Christian Churches of God
Commentary on Daniel
(Edition 1.0 20200929-20200929)
The chapter deals with change of power.
Commentary on Daniel Chapter 6
As we saw above Chapter 6 deals with the first change of the power from the head of Gold to the Silver of the Medes and Persians. When this happened it was set up to trap anyone that worshipped other than the system that they had established in order to punish anyone that served the One True God and other than as they dictated. The Laws of the Medes and Persians could not be changed and thus clemency was prevented in this application. Daniel was caught up in this matter as he prayed three times a day (v. 13). By the visible salvation of Daniel in the Lion’s Den those who sought to kill Daniel and his people were themselves taken and killed as they sought to kill Daniel and as indeed the following empires and their leaders were also killed and dealt with in the subsequent judgment. The people who killed God’s prophets were usually themselves killed and in fact right up to the end with the two Witnesses (Rev. 11:3 ff) we see that everyone that seeks to kill them will in like manner be killed. It was by these trials that the power of the One True God was established. In this way Daniel was also established in the reigns of Darius (the Mede) and Cyrus the Persian
Note that it is a matter of faith that God saves the elect as he did Daniel and those who sought his hurt were killed in his place. In this way Daniel and his relationship with God grew in favour and respect in the eyes of the King.
This matter also deals with the creation of the satraps under a system of convenience to govern the kingdom under the three principal governors which were seven with Astyages and up to 120 and then seven to a total of 127 (cf. Bullinger below).
Daniel Chapter 6
1It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom an hundred and twenty princes, which should be over the whole kingdom; 2And over these three presidents; of whom Daniel was first: that the princes might give accounts unto them, and the king should have no damage. 3Then this Daniel was preferred above the presidents and princes, because an excellent spirit was in him; and the king thought to set him over the whole realm. 4Then the presidents and princes sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom; but they could find none occasion nor fault; forasmuch as he was faithful, neither was there any error or fault found in him. 5Then said these men, We shall not find any occasion against this Daniel, except we find it against him concerning the law of his God. 6Then these presidents and princes assembled together to the king, and said thus unto him, King Darius, live for ever. 7All the presidents of the kingdom, the governors, and the princes, the counsellers, and the captains, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any God or man for thirty days, save of thee, O king, he shall be cast into the den of lions. 8Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, that it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not. 9Wherefore king Darius signed the writing and the decree. 10Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime. 11Then these men assembled, and found Daniel praying and making supplication before his God. 12Then they came near, and spake before the king concerning the king's decree; Hast thou not signed a decree, that every man that shall ask a petition of any God or man within thirty days, save of thee, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions? The king answered and said, The thing is true, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not. 13Then answered they and said before the king, That Daniel, which is of the children of the captivity of Judah, regardeth not thee, O king, nor the decree that thou hast signed, but maketh his petition three times a day. 14Then the king, when he heard these words, was sore displeased with himself, and set his heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him. 15Then these men assembled unto the king, and said unto the king, Know, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is, That no decree nor statute which the king establisheth may be changed. 16Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee. 17And a stone was brought and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel. 18Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of musick brought before him: and his sleep went from him. 19Then the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste unto the den of lions.20And when he came to the den, he cried with a lamentable voice unto Daniel: and the king spake and said to Daniel, O Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God, whom thou servest continually, able to deliver thee from the lions? 21Then said Daniel unto the king, O king, live for ever. 22My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him innocency was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt. 23Then was the king exceeding glad for him, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God. 24And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den. 25Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied unto you. 26I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end. 27He delivereth and rescueth, and he worketh signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who hath delivered Daniel from the power of the lions. 28So this Daniel prospered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian. (KJV)
Bullinger’s Notes on Chapter 6
…an hundred and twenty. Darius Hystaspis, in his inscription on the Behistun Rock (App-57), enumerates twenty-three names. This number was continually altered according to historical changes and conquests. In Esther 1:10, Esther 1:13, Esther 1:14, there were seven when Astyages took the kingdom; but he added 120 more (Daniel 6:1), and made 127 (Esther 1:1; Esther 8:9; Esther 9:30).
princes = satraps. As in Daniel 3:2.
passed the night fasting. Showing the long-standing affection which Astyages had for Daniel.
instruments of musick. Some understand the word as referring to "tables"; others, women or dancing girls.
decree. Chaldee. te"am = a decision, implying the pleasure or approval with which it was made.
God. Chaldee. "elaha (emphatic).
Cyrus the Persian. The son of Darius the Mede. He is the young Darius, his father Astyages being the old Darius, "Darius" meaning "the Maintainer". Compare Isaiah 45:1. See App-57.