hold fast what is good,
2Thessalonians 2:15 So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter.
2Timothy 1:13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. (KJV)
Titus 1:9 he must hold firm to the sure word as taught, so that he may be able to give instruction in sound doctrine and also to confute those who contradict it.
Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. (KJV)
Revelation 2:25 only hold fast what you have, until I come.
2.110. And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and whatever good you send before for yourselves, you shall find it with Allah; surely Allah sees what you do.
Worship as a commandment of God
Poor-due – Pickthall says this is a tax at a fixed rate in proportion to the worth of the property, collected from the well-to-do and distributed among the poor Muslims. It is the welfare fund paid from the Second Tithe in the third year of the Sabbath cycle as provided for by Law (cf. the paper Tithing (No. 161)). Pickthall did not properly connect it to the tithing system
Salvation of the Gentiles
2.111. And they say: None shall enter the garden (or paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian. These are their vain desires. Say: Bring your proof if you are truthful.
[This text refers to an heretical teaching regarding the two gardens of Paradise or the First and Second Resurrections that seek to preclude salvation of the Gentiles which is the express purpose of the faith. The worst in this regard were the Trinitarians and their forms of Baptism. The Qur’an challenges the Jews and Christians to prove what they say from Scripture which they could not and cannot do.]
2.112. Yes! whoever submits himself entirely to Allah and he is the doer of good (to others) he has his reward from his Lord, and there is no fear for him nor shall he grieve.
2.113. And the Jews say: The Christians do not follow anything (good) and the Christians say: The Jews do not follow anything (good) while they recite the (same) Book. Even thus say those who have no knowledge, like to what they say; so Allah shall judge between them on the day of resurrection in what they differ.
[The Jews follow the Talmud. Trinitarian Christians follow the councils and they all corrupt the laws of God as does the later Hadith and the traditions of the Shia and the Karaite Jews. They are all consigned to the Judgement of Krisis in the Second Resurrection rather than the First Resurrection and God will have them all re-educated.
Ayats 2.108-113 speak of the Jews that rejected the Gospel and of the Christians that have rejected God's laws. Both sides accuse the other of heresy but neither side has the truth. This applies now to modern Islam as well as they have rejected God's words for the doctrines of men. Their errors will be shown to them in the Second Resurrection.
There is no place called Heaven where these people seek to go. They will be re-educated in the Second Resurrection.]
2Thessalonians 2:9-12 The coming of the lawless one by the activity of Satan will be with all power and with pretended signs and wonders, 10and with all wicked deception for those who are to perish, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. 11Therefore God sends upon them a strong delusion, to make them believe what is false, 12so that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
1Timothy 1:6-7 Certain persons by swerving from these have wandered away into vain discussion, 7desiring to be teachers of the law, without understanding either what they are saying or the things about which they make assertions.
2.114. And who is more unjust than he who prevents (men) from the masjids of Allah, that His name should be remembered in them, and strives to ruin them? (As for) these, it was not proper for them that they should have entered them except in fear; they shall meet with disgrace in this world, and they shall have great chastisement in the hereafter.
2.115. And Allah's is the East and the West, therefore, whither you turn, thither is Allah's purpose; surely Allah is Ample giving, Knowing.
[Since the creation of the body of Islam in Israel teachers have attempted to corrupt the faith. Not entering the Kingdom of God themselves they prevent all they can from entering also. They also kill God’s servants the prophets. They are prevented from the First Resurrection and exposed in ridicule in the Second Resurrection.
For the east and the west in direction of worship or facing the Temple the Koran says that such directionality in worship is unnecessary as God is in either direction. Sin is placed as far from the east is from the west but directionality is unnecessary.
Psalm 103:12 as far as the east is from the west, so far does he remove our transgressions from us.
Ayats 2.114-115 speak of the false teachers and the judgment they shall receive also referring to Scripture.]
2Peter 2:1-3 But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. 2And many will follow their licentiousness, and because of them the way of truth will be reviled. 3And in their greed they will exploit you with false words; from of old their condemnation has not been idle, and their destruction has not been asleep.
2.116. And they say: Allah has taken to himself a son. Glory be to Him; rather, whatever is in the heavens and the earth is His; all are obedient to Him.
[Yusuf Ali says at note 119 “It is a derogation from the glory of God – in fact it is blasphemy – to say that God begets sons, like a man or an animal. The Christian doctrine is here emphatically repudiated. If words have any meaning, it would mean an attribution to God of a material nature, and of the lower animal functions of sex. In a spiritual sense we are all children of God and all Creation celebrates His glory. Verse 117 should be read with this to complete the argument.
Christ is subordinate to God and is not to be worshipped.]
2.117. Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth, and when He decrees an affair, He only says to it, Be, so there it is.
[Ayat 2:117 is the text of the creation by divine fiat. In ayats 2.116-117 we see that the misunderstanding that God had sex with a woman and created a son (Jesus) by physical means is corrected. God has created all of His sons for His purposes by declaring it to be so.
The Bible is clear that Jesus is the firstborn as a spiritual creature, a son of God or an angel, that is a messenger.
Colossians. 1:15 He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creation;
We see further that God chose Jesus from the other angels to be born as a man to re-institute the covenant between man and God.
Hebrews 1:6-9 And again, when he brings the first-born into the world, he says, "Let all God's angels worship him." 7Of the angels he says, "Who makes his angels winds, and his servants flames of fire." 8But of the Son he says, "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever, the righteous scepter is the scepter of thy kingdom. 9Thou hast loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, thy God, has anointed thee with the oil of gladness beyond thy comrades."
Jesus as the firstborn of the spirit beings to become man was also the first to be resurrected from the dead.
Colossians 1:18 He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that in everything he might be pre-eminent.
Now we begin to understand the reason for Jesus to be killed and resurrected as the first to enter the new covenant. Those that enter the covenant will follow his footsteps and at their death be resurrected into the Millennium or Garden as a born son of God.]
2.118. And those who have no knowledge say: Why does not Allah speak to us or a sign come to us? Even thus said those before them, the like of what they say; their hearts are all alike. Indeed We have made the communications clear for a people who are sure.
[No sign will be given except the sign of Jonah.
Luke 11:29-32 And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. 30For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. 31The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. 32The men of Nineveh shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. (KJV)
Matthew 12:38-40 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, "Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you." 39But he answered them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign; but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so will the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
The scriptures have already made the signs clear.]
2.119. Surely We have sent you with the truth as a bearer of good news and as a warner, and you shall not be called upon to answer for the companions of the flaming fire.
[The Holy Spirit is sent to be truth to the elect but not to the unconverted. The elect are as watchmen to the world.
John 14:26 But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
1Corinthians 2:12-14 Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is from God, that we might understand the gifts bestowed on us by God. 13And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who possess the Spirit. 14The unspiritual man does not receive the gifts of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.
2Peter 1:20-22 First of all you must understand this, that no prophecy of scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, 21because no prophecy ever came by the impulse of man, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.
The unbelievers still ask for a sign verifying that what God has spoken through His messengers is true, when it is the word itself that gives the signs. These people complain but do not try to understand nor do they seek the truth.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Behold, a young woman shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanu-el.
Luke 11:29-30 When the crowds were increasing, he began to say, "This generation is an evil generation; it seeks a sign, but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of Jonah. 30For as Jonah became a sign to the men of Nineveh, so will the Son of man be to this generation.
Ezekiel 3:17, Ezekiel 33:2-8 and Hosea 9:8 also place the prophets and the elect as the Watchmen of the nations of God’s elect.]
2.120. And the Jews will not be pleased with you, nor the Christians until you follow their religion. Say: Surely Allah's guidance, that is the (true) guidance. And if you follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to you, you shall have no guardian from Allah, nor any helper.
[There are two tribes that will influence the conversion of the Arabs and what is now “Paganised Hadithic Islam” and the sects.]
2.121. Those to whom We have given the Book read it as it ought to be read. These believe in it; and whoever disbelieves in it, these it is that are the losers.
[The Scriptures are meant to be read and studied and the Holy Spirit gives understanding. Only by following the truth and acting on what is given will further understanding be given.
The Scriptures are revealed by miracle through the Holy Spirit.
God has determined the calling of all human beings and their calling is predestined as is their conversion and justification and then ultimately their glorification.
Romans 8:29-30 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the first-born among many brethren. 30And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified.
The populace see but do not see and hear but do not hear, else they might turn and be saved outside of the Plan of God. These are the called but not chosen.
Mark 8:18 Having eyes do you not see, and having ears do you not hear? And do you not remember?
John 9:21 but how he now sees we do not know, nor do we know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he is of age, he will speak for himself."
John 12:40 "He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they should see with their eyes and perceive with their heart, and turn for me to heal them."
Romans 11:8 as it is written, "God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that should not see and ears that should not hear, down to this very day."
Yusuf Ali fails to understand the function of the Koran here and notes at 121: The argument now proceeds on another line. Ye people of the Book who go back to Abraham! Not only is your claim to exclusive knowledge of God false and derogatory to the Lord of All the Worlds. If you must appeal to Abraham, he was also the progenitor of the Arab race through Ismail. Indeed Abraham and Ishmael together built the House of God in Mecca (long before the Temple of Jerusalem was built). They purified it and laid the foundation of the universal religion, which is summed up in the word Islam, or complete submission to the Will of God. Abraham and Ishmael were thus true Muslims. Whence then your rancour against Islam?
Historically the Temple at Mecca must have been a far more ancient place of worship than the Temple at Jerusalem. Arab tradition connects various places in and around Mecca with the name of Abraham and identifies the well of Zam-zam with the well in the story of the child Ishmael. Arab tradition also refers the story of the Sacrifice to Ishmael and not to Isaac, therein differing from the Jewish tradition in Gen.xxii.1-19.
Yusuf Ali fails to tie this text in with the line of the body of Islam which went from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to Moses and Aaron and the prophets to the Messiah and the Church of God of which Islam was founded. Muhammad is not a person; it is the Council of the Church of God and from it comes the authority of the Faith.
The area at Mecca was an ancient pagan place of worship and the Ka’aba was full of idols and a place of idol worship. It was cleaned of idols but the Ka’aba was not destroyed as it should have been. That will happen with the coming of the Messiah.
These ayats speak to the Talmudic Jews and the Trinitarian Christians that don't have the Holy Spirit and don't understand the word of God. This applies to modern Islam as well today, whose carnal understanding has replaced the concept of the Holy Spirit with a man. If we wish to place our cultures, or our own understanding above the word of God we will never understand what God reveals in the pages of His books. It is through God's Holy Spirit that we can understand the word of God.]
John 4:24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth."
John 14:17 even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you.
John 15:26 But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me;
John 16:13 When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.
2.122. O children of Israel, call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations.
[The nation of Israel was handed the responsibility for the Law and the Testimony. Christ was sent to them and they killed him and then they were given the Forty Years for repentance in the Sign of Jonah. Then the authority was removed from the Nation and they were sent into captivity and the Physical Temple was destroyed in 70 CE, and the church was given the authority as the Spiritual Temple comprised of sons of God. The church was also sent into the Wilderness of 40 Jubilees to the Jubilee year of 2027 and the Salvation of the Gentiles. The Millennium of 1000 years under Messiah will occur from 2028 to 3027 at the Second Resurrection of the Dead.]
2.123. And be on your guard against a day when no soul shall avail another in the least neither shall any compensation be accepted from it, nor shall intercession profit it, nor shall they be helped.
[The Judgement at the Resurrection of Krisis is meant by this text at 2:123 and shows that the end result of the sequence is the Salvation of the Gentiles and the creation.
We are to hear and act upon the word of God to share in the promises of the covenant given by God to man.
Hebrews 12:17 For you know that afterward, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no chance to repent, though he sought it with tears.
Some will say that they aren't descendants of Israel and these promises of the covenant mean nothing to them. We must realize that the first covenant dealt with physical matters with the physical tribes of Israel and the descendants of Abraham. The current covenant with God deals with spiritual matters with spiritual Israel. We know that salvation is of the gentiles and these have been grafted into the sons of Abraham and will all be given to Christ. All that believe are now Israel. If that concept is not appealing to you, you won't enter the new covenant of God until the Second Resurrection. You cannot be a true Muslim until you are a baptised Sabbath keeping servant of God in the body of Christ keeping the Sabbaths and the Calendar of God (see the papers Sabbath in the Koran (No. 274) and the Hebrew and Islamic Calendar Reconciled (No. 053)). Unless you get those right you have no chance of the First Resurrection.
Galatians 3:27-29 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's offspring, heirs according to promise.
Again belonging to Christ doesn't mean we worship Christ as Eloah, the only True God. It means that Eloah has authorized Jesus to be our leader, high priest and elder brother.]
Romans 8:16-17 it is the Spirit himself bearing witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17and if children, then heirs, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
Hebrews 6:19-20 We have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters into the inner shrine behind the curtain, 20where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having become a high priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
2.124. And when his Lord tried Ibrahim with certain words, he fulfilled them. He said: Surely I will make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include the unjust, said He.
