Pentecost is one of God’s seven annual Holy
Days and one of the three annual pilgrimage Feasts for which we are instructed
to bring an offering and keep outside of our gates. Pentecost is the only Holy Day of God that is
not on a specific day of the month. It is however, on a specific day of the
week, Sunday, also called the First day of the week.
Leviticus 23:10-11, 15-16, 21
"10Say to the people of Israel, When you come into the land
which I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of the first
fruits of your harvest to the priest; 11and he shall wave the sheaf
before the LORD, that you may find acceptance; on the morrow after the sabbath
the priest shall wave it.
15"And you shall count from
the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the
wave offering; seven full weeks shall they be, 16counting fifty days
to the morrow after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a cereal
offering of new grain to the LORD.
21And you shall make proclamation
on the same day; you shall hold a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious
work: it is a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your
Every Holy Day in
God’s annual calendar points toward an important aspect in God’s Plan of
Salvation (see Introduction
to God’s Holy Days (No. CB131)). The
Feast of Pentecost points toward the spiritual harvest of the elect, or the
Church of God. It was partly fulfilled
when the Ten Commandments were given to Israel at Mount Sinai, and then in 30
CE when the Holy Spirit was given to the Church (Acts 2), but Pentecost also
looks forward to the redemption of the elect in the First Resurrection.
How is the day of Pentecost Determined?
The paper Wave Sheaf
and the Count to Pentecost (CB137), reviews that the count to
Pentecost begins in the first month during the Days of Unleavened Bread. The
first day of the week during Unleavened Bread, Sunday, is the first day of the
count. We count each day until we arrive at the 50th day, Pentecost. Both the
Wave Sheaf and Pentecost are on the first day of the week (Sunday), 50 days
apart. Counting to Pentecost is made up
of seven perfect weeks (7 x 7 = 49).
This yearly cycle mirrors how we count the years of the Jubilee. By the 49th day, we all should be in the
place where Eloah has placed His name so we can be gathered together to keep
the weekly Sabbath and Pentecost. For more details see Wave Sheaf
and the count to Pentecost (CB 137) and The Omer
Count to Pentecost (No. 173z).
In the Old Testament, Pentecost is called the
“Feast of Weeks”. The term Pentecost
(SGD 4005) was introduced in the New Testament.
It means the “fiftieth day” and comes from the root word that means fifty.
Let us look briefly at the meaning of the
number fifty. Fifty is ten times five. We also have seven times seven plus one
from the actual count of seven full weeks. From the Symbolism of Numbers (No. 7) we read:
Ten (10) denotes ordinal completeness
and a new commencement as one in the
Five (5) denotes Divine Grace.
Being 4+1, it is the works taken with the Spirit of God in peace towards
strengthening by trial. Thus the fifth year of the sequence is one of grace and
no trial is undertaken fully in this phase.
In Hebrew, Bullinger points out
that Ha'aretz (the Earth) by gematria
– which is the addition of the numerical value of the letters together – is a
multiple of four, while Hashamayim
(the heavens) is a multiple of five. The gematria of the Greek term Charis or Grace is also a multiple of five. Five is the leading factor in the
Seven (7) denotes spiritual
perfection. It reflects the work of the Holy Spirit as the power of God, as a
hallmark does. It is the mark of life and divides the periods of reproduction
in animal life. It is the number of rest and the cycle of rest in the Jubilee.
It is also the period of return to God in rest and return to His Law, and that
is why the Law is read in the Sabbath year of the cycle.
When we look at the
numbers associated with fifty, we see spiritual perfection (7x7) followed by
complete divine grace (50). Fifty is a complete cycle reflected and mirrored in
the Jubilee and the count to Pentecost.
These fifty days
demonstrate the Jubilee system in man. They represent fifty years of the Holy
Spirit developing in man. (This is the time between the ages of 20 when we
become an adult and 70 representing the average lifespan given to man.) During these 50 days from the Wave Sheaf
Offering to Pentecost, love and unity with the brethren and for God should
Fifty is also very common in the Temple Solomon built. For
more details see the papers The
Tabernacle in the Wilderness (No. CB42), The Temple Solomon Built (No. CB107), Rule of the Kings Part
III: Solomon and the Key of David (No. 282C), Altar of
Burnt Offering (No. CB108), Holy of
Holies and Ark of the Covenant (No. CB112), Courtyards of God’s Dwelling Places (No. CB113), and Brazen Sea
and Ten Lavers (No. CB114).
