Christian Churches of God

No. F044






Commentary on Acts:

Introduction and Part 1

(Edition 1.5 20210513-20210515)






Commentary on Chapters 1-5.



Christian Churches of God

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Commentary on Acts Part 1


The Book of Acts continues on from Luke’s Gospel. It traces the story of the Christian Movement.  The details of the Sacrifice of Christ are contained in all four gospels but only John’s Gospel has the full details of the Passovers from 28 CE to 30 CE. Christ was killed on Wednesday 5 April 30 CE and placed in the tomb and was Resurrected on Sabbath evening 8 April 30 CE. The Timing of the Crucifixion and Resurrection (159) details the possible timings that Christ could have been executed on 14 Abib at the evening sacrifice, and no year in which Christ could have been killed had the sacrifice ever occurred on a Friday with a resurrection on Sunday. That was a pagan festival of Baal and the Sun Cults. In addition it would have failed to keep the Sign of Jonah which was the essential sign given to the Church (cf. The Sign of Jonah and the History of the Reconstruction of the Temple (No. 013)).  


Christ waited all night until 9AM to be presented before the Throne of God as the Wave Sheaf Offering (No. 106B). He returned that evening and spent forty days with the brethren, visited Tartaros and spoke with the Demons, obviously regarding his and their position (cf. Commentary on 1Peter F060)). On the fortieth day he ascended into Heaven giving the Church instructions to remain until Pentecost at Jerusalem. He was the only person to come down from heaven and then return to heaven as a resurrected being as we are told by the Gospel of John (Jn. 3:13). No one else has ascended to heaven on death (cf. Commentary on Revelation (F066v) and Forty Days Following Christ’s Resurrection (No. 159A)).


There were many people there at Jerusalem from all parts of the world. Many had come to be Disciples of Christ.  After they had received the Holy Spirit they went back to their countries and developed the church in the many locations to which the apostles and the seventy were sent (cf. Establishment of the Church under the Seventy (No. 122D)).


The immediate locations were to spread from Jerusalem to Samaria (8:5), the seacoast (8:40), Damascus (9:10), Antioch and Cyprus (11:19), Asia Minor (13:13), Europe (16:11) and finally Rome (28:16).  


As is done in Luke (1:1n to RSV) the author makes use of sources. The first half of Acts makes use of the various traditions of the Jerusalem Church and what some scholars take to be to be a document that seems to reflect the church at Antioch (where Peter was to be based in his work in Parthia with Andrew in Scythia and Thrace (cf. sections 6-8; 11:19-30; 12:24-13:12; and perhaps other passages. Much of the book was narrated in the first person plural beginning at 16:10). Many believe that Luke the Physician (Col. 4:14; 2Tim. 4:11; cf. Phil. 24) wrote the work. Some claim his travel notes were incorporated but most probably he wrote Luke and Acts using the “we” style indicating he was an eye witness to the events.    


Acts provides the basis of the record of the fulfilment of OT prophecy and the establishment of the Plan of God in the sequence of the establishment of the Plan of Salvation (No. 001A) and the creation of the basis of the church with the Holy Spirit and the formation of the Elect as Elohim (No. 001). It has all the reality to bring the faith to Life and set the scene for the rest of the NT narrative.


Book Overview - Acts

by E.W. Bullinger





Acts 28:30-31. CONCLUSION.

For the New Testament of the Order of the Books, see Appdx-95.

For the Chronology of the Acts, see Appdx-180.
For the Dispensational place of the Acts, see Appdx-181.

The writer is, without doubt, Luke. The book has the same introductory address as his Gospel (cp. Acts 1:1 with Luke 1:3), and takes up the history where the Gospel leaves it, giving in greater detail the account of the Ascension, with which that Gospel closes.

It is an expansion, in part at least, of Mark 16:20, and records the fulfilment of the Lord’s promise to send the Holy Spirit (Luke 24:49), as well as the answer to His prayer on the cross [stake] (Luke 23:34), a prayer which secured to the guilty nation a further respite from the doom He had pronounced (Luke 13:35).

Throughout the book the millennial kingdom is in view (Acts 2:17-20Acts 3:19-21Acts 8:12Acts 14:22Acts 20:25Acts 28:23Acts 28:31). The question of the Apostles (Acts 1:6) rules the character of the Acts.

The action has Jerusalem as its center. The Mosaic Law is observed. Peter and the other Apostles are found continually in the Temple. Paul goes first to the Synagogues, because "it was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you" (Acts 13:46). He keeps the feasts (Acts 18:21Acts 20:16). He has vows (Acts 18:18Acts 21:23Acts 21:26), and walks orderly, keeping the Law (Acts 21:24). The Gentiles take the second place (Acts 26:22Acts 26:23), coming in after the Jew, but no longer as proselytes (Acts 10:44; Cp. Acts 11:3).

When the name "Christ" is used without a qualifying word, "Jesus", or "Lord", it has the definite article, the Christ, i.e. the Messiah. The book naturally divides into two parts which are relative, mainly (1) to the ministry of Peter, John, Stephen, Philip, &c., to the People in the Land, and (2) to the ministry of Paul, Barnabas, Silas, &c., to the Dispersion outside the Land. Fuller details will be found in Appdx-181.

Luke nowhere names himself, but what are called the "we" sections (Acts 16:10Acts 16:17Acts 20:5 Acts 20:15Acts 21:1 Acts 21:18Acts 27:1 Acts 28:16) indicate where he was in the company of the Apostle. Cp. also Philemon 1:242 Timothy 4:11.



Intent of the Chapters


Acts Chapter 1

The texts refer to the commands Christ gave to the apostles he had created before the end of his mission and as the Seventy in Luke 10:1,17) (cf. Establishment of the Church under the Seventy (No. 122D)).


From verse 4 Luke refers to the forty days after his resurrection (cf. Forty Days Following Christ’s Resurrection (No. 159A; and 153 Great Fish (No. 170B)).


They were told that they were to be baptised with the Holy Spirit and this act established the basis of the granting of the Holy Spirit through the practice of adult baptism from that time onwards.


From verse 6 they asked if he was to restore the kingdom of Israel. He said that it was not for them to know the times and season that the Father has fixed by his own authority. He did however tell them that they were to preach the gospel in Judea and Samaria and throughout the whole earth.


He then, while they were looking, ascended into the air and was taken out of their sight. Two of the Host were standing by and told them that he would come in the same way he had left (v. 11).


Verse 12 states that they returned to Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives, which is but a Sabbath day’s journey from the Mount. From verses 13-14 they are all recorded as entering the upper room where they were engaged in prayer with the women and with Mariam, the mother of Christ, (falsely named Mary in the texts). Mariah was the sister of Mariam, and the wife of Clophas.  They also engaged in prayer with the brothers of Christ; Jacob (wrongly called James), Joseph, Jude (or Judah) and Simon.


The period of 10 days for the wait to Pentecost following the Forty days that Christ was with them was a period applying to repentance and the ten days of the wait to Pentecost in completion of the Omer count was similar to the period of the wait from Trumpets to Atonement in Tishri at the return of Messiah. (Similar to the ten days at Ramadan in the Koran, which no doubt refers to this period which is the period to Pentecost at the end of Ramadan.


The Muslim references point to Surah 89 verses 1 and 2 (cf. also Introduction to S89) and also Surah 97 verses 3 to 5 and Surah 44 verses 3 to 4 (cf. Hebrew and Islamic Calendar Reconciled (No. 053)).


From verse 15 Peter then stood up among them and set in process the election procedure to replace Judas Iscariot who betrayed Christ. As is customary under the Temple system, these offices were determined by lot. Matthias was chosen.


Chapter 2

The chapter then jumps to the actual Day of Pentecost which was always on the Sunday both in the Temple under the Sadducees, and in Samaria among the Samaritans. The Pharisees/later Rabbinical Jews did not introduce a Sivan Six Pentecost until much later after the Fall of the Temple (cf. Distortion of God’s Calendar in Judah (No. 195B) and also Hillel, Babylonian Intercalations and the Temple Calendar (No. 195C)).


The Holy Spirit appeared in tongues of fire resting on each one of the 120 seated in the room (cf. Lk. 3:16). Then they began to speak in other languages.  At this sound other Jews, dwelling in Jerusalem, heard them and came together, hearing the church speaking in their languages, which amazed them (The other “tongues” referred to in the Corinthian church were an incoherent form of gibberish (1Cor. 14:1-33 F046iii)). They were from Parthia, Media, Elamites (Persia), Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and Lybia/Cyrene and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians.  Many were perplexed but many thought they were full of new wine. Peter standing with the eleven, denied they were drunk as it was but the third hour of the day (or 9 AM) and he then quoted the prophet Joel (F029 2:28-32) from verse 17-21 (cf. also P122D). 


Peter then addressed them (vv. 22-40). He extolled the lineage of Christ as son of David and quoted David from verses 25-28 (Ps. 16:8-11).  He was delivered up according to the definite plan (v. 2:23) (Lk. 24:26 cf. note to RSV). God raised him from the dead (cf. 1Cor. 15:4-8).


Peter then emphasised (vv. 29-32) that David died and was buried and his body saw corruption in the grave and thus the psalm referred to the Messiah as the Holy One of Israel who was resurrected and ascended as the Wave Sheaf to the Throne of God 50 days previously.  He then was exalted and sat at the Right Hand of God and having the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out that which they saw and heard (vv. 31-33).  In verse 34 Peter then referred to Psalm 110:1ff as referring to Christ (cf. No. 178 and No. 177 and F058).


He spoke to those present and they went out with the apostles and about three thousand were baptised that day. They then devoted themselves to the apostles and broke bread with prayers.  These were the origin of the churches in Europe, Africa and Asia (cf. No. 122D).


We see that all were in a spirit of the fear of God, and many signs were done through the apostles.  All who believed were together and held all things in common selling their possessions and distributing to the brethren as they had need (vv. 43-45). They attended the Temple daily and ate in their homes with glad and generous hearts praising God and having favour with all.  And the Lord added to their number, day by day, those who were to be saved (vv. 46-77).


Chapter 3

In this chapter we see the story of the cripple who was taken each day to the “Beautiful Gate” of the Temple. Peter and John came upon him and he asked them for alms.  Peter then directed that he look at he and John. He looked at them expecting alms but they then healed him in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth and ordered him to walk and he was immediately healed and strength returned to his feet and ankles (vv. 1-7). He then entered the Temple with them, walking and leaping praising God. The people recognised him and were filled with wonder at his healing (vv. 8-10). While he clung to Peter and John they ran to him in what was named Solomon’s Portico (prob. on the East side of the Temple) quite astounded (v. 11). In verse 12 Peter then addressed the people saying Men of Israel why do you wonder at this etc. telling them that they had not done this through their own piety, but that the God of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob of their fathers glorified his servant (also child cf. Isa. 52:13 LXX re suffering servant; cf. prayer at Acts 4: 25, 27, 30). Jesus, who they had delivered up, and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release him (v. 13). But you denied the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you; and killed the Author of Life (the word can mean founder, as of a city) whom God raised from the dead. This was a direct reference to Christ’s position as the Elohim at the recreation of the earth, and with Adam and Eve, in 4004 BCE (cf. Outline Timetable of the Age (No. 272) and The Pre-existence of Jesus Christ (No. 243)). To this Peter said they were witnesses. And by faith in his name has made the man strong, whom they all knew, and the faith through Jesus has given the man perfect health in the presence of them all (vv. 14-16).


