Christian Churches of God
Commentary on 2Corinthians
(Edition 1.0 20210217-20210217)
Commentary on Chapters 5-9.
Commentary on 2Corinthians Part 2
Paul continues on into chapter 5 and continues his discussion of his sufferings and constant danger. He continues developing the text into the discussion of the Resurrection and the eternal change of the translation of the body to the spiritual prepared for the elect by God in heaven for the First Resurrection (No. 143A) at the Return of Christ.
Intent of the chapters
Paul says that we know if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens (v. 1). Here indeed we groan and long to put on our heavenly dwelling so that by putting it on we may not be found naked (vv. 2-3). He says:
For while we are still in this tent, we sigh with anxiety; not that we would be unclothed but that we would be further clothed, so that what is mortal might be swallowed up by life. He who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who has given us the Spirit as a guarantee (vv. 4-5).
In this we are not to confuse this teaching with the Gnostic doctrines of heaven and hell. We do not go to heaven but we await the return of the Messiah from Heaven upon which we will receive our transformation after the Resurrection and then we will all be translated and taken to Jerusalem to rule the earth for the millennial system and the Second Resurrection and the Great White Throne Judgment (No. 143B).
The Holy Spirit is a guarantee or a down-payment to the growth and the final power in the elect at the ex-anastasin or First Resurrection.
From verse 6 onwards to verse 10 we see that Paul says they are always of good courage, while in the body they are away from the Lord, for they walk by faith and not by sight. They would rather be away from the body and at home with the lord. So whether at home or away their aim is to please him. He states that we must all appear before the Judgment seat of Christ so that each one may receive good or evil, according to what they have done in the body.
The reality of the Judgment is that the elect are under judgment now and if they had failed they would not be in the First Resurrection. All who failed the criteria of the First will be consigned to the Second Resurrection. The Judgment of the First Resurrection is from Baptism and receipt of the Holy Spirit by the laying on of hands as a repentant adult. The further comments of Christ are in the allocation of tasks and authority for the millennial System. It is then that the elect will find out their weaknesses and how they have fared within the class.
What we are is known to God and, hopefully, our conscience (v. 11). Paul is not seeking commendation but giving the elect cause to be proud of them so they may be able to answer those that esteem themselves as better based on their position and in respect of persons and not on the person’s heart (v. 12). Defamation and Respect of Persons (No. 221) is the most insidious evil in the Churches of God.
Paul says, from verses 13ff, that if they are beside themselves it is for God, if in their right mind it is for the church. For the Love of Christ controls them because they are convinced that one has died for all, therefore all have died as in that act Christ dies for all. This was so that those who live no longer live for themselves, but for Christ who for their sake died and was raised.
From verses 16ff. Paul says that from now on they do not regard anyone from a human point of view even though they once regarded Christ from a human point of view they do so no longer. He is transferring the view of man to that as a potential theoi or son of God as a coheir with Christ. If they are with Christ they are a new creation (through their baptism and receipt of the Holy Spirit). Christ has given us a new Ministry of reconciliation reconciling us to himself. In Christ God was reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them. God entrusted to us the message of reconciliation.
From verses 20ff, he says that we are ambassadors for Christ, with God making His appeal through us. Thus we beseech all on behalf of Christ to be reconciled to God. For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
He then talks of the acceptable time of Isaiah 49:8ff. urging all to respond faithfully to God’s Grace through Christ now before the Lord returns. For this is the day of salvation that has been extended to the elect by God through Christ as a covenant to the people in order to establish the land and apportion the desolate heritages, releasing the prisoners and making those in darkness appear in the light. Paul then says that now is the acceptable time, and now is the day of salvation. That was as Christ declared the beginning, at the jubilee year at Atonement, as the acceptable year of the Lord in 27 CE, when he read the scroll of Isaiah in the synagogue (Luke 4:19).
Paul was writing in the Winter of 57 or Spring of 58 CE up to the Passover, being the last part of the 29th year of the 81st Jubilee, being the First year of the Fifth Cycle of the Temple Calendar following the Sabbath year of release (156), (cf. Reading the Law with Ezra and Nehemiah (No. 250)).
From verse 3 he says that they put no obstacle in anyone’s way so that no fault can be found with their ministry; but as servants of God, they commend themselves in every way: through great endurance in affliction, hardships, calamities, beatings, imprisonments, tumults, labours, watching, hunger; by purity, knowledge, forbearance, kindness, the Holy Spirit, genuine love, truthful speech, and the Power of God; with the weapon of righteousness for the right hand and for the left; in honour and dishonour, in ill repute and good repute. He says they are treated as imposters and yet are true, as unknown and yet well known; as dying and behold we live; as punished and yet not killed; as sorrowful yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing and yet possessing everything.
From verse 11 Paul also says: Our mouth is open to you, Corinthians; our heart is wide. He says they are not restricted by them, but you are restricted in our own affections. In return – I speak as to children – widen your hearts also.
Paul then utters the caution to not be mismated with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness and iniquity? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? (v. 14). What accord has Christ with Belial? Or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever (v. 15).
What agreement has the Temple of God with idols? For we are the Temple of the Living God; as God said. Paul then develops the text from a series of texts loosely quoted (again from the LXX) Lev. 26:12; Ezek. 37:27; Isa. 52:11; 2Sam. 7:14. The purpose of the text is to show that the elect are to be the sons and daughters of God as elohim being set aside and holy.