The Significance of the Pentecost
Leviticus 23:16-21 Count fifty
days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain
offering to the LORD. 17You shall bring from your dwellings two wave
loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be
baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits to the LORD. 18And you
shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one
young bull, and two rams. They shall be as
a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink
offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the LORD. 19Then
you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs
of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering. 20The priest
shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. They shall
be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21And you shall proclaim on the
same day that it is a holy
convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings
throughout your generations. (NKJV)
It is interesting that God instructed them to
wave leavened loaves. In all other instances, offerings are to be unleavened. On
the day of Pentecost, the leavening in the loaves represented the Holy Spirit.
It looked forward to the Day of Pentecost in 30 CE when the Holy Spirit was
given to the Church. This fulfilled the symbolism of the leavened loaves. The reason there are two loaves is to show us
that Jesus Christ would come twice, once as a priest and again in the future as
King of Kings and Lord of Lords to rule the planet under God.
All of the
other sacrifices on the day of Pentecost have spiritual significance as
well. From Pentecost at
Sinai (No. 115z) we read:
The seven lambs represent the
seven spirits of God as the angels of the seven Churches.
The bullock, or young bull, is
the Bull of Ephraim; which symbolizes Messiah (Deut. 33:17 cf. Num. 23:22 see
also Jer. 31:18).
The two rams represent the two
witnesses of the last days.
The sin and the peace offerings
represent the reconciliation of the elect as the precursor to the general
Pentecost in the year of Exodus – the
giving of the Ten Commandments
Remember, from the
paper Moses and
the Exodus (No. CB16), Eloah ordered the elohim (i.e. the
Angel that gave the Law to Moses) to take the Israelites out of Egypt. The
Israelites understood that the Angel of the Presence, or the Angel of YHVH that
led them in the cloud, was a subordinate being through whom God chose to reveal
His Law to them. This messenger bore the Presence of God; he carried the Authority
of God (Ex. 23:20-23), and the name of God. He was the Angel who gave the Law
to Moses (Acts 7:38,53; Gal. 3:19). He was the Angel who spoke for God at Sinai
Not long after the Israelites arrived at Mount
Sinai, Moses received a divine request to come up Mount Sinai alone to receive
instructions directly from the Lord, the Angel of Yahovah, acting as a
spokesman for God.
Exodus 19:1-25 In the third
month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the
same day, they came to the Wilderness
of Sinai. 2For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped
in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain. 3And
Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying,
“Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 4‘You
have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and
brought you to Myself. 5Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My
voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above
all people; for all the earth is Mine. 6And you shall be to Me a
kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.” 7So
Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before them all
these words which the LORD commanded him. 8Then all the people
answered together and said, “All that the LORD has spoken we will do.” So Moses
brought back the words of the people to the LORD. 9And the LORD said
to Moses, “Behold, I come to you in the thick cloud, that the people may hear
when I speak with you, and believe you forever.” So Moses told the words of the
people to the LORD. 10Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go to the people
and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes. 11And
let them be ready for the third day. For on the third day the LORD will come
down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12You shall
set bounds for the people all around, saying, ‘Take heed to yourselves that you do not go up to the mountain or touch its base. Whoever touches the
mountain shall surely be put to death. 13Not a hand shall touch him,
but he shall surely be stoned or shot with
an arrow; whether man or beast, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds
long, they shall come near the mountain.” 14So Moses went down from
the mountain to the people and sanctified the people, and they washed their
clothes. 15And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day;
do not come near your wives.” 16Then
it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunderings
and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet
was very loud, so that all the people who were
in the camp trembled. 17And Moses brought the people out of the camp
to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18Now
Mount Sinai was completely in smoke,
because the LORD descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke
of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. 19And when the
blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke,
and God answered him by voice. 20Then the LORD came down upon Mount
Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the LORD called Moses to the top of the
mountain, and Moses went up. 21And the LORD said to Moses, “Go down
and warn the people, lest they break through to gaze at the LORD, and many of
them perish. 22Also let the priests who come near the LORD
consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them.” 23But
Moses said to the LORD, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai; for You
warned us, saying, ‘Set bounds around the mountain and consecrate it.’” 24Then
the LORD said to him, “Away! Get down and then come up, you and Aaron with you.
But do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD,
lest He break out against them.” 25So Moses went down to the people
and spoke to them. (NKJV)
The very next chapter in the Bible begins the
Ten Commandments that were given to the Israelites.
Moses made three ascents up the mountain
during the first six days of the Third month.
This coincides with the period of time that Pentecost occurs. The
Israelites were given the basis of the Law over the period leading to the day
of Pentecost. The Israelites were given the Law of God, including the Ten
Commandments written in stone from this period. However, it had to be given
twice as they sinned and the first tablets were broken.
The Israelites being given the Law of God at
Pentecost looked forward to a time when the Holy Spirit would be given to the
Church to write the Law of God in their hearts.