Hebrews 11:1-40 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2For by it the men of old received divine approval. 3By faith we understand that the world was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was made out of things which do not appear. 4By faith Abel offered to God a more acceptable sacrifice than Cain, through which he received approval as righteous, God bearing witness by accepting his gifts; he died, but through his faith he is still speaking. 5By faith Enoch was taken up so that he should not see death; and he was not found, because God had taken him. Now before he was taken he was attested as having pleased God. 6And without faith it is impossible to please him. For whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him. 7By faith Noah, being warned by God concerning events as yet unseen, took heed and constructed an ark for the saving of his household; by this he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness which comes by faith. 8By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place which he was to receive as an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was to go. 9By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise. 10For he looked forward to the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God. 11By faith Sarah herself received power to conceive, even when she was past the age, since she considered him faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born descendants as many as the stars of heaven and as the innumerable grains of sand by the seashore. 13These all died in faith, not having received what was promised, but having seen it and greeted it from afar, and having acknowledged that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. 14For people who speak thus make it clear that they are seeking a homeland. 15If they had been thinking of that land from which they had gone out, they would have had opportunity to return. 16But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared for them a city. 17By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was ready to offer up his only son, 18of whom it was said, "Through Isaac shall your descendants be named." 19He considered that God was able to raise men even from the dead; hence, figuratively speaking, he did receive him back. 20By faith Isaac invoked future blessings on Jacob and Esau. 21By faith Jacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, bowing in worship over the head of his staff. 22By faith Joseph, at the end of his life, made mention of the exodus of the Israelites and gave directions concerning his burial. 23By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid for three months by his parents, because they saw that the child was beautiful; and they were not afraid of the king's edict. 24By faith Moses, when he was grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, 25choosing rather to share ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. 26He considered abuse suffered for the Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he looked to the reward. 27By faith he left Egypt, not being afraid of the anger of the king; for he endured as seeing him who is invisible. 28By faith he kept the Passover and sprinkled the blood, so that the Destroyer of the first-born might not touch them. 29By faith the people crossed the Red Sea as if on dry land; but the Egyptians, when they attempted to do the same, were drowned. 30By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days. 31By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she had given friendly welcome to the spies. 32And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets— 33who through faith conquered kingdoms, enforced justice, received promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 24quenched raging fire, escaped the edge of the sword, won strength out of weakness, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight. 35Women received their dead by resurrection. Some were tortured, refusing to accept release, that they might rise again to a better life. 36Others suffered mocking and scourging, and even chains and imprisonment. 37They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were killed with the sword; they went about in skins of sheep and goats, destitute, afflicted, ill-treated-- 38of whom the world was not worthy--wandering over deserts and mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. 39And all these, though well attested by their faith, did not receive what was promised, 40since God had foreseen something better for us, that apart from us they should not be made perfect.
Abraham entered the covenant with God. As long as his descendants obey God they will remain within the covenant. But they have to obey God and they have to keep the commandments of God. Modern Islam does not and nor does Christianity other than the Churches of God and that in the minority.]
Genesis 17:4 "Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations.
Genesis 17:7-10 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you. 8And I will give to you, and to your descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God." 9And God said to Abraham, "As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 10This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your descendants after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised.
2.125. And when We made the House a pilgrimage for men and a (place of) security, and: Appoint for yourselves a place of prayer on the standing-place of Ibrahim. And We enjoined Ibrahim and Ismail saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves.
[The Hadith holds that this text traditionally refers to the visit of Abraham and Ishmael to Mecca; however the places of worship were at Jerusalem when Abraham went there and tithed to Melchisedek. The paper Melchisedek (No. 128) deals with the explanation of the place of Melchisedek and the texts in Genesis 14:18 and Psalm 110:4 for the order of Melchisedek resting in Messiah. The purpose of the Book of Hebrews is to explain the function of the Church of God as sons of God and priests forever after the order of Melchisedek (Heb. 5:6-7:21) See also the papers Psalm 110 (No. 178) and the Commentary on Hebrews (No. F058).]
2.126. And when Ibrahim said: My Lord, make it a secure town and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the last day. He said: And whoever disbelieves, I will grant him enjoyment for a short while, then I will drive him to the chastisement of the fire; and it is an evil destination.
[Those of this world are able to enjoy what they make of it for a short while and then they face the Resurrection of Krisis or Judgment and Correction. If they do not repent they are then allowed to die and their bodies are burned in the Lake of Fire and they are brought to mind no more.
The City of Peace is Jerusalem or Salem City of Peace; it is not Mecca. Abraham visited Melchisedek. Meaning “my King is Righteousness” at the City of peace or Salem and Abraham tithed to him there.
Yusif Alia –in his Note 127 to verse 126: The root salama in the word Islam, implies (among other ideas) the idea of Peace, and therefore when Mecca is the city of Islam, it is also a City of Peace. The same root occurs in the latter part of the name of Jerusalem, the Jewish City of Peace. The day of Jerusalem passed (see verse 134 or 141 below), Mecca became the “New Jerusalem” – or rather the old and original “City of Peace” restored and made universal.
This conjecture is entirely false as Islam means The Surrender (to God) as the faith and it was never applied to Mecca except by the paganised Arabs after the Rightly Guided Caliphs and the corruption of Islam.]
2.127. And when Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundations of the House: Our Lord! accept from us; surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing:
Ayat 128 explains 127. It refers to the Foundation of the House, the temple to God. The Bethel or House of God is at Bethel and not Mecca and the Well of the Oath or covenant is at Beersheba, and the place of worship occupied by Abraham was at Dan at the base of Hermon. So we know where all these places were from the records and it was not at Mecca.
2.128. Our Lord! and make us both submissive to Thee and (raise) from our offspring a nation submitting to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully), surely Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[This text actually refers to the elect as the Spiritual Temple. It explains to the Christians in Arabia the fact that they are the spiritual temple of God.
These verses at 2.125-128 speak of Abraham asking for God to allow Ishmael into the covenant but God said that a son not yet born was to be his son of the covenant. God did bless Ishmael and his descendants but entrusted the birthright to Jacob as the keeper of the faith in Those Who Set The Ranks as explained in the Surah. Out of Jacob would that star arise as we see in Numbers 24:17. This was the Morning Star of Surah 86 Al Tarikh.
Genesis 17:18-27 And Abraham said to God, "O that Ishmael might live in thy sight!" 19God said, "No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasing covenant for his descendants after him. 20As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him and make him fruitful and multiply him exceedingly; he shall be the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. 21But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this season next year." 22When he had finished talking with him, God went up from Abraham. 23Then Abraham took Ishmael his son and all the slaves born in his house or bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house, and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that very day, as God had said to him. 24Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26That very day Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised; 27 and all the men of his house, those born in the house and those bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
That circumcision was a sign of the Covenant.]
2.129. Our Lord! and raise up in them an Apostle from among them who shall recite to them Thy communications and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and purify them; surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.
[This text is a plea for revelation as among the churches over the years there is the spirit of prophecy raised up among the councils of the 72 over the 2000 years which makes the total of the 144,000 including the prophets, as there is less than the full 2000 years at the end because the time is cut short as we see with the coming of the Messiah, and the texts in Revelation chapter 7 show their makeup.]
2.130. And who forsakes the religion of Ibrahim but he who makes himself a fool, and most certainly We chose him in this world, and in the hereafter he is most surely among the righteous.
[So we see that Abraham is the Father of the faithful from Hebrews 11 (see above). The text rebukes the Jews and the Trinitarians and paganised Arabs and also the traditions of the Hadith in later Islam which didn’t exist when the Koran was written.]
2.131. When his Lord said to him, Be a Muslim, he said: I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.
[The Name of the Faith is The Surrender (to God) or Al Islam.]
2.132. And the same did Ibrahim enjoin on his sons and (so did) Yaqoub. O my sons! surely Allah has chosen for you (this) faith, therefore die not unless you are Muslims.
[The Faith is enjoined on Israel and Ishmael and the sons of Keturah and all the descendants of Abraham in the faith and from there to the Gentiles.]
These ayats show us that it was through Jacob that the covenant was to be established. It is in this fact from the Koran itself that the intense hatred of the Arabs of Keturah and the Arabicised Arabs of Ishmael and also of Israel and Edom and Judah among them occurs.
Genesis 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this season next year."
[So the Koran is clear and it follows the biblical texts.]
2.133. Nay! were you witnesses when death visited Yaqoub, when he said to his sons: What will you serve after me? They said: We will serve your God and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq, one God only, and to Him do we submit.
[Here the name of God is declared and the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.]
Genesis 31:53 The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us." So Jacob swore by the Fear of his father Isaac,
Genesis 32:9 And Jacob said, "O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O LORD who didst say to me, 'Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you good,'
Genesis 50:24 And Joseph said to his brothers, "I am about to die; but God will visit you, and bring you up out of this land to the land which he swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob."
Exodus 2:24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
Exodus 3:6 And he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.
Exodus 3:15-16 God also said to Moses, "Say this to the people of Israel, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you': this is my name for ever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations. 16Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, "I have observed you and what has been done to you in Egypt;
Exodus 4:5 "that they may believe that the LORD, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you."
Exodus 6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. (KJV)
[Jehovah or Yahovah (SHD 3068) means He causes to be. The original name of God was Eloah. Then when He extended Himself with the sons of God He became Hah Elohim.]
Deuteronomy 6:10 "And when the LORD your God brings you into the land which he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give you, with great and goodly cities, which you did not build,
Deuteronomy 9:5 Not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart are you going in to possess their land; but because of the wickedness of these nations the LORD your God is driving them out from before you, and that he may confirm the word which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
Deuteronomy 29:13 that he may establish you this day as his people, and that he may be your God, as he promised you, and as he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
Deuteronomy 30:20 That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them. (KJV)
Matthew 22:32 That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.
Mark 12:26 And as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God said to him, 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'?
Luke 13:28 There you will weep and gnash your teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God and you yourselves thrust out.
Luke 20:37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the passage about the bush, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.
Acts 3:13 The God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified his servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release him.
Acts 7:32 'I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob.' And Moses trembled and did not dare to look.
2.134. This is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.
[Salvation is an individual matter and the sins of the fathers are not passed to the sons. This aspect was changed in Scripture.]
Ezekiel 18:4-32 Behold, all souls are mine; the soul of the father as well as the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sins shall die. 5"If a man is righteous and does what is lawful and right-- 6if he does not eat upon the mountains or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor's wife or approach a woman in her time of impurity, 7does not oppress any one, but restores to the debtor his pledge, commits no robbery, gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a garment, 8does not lend at interest or take any increase, withholds his hand from iniquity, executes true justice between man and man, 9walks in my statutes, and is careful to observe my ordinances--he is righteous, he shall surely live, says the Lord GOD. 10"If he begets a son who is a robber, a shedder of blood, 11who does none of these duties, but eats upon the mountains, defiles his neighbor's wife, 12oppresses the poor and needy, commits robbery, does not restore the pledge, lifts up his eyes to the idols, commits abomination, 13lends at interest, and takes increase; shall he then live? He shall not live. He has done all these abominable things; he shall surely die; his blood shall be upon himself. 14"But if this man begets a son who sees all the sins which his father has done, and fears, and does not do likewise, 15who does not eat upon the mountains or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor's wife, 16does not wrong any one, exacts no pledge, commits no robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a garment, 17withholds his hand from iniquity, takes no interest or increase, observes my ordinances, and walks in my statutes; he shall not die for his father's iniquity; he shall surely live. 18As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what is not good among his people, behold, he shall die for his iniquity. 19"Yet you say, 'Why should not the son suffer for the iniquity of the father?' When the son has done what is lawful and right, and has been careful to observe all my statutes, he shall surely live. 20The soul that sins shall die. The son shall not suffer for the iniquity of the father, nor the father suffer for the iniquity of the son; the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself. 21"But if a wicked man turns away from all his sins which he has committed and keeps all my statutes and does what is lawful and right, he shall surely live; he shall not die. 22None of the transgressions which he has committed shall be remembered against him; for the righteousness which he has done he shall live. 23Have I any pleasure in the death of the wicked, says the Lord GOD, and not rather that he should turn from his way and live? 24But when a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity and does the same abominable things that the wicked man does, shall he live? None of the righteous deeds which he has done shall be remembered; for the treachery of which he is guilty and the sin he has committed, he shall die. 25"Yet you say, 'The way of the Lord is not just.' Hear now, O house of Israel: Is my way not just? Is it not your ways that are not just? 26When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity, he shall die for it; for the iniquity which he has committed he shall die. 27Again, when a wicked man turns away from the wickedness he has committed and does what is lawful and right, he shall save his life. 28Because he considered and turned away from all the transgressions which he had committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die. 29Yet the house of Israel says, 'The way of the Lord is not just.' O house of Israel, are my ways not just? Is it not your ways that are not just? 30"Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, says the Lord GOD. Repent and turn from all your transgressions, lest iniquity be your ruin. 31Cast away from you all the transgressions which you have committed against me, and get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit! Why will you die, O house of Israel? 32 For I have no pleasure in the death of any one, says the Lord GOD; so turn, and live."
These ayats verify that the God of Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac is the One True God of the Shema.
Deuteronomy 6:4 "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD;
2.135. And they say: Be Jews or Christians, you will be on the right course. Say: Nay! (we follow) the religion of Ibrahim, the Hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists.
[This text shows the rejection of Judaism and Trinitarianism in favour of the original Sabbath-keeping faith of the Scriptures and of the Patriarchs keeping the original Temple Calendar as did the church (see the paper God’s Calendar (No. 156)).
This text tells us that the Jews that have added the Babylonian traditions and the Trinitarian Christians consider themselves to be on the right path. The Qur’an says Islam or the true faith follow the God of Abraham and not the altered gods of these false systems.
1Kings 18:21 And Elijah came near to all the people, and said, "How long will you go limping with two different opinions? If the LORD is God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him." And the people did not answer him a word.
It is to this day that people follow the Baal and Ashtoreth or Easter and their systems of sun worship.]
2.136. Say: We believe in Allah and (in) that which had been revealed to us, and (in) that which was revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoub and the tribes, and (in) that which was given to Musa and Isa, and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord, we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.
[So that there is One True God and all the prophets are equal in their prophecy. There is no distinction between the prophecies because God has uttered them through the prophets.
The text shows there is no distinction between prophets in the inspiration of their message – There is unity of their message in the Faith of Islam.
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. (KJV)
This is the test of all prophets and if the Koran contradicts the Bible then it is wrong. The writing is wrong, the interpretation is wrong. The Hadith contradicts the Bible and is totally corrupt.]
2.137. If then they believe as you believe in Him, they are indeed on the right course, and if they turn back, then they are only in great opposition, so Allah will suffice you against them, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
[If you do not follow the Bible you are in schism from Isaiah 8:20.]
Hebrews 1:1-4 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. 3He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature, upholding the universe by his word of power. When he had made purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4having become as much superior to angels as the name he has obtained is more excellent than theirs.
2.138. (Receive) the baptism of Allah, and who is better than Allah in baptising? and Him do we serve.
[This text is the requirement for baptism in the Faith and it is explained in the paper The Koran on the Bible the Law and the Covenant (No. 083). You cannot be a Muslim and not be baptised and keep the Sabbaths.]
Mark16:16 He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned.
2.139. Say: Do you dispute with us about Allah, and He is our Lord and your Lord, and we shall have our deeds and you shall have your deeds, and we are sincere to Him.