Peter then says that he knew they all acted in ignorance but what God foretold through the mouth of the prophets that His Christ should suffer. He thus fulfilled (vv. 17-18). Peter then called them to repentance that their sins may be blotted out and the time of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord and that He may send Jesus the Christ appointed for them.  Heaven must receive him so that all that God foretold through the mouths of the prophets must be fulfilled (vv. 19-21). Thus all Scripture must be fulfilled as foretold by God through the prophets of the Scripture up to John the Baptist. There is thus no break between the Scriptures and the Law and the Testimony and the Apostles and the Church. Thus the Canon stands in its entirety (cf. The Bible (No. 164)).


From verse 22 Peter ties the words of Moses saying: “The Lord God will raise up for you a prophet from among his brethren as he raised me up.  You shall listen to him in what he tells you, and it shall be that every soul that does not listen to that prophet shall be destroyed from the people. And all the prophets who have spoken from Samuel and those who came afterwards, also proclaimed those days.” 


Peter then goes on to charge the brethren saying:

“You are the sons of the prophets and of the Covenant which God gave to your fathers; Saying to Abraham: And in your posterity shall all the families of the earth be blessed. God having raised up his servant, sent him to you first, to bless you in turning every one of you from your wickedness.”


We are now at the end of that sequence and in the last cycle of the 120th jubilee and God is about to send the Host with Messiah to call the entire world to repentance and restore them to the Law and the Covenant (cf. Law of God (L1); The Covenant of God (No. 152); First and Second Statements of the Covenant (No. 096B); and The Koran on the Bible the Law and the Covenant (No. 083)).


Chapter 4

Peter and the Apostles were speaking at the Temple. The priests and the Captain of the Temple and the Sadducees (who controlled the Temple, but who did not believe in the Resurrection (23:6-8), came upon them teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus Christ the Resurrection from the dead.  It was for this error that the Sadducees had to be replaced but they kept the Temple Calendar correctly, which the Pharisees did not do, and after the destruction of the Temple and the fall to Rome, the aristocracy, which comprised the Sadducees, fell with the Temple.  After 70 CE the Pharisees took over and formed the Rabbinical authorities and that resulted in the Hillel Calendar in 358 CE with the Babylonian Intercalations. The church never accepted the later Hillel system, until the errors of the 20th century in the Sardis system.  The Temple authorities arrested them as a result of the activity; however, many there who heard the word believed and the number of the men came to about five thousand (vv. 1-4).


On the morrow the rulers and elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem, Annas was High Priest and Caiaphas and John (Jonathan who succeeded Caiaphas) and Alexander and all who were of the High Priestly family (vv. 5-6). These would have constituted the Sanhedrin under which Peter and John would have been tried.  Annas was acting as arraigning magistrate at the trial of Christ and Caiaphas was High Priest who foretold that one should die for the Salvation of the nation that year (Jn. 11:47-50). (There was no Exilarch appointed in Judah from the birth of Christ until after his death (cf.  From David and the Exilarchs to the House of Windsor (No. 067)).


Peter and John were placed before them, and asked by what power, name or authority they did these things. Peter then spoke in the Holy Spirit saying that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom they crucified and whom God raised from the dead and by him “this man” was standing before them “well” (vv. 7-10). He then said: “This is the stone that was rejected by you builders but which has become the head of the corner, and there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men, by which we may be saved” (Ps. 118:22; Mk. 12:10; 1Pet. 2:7; vv. 11-12).


From verse 13 the Council of the Sanhedrin saw the boldness of Peter and John and saw them as uneducated or common men; they wondered and saw that they were disciples of Jesus. They also saw the man they had healed who was standing beside them. They then ordered the men from their presence to discuss the matter. They could not deny that a notable sign had been performed by them in healing in the name and that all Jerusalem was aware of it. They thus called them back in and commanded that they speak no more in the name of Christ to others. Peter and John answered them: “Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you rather than God, you must judge for we cannot but speak of that which we have seen and heard” (vv. 13-20). The court then further threatened them, then they let them go, finding no other way to punish them, because of the people, for all the people praised God for what had happened; for the man on whom the sign of healing was performed was more than 40 years old (vv. 21-22).


They then returned to the brethren and reported what had been said to them by the Chief Priests and Elders. The saints rejoiced and gave thanks to God and gave thanks in quoting David (Ps. 2:1-2) (vv. 23, 25-26).


From verses 27-28 they acknowledged there were many in authority gathered against the anointed  Christ from Herod (d. 1-13 Abib 4 BCE) and Pontius Pilate with both the Gentiles and the people of Israel to do whatever had been predestined by the Hand of God.


From verse 29 they asked to be enabled to speak the word of God in all boldness, while He stretches out His Hands to heal and signs and wonders are performed in the name of Christ.


When they had finished praying God answered by shaking the building and they were filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God with boldness (vv. 29-31). Now the company of those who believed were of one heart and spirit. No one claimed that anything they possessed was their own as they held all things in common. And in great power the apostles gave their testimony to the Resurrection of the Lord Jesus and great grace was upon them all. There was not a needy person among them, for as many were the possessors of lands, they sold them and gave what they had to the apostles and they funded any as had need. Verses 26-27 end the chapter with the example of Barnabas (Son of encouragement), a Levite of Cyprus, who sold a field he had and brought the money and laid it at the apostles feet.


Chapter 5

The Chapter follows on from the positive example of Barnabas with the negative example of the power of the Holy Spirit slaying Ananias and his wife Sapphira who had sold a piece of property and with his wife’s knowledge he held back some of the proceeds they had said they were to give to the apostles for the church. The Holy Spirit made Peter aware that he had withheld some of the funds.  He said: “Ananias why had Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back part of the proceeds of the land? While it remained unsold did it not remain your own? And after it was sold was it not at your disposal? How is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart.  You have not lied to men, but to God” (vv. 1- 4).


The simplicity of the matter was that if Ananias had wanted to he could have retained whatever part he deemed necessary without any consequence save his obligations under the tithing laws (cf. Tithing (No. 161)). Like many Jews today they thought physically not realising the power of the Holy Spirit among the elect. The punishments were done as an example to the entire church on an ongoing basis. When Peter said these words Ananias fell down and died and great fear came upon all who heard of it. The young men then rose and wrapped him up and carried him out and buried him (vv. 5-6). After three hours his wife Sapphira came in, not knowing what had happened. Peter asked her if she had agreed to sell the land for so much (the amount that they had agreed to say and give to the apostles). He then said “How is it that you have agreed to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? Hark the feet of those that have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.”  Immediately she fell down at his feet and died.  When the young men came in they found her dead and they carried her out and buried her beside her husband. And great fear came upon the whole church and upon all who heard of these things (vv. 7-11).


This was a very powerful example of the power of the Holy Spirit and the enormity of lying to God in matters of Truth and the church in breach of the Ninth Commandment breaking all, including the Tenth Commandment.


From verse 12 we see that many signs and wonders were done among the people by the hands of the apostles.  The text says here that they were all together in Solomon’s Portico.  None of the rest dared join them but the people held them in high honour. More than ever believers were added to them, both men and women. They even carried out the sick into the streets and laid them on pallets so that when Peter passed by perhaps even his shadow might land on some of them. Those from the towns around Jerusalem came in bringing the sick and those afflicted with unclean spirits and they were all healed (vv. 12-16).


From verse 17 we see that the Sadducees under the High Priest were moved by jealousy and arrested the apostles and put them in prison. However that night an angel of the lord came to them and set them free and instructed them to “go into the Temple and speak to the people all the words of this Life” When they heard that, they went into the Temple at daybreak and taught (vv. 17-21a).


From verse 21b we see that the High Priest and the Council and the Senate of Israel (now Judah and part of Levi and Benjamin and a scattering of others, Israel being sent into captivity in 722 BCE under the Assyrians north of the Araxes) were convened and the apostles were summoned but they were found not to be there in prison and the officers reported back to the High Priest and the Council and Senate. They reported that they found the doors securely locked and the sentries on guard but when they opened the doors they found no one inside.  When the Captain of the Temple and the chief priests heard these words they were much perplexed, wondering what would come of it. Then someone came and told them that the men they had put in prison, and now sought, were in the Temple teaching the people.


Then the captain with the officers went and brought them but without violence as they were afraid of being stoned by the people (vv. 24-26).


God was thus using the apostles and the power of the Holy Spirit to deal with the Temple priesthood at the beginning of the judgment period of forty years from the death of Christ to the Fall of the Temple in 70 CE and the Dispersion of Judah under the Sign of Jonah (cf. The Sign of Jonah and the History of the Reconstruction of the Temple  (No. 013); F027ix, xiii; F032).


When they had brought the apostles before the council and they were questioned by the High Priest reminding them that they had been strictly charged by the council not to preach in the name of Christ, yet they had filled Jerusalem with their teaching and the High Priest said they intended to bring this man’s blood upon them (vv. 27-28). 


Peter and the apostles answered: “We must obey God rather than men. The God of our fathers raised Jesus whom you killed by hanging on a tree.  God exalted him at His right hand as Leader and Saviour to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. And we are witnesses to these things and so is the Holy Spirit to whom God has given to those that obey him.”


Now when they heard this they were enraged and wanted to kill them. However a Pharisee in the council named Gamaliel (probably the teacher of Paul (22:3)), stood up and ordered they be put outside. He cautioned the council to take care what they did with these men. He then reminded them of those who had gone before such as Theudas, who had arisen and took 400 men, and in the end he was slain and the 400 dispersed and came to nothing. After him came Judas the Galilean who arose in the days of the census and he also perished and those that followed him came to nothing.  He advised them that if it was of men it will come to nothing but if it is of God they would not be able to overthrow them and they might even be found opposing God (vv. 33-39).


So they took the advice of Gamaliel and called in the apostles and then beat them and charged them not to speak in the name of Jesus and then let them go. They left the presence of the council rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer dishonour for the name. And every day in the Temple and at home they did not cease teaching and preaching Jesus as the Christ.


Thus began the work of the Church of God in the Holy Spirit from Jerusalem and Samaria and then it spread all over the world.