For more information see Moses and
the Israelites Move on to Sinai (No. CB40), Pentecost at
Sinai (No. 115) and The Ascents
of Moses (No. 70).
Pentecost on Sinai pointed forward to the
receipt of the Holy Spirit by the Church in 30 CE. Let us now look at Pentecost
in the New Testament.
The Day of Pentecost in 30 CE – the giving
of the Holy Spirit
In Acts 2 we read the story of Pentecost in 30
CE, the year Messiah was killed. We learn that the apostles were gathered together
and the Holy Spirit came upon them in power. They obeyed Eloah and gathered
with those that believed like them.
Acts 2:1-4 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come,
they were all with one accord in one place. 2And suddenly there came
a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house
where they were sitting. 3Then there appeared to them divided
tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon
each of them. 4And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and
began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. (NKJV)
The Church was
gathered together at 9:00 a.m. on the Day of Pentecost (Act 2:15). The Holy Spirit was given to the Church in
power and allowed everyone there to hear what everyone else was saying in their
own language. It was a great miracle as the
Holy Spirit became available to all of mankind.
Acts 2:41 states that 3000 were baptised on that
The Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is the power of God (see What is the
Holy Spirit? (No.CB3)). The Holy Spirit works in the individual,
bringing him or her into the Body of Christ, and develops each of us to become
kings, priests and prophets. The Holy Spirit gives understanding of the
mysteries to the elect and makes them stewards of the mysteries of God. For
more information see the The Mysteries of God (No. 131).
What is a steward?
A person who manages the
property or affairs for another entity.
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/steward (There are other definitions, but this is the
We can clearly see the elect, as stewards, are
managing the Law of Eloah and bringing His Law into practice on the planet.
1Corinthians 4:1-5 explains things even further.
1Corinthians 4:1-5 This is how
one should regard us, as servants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of
God. 2Moreover it is required of stewards that they be found
trustworthy. 3But with me it is a very small thing that I should be
judged by you or by any human court. I do not even judge myself. 4I
am not aware of anything against myself, but I am not thereby acquitted. It is
the Lord who judges me. 5Therefore do not pronounce judgment before
the time, before the Lord comes, who will bring to light the things now hidden
in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. Then every man will
receive his commendation from God. (RSV)
The elect are given access to understanding
the mysteries of God, but that understanding is dependent upon their
relationship to God in the Holy Spirit. We must be dedicated to God in Jesus
Christ. We must have an attitude of selflessness – putting God first and doing
the work of God before everything else. The extent of the mysteries to be
revealed in the Last Days will demonstrate the wisdom of God to both the
heavenly and human Host.
The Holy Spirit works with you before baptism and in
you from baptism (see paper Repentance
and Baptism (No. 52)). It is not acceptable to be baptised and
then not be committed to the work of God in Jesus Christ. God works with us through
the Holy Spirit and introduces us to the mysteries of God. We then spend some
time being trained in the word of God so that we understand God’s word and His
way of life. Finally, we are prepared to teach the word of God to others. We
teach by our actions as well as our words. That is why we are called lights of the world (Mat. 5:14). Those
who are exposed and learn the faith from their youth are blessed.
The trials that we
endure are to test our faith and our foundation, for we are the temple of God.
1Corinthians 3:16 Do you not
know that you are God's temple and that God's Spirit dwells in you? 17
If any one destroys God's temple, God will destroy him. For God's temple is
holy, and that temple you are.
Jesus Christ was the first living stone chosen
by God. We are added to Jesus Christ, who is the cornerstone, one by one, to
build the house of God. Upon each living stone (which we are), others are
added. We must be true (honest in our words and actions) and firm (standing
solidly in God’s way of life) for the temple to stand intact. The living stones
are also given a living oracle (Acts 7:38), which is the Scriptures, and a living hope (1Pet. 1:3),
which is the faith (see paper The Oracles
of God (No. 184)).
The attitude that is required for each living
stone to remain part of the structure is to put away all malice, guile, envy
and slander. We are required to work together. We are to be as newborn babes,
taking of the pure spiritual milk so we may grow to salvation.
The true work of God and the elect of God are
identified from sound doctrine in the mysteries of God, and the way in which
they worship the One True God. God tells us that if the prophets do not speak
according to the law and to the testimony it is because there is no light in
them (Isa. 8:20).
Isaiah 8:16-18,20 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my
disciples. 17And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face
from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him. 18Behold, I and
the children whom the LORD hath given me are
for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth
in mount Zion.
20To the law and to the
testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no
light in them.
This is prophecy. Jesus Christ has been given
the elect, or the Church, by God the Father as signs and wonders to Israel and
to the world. The law and the testimony have been given to us through the Holy
Spirit and are sealed up in us. Because of the Holy Spirit, we are compelled to
act according to the law and the testimony.