[Thus faith without works is dead as shown in the Book of James. By your works you shall be judged.
Revelation 20:12-13 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. (KJV)
The hell here is the sheol, the pit, where they buried bodies. There is no such thing as the (niraka) hell of punishment.]
2.140. Nay! do you say that Ibrahim and Ismail and Yaqoub and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Are you better knowing or Allah? And who is more unjust than he who conceals a testimony that he has from Allah? And Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.
[The faith was neither Jew nor Christian but also of not hiding the truth in unrighteousness.
Psalm 40:10 have not hid thy saving help within my heart, I have spoken of thy faithfulness and thy salvation; I have not concealed thy steadfast love and thy faithfulness from the great congregation.
Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and wickedness of men who by their wickedness suppress the truth.
2.141. This is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.
2.142. The fools among the people will say: What has turned them from their qiblah which they had? Say: The East and the West belong only to Allah; He guides whom He likes to the right path.
[Pickthall confirms that Jerusalem was the first qiblah. Note to verse 142: i.e. the place towards which the face is turned at prayer. The first qiblah of the Muslims was Jerusalem, which gave rise to a misunderstanding on the part of the Jews at Al-Madinah, who wished to draw the Muslims into Judaism. This was the cause of the people’s anxiety mentioned in the next verse but one.]
1Corinthians. 11:18-19 For, in the first place, when you assemble as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you; and I partly believe it, 19for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized.
2.143. And thus We have made you a medium (just) nation that you may be the bearers of witness to the people and (that) the Apostle may be a bearer of witness to you; and We did not make that which you would have to be the qiblah but that We might distinguish him who follows the Apostle from him who turns back upon his heels, and this was surely hard except for those whom Allah has guided aright; and Allah was not going to make your faith to be fruitless; most surely Allah is Affectionate, Merciful to the people.
[Israel was used as a witness against and to the world. It held the place of the 72 as the Sanhedrin and judge against the world and then the church of God was formed under the 72 (Lk.16:1,17) as the witness over the last 2000 years.
Yusif Ali at note 146 states: What became of prayer with the Jerusalem Qibla? It was equally efficacious before the new qibla was ordained. God regards our faith; every act of true and genuine faith is efficacious with Him, even if formalists pick holes in such acts.
Ayat 143 reminds the followers of the Arabian Church of God in the days of Qasim that they are God's covenant people.]
Deuteronomy 14:1-2 "You are the sons of the LORD your God; you shall not cut yourselves or make any baldness on your foreheads for the dead. 2For you are a people holy to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for his own possession, out of all the peoples that are on the face of the earth.
Galatians 3:29 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's offspring, heirs according to promise.
2.144. Indeed We see the turning of your face to heaven, so We shall surely turn you to a qiblah which you shall like; turn then your face towards the Sacred Mosque, and wherever you are, turn your face towards it, and those who have been given the Book most surely know that it is the truth from their Lord; and Allah is not at all heedless of what they do.
[God is independent of time and place and hence independent of Physical or Spiritual Being.
Maulana Muhammad Ali’s commentary to his The Holy Quran, Arabic Text with English Translation, Commentary and comprehensive Introduction. Year 2002 Edition;
144a. The words fa-la-nuwalliyanna-ka qiblat-an are generally translated as We shall turn thee to a qiblah. But the order to make the Ka‘bah a qiblah had already been given, see verse 125; and this section deals with the objections arising from this change, as verses 142 and 143 show. One of the objections the Jews advanced was that while the Prophet claimed that his religion was the religion of pure monotheism, he made the Ka‘bah, which was full of idols, his Spiritual Centre; see 142a. The Prophet turned his face to heaven, i.e., sought help from God in this matter, and the words that follow are an answer to this prayer, and could not mean We shall turn thee to a qiblah, because that had already been done. He is here told that the Ka‘bah will not remain an idol temple, as he will soon be master of it, and idolatry will forever be swept off from the new Spiritual Centre of the world. The words wall? kadh? mean he made him guardian or possessor of a thing (R), as wal? means a guardian, and wil? at means government or management of a Province, and wall? (in f.n. tauliyah) means he set anyone over, entrusted anyone with the government of a Province or management of an affair (R). Wall? when followed by ‘an, as in verse 142, means he turned him back from a thing, but when followed by two objects, as here, it means he made him master of a thing. So the Prophet was told to have no anxiety on that account and to turn his face to the Ka‘bah.
The followers of the Qur’an and the Bible are to face Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. This is symbolic and means to place their faith in and look forward to the day that Jesus will return to earth to claim those given to him by God. Jerusalem is the centre of worship and the place of the Temple of God. The Ka’bah is a pagan place.
Zechariah 14:3-5 Then the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations as when he fights on a day of battle. 4On that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives which lies before Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives shall be split in two from east to west by a very wide valley; so that one half of the Mount shall withdraw northward, and the other half southward. 5And the valley of my mountains shall be stopped up, for the valley of the mountains shall touch the side of it; and you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD your God will come, and all the holy ones with him.
1Thessalonians 4:14-18 For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep. 15For this we declare to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, shall not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the archangel's call, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first; 17then we who are alive, who are left, shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air; and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18Therefore comfort one another with these words.
John 17:10-11 all mine are thine, and thine are mine, and I am glorified in them. 11And now I am no more in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to thee. Holy Father, keep them in thy name, which thou hast given me, that they may be one, even as we are one.
As we have discussed, mentioning the covenant to Muslims is important as they have no set standard from God's word in their current state. They identify as Muslims but have little idea as to what that really means. See The Five Pillars of Islam or the Pillars of the Faith? (No. Q001A).
The Restoration of the Temple at Jerusalem will be done with the help of the Arab Tribes. Abraham their father will be there at that time.
To understand correctly this section from 124 to 144, we have to understand and follow Paul's reasoning in Galatians 4:22-26 about the covenants.
Galatians 4:22-26 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave and one by a free woman. 23But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, the son of the free woman through promise. 24Now this is an allegory: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. 25Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.
Verses 144 to 189 are another Section that can be called as towards Jerusalem, the devastated Temple. "[..] towards the direction (of) Al-Masjid Al-Haraam [...]" cf. the verse 144.
“Sacred Mosque” is not the correct translation considering the whole Section. The root word has the meaning devastated and thus it was the Temple at Jerusalem.
They used to go into Jerusalem as the Holy Place to keep the feasts as has been said previously from Acts chapter 2, but the Temple was destroyed and they wanted to restore it.
This era of the Church of God was a warrior era, the Pergamos, wishing to hasten the millennial reign.
Genesis 16:11-12 And the angel of the LORD said to her, "Behold, you are with child, and shall bear a son; you shall call his name Ishmael; because the LORD has given heed to your affliction. 12He shall be a wild ass of a man, his hand against every man and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell over against all his kinsmen."
2Chronicles 6:32-33 "Likewise when a foreigner, who is not of thy people Israel, comes from a far country for the sake of thy great name, and thy mighty hand, and thy outstretched arm, when he comes and prays toward this house, 33hear thou from heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to thee; in order that all the peoples of the earth may know thy name and fear thee, as do thy people Israel, and that they may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.
Foreigners may have been travelling to Jerusalem during OT times. The Queen of Sheba surely did.
The elect are Israel (spiritual) thus Genesis 16:11-12 has no power on the Body of Christ which the "Arabian Church" is part of.
At the time of their demise was that church healthy spiritually? Would God have allowed a church in good standing to be destroyed? Revelation 2:12-17 speaks to the fact there were few if any elect left within that church.
The historical facts are that in 614 CE the Persians defeated the Byzantines with the help of Jews and Arabs (Saracens) and they set the Jews in Jerusalem; they gave Jerusalem back to them. During three years the Jews were masters of Jerusalem with the help of the Arabs and even they had their own money, but this reign did not last.
The Temple Mount is the sacred place and it will again be the sacred place for the worship under Messiah (Zech. 14:16-19). The Temple will be rebuilt at Zion and all will worship there. That is the reason why Islam under Omar conquered Jerusalem and he ordered the filth of the Temple Mount be cleansed and the Mosques were then built there.
The Pergamos era, of which the Arabian Church was a part, was warlike and its authority ended when Thyatira took over, due to the corruption of Islam with the Hadith.
The primary sign of the corruption is in the Sabbath.
Genesis 2:3 So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all the work that he had done in creation.
The two verses speak of the Sabbath command that was instituted from the beginning when man was placed on the earth. Those breaking the Sabbath are likened unto apes and elsewhere as donkeys laden with books of which they have no understanding.
The Sabbath was made for Man. It was for all mankind to honour and to keep holy.
Mark 2.27 Then he said to them, "The sabbath was made for humankind, and not humankind for the sabbath.
The elect of God keep the commandments of God and the testimony of Jesus (Rev 12:17 and 14:12). We see the work The Sabbath in the Qur'an (No. 274) is important in understanding that all Muslims must keep the Sabbaths, New Moons, the Holy Days and the Calendar of God.]
2.145. And even if you bring to those who have been given the Book every sign they would not follow your qiblah, nor can you be a follower of their qiblah, neither are they the followers of each other's qiblah, and if you follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to you, then you shall most surely be among the unjust.
[Jews who reject the faith are not of the faithful and not of the true House of God.
Maulana Muhammad Ali: 145a. Every sign of the Prophet’s truth had been given to them already but their hearts were so hardened that they did not pay any attention to the clearest signs. But they were not agreed even among themselves. Notwithstanding that the Jews and Christians both looked to the temple at Jerusalem as their central temple, they were not agreed upon it as their qiblah or Spiritual Centre. The Christians turned towards the East (Muir). Moreover, there are differences among the Jews and the Samaritans, though both follow the law of Moses.
(He is unclear in his comments here).]
2.146. Those whom We have given the Book recognize him as they recognize their sons, and a party of them most surely conceal the truth while they know (it).
[(This Book is the Bible, the Scriptures.)
Judah knows the truth but conceals it.
Yusif Ali: The people of the Book should have known this as well as “they knew their own sons,” as their past traditions and teaching would have made them receptive of the new Message. Some commentators construe the demonstrative pronoun “this” to refer to the Apostle. In that case the interpretation would be: The People of the Book know Muhammed as well as they know their own sons; they know him to be true and upright; they know him to be in the line of Abraham: they know him to correspond to the description of the prophet foretold among themselves; but selfishness induces some of them to act against their own knowledge and conceal the truth. However, the term refers to the council of the church and not to a man.
It does refer to the council of the church and not a man. Muhammad is not the name of the Prophet. The Prophet’s name is Qasim.]
2.147. The truth is from your Lord, therefore you should not be of the doubters.
[Not all claiming to follow the word of God will do so. Those in error will be removed.
1Corinthians 11:18-19 For, in the first place, when you assemble as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you; and I partly believe it, 19for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized.
Divisions are heresies in the belief systems of the churches and the churches are clearly identified, divided and removed.]
2.148. And every one has a direction to which he should turn, therefore hasten to (do) good works; wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together; surely Allah has power over all things.
[The power of God will put the body together as it directs in the Holy Spirit.]
2.149. And from whatsoever place you come forth, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and surely it is the very truth from your Lord, and Allah is not at all heedless of what you do.
[The church is directed towards God. The text is not correct as sacred Mosque but rather refers to the Temple of God at Jerusalem.]
2.150. And from whatsoever place you come forth, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and wherever you are turn your faces towards it, so that people shall have no accusation against you, except such of them as are unjust; so do not fear them, and fear Me, that I may complete My favor on you and that you may walk on the right course.
[Maulana Muhammad Ali: 150a. By completing of favour is meant the bestowing of spiritual favours on them. The Muslim nation was not like any other nation of the world, nor was mere advancement in the world their goal. The words with which the next verse opens are a further explanation: “Even as We have sent among you a Messenger from among you, who recites to you Our messages and purifies you”. They are thus told that they have been raised to carry the Divine message to other people and to purify them and teach them the Book and the Wisdom. Spiritual light was henceforth to shine from one Spiritual Centre alone. If that message was not conveyed to other people they had a plea against the Muslims that they had not conveyed the Truth to them. The turning of the face to the Sacred Mosque is thus equivalent to proclaiming the Truth which had its origin in the Ka‘bah to the whole world. If the Muslims did not do it, they failed in their duty to God and man.
The Prophet and his followers are told in this verse that with the change of prophethood from the Israelites to the Ishmaelites it was necessary to change the Spiritual Centre too, so that people may have no plea against you. The Ka‘bah was the house rebuilt by Abraham and Ishmael, and with prophethood now being transferred to the descendants of Ishmael, the Spiritual Centre had necessarily to be changed. The Ka‘bah was moreover the first Spiritual Centre of the world (3:96), and it was in the fitness of things that it should be the last Spiritual Centre of the whole world. The words of the next verse which speak of the Messenger in almost the same words as the Messenger of Abraham’s prayer in v. 129 make this significance still more clear. In the completion of favours in the concluding words of the verse there is a reference to the Muslim nation being the exalted nation of v. 143 whose sole object was to carry the truth to the whole world.”
Turning to God: The Holy Spirit turning to the church and church turning to the Holy Spirit is worship.
A carnal minded people understand that turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque means to face a physical location. This phrase is symbolic for our faith. Our faith in “what” you might ask? The answer can only be our faith in the only True God Eloah which is known in the Arab language as Allah and that He alone is God. Our faith would also depend on our belief that what He has said is true and that as His truth none of these words will pass away.
The “Centre of worship” at Jerusalem is to Eloah and we see that from the book of Ezra 4:23 to 7:26 and everything belongs to Eloah. It is the One True God, the singular God of the Bible, and the priesthood is His and the artefacts of the Temple are His. The whole structure of worship is His and the whole concentration of the elect is towards Eloah.]
2.151. Even as We have sent among you an Apostle from among you who recites to you Our communications and purifies you and teaches you the Book and the wisdom and teaches you that which you did not know.
[151 explains 148-150.
149 has the sacred plan which is the truth from God.
Yusif Ali re 149 sacred place & truth from the lord.]
2.152. Therefore remember Me, I will remember you, and be thankful to Me, and do not be ungrateful to Me.
[It’s the Covenant promise. If you forget me I will forget your children.
Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being a priest to me. And since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.