Acts Chapters 1-5 (RSV)


Chapter 1

1In the first book, O The-oph'ilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach, 2until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen. 3To them he presented himself alive after his passion by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days, and speaking of the kingdom of God. 4And while staying with them he charged them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, "you heard from me, 5for John baptized with water, but before many days you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit." 6So when they had come together, they asked him, "Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" 7He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has fixed by his own authority. 8But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Sama'ria and to the end of the earth." 9And when he had said this, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. 10And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white robes, 11and said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven." 12Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a sabbath day's journey away; 13and when they had entered, they went up to the upper room, where they were staying, Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot and Judas the son of James. 14All these with one accord devoted themselves to prayer, together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers. 15In those days Peter stood up among the brethren (the company of persons was in all about a hundred and twenty), and said, 16"Brethren, the scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke beforehand by the mouth of David, concerning Judas who was guide to those who arrested Jesus. 17For he was numbered among us, and was allotted his share in this ministry. 18(Now this man bought a field with the reward of his wickedness; and falling headlong he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out. 19And it became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the field was called in their language Akel'dama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20For it is written in the book of Psalms, 'Let his habitation become desolate, and let there be no one to live in it'; and 'His office let another take.' 21So one of the men who have accompanied us during all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us--one of these men must become with us a witness to his resurrection." 23And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsab'bas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthi'as. 24And they prayed and said, "Lord, who knowest the hearts of all men, show which one of these two thou hast chosen 25to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside, to go to his own place." 26And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthi'as; and he was enrolled with the eleven apostles.


Chapter 2

1When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 3And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them. 4And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. 5Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. 6And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. 7And they were amazed and wondered, saying, "Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? 9Par'thians and Medes and E'lamites and residents of Mesopota'mia, Judea and Cappado'cia, Pontus and Asia, 10Phryg'ia and Pamphyl'ia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyre'ne, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11Cretans and Arabians, we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God." 12And all were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, "What does this mean?" 13But others mocking said, "They are filled with new wine." 14But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them, "Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. 15For these men are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day; 16but this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17'And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams; 18yea, and on my menservants and my maidservants in those days I will pour out my Spirit; and they shall prophesy. 19And I will show wonders in the heaven above and signs on the earth beneath, blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke; 20the sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the day of the Lord comes, the great and manifest day. 21And it shall be that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.' 22"Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs which God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know-- 23this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men. 24But God raised him up, having loosed the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it. 25For David says concerning him, 'I saw the Lord always before me, for he is at my right hand that I may not be shaken; 26t herefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced; moreover my flesh will dwell in hope. 27For thou wilt not abandon my soul to Hades, nor let thy Holy One see corruption. 28Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou wilt make me full of gladness with thy presence.' 29"Brethren, I may say to you confidently of the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants upon his throne, 31he foresaw and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption. 32This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. 33Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this which you see and hear. 34For David did not ascend into the heavens; but he himself says, 'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, 35till I make thy enemies a stool for thy feet.' 36Let all the house of Israel therefore know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified." 37Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Brethren, what shall we do?" 38And Peter said to them, "Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39For the promise is to you and to your children and to all that are far off, every one whom the Lord our God calls to him." 40And he testified with many other words and exhorted them, saying, "Save yourselves from this crooked generation." 41So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls. 42And they devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. 43And fear came upon every soul; and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. 44And all who believed were together and had all things in common; 45and they sold their possessions and goods and distributed them to all, as any had need. 46And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they partook of food with glad and generous hearts, 47praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.


Chapter 3

1Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the hour of prayer, the ninth hour. 2And a man lame from birth was being carried, whom they laid daily at that gate of the temple which is called Beautiful to ask alms of those who entered the temple. 3Seeing Peter and John about to go into the temple, he asked for alms. 4And Peter directed his gaze at him, with John, and said, "Look at us." 5And he fixed his attention upon them, expecting to receive something from them. 6But Peter said, "I have no silver and gold, but I give you what I have; in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk." 7And he took him by the right hand and raised him up; and immediately his feet and ankles were made strong. 8And leaping up he stood and walked and entered the temple with them, walking and leaping and praising God. 9And all the people saw him walking and praising God, 10and recognized him as the one who sat for alms at the Beautiful Gate of the temple; and they were filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened to him. 11While he clung to Peter and John, all the people ran together to them in the portico called Solomon's, astounded. 12And when Peter saw it he addressed the people, "Men of Israel, why do you wonder at this, or why do you stare at us, as though by our own power or piety we had made him walk? 13The God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified his servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release him. 14But you denied the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, 15and killed the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead. To this we are witnesses. 16And his name, by faith in his name, has made this man strong whom you see and know; and the faith which is through Jesus has given the man this perfect health in the presence of you all. 17"And now, brethren, I know that you acted in ignorance, as did also your rulers. 18But what God foretold by the mouth of all the prophets, that his Christ should suffer, he thus fulfilled. 19Repent therefore, and turn again, that your sins may be blotted out, that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, 20and that he may send the Christ appointed for you, Jesus, 21whom heaven must receive until the time for establishing all that God spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets from of old. 22Moses said, 'The Lord God will raise up for you a prophet from your brethren as he raised me up. You shall listen to him in whatever he tells you. 23And it shall be that every soul that does not listen to that prophet shall be destroyed from the people.' 24And all the prophets who have spoken, from Samuel and those who came afterwards, also proclaimed these days. 25You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God gave to your fathers, saying to Abraham, 'And in your posterity shall all the families of the earth be blessed.' 26God, having raised up his servant, sent him to you first, to bless you in turning every one of you from your wickedness."


Chapter 4

1And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sad'ducees came upon them, 2annoyed because they were teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection from the dead. 3And they arrested them and put them in custody until the morrow, for it was already evening. 4But many of those who heard the word believed; and the number of the men came to about five thousand. 5On the morrow their rulers and elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem, 6with Annas the high priest and Ca'iaphas and John and Alexander, and all who were of the high-priestly family. 7And when they had set them in the midst, they inquired, "By what power or by what name did you do this?" 8Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, "Rulers of the people and elders, 9if we are being examined today concerning a good deed done to a cripple, by what means this man has been healed, 10be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by him this man is standing before you well. 11This is the stone which was rejected by you builders, but which has become the head of the corner. 12And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved." 13Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were uneducated, common men, they wondered; and they recognized that they had been with Jesus. 14But seeing the man that had been healed standing beside them, they had nothing to say in opposition. 15But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred with one another, 16saying, "What shall we do with these men? For that a notable sign has been performed through them is manifest to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it. 17But in order that it may spread no further among the people, let us warn them to speak no more to any one in this name." 18So they called them and charged them not to speak or teach at all in the name of Jesus. 19But Peter and John answered them, "Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you rather than to God, you must judge; 20for we cannot but speak of what we have seen and heard." 21And when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding no way to punish them, because of the people; for all men praised God for what had happened. 22For the man on whom this sign of healing was performed was more than forty years old. 23When they were released they went to their friends and reported what the chief priests and the elders had said to them. 24And when they heard it, they lifted their voices together to God and said, "Sovereign Lord, who didst make the heaven and the earth and the sea and everything in them, 25who by the mouth of our father David, thy servant, didst say by the Holy Spirit, 'Why did the Gentiles rage, and the peoples imagine vain things? 26The kings of the earth set themselves in array, and the rulers were gathered together, against the Lord and against his Anointed' -- 27for truly in this city there were gathered together against thy holy servant Jesus, whom thou didst anoint, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, 28to do whatever thy hand and thy plan had predestined to take place. 29And now, Lord, look upon their threats, and grant to thy servants to speak thy word with all boldness, 30while thou stretchest out thy hand to heal, and signs and wonders are performed through the name of thy holy servant Jesus." 31And when they had prayed, the place in which they were gathered together was shaken; and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God with boldness. 32Now the company of those who believed were of one heart and soul, and no one said that any of the things which he possessed was his own, but they had everything in common. 33And with great power the apostles gave their testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was upon them all. 34There was not a needy person among them, for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the proceeds of what was sold 35and laid it at the apostles' feet; and distribution was made to each as any had need. 36Thus Joseph who was surnamed by the apostles Barnabas (which means, Son of encouragement), a Levite, a native of Cyprus, 37sold a field which belonged to him, and brought the money and laid it at the apostles' feet.


Chapter 5

1But a man named Anani'as with his wife Sapphi'ra sold a piece of property, 2and with his wife's knowledge he kept back some of the proceeds, and brought only a part and laid it at the apostles' feet. 3But Peter said, "Anani'as, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back part of the proceeds of the land? 4While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? How is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God." 5When Anani'as heard these words, he fell down and died. And great fear came upon all who heard of it. 6The young men rose and wrapped him up and carried him out and buried him. 7After an interval of about three hours his wife came in, not knowing what had happened. 8And Peter said to her, "Tell me whether you sold the land for so much." And she said, "Yes, for so much." 9But Peter said to her, "How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? Hark, the feet of those that have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out." 10Immediately she fell down at his feet and died. When the young men came in they found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her beside her husband. 11And great fear came upon the whole church, and upon all who heard of these things. 12Now many signs and wonders were done among the people by the hands of the apostles. And they were all together in Solomon's Portico. 13None of the rest dared join them, but the people held them in high honor. 14And more than ever believers were added to the Lord, multitudes both of men and women, 15so that they even carried out the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and pallets, that as Peter came by at least his shadow might fall on some of them. 16The people also gathered from the towns around Jerusalem, bringing the sick and those afflicted with unclean spirits, and they were all healed. 17But the high priest rose up and all who were with him, that is, the party of the Sad'ducees, and filled with jealousy 18they arrested the apostles and put them in the common prison. 19But at night an angel of the Lord opened the prison doors and brought them out and said, 20"Go and stand in the temple and speak to the people all the words of this Life." 21And when they heard this, they entered the temple at daybreak and taught. Now the high priest came and those who were with him and called together the council and all the senate of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought. 22But when the officers came, they did not find them in the prison, and they returned and reported, 23"We found the prison securely locked and the sentries standing at the doors, but when we opened it we found no one inside." 24Now when the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these words, they were much perplexed about them, wondering what this would come to. 25And some one came and told them, "The men whom you put in prison are standing in the temple and teaching the people." 26Then the captain with the officers went and brought them, but without violence, for they were afraid of being stoned by the people. 27And when they had brought them, they set them before the council. And the high priest questioned them, 28saying, "We strictly charged you not to teach in this name, yet here you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching and you intend to bring this man's blood upon us." 29But Peter and the apostles answered, "We must obey God rather than men. 30The God of our fathers raised Jesus whom you killed by hanging him on a tree. 31God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 32And we are witnesses to these things, and so is the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey him." 33When they heard this they were enraged and wanted to kill them. 34But a Pharisee in the council named Gama'li-el, a teacher of the law, held in honor by all the people, stood up and ordered the men to be put outside for a while. 35And he said to them, "Men of Israel, take care what you do with these men. 36For before these days Theu'das arose, giving himself out to be somebody, and a number of men, about four hundred, joined him; but he was slain and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing. 37After him Judas the Galilean arose in the days of the census and drew away some of the people after him; he also perished, and all who followed him were scattered. 38So in the present case I tell you, keep away from these men and let them alone; for if this plan or this undertaking is of men, it will fail; 39but if it is of God, you will not be able to overthrow them. You might even be found opposing God!" 40So they took his advice, and when they had called in the apostles, they beat them and charged them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. 41Then they left the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer dishonor for the name. 42And every day in the temple and at home they did not cease teaching and preaching Jesus as the Christ.