From Chapter 7 Paul then goes on, given the preceding outline promises of the faith, to exhort the Corinthians to cleanse themselves of every defilement of the body and spirit and make holiness perfect in the fear of God. In verses 2-3 he then urges them to open their hearts to them as they have wronged and corrupted and taken advantage of no one. He states he does not say this to condemn them, for he said before that they are in their hearts to die together and to live together. He then says he has great confidence and pride in them. He is filled with comfort. With all their affliction, he is overjoyed. From verse 5 he says: For even when we came into Macedonia, our bodies had no rest, but they were afflicted at every turn, fighting without and fear within. He then says (vv. 6-7) that God, who comforts the downcast, comforted us by the coming of Titus who in his coming told Paul of the comfort he received from the Corinthians and told Paul of the Corinthians’ longing, mourning, and zeal for Paul, and that news comforted Paul.
Paul says (v. 8): For even if I made you sorry with my letter I do not regret it and he adds (although I did regret it) for he saw that the letter grieved them although only for a little while. He then says that he rejoiced, not because they were grieved but that they were moved to repent; thus it was a godly grief and suffered no loss through Paul’s party. Godly grief produces repentance that leads to salvation and brings no regret but worldly grief leads to death (vv. 9-10). He then says: “see what earnestness this godly grief has caused in you, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what zeal, what punishment (v. 11). So although I wrote to you, it was not on account of the one who did the wrong nor on account of the one who suffered the wrong, but in order that your zeal for us might be revealed to the Corinthians in the sight of God (v. 12).
In verse 13 Paul states: Therefore we are comforted. And besides our own comfort we rejoice still more at the joy of Titus, because his mind has been set at rest by the Corinthians. Paul then provides more encouragement in stating: For if I have expressed to him some pride in you, I was not put to shame; but just as everything we said to you was true, so our boasting before Titus has proved true (v. 14). Paul is dealing with a difficult situation in Corinth with factions and the social problems of Corinth and its effect on the church. That is why the letters contain more exhortation and encouragement than is normal for him. He then rounds the text off with the comments in verses 15-16 with the encouragement of the view of Titus when he went to them on the way to Paul. Titus remembers the obedience of them and the fear and trembling with which they received him. Paul then says he rejoices because he has perfect confidence in them.
These two chapters are viewed by some scholars as representing another letter or part thereof as we have mentioned in the introductions. The section is often regarded as separate to chapters 10-13 which we see in Part III.
The text refers to the offering for the relief of the Jerusalem Church (Gal. 2:1-10; 1Cor. 16:1-4; Rom. 15:25-27). It begins with a comment on the generosity of the brethren in Macedonia, and a severe test of affliction in their extreme poverty also which resulted in a wealth of liberality on their part (vv. 1-2). For Paul testifies they gave according to and beyond their means of their own free will, begging Paul and the team to take part in the relief of the saints (vv. 3-5). This seems to relate back to the offering of the brethren set up at Corinth so that the funds may be taken to Jerusalem for the support of the persecuted church there. Titus obviously had responsibility for that collection (v. 6). So also we see the need for the other churches, such as in Macedonia, who were greatly impoverished.
In verse 7 Paul urges them to excel in this work of the collection for the saints at Jerusalem, as they excel in other aspects. In verse 8 he says that it was not a command but to prove by the earnestness of others that their love also is genuine. He says that they know the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ that although he was rich he became poor for their sakes so that by his poverty they might become rich (v. 9). This refers to the wealth of the Pre-existence of Christ (No. 243).
In verses 10ff. Paul then refers to the collection which was begun a year previously (in the Sabbath) for the saints under persecution at Jerusalem (1Cor. 16). It may have been delayed by the rift caused by the problematic letter. This comment here was so that their readiness in desiring it be matched in their completing it out of what they have. For if the readiness is there it is acceptable to what a person has, not according to what he has not. By that comment he did not mean that others should be eased and Corinth burdened, but that as a matter of equality Corinth’s abundance at the present time should supply their want, so that the other’s abundance might supply Corinth’s want at another time in order for there to be equality. He then refers to the Wilderness and the equity in gathering manna (Ex. 16:18).
From verses 16ff. Paul then gives thanks to God who he states has put the same earnest care for the Corinthian brethren in the heart of Titus who he states accepted their appeal but is going to Corinth of his own accord (vv. 16-17). The brother being sent with Titus (in v. 18, cf. also v. 22) remains unidentified.
In verse 20 Paul says that he intends no one should blame them for this liberal gift they are administering for they aim at what is honourable not only in the Lord’s sight but in the sight of men. The brother in verse 22 is unknown but is said to be often tested and has confidence in Corinth.
Paul identifies Titus as his partner and the brethren are stated as messengers of the churches, the Glory of Christ. He exhorts the brethren to give proof of their love before the churches of their love and of Paul’s boasting of Corinth to these men.
In chapter 9 Paul continues on with the comments about the collection saying it is superfluous for him to write to them about the offering of the saints. He says he boasts about the Achaians to the Macedonians saying that they have been ready since last year and the Corinthians’ zeal has stirred up most of them (vv. 1-2). He then says he is sending the brethren so that his boasting about them does not prove vain in this case so that they may be ready as he said they would be. He is warning them to be ready so that if some Macedonians come with him to Corinth and they are not ready as Paul said they would be ready and they are all humiliated (vv.3- 4). So he sent the brethren on before him and to arrange the gift they had promised in advance (v. 5). He then says that he who sows sparingly will reap sparingly and he who sows bountifully will reap bountifully. Each must do as he has made up his mind, not reluctantly or under compulsion for God loves cheerful givers (vv. 6-7). From verse 8 Paul says God is able to provide them with every blessing in abundance so that the brethren have enough of everything and may provide in abundance for every good work. From verse 9 he then proceeds to quote from Psalm 112:9. He then says (v. 10) that: He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your resources and increase the harvest of your righteousness (cf. Isa. 55:10). He says they will be enriched in every way for great generosity, which through us will produce thanksgiving to God, for the rendering of this service not only supplies the want of the saints but also overflows in thanksgiving to God (vv. 11-12).