The communications begin the purification. We know from ayat 2.136 that the communications are the requirements needed to enter into God's covenant. We know that those that follow these communications are the elect or saints that God has called to Him. We see the communications they follow:
Revelation 14:12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.
Before you think we are not following what the Qur’an says remember ayat 2.136 Say: We believe in Allah and (in) that which had been revealed to us, and (in) that which was revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoub and the tribes, and (in) that which was given to Musa and Isa, and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord, we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.]
2.153. O you who believe! seek assistance through patience and prayer; surely Allah is with the patient.
[Maulana Muhammad Ali: 153a. The Sacred Mosque at Makkah was in the possession of the idolaters, but by making it the qiblah of the Muslims’ promise was given to them that it would soon be theirs, purified of idol-worship. But to attain this great object they must seek Divine assistance, which would be granted them if they faced hardships with perseverance and kept up praying to God. There is, however, a deeper reference in these words to the Muslims’ duty to proclaim the great spiritual Truth, with which they had been favoured, to the whole world. This was a work which could only be done with Divine help, and this they were required to seek through perseverance and prayer.
Yusif Ali: Note 157 to verse 153: See ii:45 and n. An additional meaning is sabr is self-restraint. Hqqani defines it in his Tafsir as following Reason and restraining Fear, Anger and Desire. What can be a higher reward for patience, perseverance, self-restraint and constancy than that god should be with us? For this promise opens the door to every kind of spiritual well-being.
(Most of these commentaries by Muslims do not understand the Bible and do not deal with the biblical texts to which the comments, the ayats in the Koran, refer.)]
2.154. And do not speak of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead; nay, (they are) alive, but you do not perceive.
[Those who have fallen asleep in Christ are not subject to the second death.
Revelation 2:11 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. He who conquers shall not be hurt by the second death.'
Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy is he who shares in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and they shall reign with him a thousand years.
Maulana Muhammad Ali: 154a. The sacrifice of life which must be undertaken in the cause of Truth is hinted at in this passage. The words f ?sab? All?, frequently occurring in the Holy Qur'an, rendered literally in the way of All? or in the cause of All?, signify the cause of Truth. That the cause of the Muslims is really the cause of truth, right and justice, and that they were compelled to fight to defend the Truth has been discussed in various places. Sale’s comment that the words f ?sab? All? always “meant war undertaken against unbelievers for the propagation of the Muhammadan faith” is baseless. Carrying the message of Islam to non-Muslims is indeed the duty of a Muslim, and anyone engaged in this work is undoubtedly working in the way of All?, but that a Muslim was required to carry the message of God at the point of the sword is no more than a myth.
Yusif Ali: Note 158 to verse 154: the “patient perseverance and prayer” mentioned in the last verse is not mere passivity. It is active striving in the way of Truth, which is the way of God. Such striving is the spending of one’s self in God’s way, either through our property or through our own lives, or the lives of those nearest and dearest to us, or it may be the loss of all the fruits of a lifetime’s labour not only in material goods but in some intellectual or moral gain, some position which seemed in our eyes to be eminently desirable in itself, but which we must cheerfully sacrifice if necessary for the Cause. With such sacrifice, our apparent loss may be our real gain: he that loses his life may really gain it; and the rewards or “fruits” that seem lost were mere impediments on our path to real inward progress.
These extreme sacrifices must be made under the orders and instruction of a righteous Imam, who can see the whole field of spiritual and physical warfare and judge justly of their necessity. Otherwise there is no inherent virtue in mere sacrifice as such or when exercised at the whim of an individual. Courage (the resistance to the test of Fear) and Self-denial (the resistance to the test of Hunger or Desire) are also, if they are to be virtues, subject to similar conditions.’
Remember the reward for our faith and our obedience is our resurrection into eternal life.]
1Thessalonians 4:14-18 For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep. 15For this we declare to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, shall not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the archangel's call, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first; 17then we who are alive, who are left, shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air; and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18Therefore comfort one another with these words.
2.155. And We will most certainly try you with somewhat of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits; and give good news to the patient.
[Maulana Muhammad Ali: 155b: “That those who sacrifice their lives in the cause of Truth never die is a truth which is generally recognized. As truth lives and falsehood must die, so those who make the triumph of Truth the object of their lives do not die, even though they are slain in the cause of Truth. Or those who have sacrificed their lives in the cause of Truth gain the life eternal, while the dead are really those who are dead in ignorance.”
These concepts are taken from the following texts.]
James 1:3 for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness.
Revelation 2:10 Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and for ten days you will have tribulation. Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life.
1Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: (KJV)
2.156. Who, when a misfortune befalls them, say: Surely we are Allah's and to Him we shall surely return.
The Return to God
Deuteronomy 4:29-31 But from there you will seek the LORD your God, and you will find him, if you search after him with all your heart and with all your soul. 30When you are in tribulation, and all these things come upon you in the latter days, you will return to the LORD your God and obey his voice, 31for the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not fail you or destroy you or forget the covenant with your fathers which he swore to them.
Deuteronomy 30:1-3 "And when all these things come upon you, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before you, and you call them to mind among all the nations where the LORD your God has driven you, 2and return to the LORD your God, you and your children, and obey his voice in all that I command you this day, with all your heart and with all your soul; 3then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes, and have compassion upon you, and he will gather you again from all the peoples where the LORD your God has scattered you.
1Samuel 7:3 Then Samuel said to all the house of Israel, "If you are returning to the LORD with all your heart, then put away the foreign gods and the Ashtaroth from among you, and direct your heart to the LORD, and serve him only, and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines."
The Ashtoreth is the goddess Easter and Samuel is saying that if you return to the Lord, you will put Easter and these goddesses of the moon and the sun away from you. Yet every mosque in the world has a symbol of the moon god on its roof and Easter is the main festival of the so-called Christians, yet Samuel says you must put these away. Neither of these false systems do so.
2Chronicles. 30:6 So couriers went throughout all Israel and Judah with letters from the king and his princes, as the king had commanded, saying, "O people of Israel, return to the LORD, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that he may turn again to the remnant of you who have escaped from the hand of the kings of Assyria.
2Chronicles 30:9 For if you return to the LORD, your brethren and your children will find compassion with their captors, and return to this land. For the LORD your God is gracious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if you return to him."
2.157. Those are they on whom are blessings and mercy from their Lord, and those are the followers of the right course.
Revelation 2:2 "'I know your works, your toil and your patient endurance, and how you cannot bear evil men but have tested those who call themselves apostles but are not, and found them to be false;
Revelation 2:10 Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and for ten days you will have tribulation. Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life. ]
2.158. Surely the Safa and the Marwa are among the signs appointed by Allah; so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no blame on him if he goes round them both; and whoever does good spontaneously, then surely Allah is Grateful, Knowing.
[These are idolatry and Pagan symbols and the Prophet had to rid the Ka’aba of 130 odd idols. The Ka’aba is and was a place of pagan worship right throughout Arabia. We see the symbols in Christian churches and we also see them now in paganised mosques. House nearby was a place of pilgrimage and has become the major site of Hadithic Islam
God knows the heart
Psalm 44:21 would not God discover this? For he knows the secrets of the heart.
Luke 16:15 But he said to them, "You are those who justify yourselves before men, but God knows your hearts; for what is exalted among men is an abomination in the sight of God.
Acts 15:8 And God who knows the heart bore witness to them, giving them the Holy Spirit just as he did to us;
Romans 8:27 And he who searches the hearts of men knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.
1John 3:20 whenever our hearts condemn us; for God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything.
Maulana Muhammad Ali: 158a. The Safa and the Marwah are two mountains near Makkah. They were allegedly the scene of Hagar’s running to and fro in quest of water when left alone with Ishmael in the wilderness. These two mountains now serve as two monuments of the reward which patience brought, and it is as a memorial to Hagar’s patience that they are now gone round by the pilgrims.
[That is not true at all, they are still monuments to paganism and the pilgrims go round them as they go round the Ka’aba seven times in the circumambulations of the axis mundi.]
158b. On the safa was an idol called Usaf, and on the Marwah one called Na’ilah, which the pilgrims touched in the days of ignorance, and hence the apprehensions of the Muslims in going round them (IJ). “The people of Madinah were averse to going round the safa and the Marwah”, though no reason for their aversion is given (B. 65: ii, 21).
(The reason is that they were pagan symbols of idolatry.)
The concluding portion of the verse again generalizes the subject. The suffering which a man has to endure in the doing of good is not left unrewarded, for Allah’ is Bountiful in rewarding. In these words the Muslims are in fact exhorted to prepare themselves for enduring sufferings to establish Truth, being at the same time told that they will be amply rewarded for their sacrifices.”
[They will be punished for their idolatry.]
Yusif Ali: note 160 to v.158: The virtue of patient perseverance in faith leads to the mention of two symbolic monuments of that virtue. There are the two little hills of Safa and Marwa, now absorbed in the city of Mecca, and close to the well of Zam-zam. Here, according to tradition, the lady of Hajar, mother of the infant Ismail, prayed for water in the parched desert, and in her eager quest round these hills, she found her prayer answered and saw the Zam-zam spring. Unfortunately the Pagan Arabs has placed a male and a female idol there, and their gross and superstitious rites caused offence to the early Muslims. They felt some hesitation in going round these places during their pilgrimage. As a matter of fact they should have known that the Ka’ba (the House of God) had been itself defiled with idols, and was sanctified again by the purity of Muhammad’s life and teaching. The lesson is that the most sacred things may be turned to the basest uses; that we are not therefore necessarily to ban a thing misused; that if our intentions and life are pure, God will recognize them even if the world cast stones at us because of some evil associations which they join with what we do, or with the people we associate with, or with the places which claim our reverence.
(It is the Scriptures that determine the places of worship and Mecca and these hills and the springs of Zam-Zam have no basis in worship and they will be destroyed).]
2.159. Surely those who conceal the clear proofs and the guidance that We revealed after We made it clear in the Book for men, these it is whom Allah shall curse, and those who curse shall curse them (too).
[That is also concealing the truth in unrighteousness.]
Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and wickedness of men who by their wickedness suppress the truth.
2.160. Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth), these it is to whom I turn (mercifully); and I am the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[Those who teach falsely are condemned unless they repent.]
2.161. Surely those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, these it is on whom is the curse of Allah and the angels and men all;
[Maulana Muhammad Ali 161a. This verse continues the subject-matter of v.159, the disbelievers spoken of here being those who hide the truth. The curse of God stands for their estrangement from God, the curse of the angels signifies their loss of all incentive to good and noble deeds, and the curse of men signifies their subjugation to other people”
The Blessings and the curses are found in Deuteronomy 28].
2.162. Abiding in it; their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be given respite.
[The text goes on to deal with judgement.
After hearing the word of God we must obey these words. This isn't just declaring that we submit to God, it is evident by our actions. If we remain unrepentant we will be judged unworthy.]
James 1:22 But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.
Luke 13:27-30 But he will say, 'I tell you, I do not know where you come from; depart from me, all you workers of iniquity!' 28There you will weep and gnash your teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God and you yourselves thrust out. 29And men will come from east and west, and from north and south, and sit at table in the kingdom of God. 30And behold, some are last who will be first, and some are first who will be last."
2.163. And your God is one God! there is no god but He; He is the Beneficent, the Merciful.
[Eloah is the one true God, The Deity.
Deuteronomy 5:6-7 I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 7You shall have no other gods before me.
Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD;
Isaiah 45:5-6 I am the LORD, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me, 6that people may know, from the rising of the sun and from the west, that there is none besides me; I am the LORD, and there is no other.
Isaiah 45:21 Declare and present your case; let them take counsel together! Who told this long ago? Who declared it of old? Was it not I, the LORD? And there is no other god besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none besides me.
This one God is the God of all men and angels. Look at the words of the resurrected Jesus:
Revelation 3:12 He who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God; never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem which comes down from my God out of heaven, and my own new name.]
2.164. Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day, and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men, and the water that Allah sends down from the cloud, then gives life with it to the earth after its death and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals, and the changing of the winds and the clouds made subservient between the heaven and the earth, there are signs for a people who understand.
[God is known by the things that are seen. This is a reference to the creation determining the identity of God being known by the things that are seen, and the things that are seen being determined from the things that are not seen.
Romans 1:19-21: For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20Ever since the creation of the world his invisible nature, namely, his eternal power and deity, has been clearly perceived in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse; 21for although they knew God they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking and their senseless minds were darkened.
Ayat 164 speaks of the creation referring as follows:
Genesis 1:11-24 And God said, "Let the earth put forth vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, upon the earth." And it was so. 12The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13And there was evening and there was morning, a third day. 14And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years, 15and let them be lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth." And it was so. 16And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also. 17And God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth, 18to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day. 20And God said, "Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the firmament of the heavens." 21So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." 23And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. 24And God said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds." And it was so.
Daniel 4:3 How great are his signs, how mighty his wonders! His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation.
The texts in the Koran are synopses of greater texts in the Scriptures and it is assumed that everyone of the faith knows how to refer back to the texts in the Bible and the fact is that because they hide the Bible they can confuse the teachings of the Koran and make them into lies. That is what the Hadith and these modern fundamentalist so-called Muslims do.]
2.165. And there are some among men who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah, whom they love as they love Allah, and those who believe are stronger in love for Allah and O, that those who are unjust had seen, when they see the chastisement, that the power is wholly Allah's and that Allah is severe in requiting (evil).
[Kalifa: Note 165-166: Jesu, Mary, Muhammed, Ali, and the saints will disown their idolizers on the Day of Resurrection. See also 16:86; 35:14; 46:6 and the Gospel of Matthew 7:21-23.
(Islam is full of idolatry and full of heresy).
Matthew 7:21-23 "Not every one who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 On that day many will say to me, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?' 23And then will I declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from me, you evildoers.'
This is exactly the point that the Koran was making because it was full of paganism then and paganised Arab idolatry has taken over Islam to this day.]
2.166. When those who were followed shall renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder.
2.167. And those who followed shall say: Had there been for us a return, then we would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they shall not come forth from the fire.