Bullinger’s Notes on Acts Chs. 1-5 (for KJV)


Chapter 1

Verse 1

former. Literally first. This links the Acts with Luke"s Gospel, see p. 1575.

treatise = account. Greek. logos. App-121.

have. Omit.

Theophilus. See note on Luke 1:3.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

Jesus. App-98.

began. This shows that the Acts records the continuation of the Lord"s ministry to the Circumcision (Romans 15:8).


Verse 2

taken up = received up. Compare Mark 16:19.

after that He . . . had = having.

through. Greek. dia. App-104. Acts 1:1.

the Holy Ghost = Divine power. App-101. given commandments unto = commanded.

the apostles. See App-189.

had chosen = chose out (Luke 6:13).


Verse 3

also. Read after "Himself".

shewed = presented.

after His passion = after (Greek. meta. App-104.) that He suffered.

infallible proofs = indubitable evidence. Greek. tek-merion. Only here. Compare 1 John 1:11 John 1:2.

seen. Greek. optanomai. App-133. Only here.

forty days = during (Greek. dia. App-104. Acts 1:1) forty days. The only reference to the period between the Resurrection and the Ascension.

pertaining to = concerning. Greek. peri, as in Acts 1:1.

the kingdom of God. App-112and App-114.


Verse 4

being assembled together with. Greek. sunalizomai. Only here.

commanded. Greek. parangello. First occurance Matthew 10:5. Compare App-121.:6. Not the same word as in Acts 1:2.

depart = separate themselves. Greek. charizo. First occurance, Matthew 19:6.

wait for. Greek. perimeno. Only here.

promise of the Father. See App-17. Compare Luke 24:49.


Verse 5

be baptized with. App-115.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

many days hence = after (Greek. meta. App-104.) these many days.


Verse 6

asked of = were questioning. Greek. eperotao. Compare App-134.

wilt Thou. Literally if (App-118. a) Thou dost. Figure of speech Heterosis (of Tense). App-6.

at = in. Greek. en. App-104.

restore again = establish or setup. Greek. apokathistano. First occurance Matthew 12:13.

the kingdom: i.e. the Messianic kingdom, which the prophets spoke of, and all Israelites were looking for. Compare Luke 1:32Luke 1:33; and see App-112and App-114.


Verse 7

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

for you = yours.

know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

the times, &c. = the great time, &c. A Hebraism, plural of majesty. Figure of speech Heterosis. App-6.

in. Greek. en, as Acts 1:6.

power = authority. App-172.


Verse 8

power. Greek dunamis. App-172.

the Holy Ghost = the Holy Spirit (with art.) App-101. Compare Luke 24:49.

upon. App-104.

witnesses. See note on John 1:7.

unto Me. Texts read, "of Me", or "My" witnesses. Compare Isaiah 43:10Isaiah 43:12Isaiah 44:8.

unto = as far as. Greek. heos.

earth. App-129.


Verse 9

beheld. App-133.

taken up = lifted up. Greek. epairo. First occurance Matthew 17:8. Always in Gospels, "lift up".

a cloud. Not a rain cloud of the earth, but referring to the attendant angelic hosts. Compare Psalms 24:7-10Psalms 47:5Matthew 24:30Matthew 26:641 Thessalonians 4:17Revelation 1:7Revelation 11:12.

received. Greek. hupolambano. Here; Acts 2:15Luke 7:43Luke 10:30.

out of their sight = from (App-104.) their eyes.


Verse 10

looked stedfastly = were gazing earnestly. App-133.

toward = into. App-104.

heaven = the heaven (sing). See note on Matthew 6:9Matthew 6:10.

went up = was going.

behold. App-133.

men. App-123. These were angels. Compare Acts 10:30John 20:12.


Verse 11

also said = said also.

Ye men of Galilee. Literally Men, Galileans. The term "men" was usual in addressing a company. Compare our use of the word, "Gentlemen". This usage is common in Acts: Acts 1:16Acts 2:14Acts 2:22Acts 2:29Acts 2:37Acts 3:12Acts 5:35Acts 7:2Acts 13:15Acts 13:16Acts 13:26Acts 13:38Acts 15:7Acts 15:13Acts 17:22Acts 19:35Acts 21:28Acts 22:1Acts 23:1Acts 23:6Acts 28:17.

gazing up. App-133. Some texts read App-133.

this same = this.

so . . . in like manner. The Descent, therefore, will be like the Ascension, actual, literal, visible, unexpected, save by those looking for Him, in the clouds of heaven, and to the same place whence He departed (Zechariah 14:4).

have seen = beheld. App-133.

go = going


Verse 12

Olivet. Only here in N.T., but found often in the Papyri. The usual expression is the "Mount of Olives".

from = near.

a sabbath day"s journey. See App-51.


Verse 13

were come = entered.

an = the.

upper room. Greek. huperoon: here; Acts 9:37Acts 9:39Acts 20:8. Not the same word as in Mark 14:15Luke 22:12.

abode = were abiding. Greek. katameno. Only here.

Peter, &c. See App-141.


Verse 14

continued = were continuing. Greek. proskartereo. In Acts, here; Acts 2:42Acts 2:46Acts 6:4Acts 8:13Acts 10:7.

with one accord = with one mind. Occurs eleven times in Acts, once in Romans 15:6. Found in a Papyrus of 117 B.C.

prayer. App-134.

supplication. The texts omit.

and Mary. The last mention of her, "at prayer".

brethren. App-182.


Verse 15

stood up = rose up. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

disciples. The texts read "brethren".

number. Greek. ochlos, crowd. This is an occurance of the Figure of speech Epitrechon.

together = to the same (place). Greek. epi to auto. See Acts 2:1Acts 2:44Acts 4:261 Corinthians 7:51 Corinthians 11:201 Corinthians 14:23.

an hundred and twenty = three forties. A divinely appointed number during a period of waiting. It -was the number of Ezra"s great synagogue. See App-10.

Verse 16


Men and brethren. Compare Acts 1:11.

scripture. Greek. graphe.

fulfilled = filled full. App-126.

Ghost = Spirit. App-101.

by = through. App-104. Acts 1:1.

David. Peter asserts that Psa 69 was written by David, and was the utterance of the Holy Spirit. Compare 2 Peter 1:21.

concerning. App-104.

was = became.

took = arrested. Greek. sullambano. Compare Matthew 26:55.


Verse 17

numbered. Greek. katarithmeo. Only here.

with. Greek. sun, as in Acts 1:14, but the texts read en, among.

had. Omit.

part = the lot. Greek. kleros. Five times in the Gospels, of the lots cast for the Lord"s garments.

ministry. Greek. diakonia. App-190.


Verse 18

Now = Therefore. Verses Acts 18:19 form a parenthesis.

this man = this one, indeed.

purchased = caused to be purchased. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect). App-6. See App-161.

field = place, or holding. Greek. chorion. See note on Matthew 26:36.

reward = pay. Greek. misthos. Sin pays its wages (Romans 6:23).

iniquity. App-128. Compare 2 Peter 2:13, where the same Greek words are translated "wages of unrighteousness".

headlong. Greek. prenes. Only here.

burst asunder. Greek. lakeo. Only here. Dr. John Lightfoot (1602-75) writes: "The devil, immediately after Judas had cast back his money into the temple, caught him up into the air, strangled him, threw him headlong, and dashed him in pieces on the ground". He refers to Tobit 3.8, and adds, "That this was known to all the dwellers at Jerusalem, argues that it was no common and ordinary event, and must be something more than hanging himself, which was an accident not so very unusual in that nation. "Works, viii, pp 366, 367. This requires that Matthew 27:5 be read, "He was hanged, or strangled", instead of "hanged himself".

gushed out = were poured out.


Verse 19

known. Greek. gnostos. Compare App-132. This word occurs fifteen times, ten times in Acts. unto = to.

proper = own. Greek. idios.

tongue = dialect. Greek. dialektos. Only in Acts: here; Acts 2:6Acts 2:8Acts 21:40Acts 22:2Acts 26:14. Aceldama. See App-94.:3 and 161.


Verse 20

is = has been.

the = a: i.e. the second book, in Psalms 69:25.

habitation = farm, or country house. Greek. epaulis. Only here.

desolate = desert: i.e. let the place he has thus acquired become a wilderness.

let, &c. Literally let there not (Greek. me.) be the dweller (Acts 1:19).

therein = in (Greek. en App-104.) it.

bishoprick. Greek. episcope, the office of an episcopos, or overseer. Occurs only here; Luke 19:441 Timothy 3:11 Peter 2:12. Compare Acts 1:17. This is a composite quotation from Psalms 69:25, and Psalms 109:8. App-107.

another. Greek. heteros. App-124.

take = receive.


Verse 21

all = in (Greek. en) all.

went in and out. A Hebraism for life in general. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Species). App-6. Compare Acts 9:28Deuteronomy 28:6John 10:9.

among = over. App-104.


Verse 22

baptism. Greek. baptisma. App-115. Put for ministry by Figure of speech Synecdoche. App-6.

one = one of these.

be ordained to be = become.

resurrection. Greek. anastasis. App-178. The resurrection is the great subject of the Apostolic witness. Compare Acts 2:32Acts 3:26Acts 4:10Acts 5:30Acts 10:40Acts 13:30Acts 17:3Acts 17:31, &c.


Verse 23

appointed = put forward, or nominated.

Barsabas. Texts read Barsabbas. App-94.:11. Compare Acts 15:22.


Verse 24

prayed. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

Which knowest, &c. Literally heart-knowing. Greek. kardiognostes. Only here and Acts 15:8. Compare Jeremiah 17:10.

shew = shew plainly. Greek. anadeiknumi. Only here and Luke 10:1.

whether of these two. Literally of these two, the one.


Verse 25

take part = receive the lot. Greek. kleros.

this ministry, &c. = this apostolic ministry. Figure of speech Hendiadys. App-6.

apostleship. Greek. apostole. Only here, Romans 1:51 Corinthians 9:2Galatians 1:2Galatians 1:8.

from. App-104. but texts read apo.

by transgression fell = transgressed. App-128.

that he might = to.

his own. Same word as "proper", Acts 1:19.


Verse 26

lots, lot. Greek. kleros. Same word as "part", in Acts 1:17.

numbered. Greek. sunkatapsephizo. Only here. See note on Luke 14:28.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.