He says that under the test of this service they will glorify God by their obedience in acknowledging the gospel of Christ and by the generosity of their contribution for them and for all others; while they long for you and pray for you because of the Surpassing Grace of God in you. Thanks be to God for His inexpressible gift.
This ends the two chapters of the collection addendum.
2Corinthians Chs. 5-9 RSV
1For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 2Here indeed we groan, and long to put on our heavenly dwelling, 3so that by putting it on we may not be found naked. 4For while we are still in this tent, we sigh with anxiety; not that we would be unclothed, but that we would be further clothed, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life. 5He who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who has given us the Spirit as a guarantee. 6So we are always of good courage; we know that while we are at home in the body we are away from the Lord, 7for we walk by faith, not by sight. 8We are of good courage, and we would rather be away from the body and at home with the Lord. 9So whether we are at home or away, we make it our aim to please him. 10For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive good or evil, according to what he has done in the body. 11Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we persuade men; but what we are is known to God, and I hope it is known also to your conscience. 12We are not commending ourselves to you again but giving you cause to be proud of us, so that you may be able to answer those who pride themselves on a man's position and not on his heart. 13For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are in our right mind, it is for you. 14For the love of Christ controls us, because we are convinced that one has died for all; therefore all have died. 15And he died for all, that those who live might live no longer for themselves but for him who for their sake died and was raised. 16From now on, therefore, we regard no one from a human point of view; even though we once regarded Christ from a human point of view, we regard him thus no longer. 17Therefore, if any one is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has passed away, behold, the new has come. 18All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; 19that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. 20So we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We beseech you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God. 21For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
1Working together with him, then, we entreat you not to accept the grace of God in vain. 2For he says, "At the acceptable time I have listened to you, and helped you on the day of salvation." Behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, now is the day of salvation. 3We put no obstacle in any one's way, so that no fault may be found with our ministry, 4but as servants of God we commend ourselves in every way: through great endurance, in afflictions, hardships, calamities, 5beatings, imprisonments, tumults, labors, watching, hunger; 6by purity, knowledge, forbearance, kindness, the Holy Spirit, genuine love, 7truthful speech, and the power of God; with the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and for the left; 8in honor and dishonor, in ill repute and good repute. We are treated as impostors, and yet are true; 9as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold we live; as punished, and yet not killed; 10as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing everything. 11Our mouth is open to you, Corinthians; our heart is wide. 12You are not restricted by us, but you are restricted in your own affections. 13In return--I speak as to children--widen your hearts also. 14Do not be mismated with unbelievers. For what partnership have righteousness and iniquity? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? 15What accord has Christ with Be'lial? Or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever? 16What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said, "I will live in them and move among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17Therefore come out from them, and be separate from them, says the Lord, and touch nothing unclean; then I will welcome you, 18and I will be a father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters, says the Lord Almighty."
1Since we have these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from every defilement of body and spirit, and make holiness perfect in the fear of God. 2Open your hearts to us; we have wronged no one, we have corrupted no one, we have taken advantage of no one. 3I do not say this to condemn you, for I said before that you are in our hearts, to die together and to live together. 4I have great confidence in you; I have great pride in you; I am filled with comfort. With all our affliction, I am overjoyed. 5For even when we came into Macedo'nia, our bodies had no rest but we were afflicted at every turn--fighting without and fear within. 6But God, who comforts the downcast, comforted us by the coming of Titus, 7and not only by his coming but also by the comfort with which he was comforted in you, as he told us of your longing, your mourning, your zeal for me, so that I rejoiced still more. 8For even if I made you sorry with my letter, I do not regret it (though I did regret it), for I see that that letter grieved you, though only for a while. 9As it is, I rejoice, not because you were grieved, but because you were grieved into repenting; for you felt a godly grief, so that you suffered no loss through us. 10For godly grief produces a repentance that leads to salvation and brings no regret, but worldly grief produces death. 11For see what earnestness this godly grief has produced in you, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what zeal, what punishment! At every point you have proved yourselves guiltless in the matter. 12So although I wrote to you, it was not on account of the one who did the wrong, nor on account of the one who suffered the wrong, but in order that your zeal for us might be revealed to you in the sight of God. 13Therefore we are comforted. And besides our own comfort we rejoiced still more at the joy of Titus, because his mind has been set at rest by you all. 14For if I have expressed to him some pride in you, I was not put to shame; but just as everything we said to you was true, so our boasting before Titus has proved true. 15And his heart goes out all the more to you, as he remembers the obedience of you all, and the fear and trembling with which you received him. 16I rejoice, because I have perfect confidence in you.