We should do our best to help the work of God
and get the gospel out to all nations. In order to help, we must learn to be
Titus 3:13-14 Do your best to
speed Zenas the lawyer and Apol'los on their way; see that they lack nothing. 14And
let our people learn to apply themselves to good deeds, so as to help cases of
urgent need, and not to be unfruitful. (RSV)
As for children, there are many ways to be
fruitful. It can be with your prayers, or standing up in front of your friends
for what you believe in. It can also be by living God’s way of life and putting
Him first. All of these things help others to see God’s truth.
Why is the Holy Spirit important?
Without the Holy Spirit we are not part of the
family of God. Without the Holy Spirit it is as if our lifeblood is cut off.
We are all corrupt, carnal people. We cannot
overcome sin without the intervention of God through the Holy Spirit.
Jeremiah 10:23-24 I know, O
LORD, that the way of man is not in himself, that it is not in man who walks to
direct his steps. 24Correct
me, O LORD, but in just measure; not in thy anger, lest thou bring me to
The Holy Spirit is the link that unites us
all. Remember, the Holy Spirit is not something we can feel or touch with our
hands. We know if it is present or not, from what goes on in our minds and how
we behave (Gal. 5:16-18, 22-23).
The Holy Spirit joins us all together to form
the Temple of God (1Cor. 3:16; 6:19). God calls us into the Kingdom of God to
work. It is not because we are special or good. The Spirit gives all of us some
special gift or talent, so we can work together just like one body. A body is
made up of many parts. Each of the body parts, such as arms, legs, eyes and
ears, work together with all the other parts. Nothing works independently. So
we need to help each other in the work of the Church with love and power from
the Holy Spirit.
The Holy Spirit is referred to by various
names, including Helper, Counselor, Comforter (Jn. 15:26). It helps us to
understand the Bible and the things of God. It teaches us the truth (Jn.
14:16-17, 26; 16:13; 1Jn. 4:6; 5:7). It knows all things (1Cor. 2:10-11). The
Holy Spirit is the means by which we become sons of God (Gal. 4:6-7; Rom.
8:14). Christ helps us, teaches us and comforts us through the Holy Spirit.
This is actually the power of God living in us and in Christ. It comes from God
and then to us through Christ. It is like a force that draws us to God through
Christ. It is invisible.
The Holy Spirit is also symbolised by water
(Jn. 7:37-39). We are baptised with the Holy Spirit (Mat. 3:11; Mk. 1:8; Lk.
3:16) and that power fills us and makes us new beings. The Holy Spirit is the
fountain of the water of life (Rev. 21:6)
The Spirit can be quenched (1Thes. 5:19) by
being neglected or grieved (Eph. 4:30) and thus admits of gains and losses in
the individual (see What is the
Holy Spirit? (No. CB3) and The Statement of Beliefs
When we have God’s
Spirit and live the way He commands, we begin to show the fruits of the Holy
Spirit. We can read about these in Galatians 5:22-23.
Three Harvests of Eloah
As we have learned, Messiah is the first of
the fruits – the barley harvest with the Wave Sheaf offering during the days of
Unleavened Bread. The Church is the second harvest – the wheat harvest which
begins at Pentecost. It is the Church working under Joshua the Messiah’s
direction that brings about the work of Eloah (Ha Elohim) in the Last Days. The
elect, the Church, marries Messiah at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb that
occurs with Messiah’s second coming (Rev. 19:7, 9). This leads into the third
harvest, Ingathering, which is for the physical people who will live
on into the Millennium (see the paper Ingathering
The harvest of God
comprises the whole Earth, which includes all mankind and the Host. For more
information see the paper The Three
Harvests of God (No. CB133).
The Feast of Pentecost is the second
annual pilgrimage feast. We have to
count fifty days from the Wave Sheaf in order to arrive at Pentecost. Pentecost (and the Wave Sheaf) are always on
a Sunday. In the plan of God, Pentecost
pictures the giving of the Holy Spirit to the Church. In the Old Testament, the Law of God was
given to the Israelites at Pentecost, and then in the New Testament, on the day
of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit was given to the Church and made available to
mankind so the Laws of God could be written on our hearts.
The Holy Spirit is
the power of God that works in our hearts and minds giving us the desire to
follow God’s way of life. It is nothing to be afraid of, as God does not give
us a spirit of fear, but of power and love (2Tim. 1:7).
obedience more than sacrifice (1Sam.15:22). As we obey Him and keep His Laws He
directs our thoughts (Prov. 6:3) and helps us stay on the right path.
Let us all go forth
using the Holy Spirit that was given on Pentecost in 30 CE to boldly do the
work of Eloah prior to the return of the Witnesses to the planet.