Chapter 2

Verse 1

when, &c. Literally in the day. being completed. The Syriac and Vulgate read "days". This refers to the completion of the seven weeks (fifty days inclusive) from the waving of the sheaf of firstfruits (Leviticus 23:15Leviticus 23:16).

Pentecost = fiftieth (day). Greek. Pentekostos. Only here; Acts 20:161 Corinthians 16:8.

fully come = being fulfilled. Greek. siimpleroo. Only here and Luke 8:23Luke 9:51.

with one accord. See note on Acts 1:14.

in one place = together. See note on Acts 1:15.


Verse 2

suddenly. Greek. aphno. Only here; Acts 16:26Acts 28:6.

sound. Greek. echos. Only here; Luke 4:37Hebrews 12:19.

from. App-104.

heaven = the heaven (singular) See Matthew 6:9Matthew 6:10.

rushing, &c. = a mighty wind borne along.

rushing. Greek. pass, of phero. Same word as in 2 Peter 1:21 (moved).

mighty. Greek. biaios. Only here. The noun, bia (force), is only found in Acts. See Acts 5:26.

wind = blast. Greek. pnoe, from pneo, to breathe, or blow, whence pneuma. Only here and Acts 17:25. In the Septuagint twenty-one times, of which fifteen are the rendering of the Hebrew neshamah. App-16.


Verse 3

appeared unto = were seen by. Greek. horao. App-133.

cloven tongues = tongues distributing, or parting themselves.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

each = each one.


Verse 4

the Holy Ghost = Holy Spirit. App-101.

speak. Greek. laleo. App-121.

other. Greek. heteros. App-124.

as = even as.

the Spirit. App-101.

gave = was giving.

utterance = to utter or speak forth. Greek. apophthengomai, here, Acts 2:14, and Acts 26:25.


Verse 5

dwelling. Greek. katoikeo. As in Acts 1:19. Not sojourners for the Feast, but Jews of the dispersion who had taken up their abode at Jerusalem, perhaps because of the expectation of the Messiah. Compare Luke 2:25Luke 2:38.

at = in. App-104.

devout = pious. Greek. eulabes. Only here, Acts 8:2, and Luke 2:25.

men. App-123.

out of. Greek. apo. App-104.

nation. Greek. ethnos. In Acts translated twelve times, "nation"; thirty times, "Gentiles"; once, "people" (Acts 8:9); and once, "heathen" (Acts 4:25).

under = of those under. App-104.


Verse 6

when, &c. Literally this voice (Greek. phone) having come.

multitude. Greek. plethos. Occurs seventeen times in Acts, translated multitude, save Acts 28:3, "bundle".

confounded. Greek. sunchuno. Only here, Acts 9:22Acts 19:32Acts 21:27Acts 21:31.

every man, &c. = they heard them speaking, each one.

language. Greek. dialektos. See note on Acts 1:19.


Verse 7

amazed = dumbfounded. Compare Mark 3:21.

one to another = to (App-104.) one another. The texts omit, but not the Syriac.

Behold. App-133. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 8

tongue. Greek. dialektos, as in Acts 2:6.

wherein. In (App-104.) which.


Verse 9

Parthiars, &c. These were Jews of the dispersion. The first four were within the limits of the Persian Empire. Elam is mentioned in Genesis 14:1Jeremiah 49:34 (note). Daniel 8:2, &c. Mesopotamia is the same as Padan-Aram (Genesis 24:10Genesis 28:2).

Cappadocia, &c. Provinces of Asia Minor. Asia here means the district comprising Mysia, Lydia, &c. on the Western coast, governed by a Roman pro-consul. Compare Revelation 1:4.


Verse 10

Egypt, &c. These were from Africa.

strangers, &c. = sojourners from Rome. Greek. epidemeo. Only here and Acts 17:21.

proselytes. See note on Matthew 23:15.


Verse 11

Crates = Cretans. See Titus 1:12.

wonderful works = great things. Greek. megaleios. Only here and Luke 1:49.

God. App-98.


Verse 12

were in doubt = were perplexed. Occurs here; Acts 5:24Acts 10:17Luke 9:7Luke 24:4.

What meaneth this? = What does this imply? Greek. thelo. (App-102.)


Verse 13

mocking. Greek. chleuazo. Only here and Acts 17:32. The texts read diachleuazo.

These men = They.

are full = have been filled. Greek. mestoo. Only here.

new wine. Greek. gleukos. Only here. This word and mestoo are frequent in medical works.


Verse 14

voice. Greek. phone. See Acts 2:6.

said = spoke out. Greek. apophthengomai, as in Acts 2:4. This was an utterance in the power of the Holy Spirit.

unto = to.

Ye men, &c. Literally men, Jews, and dwellers at Jerusalem. See note on Acts 1:11. The ministry of Peter was to the Circumcision. Compare Matthew 15:24.

known. See note on Acts 1:19.

hearken = attend closely. Greek. enotizomai. Only here. Literally take into the ears.

words = sayings. Greek. rhema. Mark 9:32.


Verse 15

suppose. Greek. hupolambano. See note on Acts 1:9.

seeing = for.

the third hour: i.e. 9am. App-165. Compare 1 Thessalonians 5:7.


Verse 16

this is that, &. c. Quoted from Joel 2:28-31. See App-183.

by = through. App-104. Acts 2:1.


Verse 17

in. App-104.

the last days. See note on Genesis 49:1.

pour out. Greek. ekcheo. Translated "shed forth" in Acts 2:33.

Spirit. App-101.

all flesh. A Hebraism. Compare Isaiah 40:5Isaiah 66:24Luke 3:6John 17:2.

sons. Greek. huios. App-108.

young men. App-108.

see. App-133.

visions. Greek. horasis. Revelation 4:3Revelation 9:17.

dream. Only here and Jude 1:8.

dreams. Only here.


Verse 18

servants. Greek. doulos. App-190.

handmaidens = bondmaids. Greek. doule.


Verse 19

shew = give.

wonders. App-176.

signs. App-176.

earth. App-129. Wonders in the heavens, signs upon earth.

vapour. Only here and James 4:14.

smoke. Only here, and twelve times in Revelation.


Verse 20

turned = changed. Only here; Galatians 1:1Galatians 1:7James 4:9.

into. App-104.

notable. Greek. epiphanes. Only here. Same word as in the Septuagint. Compare App-106. The kindred noun, epiphaneia, is used of the Lord"s coming. 2 Thessalonians 2:81 Timothy 6:14, &c. In Joel, the word is "terrible".

day of the Lord. First occurance of this expression is in Isaiah 2:12. See note there.


Verse 21

call, &c. Greek. epikaleo. Compare Acts 7:59Acts 9:14Acts 22:16Romans 10:12-141 Corinthians 1:2.


Verse 22

Ye men, &c. Compare Acts 2:14.

words. App-121.

Jesus. App-98.

of Nazareth = the Nazarene. This title occurs seven times in Acts.

Man. App-123.

approved = set forth, or commended. Greek. apodeiknumi. Only here, Acts 25:71 Corinthians 4:92 Thessalonians 2:4.

among = unto. App-104.

miracles = powers. App-176.

also. Omit.

know. App-132.


Verse 23

being delivered. Only here.

determinate = determined. Greek. horizo. Here; Acts 10:42Acts 11:29Acts 17:26Acts 17:31Luke 22:22Romans 1:4Hebrews 4:7.

counsel. App-102.

foreknowledge. Greek. prognosis. Compare App-132. Only here and 1 Peter 1:2.

have taken, and. The texts omit.

wicked. Greek. anomos. App-128.

have crucified = nailed up to (the cross). Greek. prospegnumi. Only here. In the other forty-five places "crucify" is stauroo.

slain. = slew. Greek. anaireo, take off, or away. Occurs twenty-three times. All in Luke and Acts, save Matthew 2:26Hebrews 10:9.


Verse 24

raised up. App-178. Compare Acts 13:32Acts 13:33.

pains = birth-pangs. Greek. odin. Only here; Matthew 24:8Mark 13:81 Thessalonians 5:3. Used in the Septuagint in Psalms 116:3, where the Authorized Version reads "sorrows".

holden. Same word as "retain", in John 20:23.

of = by. App-104.


Verse 25

David., Psalms 18:8.

concerning = with reference to. App-104.

foresaw = saw before (me). Only here and Acts 21:29. Greek. proorao.

always = through (App-104. Acts 2:1) every (event).

before my face. Literally in the eyes of (Greek. enopion) me.

on. App-104.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

not. App-105.

moved. shaken.


Verse 26

Therefore = On account of (App-104. Acts 2:2) this.

was glad = rejoiced exceedingly. See Matthew 5:121 Peter 1:81 Peter 4:13.

also my flesh = my flesh also.

rest. Literally tabernacle. Greek. kataskenoo. Here; Matthew 13:32Mark 4:32Luke 13:19.


Verse 27

leave = forsake, or abandon. Greek. enkataleipo. Occurs nine times. Always translated "forsake", except here and Romans 9:29.

my soul = me. App-110.

in = into. App-104.

hell. App-131.

neither. Greek. oude.

suffer = give.

Holy One. Greek. hosios. Here; Acts 13:34Acts 13:351 Timothy 2:8Titus 1:8Hebrews 7:26Revelation 15:4Revelation 16:5. Over thirty times in Septuagint, of which twenty-five are in Psalms. Mostly as rendering of Hebrew. ha id = grace, or favour. See Deuteronomy 33:8Psalms 16:10Psalms 52:9.

see. App-133.

corruption. Greek. diaphthora. Only here; Acts 2:31Acts 13:34-37.


Verse 28

hast made known = madest known. App-132.

life. App-170.

joy. Greek. euphrosune. Only here and Acts 14:17.


Verse 29

Men, &c. See note on Acts 1:11.

let me = I may.

freely = with (App-104.) frankness.

unto. App-104.

patriarch. Occurs here, Acts 7:8Acts 7:9, and Hebrews 7:4. Applied to Abraham and the sons of Jacob, as founders of" the nation, and to David, as founder of the monarchy.

sepulchre = tomb, as in Mark 5:5. Greek. mnema. Compare Acts 7:16Luke 23:53. The more usual word is mnemeion, as in Acts 13:29.

with = among Greek. en. App-104.

unto = until Greek. achri.


Verse 30

being. Greek. huparcho. See note on Luke 9:48.

had sworn = swore. See 2Sa 7.

with = by.

according . . . Christ to sit. The texts read, "He would set (one)".

on = Greek. epi. App-104.

His throne. i.e. God"s throne. Compare 1 Chronicles 29:23, and see Psalms 2:6.


Verse 31

seeing this before = fore-seeing(it). Greek. proeidon. Here and Galatians 1:3Galatians 1:8.

resurrection. Greek. anastasis. App-178.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.