1We want you to know, brethren, about the grace of God which has been shown in the churches of Macedo'nia, 2for in a severe test of affliction, their abundance of joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of liberality on their part. 3For they gave according to their means, as I can testify, and beyond their means, of their own free will, 4begging us earnestly for the favor of taking part in the relief of the saints-- 5and this, not as we expected, but first they gave themselves to the Lord and to us by the will of God. 6Accordingly we have urged Titus that as he had already made a beginning, he should also complete among you this gracious work. 7Now as you excel in everything--in faith, in utterance, in knowledge, in all earnestness, and in your love for us--see that you excel in this gracious work also. 8I say this not as a command, but to prove by the earnestness of others that your love also is genuine. 9For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich. 10And in this matter I give my advice: it is best for you now to complete what a year ago you began not only to do but to desire, 11so that your readiness in desiring it may be matched by your completing it out of what you have. 12For if the readiness is there, it is acceptable according to what a man has, not according to what he has not. 13I do not mean that others should be eased and you burdened, 14but that as a matter of equality your abundance at the present time should supply their want, so that their abundance may supply your want, that there may be equality. 15As it is written, "He who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack." 16But thanks be to God who puts the same earnest care for you into the heart of Titus. 17For he not only accepted our appeal, but being himself very earnest he is going to you of his own accord. 18With him we are sending the brother who is famous among all the churches for his preaching of the gospel; 19and not only that, but he has been appointed by the churches to travel with us in this gracious work which we are carrying on, for the glory of the Lord and to show our good will. 20We intend that no one should blame us about this liberal gift which we are administering, 21for we aim at what is honorable not only in the Lord's sight but also in the sight of men. 22And with them we are sending our brother whom we have often tested and found earnest in many matters, but who is now more earnest than ever because of his great confidence in you. 23As for Titus, he is my partner and fellow worker in your service; and as for our brethren, they are messengers of the churches, the glory of Christ. 24So give proof, before the churches, of your love and of our boasting about you to these men.
1Now it is superfluous for me to write to you about the offering for the saints, 2for I know your readiness, of which I boast about you to the people of Macedo'nia, saying that Acha'ia has been ready since last year; and your zeal has stirred up most of them. 3But I am sending the brethren so that our boasting about you may not prove vain in this case, so that you may be ready, as I said you would be; 4lest if some Macedo'nians come with me and find that you are not ready, we be humiliated--to say nothing of you--for being so confident. 5So I thought it necessary to urge the brethren to go on to you before me, and arrange in advance for this gift you have promised, so that it may be ready not as an exaction but as a willing gift. 6The point is this: he who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and he who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully. 7Each one must do as he has made up his mind, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. 8And God is able to provide you with every blessing in abundance, so that you may always have enough of everything and may provide in abundance for every good work. 9As it is written, "He scatters abroad, he gives to the poor; his righteousness endures for ever." 10He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your resources and increase the harvest of your righteousness. 11You will be enriched in every way for great generosity, which through us will produce thanksgiving to God; 12for the rendering of this service not only supplies the wants of the saints but also overflows in many thanksgivings to God. 13Under the test of this service, you will glorify God by your obedience in acknowledging the gospel of Christ, and by the generosity of your contribution for them and for all others; 14while they long for you and pray for you, because of the surpassing grace of God in you. 15Thanks be to God for his inexpressible gift!
Bullinger’s Notes on 2Corinthians Chs. 5-9 (for KJV)
know. Greek. oida. App-132.
earthly. Greek. epigeios. See John 3:12.
dissolved. Greek. kataluo
building. Greek. oikodome. See 1 Corinthians 3:9.
of. Greek. ek. App-104.
in. Greek. en. App-104.
groan. See Romans 8:23.
house. Greek. ciketerion. Only here and Jude 1:6.
from. Greek. ek. App-104.
heaven. Singular. See 2 Corinthians 5:1
If. App-, a.
for that. Greek. eph" (App-104.) ho.
would = desire to. App-102.
unclothed. Greek. ekduo, as Mark 15:20 (took off).
that = in order that. Greek. hina.
mortality = the mortal (thing). See Romans 6:1
swallowed up. See 1 Corinthians 15:54
of = by, App-104.
life the life. App-170.
wrought, See 2 Corinthians 4:17.
for. Greek. cis. App-104.
unto = to.
earnest. See 2 Corinthians 1:22. The transliteration of the Hebrew erabon.
always. App-151, Of. i.
confident. Greek. tharreo. Always in 2Corinthians except Hebrews 13:6.
at home. Greek. endemeo, Only here and verses: 2 Corinthians 5:8-9 (present).
Lord. App-98.:2 A.
by. Greek dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 5:1.
willing = well pleased. See 1 Corinthians 1:21,
present. As "at home", 2 Corinthians 5:6.
feast = Ps
labour = are ambitious. See Romans 15:20, Add "also".
accepted = well pleasing. See Romans 12:1.
appear= be manifested, App-106.
before = in the presence of. See Matthew 5:16.
judgment seat. See Romans 14:10.
Christ = the Christ. App-98.
every = each.
in = by means of. App-104. 2 Corinthians 5:1.
according to = with reference to. App-104.
done = practised.
bad. App-128. The texts read phaulos as John 3:20.
terror = fear, as in Acts 9:31.
made manifest. Same as "appear", 2 Corinthians 5:10,
trust = hope.
also. To follow "manifest".
commend. See Romans 3:5.
occasion. See Romans 7:8.
to glory = of boasting. Romans 4:2,
on our behalf = on behalf of (App-104) us.
to answer = towards, or against. App-104.
glory = boast. Romans 2:17.
in. No preposition. Dative case. The texts read en.
not. Greek. ou, but texts read me (App-105).
whether, or whether. Greek. eite. App-118.
beside ourselves. See Acts 2:7 (amazed).
your cause = you.
love. App-135. Compare Romans 8:35.
because, &c. = judging (App-122.) this.
if. Texts omit.
were, &c. all died.
they which lives = the living, as 2 Corinthians 4:11.
live. See App-170.
not henceforth = no longer (meketi).
henceforth = from (Greek. apo) now.
no man = no one.
yea, though = even if (App-118.2, a).
have known, know. App-132.
henceforth . . . no more = no longer (ouketi).
any man. Greek. tis. App-123.
he is. Supply the ellipsis by there is.
a new creature = a new creation.
new. Greek. kainos. See Matthew 9:17.
old = the ancient.
all things. Texts read "they".
reconciled. See Romans 6:10,
hath given = gave.
reconciliation = the reconciliation, See 2 Corinthians 5:11.
hath committed unto = placed in (Greek. en). Compare 2 Corinthians 4:7.
are ambassadors. Greek. presbeuo. Only here and Ephesians 6:20.
did beseech = is beseeching. App-134.
in . . . stead = on behalf of. Greek huper, as in 2 Corinthians 5:12.