[The appeal to believers is for the text:
Ezekiel 14:1-8 Then came certain of the elders of Israel to me, and sat before me. 2And the word of the LORD came to me: 3"Son of man, these men have taken their idols into their hearts, and set the stumbling block of their iniquity before their faces; should I let myself be inquired of at all by them? 4Therefore speak to them, and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: Any man of the house of Israel who takes his idols into his heart and sets the stumbling block of his iniquity before his face, and yet comes to the prophet, I the LORD will answer him myself because of the multitude of his idols, 5that I may lay hold of the hearts of the house of Israel, who are all estranged from me through their idols. 6"Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: Repent and turn away from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations. 7For any one of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, who separates himself from me, taking his idols into his heart and putting the stumbling block of his iniquity before his face, and yet comes to a prophet to inquire for himself of me, I the LORD will answer him myself; 8and I will set my face against that man, I will make him a sign and a byword and cut him off from the midst of my people; and you shall know that I am the LORD.
That is exactly where Christian Europe is with its idols and its Trinitarianism and its heresies and why the heretical Hadithic Islamic groups will invade and are invading Europe and in turn will be invaded and many will be destroyed.]
2.168. O men! eat the lawful and good things out of what is in the earth, and do not follow the footsteps of the Shaitan; surely he is your open enemy.
The Food Laws:
[2.168 to 176 refer to Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14:3-21. Some will claim them as not relevant but we must also take heed of Matthew 5:17-18.
Matthew 5:17-18 "Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfil them. 18For truly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished.
God's Law is of universal application.
Romans 7:12 So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and just and good.
See also the paper The Foodlaws (No. 015). The lawful things come from the Bible and the laws of God are in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14:3-21. They are not simply something made up that says pork shall not be eaten but that you can eat any other abominable thing that crawls in the seas or on the land. Modern Islam is completely heretical in relation to the Koran and the food laws.]
2.169. He only enjoins you evil and indecency, and that you may speak against Allah what you do not know.
[Satan overturns the food laws and the food laws are of the spirit, cleansing the body and the mind.]
2.170. And when it is said to them, Follow what Allah has revealed, they say: Nay! we follow what we found our fathers upon. What! and though their fathers had no sense at all, nor did they follow the right way.
[They teach the traditions of men:
Mark 7:7-9 in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.' 8You leave the commandment of God, and hold fast the tradition of men." 9And he said to them, "You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God, in order to keep your tradition!]
2.171. And the parable of those who disbelieve is as the parable of one who calls out to that which hears no more than a call and a cry; deaf, dumb (and) blind, so they do not understand.
[That is the situation in relation to the food laws and to the understanding of the Scriptures which modern Hadith and the modern false Muslims claim to be no longer applicable.
Isaiah 11:3 And his delight shall be in the fear of the LORD. He shall not judge by what his eyes see, or decide by what his ears hear;
Isaiah 42:20 He sees many things, but does not observe them; his ears are open, but he does not hear.
Jeremiah 5:21 Hear this, O foolish and senseless people, who have eyes, but see not, who have ears, but hear not.
Also the concepts refer to the Lamentations and to Ezekiel and Romans.
Ezekiel 12:2 Son of man, thou dwellest in the midst of a rebellious house, which have eyes to see, and see not; they have ears to hear, and hear not: for they are a rebellious house. (KJV)
Romans 11:8 as it is written, "God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that should not see and ears that should not hear, down to this very day."]
2.172. O you who believe! eat of the good things that We have provided you with, and give thanks to Allah if Him it is that you serve.
[Kalifa, Notes 172-173: Throughout the Quran, only four meats are prohibited (6:145; 16:115) Dietary prohibitions beyond these four are tantamount to idol worship (6:121, 148, 150; 7:32). Khalifa is incorrect here and the only food permitted by the Koran is to the desert tribes and that constitutes camel and only the flanks cut in strips (see the paper The Food Laws (No. 015)).
The Koran is quite clear that whatever the Bible permits, the Koran permits, and whatever the Bible prohibits the Koran prohibits. These people are idolaters.]
2.173. He has only forbidden you what dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that over which any other (name) than (that of) Allah has been invoked; but whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring, nor exceeding the limit, no sin shall be upon him; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[Compare also Acts Chapters 11 and 12.
Maulana Muhammad Ali 173a. That which dies of itself and that which was torn by beasts was forbidden by the law of Moses also (Lev. 17:15); so was blood (Lev. 7:26); and the flesh of swine (Lev. 11:7). The Jews held the swine in great detestation, and the mention of the animal in the Gospels shows that Jesus Christ held it in equal abhorrence, which proves that he too regarded the animal as impure. Neither does he appear to have broken the Jewish law in this respect. The commentators are of the opinion that the reference in that over which any other name than that of Alah has been invoked is to the animals slaughtered by the worshippers of idols, which they used to slaughter as offerings to their idols (Rz), or to that over which the name of an idol is invoked at the time of its slaughter (Bd), for among the Arabs the practice was that animals were slaughtered in the name of an idol. But the statement made in the Holy Qur’an is general, and the invocation of any name other than that of Allah makes the animal slaughtered unlawful.
173b. Ghaira bagh-in signifies not desiring to eat it for the sake of enjoyment, lå ad-in means not exceeding the bare limit of want.”
Modern Islam does not properly follow God’s food laws and they sin and they lead others to sin by their heresy.]
2.174. Surely those who conceal any part of the Book that Allah has revealed and take for it a small price, they eat nothing but fire into their bellies, and Allah will not speak to them on the day of resurrection, nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[We are again faced with “Teaching for hire”. The Quran reinforces the food laws found in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14. It is reinforced elsewhere regarding the food laws applying to the entire faith.]
2.175. These are they who buy error for the right direction and chastisement for forgiveness; how bold they are to encounter fire.
[This text refers to the Second Resurrection for false teachers.]
2.176. This is because Allah has revealed the Book with the truth; and surely those who go against the Book are in a great opposition.
[Thus if you dispute the Scriptures you are in open schism.]
2.177. It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the last day and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and give away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and the beggars and for (the emancipation of) the captives, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in time of conflicts-- these are they who are (rue (to themselves) and these are they who guard (against evil).
[We see the basis of the Second Great Commandment
Mark 12:31 The second is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these."
The Quran warns against those that teach and follow false doctrines at 2.175-177.
Isaiah 29:13 And the Lord said: "Because this people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me, and their fear of me is a commandment of men learned by rote;
Matthew 15:7-9 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, 8This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. 9But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. (KJV)]
The Avenger of Blood
2.178. O you who believe! retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the slain, the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female, but if any remission is made to any one by his (aggrieved) brother, then prosecution (for the bloodwit) should be made according to usage, and payment should be made to him in a good manner; this is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy; so whoever exceeds the limit after this he shall have a painful chastisement.
[The Avenger of blood as next of kin may grant mercy therefore the death penalty is not mandatory.
Deuteronomy 19:5-7 As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live: 6Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past. 7Wherefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three cities for thee. (KJV)
Deuteronomy 19:11-13 But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities: 12Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. 13Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee(KJV)
Joshua 20:1-6 Then the LORD said to Joshua, 2"Say to the people of Israel, 'Appoint the cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you through Moses, 3that the manslayer who kills any person without intent or unwittingly may flee there; they shall be for you a refuge from the avenger of blood. 4He shall flee to one of these cities and shall stand at the entrance of the gate of the city, and explain his case to the elders of that city; then they shall take him into the city, and give him a place, and he shall remain with them. 5And if the avenger of blood pursues him, they shall not give up the slayer into his hand; because he killed his neighbor unwittingly, having had no enmity against him in times past. 6And he shall remain in that city until he has stood before the congregation for judgment, until the death of him who is high priest at the time: then the slayer may go again to his own town and his own home, to the town from which he fled.'"
“Kalifa: The Quran clearly discourages capital punishment. Every kind of excuse is provided to spare lives, including the life of a murderer. The victim’s kin may find it better, under certain circumstances, to spare the life of a murderer in exchange for an equitable compensation. Also capital punishment is not applicable if, for example, a woman kills a man or vice versa.”
There are other laws which deal with that according to Kalifa, but we know that the Sixth Commandments deals with the question of killing.]
2.179. And there is life for you in (the law of) retaliation, O men of understanding, that you may guard yourselves.
[Note that mercy in the law of the avenger of blood is covered in the paper Law and the Sixth Commandment (No. 259) and the Seventh century law was still Old Testament biblical law, and the Sixth Commandment structure still applied to Islam exactly as it applied to the Old Testament laws of God.]
2.180. Bequest is prescribed for you when death approaches one of you, if he leaves behind wealth for parents and near relatives, according to usage, a duty (incumbent) upon those who guard against evil).
1Timothy 5:8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel. (KJV)
2.181. Whoever then alters it after he has heard it, the sin of it then is only upon those who alter it; surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[Misrepresentation of a will puts the sin on the head of those misrepresenting it in the law including theft and misrepresentation (see Law and the Eighth Commandment (No. 261)). Misrepresentation of a will is really treated as theft.]
2.182. But he who fears an inclination to a wrong course or an act of disobedience on the part of the testator, and effects an agreement between the parties, there is no blame on him. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[It is no sin to restore justice to a will. It must be justice between parties in the family and there is no sin to correct it.
Ayat 2.178-182 is a brief retelling of Exodus 21.]
2.183. O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard (against evil).
[Ayats 183 to 187 and see also Surah 22:78.
The mandatory fasts refer and also the period of Ramadan or Pentecost (cf. the Hebrew and Islamic Calendar Reconciled (No. 053)).
The Modern Islamic Calendar is hopelessly distorted and incorrect. It breaches the laws of God in both the Bible and the Koran by what has been done to it by the Hadith and those people will be destroyed.]
2.184. For a certain number of days; but whoever among you is sick or on a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; and those who are not able to do it may effect a redemption by feeding a poor man; so whoever does good spontaneously it is better for him; and that you fast is better for you if you know.
[The injunction is to do good by feeding the poor and in the Third Tithe or Third Year welfare tithe (see Tithing (No. 161)).]
2.185. The month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give thanks.
2.186. And when My servants ask you concerning Me, then surely I am very near; I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calls on Me, so they should answer My call and believe in Me that they may walk in the right way.
2.187. It is made lawful to you to go into your wives on the night of the fast; they are an apparel for you and you are an apparel for them; Allah knew that you acted unfaithfully to yourselves, so He has turned to you (mercifully) and removed from you (this burden); so now be in contact with them and seek what Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast till night, and have not contact with them while you keep to the mosques; these are the limits of Allah, so do not go near them. Thus does Allah make clear His communications for men that they may guard (against evil).
[These fasts are distinct from the 24 hour fasts of Atonement and 7Abib. These are day fasts which are used both in Judah and in Arabia in additional penitence.
See the purification legislation in the Old Testament (Purification and Circumcision (No. 251)).]
2.188. And do not swallow up your property among yourselves by false means, neither seek to gain access thereby to the judges, so that you may swallow up a part of the property of men wrongfully while you know.
[This is another form of theft by misuse.
Ayats 2.183-188 deal with the cleansing period before Passover dealt with under the Sanctification of the Nations (No. 077); Sanctification of the Temple of God (No. 241) and Sanctification of the Simple and Erroneous (No. 291) and also of Pentecost of the Third month.]
2.189. They ask you concerning the new moon. Say: They are times appointed for (the benefit of) men, and (for) the pilgrimage; and it is not righteousness that you should enter the houses at their backs, but righteousness is this that one should guard (against evil); and go into the houses by their doors and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, that you may be successful.
[The New Moon is treated as a Sabbath also from biblical texts and we will see later through the Koran that it is a Holy Day also in Islam.
This is tied to verses 185-188 the Spiritual meaning of the physical fast. The three day chodesh is centred on the Conjunction and is a Sabbath.
Ayat 189 reaffirms the New Moon Sabbath and that it shouldn't be shameful to keep this day each month. It also speaks of a particular New Moon of Abib that is the beginning of the year which begins the cleansing time before Passover.
Deuteronomy16:1-5 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God; for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night. 2And you shall offer the passover sacrifice to the LORD your God, from the flock or the herd, at the place which the LORD will choose, to make his name dwell there. 3You shall eat no leavened bread with it; seven days you shall eat it with unleavened bread, the bread of affliction--for you came out of the land of Egypt in hurried flight--that all the days of your life you may remember the day when you came out of the land of Egypt. 4No leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory for seven days; nor shall any of the flesh which you sacrifice on the evening of the first day remain all night until morning. 5You may not offer the passover sacrifice within any of your towns which the LORD your God gives you;
Colossians 2:16-17 Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath. 17These are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ. (ESV)]
2.190. And fight in the way of Allah with those who fight with you, and do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limits.
[See the calendar in relation to these texts. Kalifa states at note to ayat 2:190: All fighting is regulated by the basic rule in 60:8-9. Fighting is allowed strictly in self-defence, while aggression and oppression are strongly condemned throughout the Quran.
190a. This is one of the earliest revelations permitting the Muslims to fight. The subject is dealt with here in six verses, closing with v. 195, being again taken up in the following sections. It is remarkable that fighting in the way of Allah is here expressly limited to fighting in defense. Muslims were required to fight in the way of Allah, but they could fight only against those who waged war on them. Exactly the same limitation is placed on what was in all probability the first revelation permitting fighting: “Permission (to fight) is given to those on whom war is made because they are oppressed” (22:39).
It is clear from both these references that the Muslims were allowed to take up the sword only as a measure of self-defense. The enemies of Islam, being unable to suppress Islam by persecution, and seeing that Islam was now safe at Madinah and gaining strength, took up the sword to annihilate it. They knew that as yet the Muslims were very few in number and they thought they could extirpate Islam, by resorting to the sword. Their war against Islam was a war for the annihilation of Islam, as stated further on: “They will not cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion, if they can” (v. 217). No course was left for the Muslims but either to be swept off the face of the earth or take up the sword in defense against an enemy which was a thousand times stronger.
It should be noted that it is this defensive fighting which is called fighting in the way of Allah’. Fighting for the propagation of faith is not once mentioned in the whole of the Qur’an. There was a constant struggle by the Jews and the Pagans to expunge the Churches of God and the paganised Hadithic Arabs continue the struggle to this day. They are not Muslims.]
2.191. And kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out from whence they drove you out, and persecution is severer than slaughter, and do not fight with them at the Sacred Mosque until they fight with you in it, but if they do fight you, then slay them; such is the recompense of the unbelievers.