His soul. Texts read "He".

left. Greek. kataleipo, but the texts read enkataleipo, as in Acts 2:27.

did see = saw.


Verse 32

hath. Omit.

whereof = of which.

all. i.e. the twelve.

witnesses. See note on Acts 1:8.


Verse 33

being . . . exalted. Greek. hupsoo. See note on John 12:32.

of = from beside. Greek. para. App-104.

promise. See note on Acts 1:4.

the Holy Ghost = the Holy Spirit. App-101.

shed forth. Same as "pour out" in verses: Acts 17:18.

now. Omit.

see. Greek. blepo. App-133.


Verse 34

is not ascended = went not up. Therefore still sleeping. Compare Acts 13:36.

the heavens. See note on Matthew 6:9Matthew 6:10.


Verse 35

Thy footstool = the footstool of Thy feet. Quoted from Psalms 110:1. See note on Matthew 22:44.


Verse 36

all the house, &c. Compare Acts 2:14.

know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

assuredly. Greek. asphalos. See note on "safely", Mark 14:44.

have crucified = crucified. Greek. stauroo, not same word as in Acts 2:23.


Verse 37

pricked = pierced through. Only here in NT. In Septuagint Genesis 34:7Psalms 109:16, &c.

apostles. See App-189.


Verse 38

Repent. App-111.

be baptized . . . in. App-115. For the formula of baptism, see App-185.

name. Note the frequent use of "the name" in the Acts. Compare Acts 3:6Acts 3:16Acts 4:10Acts 4:12Acts 4:17Acts 4:18Acts 4:30, &c. See also Genesis 12:8Exodus 3:13-15Exodus 23:21.

Jesus Christ. i.e. Jesus as Messiah. App-98.

for. Greek. eis. App-104.

remission = forgiveness. Greek. aphesis. Compare App-174.

sins. App-128.

gift = free gift. Greek. dorea. See note on John 4:10. Always used of divine gifts. The word doron is always used of man"s gifts, except in Ephesians 2:8.


Verse 39

children. App-108.

afar off. Literally unto (Greek. eis) far, i.e. the Dispersion and then the Gentiles. Compare Acts 22:21Ephesians 2:13Ephesians 2:17. Figure of speech Euphemismos. App-6.

call = call to (Himself).


Verse 40

with = by.

testify = earnestly testify. Greek. diamarturomai. Occurs fifteen times. Once in Luke 16:28, nine times in Acts, and five times in Paul"s Epistles.

exhort. App-134.

from = away from. Greek. apo. App-104. untoward = crooked.


Verse 41

gladly. Texts omit.

received = received fully. Greek. apodechomai. Only here; Acts 15:4Acts 18:27Acts 24:3Acts 28:30Luke 8:40.

baptized. App-115.

souls. App-110. See Psalms 110:3.


Verse 42

And. This and the "ands" in following verses give the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6.

continued stedfastly. Greek. proskartereo. See note on Acts 1:14.

doctrine = teaching.

fellowship = the fellowship. Compare Acts 2:44.

breaking of bread. This was the common meal. Compare verses:##Acts 44:46 and Matthew 14:19Isaiah 58:7.

breaking. Only here and Luke 24:35.

prayers = the prayers. App-134. Compare Acts 3:1.


Verse 43

upon = to.


Verse 44

believed. App-150.

together. See Acts 2:1.


Verse 45

to all. i.e. to the believers.

every man = any one. App-123.


Verse 46

temple = temple courts. Greek. hieron. See note on Matthew 23:16.

from house to house = at home.

did eat = were partaking of

meat = food. Greek. trophe. nourishment.

gladness. Occurs here; Luke 1:14Luke 1:44Hebrews 1:9Jude 1:24.

singleness. Greek. aphelotes. Only here.


Verse 47

Praising. Greek. aieno. Always used of praising God. Here; Acts 3:8Acts 3:9Luke 2:13Luke 2:20Luke 19:37Luke 24:53Romans 15:11Revelation 19:5.

favour. Greek. charts. App-186.

with = in regard to. Greek. pros.

people. Greek. laos.

to the church. The texts omit.

such, &c. = the saved.


Chapter 3

Verse 1

Peter and John. Mentioned together seven times in Acts, John always in subordination to Peter.

went = were going.

temple. See Acts 2:46.

at = upon. App-104.

prayer. App-134.

the ninth hour. About 3pm. See App-165. Compare Luke 1:9Luke 1:10.


Verse 2

certain. App-123.

man. App-123.

lame = being (Greek. huparcho. See note on Luke 9:48) lame.

from. Greek. ek. App-104.

at = townrds. App-104.

Beautiful. Probably the East gate, which, Josephus says, "was of Corinthian brass and greatly excelled those that were only covered over with silver and gold" (Wars Acts 5:3).

ask. App-134.

alms. Greek. eleemosune. This was shortened into "aelmesse", and then into "alms".

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 3

seeing. App-133.

asked. Greek. erotao. App-134.

an alms. Literally to receive an alms.


Verse 4

And = But.

fastening his eyes. Greek. atenizo. App-133.

Look. Greek. blepo. App-133.

on. Same as "upon".


Verse 5

gave heed. Greek. epecho. Here, Acts 19:22Luke 14:7Philippians 1:2Philippians 1:161 Timothy 4:16.

unto = to.

expecting. Gr. prosdokao. App-133.


Verse 6

have I none = belong not (Gr. ou. App-105). Apart from Peter"s lack, it was unlawful by Rabbinical ruling to carry a purse into the Temple.

give, &c. = this I give thee.

the name. See Acts 2:38.

Jesus Christ. App-98. XL

of Nazareth = the Nazarene. This title occurs seven times in Acts. See Acts 2:22Acts 4:10Acts 6:14Acts 10:38Acts 22:8Acts 26:9.

rise up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.


Verse 7

took. Greek. piazo. See note on John 11:57.

lifted = raised, as in Acts 3:6.

immediately. Greek. parachrema. Occurs nineteen times, of which ten are in Luke and seven in Acts.

feet. Greek. basis, a step, then that with which one steps, &c. Only here.

ankle bones. Greek. sphuron. Only here.

received strength = were strengthened. Greek. stereoo. Only here, Acts 3:16, and Acts 16:5.


Verse 8

leaping up. Greek. exallomai. Only here, a strong form of hallomai.

leaping. Greek. hallomai. Only here, Acts 14:10, and John 4:14. Compare Isaiah 35:6.

God. App-98. This man had never walked before, even a baby takes time to learn how to walk.


Verse 9

people. See Acts 2:47.


Verse 10

knew. Greek. epiginosko. App-132.

for. Greek. pros.

amazement. Greek. ekstasis, ecstasy. See note on Mark 5:42.


Verse 11

the lame . . . healed. The texts read "he".

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

in. App-104.

porch, &c. See note on John 10:23.

greatly wondering. Only here. Compare Mark 11:33. This miracle was significant of Israel"s restoration. Isaiah 35:6. Compare Matthew 11:5.


Verse 12

Ye men of Israel. Literally Men, Israelites. See note on Acts 1:11.

look ye so earnestly. Greek. atenizo, App-133.

on = to.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

holiness = godliness. Compare App-137.

this man = him.


Verse 13

glorified. Greek. doxazo. See note on p. 1511.

Son = Servant. App-108. Compare Isaiah 42:1Isaiah 49:6Matthew 12:18.

delivered up. Greek. paradidomi. See note on John 19:30.

denied. Compare John 19:15.

Him. The texts omit.

when, &c. Literally he having decided (Greek. krino. App-122.)

let Him go = to release Him. Greek. apoluo. App-174.


Verse 14

the Holy One. Compare Acts 4:27Acts 4:30Isaiah 29:23Isaiah 43:3Isaiah 49:7. Figure of speech Antonomasia. App-6.

the Just. Greek. dikaios. App-191. Compare Acts 7:52Acts 22:14.

desired. Greek. aiteo. App-134.

a murderer = a man (App-123.) a murderer.

to be granted. Greek. charizomai.

Prince. Greek. archegos = leader; one who stands at the head or beginning; arche) of a list, or rank. Here, Acts 5:31Hebrews 2:10Hebrews 12:2.

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

from the dead. Greek. ek nekron. App-139.

witnesses. Greek. martur. See note on Acts 1:8.


Verse 16

through = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

faith. Greek. pistis. App-150.

in = of.

made . . . strong. See Acts 3:7.

this man = this one.

see. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

know. Greek. oida. App-132.

perfect soundness. Literally wholeness. Greek. holokleria. Only here. Compare 1 Thessalonians 5:23Hebrews 2:4.

in the presence of. . Literally over against. Greek. apenanti. Here, Acts 17:7Matthew 21:2Matthew 27:24Matthew 27:61Romans 3:18,


Verse 17

wot = know, as in Acts 3:16.

through = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

did also, &c. = your rulers also (did). Compare Luke 23:34.


Verse 18

before had shewed = announced before. Here, Acts 3:24Acts 7:522 Corinthians 9:5. Compare App-121.

Christ. App-98. The texts read "His Christ".

hath . . . fulfilled = fulfilled. Greek. pleroo. App-125. See Acts 1:16Acts 2:2Acts 2:28.


Verse 19

Repent. Greek. metanoeo. App-111.

be converted = turn ye again (to Me). Jeremiah 3:7Jeremiah 3:14Jeremiah 3:22, &c

that, &c. Literally for (Greek. eis. App-104.) the blotting out.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.

blotted out = wiped out, the blotting out. Here, Colossians 2:14Revelation 3:5Revelation 7:17Revelation 21:4

when = in order that. Greek. hopos. Occurs fifteen times in Acts, and always expresses a purpose. Compare Acts 8:15Acts 8:24Acts 9:2Acts 9:12Acts 9:17Acts 9:24, &c.

the. Omit.

refreshing. Greek. anapsuxis. Only here. Compare 2 Timothy 1:16.

shall = may.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.


Verse 20

send. Greek. apostello. App-174.

Jesus Christ = Christ Jesus. App-98.

before was preached. Greek. prokerusso. Compare App-121. Only here, and in Acts 13:24. But the texts read procheirizomai, to choose or appoint before, as in Acts 22:14Acts 26:16.


Verse 21

the heaven. No art. See Matthew 6:9Matthew 6:10.

until. Greek. achri.

restitution. Greek. apokatastasis = re-establishment from a state of ruin. Only here.

hath spoken = spoke. Greek. laleo. App-121.

since the world began. App-151.


Verse 22

For = Indeed.

Moses. Moses is referred to nineteen times in Acts. See note on Matthew 8:4.

said. See Deuteronomy 18:15-19. So Peter claimed Deuteronomy as the work of Moses.

unto the fathers. The texts omit.

A prophet. Compare John 1:21John 1:25.

raise up. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

like unto = as He raised up me.

in = according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

say = speak, as in Acts 3:21. (See App-107.) The reference is to Deuteronomy 18:15.