He, &c. Read, Him Who knew not sin, for us He made sin.
sin. App-128. Only here and 2 Corinthians 11:7, in this Epistle. The first occurance in this verse is by Figure of speech Metonymy (App-6) put for sin-offering. Compare Ephesians 5:2. The same Figure of speech appears in the same connexion in Genesis 4:7. Exodus 29:14; Exodus 30:10. Leviticus 4:3; Leviticus 6:25. Numbers 8:8. Psalms 40:6 (7); &c.
no = not. App-106.
be made = become.
as workers together = working together. See Romans 8:28.
with Him. Omit. See 1 Corinthians 3:9.
grace. See 2 Corinthians 1:2.
in vain. Literally for (Greek. eis) that which is empty or of no effect.
heard = heard with
favour. Greek. epakouo. Only here.
accepted. Greek. dektos. Same Gk, verb, as "receive" in 2 Corinthians 6:1.
in. Greek. en, App-104.
have I succoured = I helped. Quoted from Isaiah 49:3.
behold. Greek. idou. App-133.
accepted. Greek. euprosdektos, A stronger word than above. See Romans 15:16.
no . . . anything. A double negative. Greek. medeis . . . medeis.
offence = cause of stumbling. Greek. proskopo. Only here. Compare the verb proskopto, Romans 9:32.
that = in order that, Greek. hina.
ministry. Greek. diakonia. App-190.
blamed. Greek. momaomai. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:20.
approving = commending See 2 Corinthians 3:1,
ministers. Greek. diakonos. App-190.
afflictions = tribulations. Greek thlipsis. See 2 Corinthians 1:4.
watchings = sleeplessness. Greek. agrupnia. Only here and 2 Corinthians 11:27.
By = In. Greek. en, as in 2 Corinthians 6:2.
pureness. Greek. hagnotes. Only here. Compare the adjective hagnos in 2 Corinthians 7:11.
knowledge. Greek. gnosis. App-132.
Holy Ghost. No arts. App-101.
love. Greek. agape. App-136.
unfeigned. Greek. anupokritos. See Romans 12:9.
by = through. App-104. 2 Corinthians 6:1.
armour. Greek. hoplon. Either arms or armour. See Romans 6:13. The Greek soldier carried a sword or spear in his right hand and a shield in his left.
righteousness. Greek. dikaiosune. App-191.3. Compare Ephesians 6:14.
honour = glory. Greek. doxa. See p. 1611.
dishonour = shame. Greek. atimia. See Romans 1:26.
evil report. Greek. dusphemia. Only here.
good report. Greek. euphemia. Only here.
unknown. Greek. agnoeo. See 2 Corinthians 1:8.
well known. Greek. epigiudekd. App-132.
chastened. Greek. paideuo. See 1 Corinthians 11:32.
sorrowful = grieved. Greek. lupeo. See 2 Corinthians 2:2.
poGreek. Greek. ptochos. App-127.
making. rich. Greek. ploutizo. See 1 Corinthians 1:5.
nothing. Greek. medeis.
unto. Greek. pros. App-104.
not. Greek. ou. App-105.
straitened. Greek. stenochoremai. See 2 Corinthians 4:8.
bowels. Greek. splanchnon. The inward parts. Metaphorically, of the affections, the seat of which we regard as the heart. Figure of speech Catachresis. App-6. Occurs here, 2 Corinthians 7:15. Luke 1:78. Acts 1:18. Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:3; Philippians 2:1. Colossians 3:12. Phm. 2 Corinthians 7:12, 2 Corinthians 7:20. 1 John 1:3, 1 John 1:17. All metaph. save Acts 1:18.
a recompense, &c. = the same recompense. Greek. antimisthia. Only here and Romans 1:27.
unto = to.
children. Greek. teknom App-108.
Be = Become.
unequally yoked. Greek. heterozugeo. Only here.
together with = to.
unbelievers. Greek. apistos. See 2 Corinthians 4:4.
fellowship = Partaking, or share. Greek metoche. Only here. See 1 Corinthians 9:10.
hath = is there to.
unrighteousness = lawlessness. Greek. anomia. App-128.
light. Greek. phos. App-130.
with = towards. Greek. pros, as in 2 Corinthians 6:11.
Belial. Only here in N.T. A Hebr. word, meaning worthlessness, Occurs several times in O.T.
he that believeth = the believer. Greek. pistos. App-150.
with. Greek. meta. App-104.
infidel. Same as "unbelievers", 2 Corinthians 6:14.
agreement. Greek sunkatatheeis. Only here. The verb is used in Luke 23:51.
Temple. Greek. news. See Matthew 23:16.
idols, i.e. the temple of idols. Figure of speech Ellipsis of Repetition. App-6.
dwell. Greek. enoikeo. See Romans 8:11.
walk. Greek. emperipateo. Only here.
from among = out of (Greek. ek. App-104.) the midst of.
Lord. App-98. a. Quoted from Isaiah 52:11.
the = an, i.e. any.
receive. Greek. eisdeclomai. Only here.
a Father = for (Greek. eis. App-104.) a Father. Reference to 2 Samuel 7:14.
My sons = to Me for (Greek. eis) sons (Greek. huios. App-108.)