191a. The personal pronoun in the words kill them refers to those with whom fighting is enjoined in the previous verse. When there is a state of war, the enemy may be killed wherever he is found.
191b. The persecutors had driven the Muslims out from their houses in Makkah and from the Sacred Mosque there, which was now the Muslim Spiritual Centre. Thus the Muslims were ordered to carry on war against their persecutors until they were dispossessed of that which they had taken possession of by force. These words further show that the enemy was not to be exterminated, but only to be dispossessed of what he had unlawfully taken.
191c. The word which I have rendered as persecution is fitnah, which originally means a burning with fire, and then affliction, distress and hardship, slaughter, misleading or causing to err, and seduction from faith by any means (LL). An explanation of these words is met with in v. 217: “They ask thee about fighting in the sacred month. Say: Fighting in it is a grave offence. And hindering (men) from Allah’s way and denying Him and the Sacred Mosque and turning its people out of it are still graver with Allah, and persecution is graver than slaughter.” Fitnah is thus synonymous with hindering men from Allah’s way and the Sacred Mosque, and denying Allah’ And turning people out of the Sacred Mosque, and indicates the persecution of the Muslims.
Ibn ‘Umar explained the word fitnah when he said: “And there were very few Muslims, so a man used to be persecuted on account of his religion: they either murdered him or subjected him to tortures until Islam became predominant, then there was no fitnah”,
i.e., persecution (B. 65: ii, 30).
[Now we can see that the behaviour of Islam today, in the Last Days, is absolutely contrary to the Koran and the Scriptures, and as a people they will be removed and they risk extermination unless they repent.]
2.192. But if they desist, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[If they desist then forgive them.]
192a. Note the clemency of the Islamic fighting injunctions. The Muslims were to sheathe their swords if the enemy desisted from fighting. The disbelievers took advantage of such directions in practising deception on the Muslims: “Those with whom thou makest an agreement, then they break their agreement every time” (8:56)
2.193. And fight with them until there is no persecution, and religion should be only for Allah, but if they desist, then there should be no hostility except against the oppressors.
2.194. The Sacred month for the sacred month and all sacred things are (under the law of) retaliation; whoever then acts aggressively against you, inflict injury on him according to the injury he has inflicted on you and be careful (of your duty) to Allah and know that Allah is with those who guard (against evil).
The Islamic Calendar is an apostasy in exactly the same way the modern Jewish Hillel Calendar, also kept by some of the Churches of God, is an apostasy and they have to be repented of and restored. That also deals with the month of Prohibition.
What is the Month of Prohibition? It is Ramadan. The calendar will show when it is Ramadan.]
2.195. And spend in the way of Allah and cast not yourselves to perdition with your own hands, and do good (to others); surely Allah loves the doers of good.
2.196. And accomplish the pilgrimage and the visit for Allah, but if, you are prevented, (send) whatever offering is easy to obtain, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its destination; but whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head, he (should effect) a compensation by fasting or alms or sacrificing, then when you are secure, whoever profits by combining the visit with the pilgrimage (should take) what offering is easy to obtain; but he who cannot find (any offering) should fast for three days during the pilgrimage and for seven days when you return; these (make) ten (days) complete; this is for him whose family is not present in the Sacred Mosque, and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, and know that Allah is severe in requiting (evil).
[It is not sacrifice but the offering of the feast systems as Korban. The text refers to the Tithes – 2nd tithe offering.
Feast relates to the pilgrimage in the Feast months. Comments from Pergamon (cf. Rev. ch 2).]
2.197. The pilgrimage is (performed in) the well-known months; so whoever determines the performance of the pilgrimage therein, there shall be no intercourse nor fornication nor quarrelling amongst one another; and whatever good you do, Allah knows it; and make provision, for surely the provision is the guarding of oneself, and be careful (of your duty) to Me, O men of understanding.
[Khalifa observed that any time in the sacred months cf. Surah 9:37. Tithes for pilgrimages are used. See Yusuf Ali Note 218 to this verse.
The Arab church warred against those that didn't submit to God by keeping the feast of the Passover. This sequence was referring to the sanctification process and the Sanctification of the Temple from 1 Abib to 7 Abib and on to the Passover. This sequence is explained in relation to the Surah.
Modern Islam has completely lost understanding and tries to corrupt the meaning. It attempts to say it is the direction one faces when praying which is incoherent from the texts. It means the guidance of the Holy Spirit to an individual.
Philippians 2:12-13 helps to understand this.
Qiblah was used in 2.142. In Hebrew it is qabbalah from the roots qabal, to take, to receive, to accept. Thus the first meaning is approval, acceptance and obedience. This word indicates that Jews and Nazaranes were unfaithful to the way in which Ibrahim walked.]
2.142 says: [..] He guides whom He wills onto a straight way."
It is talking about the way in Mat. 7:13-14.
Ibrahim received a call from God, and he walked by faith, when he was tried.
Other Qu'ran translation of 2.196 as: And accomplish the pilgrimage and the Omer for Allah.
That is an important understanding that they accomplished the pilgrimage and the Omer for Allah. The Omer count is that from the Wave Sheaf to the Feast of Pentecost.
In 2.158 it says: [..] whoever make the pilgrimage to the Temple or celebrate the Omer incurs no blame...
The texts here show that the Qur'an is very near to the Scriptures, of what was revealed to all the prophets as servants of God. The word Kabbalah is a form of mysticism used from the Babylonian captivity and intruded into Judaism after the captivity. It means originally doctrinal understanding and acceptance. With Jewish Kabbalah it has come to mean something else. Here the Surah is saying that the understanding of the others may differ but they will be judged by their understanding and undertakings.
The second sense of the word is tradition.
It can be translated then as "What hath turned them from their tradition on which they were established?”
Alssufahao was mistranslated. It is not foolish or fools. It is those who hunger for the word of Ibrahim.
The texts here ask what turned the Jews and Christians away from their tradition.
The Surah explains then the faith of Ibrahim to which Paul refers in his epistle Rom. 4:16.
Surah 2 from 198 to 214 refers to the responsibility to the church and to attend the Feasts as laid down in the Torah and the faith as revealed through Christ and the prophets.
Surah 2 from 215 to 242 are moral instructions or moral discourse.
These are the sections: 215; 216 to 218; 219 to 220; 221 to 223; 224; 226 to 232; 233; 234 to 237; 238 to 242.]
1Timothy 5:4 But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God.
1Timothy 5.8 But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
James 1:27 Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world.
Deuteronomy 24:14 You shall not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of your brothers, or of your strangers that are in your land within your gates.
Do good to all men and oppress no one. When you see a need do something about it when it is in your power to do so.
Now we see that basis of the Surah that begins the Koran and the injunctions in it that coincide with the Scriptures.
The words anfaqtum min khayrin imply the concept of liberally.
So, the ayat can be rendered as: Say, "Whatever you spend liberally, for parents, and the relatives, and the orphans, and the needy, and (of) the wayfarer, and whatever you will do liberally,...
The moral instruction corresponding nearly to it in the Injil could be Matthew 25:37.
Matthew 25:37-40 Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see thee hungry and feed thee, or thirsty and give thee drink? 38And when did we see thee a stranger and welcome thee, or naked and clothe thee? 39And when did we see thee sick or in prison and visit thee?' 40And the King will answer them, 'Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me.'
They are those who are harvesting on the path of Allah (cf. 2.273), those who are redeemed.
[The pilgrimage is to the feasts each year for the elect who are the baptised of the faith and it is most important that you understand that to be the case.]
2.198. There is no blame on you in seeking bounty from your Lord, so when you hasten on from "Arafat", then remember Allah near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones.
[What is the Pilgrimage? The sacred place was Jerusalem but is now where God has placed His name at each of the Feasts at the order of the council that is the Muhammad of the Churches of God.
See Yusuf Ali Note 219 to this verse: Honest trade is permissible, not profiteering though. i.e.to the “Bounty of God”.]
2.199. Then hasten on from the Place from which the people hasten on and ask the forgiveness of Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[Hence avoid pagan worship and ask forgiveness if compromised.]
2.200. So when you have performed your devotions, then laud Allah as you lauded your fathers, rather a greater lauding. But there are some people who say, Our Lord! give us in the world, and they shall have no resting place.
2.201. And there are some among them who say: Our Lord! grant us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the chastisement of the fire.
[Cf. The Lord’s Prayer at Matthew 6:9 & Mark 11:2-4. See also the Second death of Revelation 20:14.]
2.202. They shall have (their) portion of what they have earned, and Allah is swift in reckoning.
2.203. And laud Allah during the numbered days; then whoever hastens off in two days, there is no blame on him, and whoever remains behind, there is no blame on him, (this is) for him who guards (against evil), and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, and know that you shall be gathered together to Him.
[Ayats 200-203 – Keep the appointed day of the Feast. You can come early and you can leave late without sin. No one will desire your property when you go to the feasts three times a year (Ex 34:24).]
2.204. And among men is he whose speech about the life of this world causes you to wonder, and he calls on Allah to witness as to what is in his heart, yet he is the most violent of adversaries.
This relates to the false members whose words and violence betray them such as the modern violent ones of the Hadith and of the Trinitarian systems who would damage others also. The violence of the Hadith and the Shi’a in this modern world will bring retribution on Islam and almost its extermination.
2.205. And when he turns back, he runs along in the land that he may cause mischief in it and destroy the tilth and the stock, and Allah does not love mischief-making.
[This is contentions and divisions by false witnesses. Cf. Proverbs 6:19; 12:17; 19:5; Matthew 15:19 et seq.]
2.206. And when it is said to him, guard against (the punishment of) Allah; pride carries him off to sin, therefore hell is sufficient for him; and certainly it is an evil resting place.
[It is in the grave of sheol that he awaits the Second Resurrection of Judgment (Rev. 20:11-13).]
2.207. And among men is he who sells himself to seek the pleasure of Allah; and Allah is Affectionate to the servants.
2.208. O you who believe! enter into submission one and all and do not follow the footsteps of Shaitan; surely he is your open enemy.
[Hence obey God and the Law, not Satan.]
2.209. But if you slip after clear arguments have come to you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[This recapitulates verse 208 and refers to the repentance and the Footwashing and the Bread and Wine of the Passover.]
2.210. They do not wait aught but that Allah should come to them in the shadows of the clouds along with the angels, and the matter has (already) been decided; and (all) matters are returned to Allah.
[This text refers to Christ and the angels. The Lah in this text may refer to the Christ as the Power of God as the Angel of the Presence, but it also refers to the question of the Passover and its development, its cleansing of the elect and its movement to Pentecost and the granting of the Holy Spirit.]
2.211. Ask the Israelites how many a clear sign have We given them; and whoever changes the favor of Allah after it has come to him, then surely Allah is severe in requiting (evil).
[The injunction is against altering the grace of God? Revelation of God becomes altered through the false prophets. The gospel is clear and unchanging.]
Those who are short sighted disbelieve in the Resurrection
2.212. The life of this world is made to seem fair to those who disbelieve, and they mock those who believe, and those who guard (against evil) shall be above them on the day of resurrection; and Allah gives means of subsistence to whom he pleases without measure.
[How then do we get to 72 virgins in heaven from the concept of the Day of the Resurrection when each man is dealt with under the judgment of God? It is a lie of the Hadith.
The called are not of the world. God blesses whomever He wills. This is the Narrow Path. Refers to Revelation 20:4-6 in the Resurrection (cf. 1Cor. 9:24 and Heb. 12:1).]
2.213. (All) people are a single nation; so Allah raised prophets as bearers of good news and as warners, and He revealed with them the Book with truth, that it might judge between people in that in which they differed; and none but the very people who were given it differed about it after clear arguments had come to them, revolting among themselves; so Allah has guided by His will those who believe to the truth about which they differed and Allah guides whom He pleases to the right path.
[See also the concept of Predestination (Rom. 8:29-30). It is the Holy Spirit guiding the called and chosen into all truth. The calling is extended to the Gentiles but only through the baptised in the faith. No Muslim who is unbaptised will enter the Kingdom of God.]
2.214. Or do you think that you would enter the garden while yet the state of those who have passed away before you has not come upon you; distress and affliction befell them and they were shaken violently, so that the Messenger and those who believed with him said: When will the help of Allah come? Now surely the help of Allah is nigh!
[Some attribute to Kalifa the comment: All worshippers of God Alone, from all religions, are truly united. This is contrary to the law and the testimony (Isa. 8:20). Only the elect attain to the First Resurrection. All else are in the Second Resurrection.]
2.215. They ask thee, (O Muhammad (Pickthall)) what they shall spend. Say: that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer. And whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is Aware of it.
2.216. Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
2.217. They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred month. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel His people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse than killing. And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can. And whoso becometh a renegade and dieth in his disbelief: such are they whose works have fallen both in the world and the Hereafter. Such are rightful owners of the Fire: they will abide therein.
[Ayat 2.217 is talking about the Moon where it is forbidden to fight. It is a sacred Month, it is from the Passover season where the Sanctification of the Temple, which temple the Muhammad (the Church of God) are, starts from the New Year up till 21th of the First Month (Abib) and goes on to the Feast of Pentecost and the giving of the Law. The times are laid out in the paper Hebrew and Islamic Calendar Reconciled (No. 053).
The moral instruction could be courage and persistence in spite of the trials we endure during the period leading to 14 Abib.]
2.218. Lo! those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the way of Allah, these have hope of Allah's mercy. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
We look now at the persecution of the faithful in the Last Days which Matthew 10:23 speaks of.
When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next, for truly, I say to you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
Ephesians 6:10-20 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. 11Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. 13Therefore take the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. 14Stand therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, 15and having shod your feet with the equipment of the gospel of peace; 16besides all these, taking the shield of faith, with which you can quench all the flaming darts of the evil one. 17And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. 18Pray at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints, 19and also for me, that utterance may be given me in opening my mouth boldly to proclaim the mystery of the gospel, 20 for which I am an ambassador in chains; that I may declare it boldly, as I ought to speak.
We fight spiritual battles with the help of the Almighty (Rom. 8:37).]
2.219. They question thee about strong drink and games of chance. Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men; but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness. And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous. Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye may reflect.