Verse 23

soul. App-110.

destroyed = utterly destroyed. Greek. exolothreuomai. Only here. Frequently in Septuagint. About eighty times as rendering of karath, cut off. See Genesis 17:14Exodus 30:33Exodus 31:14 The quotation is from Deuteronomy 18:18Deuteronomy 18:19. App-107. Here the Holy Spirit gives the solemn meaning of "I will require it of him", as being destruction from among the people. Compare Malachi 4:1.

from among. App-104.


Verse 24

Samuel. Samuel was the first great prophet and spokesman of God after Moses.

those that follow after = those next in order. Greek. kathexes. Only used by Luke, here, Acts 11:4Acts 18:23Luke 1:3Luke 8:1.

have likewise foretold = foretold also. See Acts 3:18.


Verse 25

the. Omit.

children = sons. Greek. huios. App-108.

covenant. Greek. diatheke. Compare Luke 1:72. For this Hebraism, "sons of the covenant", compare Matthew 8:12Matthew 9:15Luke 16:8.

made = covenanted. Greek. diatithemi.

in. Dative case; no preposition.

thy seed. i.e. Christ. See Galatians 1:3Galatians 1:16.

kindreds = families. Greek. patria. Only here, Luke 2:4Ephesians 3:15.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

blessed. Greek. eneulogeomai. Only here, and in Galatians 1:3Galatians 1:8. Strong form of eulogeo, which occurs in the next verse.


Verse 26

iniquities. Greek. poneria. App-128.


Chapter 4

Verse 1

And = Now.

spake. Greek. laleo. App-121.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

people. See Acts 2:47.

captain. See note on Luke 22:4.

temple. See Acts 2:46.

Sadducees. App-120. The Lord was opposed by the Pharisees. Now the opponents are the Sadducees, because of their hatred of the truth of the resurrection, of which the Apostles were witnesses. See note on Acts 1:22Acts 23:6-8.


Verse 2

grieved = exasperated. Greek. diaponeomai. Only here, and Acts 16:18.

that = because. Greek. dia. App-104. Acts 4:2.

preached. Greek. katangello. App-121.

through = in. Greek. en. App-104.

Jesus. App-98.

resurrection. Greek. anastasis. App-178.

from the dead. Greek. ek nekron. App-139.


Verse 3

in. App-104.

hold = ward. Greek. teresis Only here, Acts 5:18, and 1 Corinthians 7:19.

now = already.


Verse 4

Howbeit = But.

word. Greek. logos. App-121.

believed. App-150.

men. Greek. aner. App-123.


Verse 5

it came to pass. A Hebraism, very common in Luke, about fifty times in his Gospel, and some fifteen times in the Acts.

rulers, &c. An assembly of the Sanhedrin. Compare Matthew 26:3Mark 14:53, and see note on Matthew 2:4.


Verse 6

Annas. See note on Luke 3:2.

Caiaphas. See note on John 11:49-53John 18:13.

John. Nothing certainly known of him. Dr. John Lightfoot supposes he was Johanan Ben Lacoai, a famous Rabbi of that time. Works, viii. p. 392.

of. Greek. ek. App-104.

kindred = race. Greek. genos. Not the same word as in Acts 3:25.

kindred of the high priest = high-priestly race. Greek. archieratikos. Only here.


Verse 7

in. Greek. en. App-104.

asked = were enquiring. Greek. punthanomai, as in Matthew 2:4.

By = In, as above.

what = what kind of.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

have ye done = did ye.


Verse 8

filled, &c. See Acts 2:4.

Holy Ghost. App-101.


Verse 9

If. Greek. ei. App-118.

be examined. Greek. anakrino. App-. Compare Luke 23:14.

of. Greek. epi. App-104.

good deed = benefit. Greek. euergesia. Only here and 1 Timothy 6:2.

done to = of. Genitive of relation. App-17.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

what means = whom.

he = this one.

is made whole = has been saved. Greek. sozo. Compare John 11:12.


Verse 10

known. See note on Acts 1:19.

unto = to.

the name. See Acts 2:38.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

of Nazareth = the Nazarene. Compare Acts 2:22.

crucified. See Acts 2:23.

God. App-98.

raised. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

this man = this one.

before you = in your presence.

whole. Greek. hugies. Only here in the Acts. Twelve times in the Gospels. Compare Matthew 12:13. Occurs Titus 2:8; fourteen occurences in all.


Verse 11

the Stone, &c. A reference to Psalms 118:22.

set at nought = treated with contempt. Greek. exoutheneo. Compare Luke 18:9Luke 23:11.

of = by Gr hupo. App-104.

the head, &c. Literally unto (Greek. eis.) a head of a corner, i.e. a corner-stone. Compare Isaiah 28:16.


Verse 12

Neither is there, &c. = And there is not (App-105) in any (Greek. oudeis). A double negative, for emphasis.

other. Greek. allos. App-124.

there is none = neither is there. Greek. oude.

other. Greek. heteros. App-124.

under. Greek. hupo.

heaven = the heaven. See note on Matthew 6:9Matthew 6:10.

among. App-104.

whereby = in (App-104.) which.

be saved. Greek. sozo, as in Acts 4:9.


Verse 13

Now when they saw = And beholding. Greek theoreo. App-133.

boldness = outspokenness. Greek. parrhesia. Same word as "freely", in Acts 2:29.

perceived. Greek. katalambano. Compare John 1:5Ephesians 3:18.

unlearned = illiterate. Greek. agrammatos. Only here. Compare John 7:15.

ignorant = obscure. Greek. idiotes. Literally private, i.e. unprofessional. Only here, 1 Corinthians 14:161 Corinthians 14:231 Corinthians 14:242 Corinthians 11:6.

took knowledge = recognized. Greek. epiginosko. App-132.

with Greek. sun. App-104.

Jesus. App-98.


Verse 14

beholding. Greek. blepo. App-133.

was = had been.

could, &c. = had nothing (Greek. oudeis) to say against it (Greek. antepo. Only here and Luke 21:15).


Verse 15

council = Sanhedrin. Greek. sunedrion. See note on Matthew 5:22.

conferred. Greek. sumballo. Only used by Luke, here, Acts 17:18Acts 18:27Acts 20:14Luke 2:19Luke 14:31.

among themselves = towards (Greek. pros. App-104.) one another.


Verse 16

notable. Greek. gnostos, as in Acts 4:10.

miracle. Greek. semeion. App-176.

been done = come to pass.

manifest. Greek. phaneros. App-106.

dwell in = inhabit. Greek. katoikeo. See note on Acts 2:5.

cannot = are not (Greek. ou. App-105) able to.


Verse 17

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

spread. Greek. dianemomai. Only here.

no further = not (Greek. me) for (Greek. epi) more.

among = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

straitly threaten = threaten with threats. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6.

threaten. Greek. apeileo. Only here and 1 Peter 2:23. The noun apeile occurs here, Acts 4:29Acts 9:1Ephesians 6:9.

that they speak, &c. = Literally no longer to speak to no man. A double negative, for emphasis.


Verse 18

not. Greek. me. App-105.

speak = speak forth. Greek. phthengomai. Only here, and 2 Peter 2:162 Peter 2:18. Compare Acts 2:4.

at all. Greek. katholou. Only here.

nor. Greek. mede.


Verse 19

answered and said. App-122.

Whether = If. Greek. ei. App-118.

more = rather.

judge. Gr . krino. App-122. Figure of speech Anacoenosis. App-6.


Verse 20

but = not. As Acts 4:17.

have seen and heard = saw (Greek. eidon. App-133.) and heard.


Verse 21

So when, &c. = But having further threatened. Only here.

let . . . go = Greek. apoluo. App-174.

nothing, &c. = no further means of punishing.

because of Greek. dia. App-104. Acts 4:2.

glorified. Greek. doxazo See note on Acts 3:13.

was done = had taken place.


Verse 22

was shewed = had been wrought.


Verse 24

with one accord. See note on Acts 1:14.

Lord. Greek. Despotes. App-98.

art God. The texts omit

hast made = rnadest.

earth. Greek. ge App-129.


Verse 25

servant. Greek. pais. App-108 and App-190.

hast said = saidst. This quotation is from Psalms 2:1Psalms 2:2 See notes there.

heathen = nations. Greek. ethnos Hence our word "heathen".

rage. Greek. phuasso. Only here in N.T. Used in Septuagint of Psalms 2:1, as translation of Hebrew. ragash

imagine = meditate. Greek. meletao. Here, Mark 13:111 Timothy 4:15.


Verse 26

The kings. i.e. Gentiles.

rulers. i.e. Jews.

together. See note on Acts 1:15.

Christ. i.e. Messiah. App-98.


Verse 27

of a truth. Literally upon (App-104.) truth. The texts add "in this city".

Child = servant. Greek. pais, as Acts 4:25. Figure of speech Catachresis App-6.

hast anointed = didst anoint. See note on Luke 4:18.

Gentiles. Greek. ethnos, as in Acts 4:25.


Verse 28

counsel. App-102. Compare Acts 2:23.

determined before. Greek. proorizo. Generally translated "predestinate". See Romans 8:29Romans 8:301 Corinthians 2:7Ephesians 1:5Ephesians 1:11.

to be done. Figure of speech Hypo-zeugma (Zeugma. App-6). As "hand" could not determine.


Verse 29

now = as to the present. Greek. tanun. A strong form of num. Only here, Acts 5:38Acts 17:30Acts 20:32Acts 27:22.

behold. Greek. epeidon. App-133. Only here and Luke 1:25.

grant = give.

servants = bond-servants. App-190.

with. App-104.


Verse 30

to heal = for(Greek. eis. App-104.) healing.

signs. As in verses: Acts 4:10Acts 4:22.

wonders. Greek. teras. App-176.


Verse 31

when they had = while they.

prayed. App-134.

shaken. Greek. saleuo. Compare Acts 16:26.

where = in which.

the Holy Ghost. App-101.


Verse 32

the multitude, &c. = of the full number (Greek. plethos) of the believing ones.

soul. App-110. Acts 4:1.

neither = and not even.

any = one.

ought = any one. Greek. tis. App-123.

the things which he possessed = his possessions. Greek. huparcho. Compare Luke 9:48 with Luke 12:15.


Verse 33

gave = were giving forth.

apostles. App-189.

witness = the testimony. Greek. marturion. First occurance Matthew 8:4.

grace. App-184.


Verse 34

Neither = For neither.

was = were. Greek. huparchc. See note on Luke 9:48. The texts read en was.

that lacked = in need. Only here. Compare App-134.

possessors. Greek. ktetor. Only here. lands. Greek. chorion. See note on Matthew 26:36.


Verse 35

distribution, &c. = it was distributed.

he = any one. Greek. tis, as in Acts 4:34.


Verse 36

The next chapter should begin here.