Almighty. Greek. Pantokeater. In the N.T. only here, and nine times in the Revelation. See App-4.
dearly beloved. Greek agapetos. App-135.
from. Greek. apo. App-104.
fllthinees = pollution. Greek. molusmos. Only here. The verb occurs in 1 Corinthians 8:4.
spirit. App-101. Flesh and spirit being put for the whole person.
perfecting. Greek. epiteleo. App-125.
holiness. Greek. hagiosune. See Romans 1:4.
in. Greek. en App-104.
wronged. Greek. adikeo. See Acts 7:24.
no man. Greek. oudeis.
corrupted. Greek. phtheiro. See 1 Corinthians 3:17.
not. Greek. ou. App-105.
to condemn you = for (Greek. pros. App-104.)
condemnation. Greek. katakrisis. See 2 Corinthians 3:9.
to die, &c. Literally unto (Greek. eis) the dying, &c.
live with. Greek. aurae. See Romans 6:8.
boldness of speech. Greek. parrhesia. See 2 Corinthians 3:12.
toward. Greek. pros. App-104.
glorying. Greek. kaucheaia. See Romans 3:22.
of = on behalf of. Greek. huper. App-104.
filled. Greek. pleroo. App-125.
am exceeding joyful. Literally overabound (Greek. huperperisseuo. See Romans 5:20) with the joy.
in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.
tribulation. Greek. thiipsis. See 2 Corinthians 1:4.
into. Greek. eis. App-104.
no. Greek. oudeis.
rest. Greek. anesis. See 2 Corinthians 2:13.
troubled. Greek. thlibo. See 2 Corinthians 1:6.
on. Greek. en. App-104. See 2 Corinthians 4:8.
comforteth. Greek parakaleo. App-134.
those that are east down. = the lowly. Greek. tapeinos. See Romans 12:16.
by. Greek. en. App-104. coming. Greek. parousia. See Matthew 24:3.
consolation. Same as "comfort", 2 Corinthians 7:4. Add "also" after "consolation".
when, &c. = telling us (as he did). Greek. anangello. See Acts 14:27.
earnest desire. Greek. epipothesis. Only here and 2 Corinthians 7:11,
mourning. Greek. edurmoa. Only here and Matthew 2:18.
fervent mind = zeal. Greek. zelos. See 2 Corinthians 7:11.
toward = on behalf of. Greek. huper. App-104.
though. Greek. ei. App-116.
made . . . sorry = grieved. Greek. lupeo. See 2 Corinthians 2:2.
With = by. Greek. en, as above.
repent. Greek. metamelomai. App-111. The meaning is that Paul at first regretted he had written so severely, but afterwards changed his mind when he saw the salutary effect of his letter.
perceive = see. Greek. blepo. App-133.
the same = that.
for. Greek. pros. App-104. App-8.
sorrowed = were grieved.
to = mite. Greek. gin, as in a.
repentance. Greek. metanoia. App-111. Here is the difference between Paul"s repentance and that of the Corinthians. The Corinthians were guilty of sin; Paul might have made an error of judgment.
after a godly manner = according to (Greek. kaki. App-104.) God, i.e. God"s mind and will.
that = in order that. Greek. hina.
receive damage = suffer loss. Greek. zemioo. See 1 Corinthians 8:11.
by = from. Greek. ek. App-104.
nothing. Greek medeis.
worketh. Greek kategazomai, as in 2 Corinthians 4:17, but the texts read ergazomai.
not to be repented of. See App-111.
behold. Greek. idea. App-133.
carefulness = diligence. Greek. spoude. See Romans 12:8.
wrought = worked. Greek. katergazomai as in 2 Corinthians 7:10.
in. No preposition. Dative case.
clearing of yourselves. Greek. apologia. See Acts 22:1.
indignation. Greek. aganaktesis. Only here, vehement desire. Same as "earnest desire" in 2 Corinthians 7:7.
zeal. See 2 Corinthians 7:7.
revenge = vindication. Greek. ekdikleis.
approved = commended. Greek. sunistemi. See 2 Corinthians 3:1.
this = the.
unto = to.
for . . . cause. Greek. heineken.
done the wrong. Greek. adikeo, as in 2 Corinthians 7:2.
suffered wrong = been wronged. Same verb. care. Same as "carefulness", 2 Corinthians 7:11.
for = on behalf of. Greek. huper, as in 2 Corinthians 7:4. Some texts read, "your care for us".
appear = be manifested. Greek. phaneroo. App-106.
unto = toward. Greek. pros. as in 2 Corinthians 7:4.
Therefore = Greek.account of (Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 7:2) this.
exceedingly. See 2 Corinthians 1:12.
for = upon. Greek. epi, as in 2 Corinthians 7:4.
refreshed. See 1 Corinthians 16:18.
by = from. Greek. apo. App-104.
boasted = gloried. Greek. kauchaomai. See Romans 2:17.
ashamed. Greek. kataischund. See Romans 5:5.
spake. Greek. laleo. App-121.
even so, &c. = so our glorying also.
boasting = glorying, as in 2 Corinthians 7:4.
before. Greek. epi. App-104.
inward affection. Greek. splanchnon. See 2 Corinthians 6:12.
more abundant. Same as exceedingly, 2 Corinthians 7:13.
toward unto. Greek. eis, as in 2 Corinthians 7:9.
remembereth. Greek. anamimneske. See 1 Corinthians 4:17,
with. Greek. meta. App-104.
fear and trembling. See 1 Corinthians 2:3.
have confidence. Greek. tharreo. See 2 Corinthians 5:6.
do you to wit = make you to know. Greek. gnorizo. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:3.
on. Greek. en App-104.
in. Greek. en, as above.
trial. Greek. dokime. See Romans 5:4.
affliction. Greek. thlipsis. See 2 Corinthians 8:14.
deep poverty. Lit, poverty according to (Greek. kata. App-104.) depth.
unto. Greek. eis. App-104.
liberality. Greek. haplotes. The adjective haplous means single-minded, not self-seeking.
to = according to. Greek kata. App-104.
power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.
bear record = testify. Greek. martureo. See p. 1611.
beyond = above. Greek. huper. App-104. The texts read para.
willing of themselves. Lit, self-chosen. Greek authairetos. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:17.