[This ayat is talking about the consumption of alcohol and he says that it does as much good as it does harm so it is better to leave it alone. But it is permitted under the laws of God in Deuteronomy 14 where we see that we are to bind up our tithes in our hand and take it and spend our money on whatever we like, whether of wine or strong drink or whatever our hearts lust after.]
1Corinthians 6:9 Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither the immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor sexual perverts, 10nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor robbers will inherit the kingdom of God.
Ecclesiastes 5:10 He who loves money will not be satisfied with money; nor he who loves wealth, with gain: this also is vanity.
Luke 16:13 No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and money." (ESV)
1Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows. (KJV)
Proverbs 10:4 A slack hand causes poverty, but the hand of the diligent makes rich.
Exodus 20:17 You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his ass, or anything that is your neighbor's.
James 2:14-17 What does it profit, my brethren, if a man says he has faith but has not works? Can his faith save him? 15If a brother or sister is ill-clad and in lack of daily food, 16and one of you says to them, "Go in peace, be warmed and filled," without giving them the things needed for the body, what does it profit? 17So faith by itself, if it has no works, is dead.
The drunkards and the greedy like the grave never have enough.
Ayat 2.219 is talking about the elders and deacons in the church when they are in Services, they are forbidden to take wine and beer, all fermented drink, while they are on duty.
The moral instruction is moderation and self control.
Proverbs 23:29-30 Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? 30They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine. (KJV)]
2:220. Upon the world and the Hereafter. And they question thee concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best. And if ye mingle your affairs withtheirs, then (they are) your brothers. Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who improveth. Had Allah willed He could have overburdened you. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[Note that Ayat 220 is talking about the life during this age and the life of those resurrected during the Second Resurrection for the Judgement of Krisis.
Ayat 2.220 correctly translated is rendered as: in this life and in the other. The second part of 2.220 is a moral instruction about the orphans. We have a requirement under the Law of God to take care of the orphans. First if they have relatives, they have to take care of them, otherwise the orphans are placed under the families of the church.]
2.221. Wed not idolatresses till they believe; for lo! a believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she please you; and give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe, for lo! a believing slave is better than an idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and Allah inviteth unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness by His grace, and expoundeth His revelations to mankind that haply they may remember.
[The daughters of Judah and the churches may be taken by those of the faith. So we may marry any one of these people.]
2.222. They question thee (O Muhammad) concerning menstruation. Say: It is an illness, so let women alone at such times and go not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.
[The laws of Purification and Circumcision (No. 251) are laid out therein. Female circumcision is female genital mutilation and is forbidden to the faith.]
2.223. Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will, and send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah, and know that ye will (one day) meet Him. Give glad tidings to believers,
[The following biblical texts are applicable to this single text.
1Corinthians 6:9-10 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, 10nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. (ESV)
Revelation 21:8 But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death. (ESV)
2Corinthians 6:14-18 Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? 15What accord has Christ with Belial? Or what portion does a believer share with an unbeliever? 16What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said, "I will make my dwelling among them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17Therefore go out from their midst, and be separate from them, says the Lord, and touch no unclean thing; then I will welcome you, 18and I will be a father to you, and you shall be sons and daughters to me, says the Lord Almighty." (ESV)
Deuteronomy 7:3-4 You shall not make marriages with them, giving your daughters to their sons or taking their daughters for your sons. 4For they would turn away your sons from following me, to serve other gods; then the anger of the LORD would be kindled against you, and he would destroy you quickly.
Leviticus 15:19-28 When a woman has a discharge of blood which is her regular discharge from her body, she shall be in her impurity for seven days, and whoever touches her shall be unclean until the evening. 20And everything upon which she lies during her impurity shall be unclean; everything also upon which she sits shall be unclean. 21And whoever touches her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. 22And whoever touches anything upon which she sits shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening; 23whether it is the bed or anything upon which she sits, when he touches it he shall be unclean until the evening. 24And if any man lies with her, and her impurity is on him, he shall be unclean seven days; and every bed on which he lies shall be unclean. 25"If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, not at the time of her impurity, or if she has a discharge beyond the time of her impurity, all the days of the discharge she shall continue in uncleanness; as in the days of her impurity, she shall be unclean. 26Every bed on which she lies, all the days of her discharge, shall be to her as the bed of her impurity; and everything on which she sits shall be unclean, as in the uncleanness of her impurity. 27And whoever touches these things shall be unclean, and shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. 28But if she is cleansed of her discharge, she shall count for herself seven days, and after that she shall be clean.
Leviticus 20:18 If a man lies with a woman having her sickness, and uncovers her nakedness, he has made naked her fountain, and she has uncovered the fountain of her blood; both of them shall be cut off from among their people.
Acts 15:29 that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols and from blood and from what is strangled and from unchastity. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well.
Ayats 2.221 to 2.223 are talking about marriage. 2.221 gives advice that it is better to marry in the Lord. That is to say both are of the faith, from the people of God, the Church of God.
1Corinthians 7:12-13 But to the rest speak I, not the Lord: If any brother hath a wife that believeth not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, let him not put her away. 13And the woman which hath an husband that believeth not, and if he be pleased to dwell with her, let her not leave him. (KJV)
So, these ayats legislate the marriage with an unbeliever like Paul did.]
2.224. And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
Numbers 30:2 When a man vows a vow to the LORD, or swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.
Deuteronomy 23:21-23 If you make a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not delay fulfilling it, for the LORD your God will surely require it of you, and you will be guilty of sin. 22But if you refrain from vowing, you will not be guilty of sin. 23You shall be careful to do what has passed your lips, for you have voluntarily vowed to the LORD your God what you have promised with your mouth.
James. 5:12 But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath, but let your yes be yes and your no be no, that you may not fall under condemnation.
Psalm 15:4 in whose eyes a reprobate is despised, but who honors those who fear the LORD; who swears to his own hurt and does not change;
Ecclesiates.12:13-14 The end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God, and keep his commandments; for this is the whole duty of man. 14For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil.
Romans 12:18 If possible, so far as it depends upon you, live peaceably with all.
Matthew 5:33 Again you have heard that it was said to the men of old, 'You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.'
This section is talking about oaths.
Deuteronomy 5:33 You shall walk in all the way which the LORD your God has commanded you, that you may live, and that it may go well with you, and that you may live long in the land which you shall possess.]
2.225. Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for that which your hearts have garnered. Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
2.226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[If you put your wife away in divorce you must wait four months before retaking her to wife again. This is in accord with the laws on marriage and the wife may be retaken in marriage if she has not taken another husband, but if she has she may not be remarried.]
2.227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.
2.228. Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
2.229. Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from women aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah. And if ye fear that they may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin for either of them if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah. Transgress them not. For whoso transgresseth Allah's limits: such are wrong-doers.
2.230. And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. These are the limits of Allah. He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.
[(Compare also Mat. 5:32; 19:9.) The Bible says quite clearly that if she marries another man, she may not remarry her former husband. The text deals with forced separation by idolaters as was the case with Pharaoh and Abraham’s wife.]
2.231. When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not to their hurt so that ye transgress (the limits). He who doeth that hath wronged his soul. Make not the revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour), but remember Allah's grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of all things.
2.232. And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is an admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. Allah knoweth; ye know not.
[It was the practice in the Church of God in the Twentieth century to force women who married men who had been previously married, to divorce and they would be given to other men. Now quite frankly in these texts of 229 and 230 if that is enforced by the church through error on other people then the woman and the man have been unjustly divorced and they should be allowed to remarry. That is the meaning of these two texts. It was a sin found in Arabia and in the World Wide Church of God and offshoots in the Twentieth century.]
Deuteronomy 24:1-5 When a man takes a wife and marries her, if then she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a bill of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, and she departs out of his house, 2and if she goes and becomes another man's wife, 3and the latter husband dislikes her and writes her a bill of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, or if the latter husband dies, who took her to be his wife, 4then her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after she has been defiled; for that is an abomination before the LORD, and you shall not bring guilt upon the land which the LORD your God gives you for an inheritance. 5"When a man is newly married, he shall not go out with the army or be charged with any business; he shall be free at home one year, to be happy with his wife whom he has taken.
This is a different case to when the church intervenes and formally forces a man and his wife to be divorced and gives her to another man. That is sin and the restitution is that she must be allowed to be restored to her former husband.
Malachi 2:16 "For the man who does not love his wife but divorces her, says the LORD, the God of Israel, covers his garment with violence, says the LORD of hosts. So guard yourselves in your spirit, and do not be faithless." (ESV)
Matthew 19:8-9 He said to them, "For your hardness of heart Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. 9And I say to you: whoever divorces his wife, except for unchastity, and marries another, commits adultery."
This text in Matthew 19:9 refers to the elect as part of the priesthood of Melchisedek; then the others are not so bound.]
1Corinthians 7:12-13 To the rest I say (I, not the Lord) that if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she consents to live with him, he should not divorce her. 13If any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he consents to live with her, she should not divorce him.
Romans 7:2 Thus a married woman is bound by law to her husband as long as he lives; but if her husband dies she is discharged from the law concerning the husband.
1Corinthians 7:39 A wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives. If the husband dies, she is free to be married to whom she wishes, only in the Lord.
Ephesians 5:22-32 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as to the Lord. 23For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. 24As the church is subject to Christ, so let wives also be subject in everything to their husbands. 25Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, 26that he might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, 27that he might present the church to himself in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish. 28Even so husbands should love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29For no man ever hates his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, as Christ does the church, 30because we are members of his body. 31"For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh." 32This mystery is a profound one, and I am saying that it refers to Christ and the church;
See also 1Corinthians 7:12-13 above.
This section is talking about the Laws of God on repudiation.]
2.233. And the mothers should suckle their children for two whole years for him who desires to make complete the time of suckling; and their maintenance and their clothing must be-- borne by the father according to usage; no soul shall have imposed upon it a duty but to the extent of its capacity; neither shall a mother be made to suffer harm on account of her child, nor a father on account of his child, and a similar duty (devolves) on the (father's) heir, but if both desire weaning by mutual consent and counsel, there is no blame on them, and if you wish to engage a wet-nurse for your children, there is no blame on you so long as you pay what you promised for according to usage; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah and know that Allah sees what you do.
[Ayat 2.233 is an instruction about the children.]
2.234. And (as for) those of you who die and leave wives behind, they should keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days; then when they have fully attained their term, there is no blame on you for what they do for themselves in a lawful manner; and Allah is aware of what you do.
[Ayat 2.234 is instruction about the widows and also in terms of their being apart and withholding themselves is so that if they produce children to the previous husband they are cared for under the laws of inheritance.]
2.235. And there is no blame on you respecting that which you speak indirectly in the asking of (such) women in marriage or keep (the proposal) concealed within your minds; Allah knows that you will mention them, but do not give them a promise in secret unless you speak in a lawful manner, and do not confirm the marriage tie until the writing is fulfilled, and know that Allah knows what is in your minds, therefore beware of Him, and know that Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
2.236. There is no blame on you if you divorce women when you have not touched them or appointed for them a portion, and make provision for them, the wealthy according to his means and the straitened in circumstances according to his means, a provision according to usage; (this is) a duty on the doers of good (to others).
2.237. And if you divorce them before you have touched them and you have appointed for them a portion, then (pay to them) half of what you have appointed, unless they relinquish or he should relinquish in whose hand is the marriage tie; and it is nearer to righteousness that you should relinquish; and do not neglect the giving of free gifts between you; surely Allah sees what you do.
2.238. Attend constantly to prayers and to the middle prayer and stand up truly obedient to Allah.
2.239. But if you are in danger, then (say your prayers) on foot or on horseback; and when you are secure, then remember Allah, as He has taught you what you did not know.
[Thus those who are employed and driving or moving do not stop and place others in danger. Pray on the move while riding or driving.]
2.240. And those of you who die and leave wives behind, (make) a bequest in favor of their wives of maintenance for a year without turning (them) out, then if they themselves go away, there is no blame on you for what they do of lawful deeds by themselves, and Allah is Mighty, Wise.
2.241. And for the divorced women (too) provision (must be made) according to usage; (this is) a duty on those who guard (against evil).
2.242. Allah thus makes clear to you His communications that you may understand.
2.243. Have you not considered those who went forth from their homes, for fear of death, and they were thousands, then Allah said to them, Die; again He gave them life; most surely Allah is Gracious to people, but most people are not grateful.
Jude 1:5-8 Now I desire to remind you, though you were once for all fully informed, that he who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe. 6And the angels that did not keep their own position but left their proper dwelling have been kept by him in eternal chains in the nether gloom until the judgment of the great day; 7just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities, which likewise acted immorally and indulged in unnatural lust, serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire. 8Yet in like manner these men in their dreamings defile the flesh, reject authority, and revile the glorious ones.
2.244. And fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
2.245. Who is it that will offer of Allah a goodly gift, so He will multiply it to him manifold, and Allah straitens and amplifies, and you shall be returned to Him.
Malachi. 3:8-10 Will man rob God? Yet you are robbing me. But you say, 'How are we robbing thee?' In your tithes and offerings. 9You are cursed with a curse, for you are robbing me; the whole nation of you. 10Bring the full tithes into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house; and thereby put me to the test, says the LORD of hosts, if I will not open the windows of heaven for you and pour down for you an overflowing blessing.
The appointment of Saul (Talut) as King
2.246. Have you not considered the chiefs of the children of Israel after Musa, when they said to a prophet of theirs: Raise up for us a king, (that) we may fight in the way of Allah. He said: May it not be that you would not fight if fighting is ordained for you? They said: And what reason have we that we should not fight in the way of Allah, and we have indeed been compelled to abandon our homes and our children. But when fighting was ordained for them, they turned back, except a few of them, and Allah knows the unjust.
[The story of the texts here (246-248) is derived from the text in 1Samuel chapters 9 and 10ff.]
2.247. And their prophet said to them: Surely Allah has raised Talut to be a king over you. They said: How can he hold kingship over us while we have a greater right to kingship than he, and he has not been granted an abundance of wealth? He said: Surely Allah has chosen him in preference to you, and He has increased him abundantly in knowledge and physique, and Allah grants His kingdom to whom He pleases, and Allah is Amplegiving, Knowing.