Joses. Texts read Joseph, as in Acts 1:23.

Barnabas. It is possible that Joseph Barnabas, or

Barnabas. It is possible that Joseph Barnabas, or Barnabbas, is the same as Joseph Barsabbas of Acts 1:23, and that he was reserved for a better lot by the Holy Spirit.

son. App-108. See note on Acts 3:25.

consolation. Greek. exhortation. Greek. paraklesis has both meanings. See Luke 2:25Luke 6:241 Corinthians 14:3.

of the country of Cyprus = a Cypriote by race.


Verse 37

land Literally a field, as in Luke 14:18.


Chapter 5

Verse 1

certain. App-123.

man. App-123.

named = by name.

Ananias. Ananias and Sapphira, names of grace and beauty attached to persons whose principles were bad.


Verse 2

kept back. Greek. noaphizomai. Only here, Acts 5:3Titus 9:10.

of = from. App-104.

being privy to = being conscious of. Greek. suneidon. Only here, Acts 12:12Acts 14:61 Corinthians 4:4.

at. App-104.

apostles". App-189.


Verse 3

the Holy Ghost. Two arts. App-101.: Compare Acts 1:16.

land. Greek. chorion, as in Acts 1:18Acts 1:19Acts 4:31, not ktema possession, as in Acts 5:1Acts 2:45Matthew 19:22.


Verse 4

Whiles . . . power? Literally Is it not (Greek. ouchi) that, remaining, it remained to thee, and sold, it belonged to thy right?

was = belonged. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.

power. App-172.

why = why is it that.

hast. . . conceived = didst put, implying careful deliberation, not sudden temptation.

unto = to.

men. App-123.

God. App-98.


Verse 5

And = Now, or But.

words. App-121.

gave up tho ghost = expired. Only here, Acts 5:10Acts 12:23. A medical word. Compare ekpneo. Mark 15:37.

great fear. Compare "great grace", "great power", in Acts 4:33.

on = upon. App-104.

these things. The texts omit.


Verse 6

young men = younger (men).

arose. App-178.

wound . . . up. Greek. sustello. Only here and 1 Corinthians 7:29.


Verse 7

about the space. after = as it were an interval. Greek. diastema. Only here. A medical word.

when = and. not. App-105.

knowing. App-132.


Verse 8

answered. App-122.

whether = if. App-118.


Verse 9

unto. Greek. pros. App-104. How = Why.

have agreed together = were agreed together. Greek. sumphoneo. Here, Acts 15:15, and four times in the Gospels. Compare Engl, "symphony".

Spirit. App-101.

behold. App-133. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

husband. App-123.

at. App-104.

shall = they shall.


Verse 10

straightway. Greek. parachrema. See note on Acts 3:7.

at. Greek. para, as in Acts 5:2, but the texts read pros.

yielded up the ghost. Same as in Acts 5:5.

young men. App-108.

dead. App-139.

by. App-104.


Verse 11

upon. Greek. epi.

church. App-180.

as many as = all those who.


Verse 12

signs. App-176.

wonders. App-176.

wrought = being wrought. Compare Mark 16:17Mark 16:18.

among. App-104.

people. Greek. laoa. See note on Acts 2:47.

with one accord. See note on Acts 1:14

Solomon"s porch. See note on John 10:23.


Verse 13

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

join himself. Greek. kollaomai. See note on Luke 15:15.

magnified. Greek. megaluno. Compare Luke 1:46Luke 1:58.


Verse 14

believers = believing (ones). App-150.

multitudes. Greek. ptethos.

women. Compare Acts 1:14.


Verse 15

Insomuch that = So that. This depends upon the first clause of Acts 5:1Acts 5:2, all that intervenes being in a parenthesis.

sick. See note on John 11:1.

into = along.

on = upon. App-104.

couches. Greek. krabbatos. See note on Mark 2:4.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

at the least = even if (it might be).

overshadow. Greek. episkiazo. See note on Luke 9:34.

some = some one. App-123.


Verse 16

also, &c. = a multitude also.

round about. Greek. perix. Only here.

unto. App-104.

vexed = beset. Greek. ochleo, to crowd. Only here and Luke 6:18. A medical word.

with = by. App-104.

spirits. App-101.

healed. Greek. therapeuo. See note on Luke 6:17Luke 6:18.

every one = all of them,


Verse 17

Then = But.

high priest. Greek. archiereus.

rose up. App-178. See Acts 5:6.

sect. Greek. hairesis = a choosing, hence "heresy". Occurs here Acts 15:5Acts 24:5Acts 24:14Acts 26:5Acts 28:221 Corinthians 11:19Galatians 1:5Galatians 1:202 Peter 2:1.

Sadducees. App-120. Compare Acts 4:1.

indignation. Greek. zelos. Only other occurance in Acts in Acts 13:45. Used in a good sense in John 2:172 Corinthians 11:2, &c.


Verse 18

common = public. Greek. demosios. Only here, Acts 16:37Acts 18:28Acts 20:20.

prison. Same as "hold" in Acts 4:3.


Verse 19

prison. Greek. phulake, the common word for "prison".


Verse 20

speak. App-121.

temple. See Acts 2:46.

the words, &c. = these words of life. Figure of speech Hypallage. App-6.

words. Greek. rhema. See note on Mark 9:32.

life. App-170. The life through resurrection so bitterly opposed by the Sadducees. Compare Acts 13:26.


Verse 21

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

early in the morning = towards (App-104) daybreak. Greek. tou orthrou. Compare Luke 24:1John 8:2.

taught = were teaching.

senate = assembly of the elders. Only here in NT but frequent in Septuagint for "elders".

children = sons. App-108.

sent. App-174.

to = unto App-104.

prison = place of bonds. Only here, Acts 5:23Acts 16:26Matthew 11:2. Used in Septuagint in Genesis 39:22, &c


Verse 22

officers. App-190. See note on Luke 1:2John 7:32John 18:3.

told. Same as "reported", Acts 4:23.


Verse 23

truly = indeed.

shut = locked. Greek. kleio.

keepers = guards. Greek. phulax. Only here and Acts 12:6Acts 12:19.

without. The texts omit.

before. App-104.


Verse 24

the high priest and. The texts omit.

captain. See note on Acts 4:1.

things = words. App-121.

doubted = were doubting Greek. diaporeo. See note on Luke 9:7.

whereunto, &c. = what this might come to be.


Verse 25

one. App-123.


Verse 26

without. Literally not (App-105.) with (App-104.) violence (Greek. bia; here, 21, 35; Acts 24:7Acts 27:41).

lest = in order that (Greek. hina).


Verse 27

before = In. App-104.

asked. See note on Acts 1:6.


Verse 28

straitly command. Literally command with a command. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6. A Hebraism.

name. See note on Acts 2:38.

intend. Greek. boulomai. App-102.

bring Greek. epago. Only here and 2 Peter 2:12 Peter 2:5. Compare their own invocation in Matthew 27:25.

this, &c. = the blood of this Man (Emph.)


Verse 29

obey. Greek. peitharcheo. Only here, Acts 5:32Acts 27:21Titus 3:1.


Verse 30

raised up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

Jesus. App-98.

slew = laid hands on. Greek. diacheirizomai. Only here and Acts 26:21.

and = having.

tree. App-162.


Verse 31

him = This One. It is emphatic, and so placed first in the sentence.

hath. Omit.

exalted. Greek. hupsoo. See note on John 12:32.

with = at, or to. See Acts 2:33.

Prince. Greek. archegos. See note on Acts 3:15.

Saviour. Greek. Soter. Occurs twenty-four times. First occurance Luke 1:47.

repentance. App-111.

forgiveness. Greek. aphesis. More frequently translated "remission". See Acts 2:38Luke 4:18Luke 24:47. Compare App-174.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.


Verse 32

His. Omit.

witnesses. See note on Acts 1:8.

things = words. Greek. rhema, as in Acts 5:20.

the Holy Ghost. App-101.

hath given = gave.


Verse 33

When, &c. = Now they having heard.

cut to the heart. Greek. diapriomai. Only here and Acts 7:54.

took counsels = were consulting. Greek. bouleuo.

slay. Greek. anaireo. See note on Acts 2:23.


Verse 34

stood there up = rose up. Greek. anistemi. App-178. 1, as in verses: Acts 6:17.

Pharisee. App-120.

Gamaliel. The grandson of the famous Hillel. He was Saul"s instructor (Acts 22:3), and is said to have died about 52 A.D.

a doctor of the law. See note on Luke 5:17.

had in reputation = honoured. Greek. timios. Generally translated "precious".

among = by (dative case).

put . . . forth. Literally make . . . outside, i.e. put out of court.


Verse 35

Ye men of Israel = Men, Israelites. See note on Acts 1:11.

intend = are about.

as touching = upon, or in the case of. App-104.


Verse 36

Theudas. The name is not uncommon in the Talmud.

boasting, &c. = saying that he was.

somebody. Greek. tis. App-123. Figure of speech Tapeinosis. App-6.

joined themselves. Greek. proskollaomai. Only here, Matthew 19:5Mark 10:7Ephesians 5:31. Compare Acts 5:13.

obeyed. App-150.

scattered. Greek. dialuo Only here. A medical word.

brought. Literally came to be.


Verse 37

After. Greek. meta. App-104.

this man = this one.

Judas of Galilee. His revolt is recorded by Josephus, Antiquities xviii. 1,1.

taxing. Greek. apographe. Only here and Luke 2:2, which see.

drew away = caused to revolt or apostatize.

after. Greek. opiso.

he also. App-124.

perished Greek. apollumi. Only here in Acts. See note on John 17:12.


Verse 38

Refrain = Stand away. Greek. Mid. of aphistemi (Acts 5:37).

if. App-118.

counsel. Greek. boule. App-102.

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

will come to nought = will be overthrown. Greek. kataluo, translated "dissolve" in 2 Corinthians 5:1.


Verse 39

if. Greek. ei. App-118.

cannot = are not (App-105.) able to.

overthrow. Greek. kataluo, as in Acts 5:38.

lest haply. Greek. mepote, compound of me. App-105.

to fight against God = God-fighters. Greek. Theomachos.


Verse 40

agreed, as Acts 5:36.

beaten. Compare Deuteronomy 25:1-3Mark 13:9.

let them go. See on Acts 4:21.


Verse 41

And they = They indeed therefore.

counted worthy. Greek. kataxioomai. Here, Luke 20:35Luke 21:362 Thessalonians 1:5.

suffer shame = be dishonoured or counted unworthy. Greek. atimazo. Here, Luke 20:11John 8:49Romans 1:24Romans 2:23James 2:6. Figure of speech Oxymoron. App-6.

His = the.


Verse 42

in every house. Greek. kat" (App-104.) oikon = at home. See on Acts 2:46.

preach. App-121.

Jesus Christ = Jesus as the Christ (App-98), the name of Acts 5:41.