Praying = Asking. Greek. deomai. App-134.
with. Greek. meta. App-104.
that we would receive. The texts omit, and read, "asking of us the gift and fellowship".
gift = grace. As in 2 Corinthians 8:1
ministering = ministry. Greek. diakonia, App-190.
to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.
saints. See Acts 9:13.
not. Greek. ou. App-105.
unto = to.
by = through. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 8:1.
will. Greek. thelema. App-102.
Insomuch, &c. Literally Unto (Greek. eis) our exhorting (Greek. parakaleo. App-134.)
that = in order that. Greek. hina.
begun = begun before. Greek. proenarchomai. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:10.
also finish = finish also.
finish. Greek. epiteled. App-125.
in = unto. Greek. eis, as above.
the same = this.
Therefore = But, or Moreover.
faith. Greek. pistis. App-160.
utterance = ward. Greek. logos. App-121.,
knowledge. Greek. gnosis. App-132.
diligence. Greek. spoude. See 2 Corinthians 7:11.
your love to us. Literally the love from (Greek. ek) you in respect of (Greek. en) us.
love. Greek. agape. App-135.
by. Greek. kata. App-104.
commandment. Greek. epitage. See Romans 16:20.
by occasion of. = through. Greek. dia, as in 2 Corinthians 8:5.
forwardness. Same as "diligence" in 2 Corinthians 8:7,
others. Greek. heteros. App-124.
know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.
Jesus Christ. App-98.
for your sakes = on account of (Greek. dia. App-106. 2 Corinthians 8:2) you.
became poor. Greek. ptocheuo. Only here. Compare App-127.
herein = in (Greek. en) this.
advice = judgment. App-177.
also, he, to be forward also.
be forward = will. Greek. theta. App-102.
a year ago = from (Greek. apo. App-104, iv) a year ago. Greek. perusi. Only here and 2 Corinthians 9:2.
perform. Samaritan Pentateuch word as "finish", 2 Corinthians 8:6.
doing = doing also.
readiness. Greek. prothumia. See Acts 17:11.
will. Greek. thelo, as 2 Corinthians 8:10
performance = performing, as above.
out of. Greek. ek. App-104.
willing mind. Same as "readiness", 2 Corinthians 8:11.
accepted. Greek. euprosdektos. See Romans 15:16.
that = whatsoever.
other men be eased = there should be ease or rest (Greek. anesis. See Acts 24:23) to others (Greek. allos. App-124.)
ye burdened = to you affliction, as in 2 Corinthians 8:2.
by = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.
equality. Greek. isotes. Only here and Colossians 4:1.
now at this time = in (Greek. en) the present season.
for. Greek. eis. App-104.
want. Greek. husteremia. See 1 Corinthians 16:17.
be = become. In this verse there is an epanodos (App-6).
is = has been.
had nothing over = did not (App-106).
abound. Greek. pleonazo. See 2 Corinthians 4:15.
had no lack = had not (App-105) less (than enough). Greek. elattoneo. Only here. This is quoted almost word for word from the Septuagint Exodus 16:18.
thanks. Greek. charis. App-164.
earnest care. Same as "diligence", 2 Corinthians 8:7.
into = in. Greek. en, App-104,
for. Greek. huper, App-104.
exhortation. Same as "intreaty", 2 Corinthians 8:4.
being. Greek. huparcho, See Luke 9:48.
of his own accord. Greek. authairetos. See 2 Corinthians 8:3.
unto. Greek. pros. App-104.
sent. Greek. sumpempo. App-174. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:22. gospel. App-140.
throughout. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 8:1. The brother was probably Luke.
also chosen = chosen also.
chosen. Greek. cheirotoneo. See Acts 14:22.
of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.
to travel with us = as our fellow traveller. Greek. sunekdemos. See Acts 19:29.
with. Greek. sun. App-104. The texts read en.
administered. Greek. diakoneo. App-190.
by. Greek. hupo, as above.
to = with a view to. Greek. pros. App-104. This depends on "chosen". The object of Paul"s having a companion was to avert suspicions, which would tarnish the Lord"s glory by bringing discredit on His servant, and also to remove Paul"s reluctance. Compare 2 Corinthians 8:20.
glory. See p. 1511.
same. The texts omit.
declaration of. Supply the ellipsis by "to show". your. All the texts read "our".
Avoiding. Greek. stellomai. Only here and 2 Thessalonians 3:6.
that no man = lest (Greek. me) any one (Greek. tis. App-123,),
blame. Greek. momaomai See 2 Corinthians 6:3.
abundance. Greek. hadrotes. Only here.
Providing for. The texts read "For we provide". Greek. pronoeo. See Romans 12:17.
honest. See item. 2 Corinthians 12:17.
also, &c. = in the sight of men also. This is a reply to the charge referred to in 2 Corinthians 12:17.
diligent. Same as "forward", 2 Corinthians 8:17.
upon = through. No preposition.
confidence. Greek. pepoithesis. App-150.