2.248. And the prophet said to them: Surely the sign of His kingdom is, that there shall come to you the chest in which there is tranquillity from your Lord and residue of the relics of what the children of Musa and the children of Haroun have left, the angels bearing it; most surely there is a sign in this for those who believe.
[This text includes the texts of David killing Goliath and the texts of Gideon. (See the papers David and Goliath (No. 126) and Gideon's Force and the Last Days (No. 022).) But it refers here to the Ark of the Covenant (No. 196).]
2.249. So when Talut departed with the forces, he said: Surely Allah will try you with a river; whoever then drinks from it, he is not of me, and whoever does not taste of it, he is surely of me, except he who takes with his hand as much of it as fills the hand; but with the exception of a few of them they drank from it. So when he had crossed it, he and those who believed with him, they said: We have today no power against Jalut and his forces. Those who were sure that they would meet their Lord said: How often has a small party vanquished a numerous host by Allah's permission, and Allah is with the patient.
[Ayat 2.249 is speaking about Gideon although the text seems to be referring back to Saul as the origin of the test as king with David and Goliath in battle. The Gideon test may be understood to have been also used by the Kings. The text cannot be properly understood without the Bible texts.]
2.250. And when they went out against Jalut and his forces they said: Our Lord, pour down upon us patience, and make our steps firm and assist us against the unbelieving people.
2.251. So they put them to flight by Allah's permission. And Dawood slew Jalut, and Allah gave him kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of what He pleased. And were it not for Allah's repelling some men with others, the earth would certainly be in a state of disorder; but Allah is Gracious to the creatures.
[That tells us that there will be intervention by God in the Middle East carnage soon.]
2.252. These are the communications of Allah: We recite them to you with truth; and most surely you are (one) of the apostles.
[Ayats 2.246-252 speak of Israel wanting a king for a leader and brief recounts of Saul (Talut) and David (Dawood). The lesson of the texts is that the people had not rejected Samuel as prophet but God as their king, then the text goes on to refer to the apostles and prophets on up to the Messiah.]
2.253. We have made some of these apostles to excel the others among them are they to whom Allah spoke, and some of them He exalted by (many degrees of) rank; and We gave clear miracles to Isa son of Marium (the Messiah), and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. And if Allah had pleased, those after them would not have fought one with another after clear arguments had come to them, but they disagreed; so there were some of them who believed and others who denied; and if Allah had pleased they would not have fought one with another, but Allah brings about what He intends.
Hebrews 1:1-2 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the age.
1Corinthians. 11:18-19 For, in the first place, when you assemble as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you; and I partly believe it, 19for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized.
2.254. O you who believe! spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining, neither any friendship nor intercession, and the unbelievers-- they are the unjust.
Philippians 2:12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling;
2.255. Allah is He besides Whom there is no god, the Everliving, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist; slumber does not overtake Him nor sleep; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except what He pleases, His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not, and He is the Most High, the Great.
[This text speaks of the fact that there is only One True God, The Elyon or Most High, the Supreme Deity of the universe is God. He is the Almighty, the Creator and Sustainer of the heavens, the earth and all things therein (Gen. 1.1; Neh. 9:6; Ps. 124:8; Isa. 40:26,28; 44:24; Acts 14:15; 17:24-25; Rev. 14:7). He alone is immortal (1Tim. 6:16). He is our God and Father and the God and Father of Jesus Christ (Jn. 20:17). He is the Most High God (Gen. 14:18; Num. 24:16; Deut. 32:8; Mk. 5:7) and the One True God (Jn. 17:3; 1Jn. 5:20).]
2.256. There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in Allah he indeed has laid hold on the firmest handle, which shall not break off, and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
2.257. Allah is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Shaitans who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide.
[All Scripture is revealed through the Holy Spirit and it was not until the Messiah that the Holy Spirit could be made available to all men and only through baptism and the Laying on of Hands for its receipt. No man who has not been baptised by an officer of the faith can have the Holy Spirit and understand the texts of Scripture. The Demons and the spirits they were allocated are removed and their spirits are renewed and the corrupted spirits are placed in the Lake of Fire as a memorial of Deut. 20.]
2.258. Have you not considered him (Namrud) who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom? When Ibrahim said: My Lord is He who gives life and causes to die, he said: I give life and cause death. Ibrahim said: So surely Allah causes the sun to rise from the east, then make it rise from the west; thus he who disbelieved was confounded; and Allah does not guide aright the unjust people.
2.259. Or the like of him (Uzair) who passed by a town, and it had fallen down upon its roofs; he said: When will Allah give it life after its death? So Allah caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him to life. He said: How long have you tarried? He said: I have tarried a day, or a part of a day. Said He: Nay! you have tarried a hundred years; then look at your food and drink-- years have not passed over it; and look at your ass; and that We may make you a sign to men, and look at the bones, how We set them together, then clothed them with flesh; so when it became clear to him, he said: I know that Allah has power over all things.
[The text reportedly relates a story of a believer Abraham and an unbeliever Uzair. This account is seen as referring to Ezekiel’s vision of the Valley of Dry Bones (Ezek. 37: 3-14).]
2.260. And when Ibrahim said: My Lord! show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: What! and do you not believe? He said: Yes, but that my heart may be at ease. He said: Then take four of the birds, then train them to follow you, then place on every mountain a part of them, then call them, they will come to you flying; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
2.261. The parable of those who spend their property in the way of Allah is as the parable of a grain growing seven ears (with) a hundred grains in every ear; and Allah multiplies for whom He pleases; and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing
[Compare also Gen. 17:14-32 for the famine of Joseph and the revelation of God.]
2.262. (As for) those who spend their property in the way of Allah, then do not follow up what they have spent with reproach or injury, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve.
[Ayats 2.260-262: a parable wanting verification that Allah is God and which He rewards their diligence.]
2.263. Kind speech and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury; and Allah is Self-sufficient, Forbearing.
2.264. O you who believe! do not make your charity worthless by reproach and injury, like him who spends his property to be seen of men and does not believe in Allah and the last day; so his parable is as the parable of a smooth rock with earth upon it, then a heavy rain falls upon it, so it leaves it bare; they shall not be able to gain anything of what they have earned; and Allah does not guide the unbelieving people.
[Matthew here continues on in explanation.]
Matthew 6:1-3 1Beware of practicing your piety before men in order to be seen by them; for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven. 2"Thus, when you give alms, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by men. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. 3But when you give alms, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,
2.265. And the parable of those who spend their property to seek the pleasure of Allah and for the certainty 'of their souls is as the parable of a garden on an elevated ground, upon which heavy rain falls so it brings forth its fruit twofold but if heavy rain does not fall upon it, then light rain (is sufficient); and Allah sees what you do.
2.266. Does one of you like that he should have a garden of palms and vines with streams flowing beneath it; he has in it all kinds of fruits; and old age has overtaken him and he has weak offspring, when, (lo!) a whirlwind with fire in it smites it so it becomes blasted; thus Allah makes the communications clear to you, that you may reflect.
Luke 12:41-44 Peter said, "Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for all?" 42And the Lord said, "Who then is the faithful and wise steward, whom his master will set over his household, to give them their portion of food at the proper time? 43Blessed is that servant whom his master when he comes will find so doing. 44Truly, I say to you, he will set him over all his possessions.
2.267. O you who believe! spend (benevolently) of the good things that you earn and or what We have brought forth for you out of the earth, and do not aim at what is bad that you may spend (in alms) of it, while you would not take it yourselves unless you have its price lowered, and know that Allah is Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy.
2.268. Shaitan threatens you with poverty and enjoins you to be niggardly, and Allah promises you forgiveness from Himself and abundance; and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
2.269. He grants wisdom to whom He pleases, and whoever is granted wisdom, he indeed is given a great good and none but men of understanding mind.
[Here we again see the predestination of the faith in Romans 8:29-30 of those predestined and chosen, called, justified and glorified in the faith. They were predestined from the foundation of the world (cf. also Jer. 1:5).]
2.270. And whatever alms you give or (whatever) vow you vow, surely Allah knows it; and the unjust shall have no helpers.
2.271. If you give alms openly, it is well, and if you hide it and give it to the poor, it is better for you; and this will do away with some of your evil deeds; and Allah is aware of what you do.
2.272. To make them walk in the right way is not incumbent on you, but Allah guides aright whom He pleases; and whatever good thing you spend, it is to your own good; and you do not spend but to seek Allah's pleasure; and whatever good things you spend shall be paid back to you in full, and you shall not be wronged.
2.273. (Alms are) for the poor who are confined in the way of Allah-- they cannot go about in the land; the ignorant man thinks them to be rich on account of (their) abstaining (from begging); you can recognise them by their mark; they do not beg from men importunately; and whatever good thing you spend, surely Allah knows it.
Luke 11:33-41 "No one after lighting a lamp puts it in a cellar or under a bushel, but on a stand, that those who enter may see the light. 34Your eye is the lamp of your body; when your eye is sound, your whole body is full of light; but when it is not sound, your body is full of darkness. 35Therefore be careful lest the light in you be darkness. 36If then your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly bright, as when a lamp with its rays gives you light." 37While he was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to dine with him; so he went in and sat at table. 38The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner. 39And the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of extortion and wickedness. 40You fools! Did not he who made the outside make the inside also? 41But give for alms those things which are within; and behold, everything is clean for you.
2.274. (As for) those who spend their property by night and by day, secretly and openly, they shall have their reward from their Lord and they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
Matthew 6:2 Thus, when you give alms, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by men. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.
2.275. Those who swallow down usury cannot arise except as one whom Shaitan has prostrated by (his) touch does rise. That is because they say, trading is only like usury; and Allah has allowed trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, then he desists, he shall have what has already passed, and his affair is in the hands of Allah; and whoever returns (to it)-- these arc the inmates of the fire; they shall abide in it.
Usury is forbidden to the faith
[So we see that usury is forbidden to the faith and it has been referred to a couple of times in Surah 2.]
2.276. Allah does not bless usury, and He causes charitable deeds to prosper, and Allah does not love any ungrateful sinner.
2.277. Surely they who believe and do good deeds and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
[Refers to the Welfare Tithe of the Third Year under the law. See Tithing (No. 161).]
2.278. O you who believe! Be careful of (your duty to) Allah and relinquish what remains (due) from usury, if you are believers.
2.279. But if you do (it) not, then be apprised of war from Allah and His Apostle; and if you repent, then you shall have your capital; neither shall you make (the debtor) suffer loss, nor shall you be made to suffer loss.
[Punishment follows usury by war and it is important to understand that.]
2.280. And if (the debtor) is in straitness, then let there be postponement until (he is in) ease; and that you remit (it) as alms is better for you, if you knew.
[cf. Usury is sin. This text refers to forgiveness of debt and especially in the Sabbath years and Jubilees.
Ayats 2.275-2.280 speak of God's dislike of usury, Ex. 22:25, Lev. 25:13, 36-37, Deut. 15:1-3,9; 23:19-20; 31:10; Neh. 5:7-10, Psa. 15:5, Pro. 28:8, Isa. 24:2, Jer. 15:10, esp. in both paying and taking; Ezek. 18:8-17; and 22:12.]
2.281. And guard yourselves against a day in which you shall be returned to Allah; then every soul shall be paid back in full what it has earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
2.282. O you who believe! when you deal with each other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down; and let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so he should write; and let him who owes the debt dictate, and he should be careful of (his duty to) Allah, his Lord, and not diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding, or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate with fairness; and call in to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the second of the two may remind the other; and the witnesses should not refuse when they are summoned; and be not averse to writing it (whether it is) small or large, with the time of its falling due; this is more equitable in the sight of Allah and assures greater accuracy in testimony, and the nearest (way) that you may not entertain doubts (afterwards), except when it is ready merchandise which you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no blame on you in not writing it down; and have witnesses when you barter with one another, and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it) then surely it will be a transgression in you, and be careful of (your duty) to Allah, Allah teaches you, and Allah knows all things.
2.283. And if you are upon a journey and you do not find a scribe, then (there may be) a security taken into possession; but if one of you trusts another, then he who is trusted should deliver his trust, and let him be careful (of his duty to) Allah, his Lord; and do not conceal testimony, and whoever conceals it, his heart is surely sinful; and Allah knows what you do.
[Thus all debts are to be properly recorded at the dictation or acceptance of the debtor.]
The Call and the Gifts of God
2.284. Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allah's; and whether you manifest what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will call you to account according to it; then He will forgive whom He pleases and chastise whom He pleases, and Allah has power over all things.
2.285. The apostle believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers; they all believe in Allah and His angels and His books and His apostles; We make no difference between any of His apostles; and they say: We hear and obey, our Lord! Thy forgiveness (do we crave), and to Thee is the eventual course.
2.286. Allah does not impose upon any soul a duty but to the extent of its ability; for it is (the benefit of) what it has earned and upon it (the evil of) what it has wrought: Our Lord! do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake; Our Lord! do not lay on us a burden as Thou didst lay on those before us, Our Lord do not impose upon us that which we have not the strength to bear; and pardon us and grant us protection and have mercy on us, Thou art our Patron, so help us against the unbelieving people.
[Refers to the parable of the Talents (Mat. 25:15-28)
Revelation 20:11-15 Then I saw a great white throne and him who sat upon it; from his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them. 12And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, by what they had done. 13And the sea gave up the dead in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead in them, and all were judged by what they had done. 14Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire; 15 and if any one's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
Matthew10:26 So have no fear of them; for nothing is covered that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.
Mark 4:22 For there is nothing hid, except to be made manifest; nor is anything secret, except to come to light.
Luke 8:17 For nothing is hid that shall not be made manifest, nor anything secret that shall not be known and come to light.
Luke 12:2 Nothing is covered up that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.
Ayats 2.282 to 2.285 have to be cross referred to the Bible texts and it is sometimes mistranslated to avoid the clear scriptural references.
2.286 from another translation.]
2.286. [...] Our Lord! do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake; Our Lord! do not lay on us a burden as Thou didst lay on those before us, Our Lord do not impose upon us that which we have not the strength to bear; and pardon us and grant us protection and have mercy on us, Thou art our Patron, so help us against the unbelieving people.
This prayer is almost a parallel with the second part of the model prayer given by Christ. It ends the first section of the Koran at the end of Surah 2 as the outline of the faith. Surah 2 is so extensive so as to outline the faith.