I have. Supply the ellipsis by "he has". This was the reason of his diligence.
of = on behalf of. Greek. huper, App-104.
partner. Greek. koinonos. See 2 Corinthians 1:7.
fellowhelper. Greek. eeeergos. See, 1 Corinthians 3:9.
concerning = with reference to. Greek. eis. App-104.
shew. Greek. endeiknumi. See Romans 2:15.
before. Literally unto (Greek. eis) the face of.
proof, or evidence. Greek. endeixis. See Romans 8:25.
boasting. Greek. kauchesis. See Romans 3:27.
on your behalf = on behalf of (Greek. huper, as above) you.
touching = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.
ministering. Greek diakonia. App-190.
to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.
saints. See Acts 9:13,
know. Greek. oida. App-132.
the forwardness of your mind = your readiness. Greek. prothumia. See Acts 17:11,
boast = glory. Greek. kauchaomai. See Romans 2:17.
of = on behalf of. Greek. huper: App-104.
them of, &c. = the Macedonians.
Achaia = Greece.
a year ago. See 2 Corinthians 8:10.
zeal. Greek. zelos. Compare Acts 5:17.
provoked. Greek. erethizo. Only here and Colossians 3:21.
very many = the majority.
sent, Greek. pempo. App-174.
lest = in order that (Greek. hina). not, Greek me. App-105.
boasting = glorying. Greek. kauchema. See Romans 4:2.
in. Greek. en. App-104.
behalf = part. Greek. meros.
that = in order that. Greek. hina
said = was saying.
Lest haply = Lest by any means. Greek. me pos.
with. Greek. sun. App-104.
unprepared. Greek. aparaskeuastos. Only here.
not. Greek me. App-105,I.
ashamed. Greek. kataischuno. See Romans 5:5.
boasting. Greek. kauchesis. See Romans 3:27. The texts omit.
exhort. Greek parakaleo. App-134.
unto. Gr. eis. App-10.
make up beforehand. Greek. prokatartizo. Only here. Compare App-125.
bounty = blessing, Greek. eulogia. Translated "blessing" eleven times, "fair speech" Romans 16:18, and "bounty" here and 2 Corinthians 9:6. Compare Joel 2:14. Malachi 2:2, where the same word is used in the Septuagint
sparingly. Greek pheidomenos. Only here. Compare pheidomai, 2 Corinthians 1:23
bountifully. Lit, upon (Greek. epi. App-104.) blessings, as above. Figure of speech Symploke.
Every man = Each one.
purposeth. Greek. proaireomai. Only here. The texts read "bath purposed".
grudgingly. Lit, of (Greek. ek. App-104.) grief.
of Greek. ek, as above.
loveth. Greek. agapao. App-135.
cheerful. Greek. hilaris. Only here. The noun in Romans 12:8. Compare Eng. "hilarity".
giver. Greek. dotes. Only here. Compare Proverbs 22:9, where the Septuagint reads, "God blesseth a cheerful giver". Fig, Parcemia.
able. Greek dunatos, but the texts read the verb dunateo, which ooc. elsewhere only in 2 Corinthians 13:3.
all. Notice the four "alls" which, with "every", give the Figure of speech Polyptotan. App-6.
grace. Greek. charis, App-184. 1,
toward = unto. Greek. eis, as in 2 Corinthians 9:5.
always . . . things. Greek. panti pantote pasan. Figure of speech Paronomasia.
sufficiency. Greek. avtarkeia. Only here and 1 Timothy 6:6, every. Greek. pas. Translated "all "above,
is = has been, or standeth.
dispersed abroad = scattered. Greek. skorpizo, See John 16:32.
poor. Greek. penes. App-127. Only here.
righteousness. Greek. dikaiosune. App-191.
remaineth. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.
for ever. Greek. eis ton aiona. App-151. Quoted from Psalms 112:9.
minister. Greek. choregeo Only here and 1 Peter 4:11. The choregos was the leader of a chorus, and then came to mean one who defrayed the cost of a chorus at the public festivals. The texts put these three verbs in the future, instead of the imperative.
for. Greek. eis. App-1.
Being enriched. Greek. piontizo. See 1 Corinthians 1:5,
bountifulness. Greek haplotes. Sec 2 Corinthians 1:12.
causeth = worketh, Greek. ketergazomai, as 2 Corinthians 4:17.
through. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 9:1.
administration. Same es "ministering", 2 Corinthians 9:1.
service. Greek. leitourgia. App-190.
not, Greek. to. App-106.
supplieth = fully supplies. Greek. prosanapleroo. Only here and 2 Corinthians 11:9.
by = through, as 2 Corinthians 9:11.
unto = to
experiment = proof. Greek. dokime. See 2 Corinthians 2:9.
ministration. Same as "ministering", 2 Corinthians 9:1.
for = upon. Greek. epi, App-101.
your professed subjection = the subjection of your confession, i. e, produced by your confession.
liberal distribution = the bountifulness (Greek. haplotos, as in 2 Corinthians 9:11) of your distribution.
distribution = fellowship. Greek. koinbnia,
prayer. Greek deesis. App-134.
for = on behalf of. Greek. huper. App-104.
for = because of. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 9:2.
exceeding, Greek. huperballo. See 2 Corinthians 3:10.
in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.
Thanks. Greek. charis, as in 2 Corinthians 9:8.
unspeakable = that cannot be fully declared. Greek. anekdiegetos. Only here.
gift, Greek. dorea. See John 4:10. It cannot be that Paul had in his mind anything less than God"s supreme gift, the gift of His Son, of which he speaks in 2 Corinthians 8:9. He frequently breaks out into thanksgiving in the midst of his epistles. Compare Romans 9:5; Romans 11:33, Romans 11:36, 1 Corinthians 15:57. Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:5. Ephesians 3:20. 1 Timothy 1:17.