Christian Churches of God

No. CB125_2




The Breastplate of Righteousness


(Edition 1.0 20080725-20080725)


In this lesson we will review the main points associated with a military breastplate and the breastplate that the High Priest wore. We will look at the concepts of righteousness and justice while providing a variety of activities that can be done to reinforce the concepts.




Christian Churches of God

PO Box 369,  WODEN  ACT 2606,  AUSTRALIA




(Copyright ã 2008  Christian Churches of God, ed. Wade Cox)



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The Breastplate of Righteousness




To review the basic concepts related and tied to the breastplate and righteousness and justice.



  1. Children will be able to identify what the High Priest wore over his chest and why it was important.
  2. Children will identify how a breastplate works.
  3. Children will realise that righteousness and justice are the same Hebrew word.
  4. Children will be able to explain three items that should be right and just.



The Golden Jubilee and the Millennium (No. 300)

The Last Thirty Years: the Final Struggle (No. 219)

FAQ Bible Study New Testament (No. 58)

Proverbs 31 (No. 114)

The Creation of the Family of God (No. CB4)

The Garment of the High Priest (No. CB61)

Lesson: Ephod, Curious Girdle and Breastpiece of Judgment (No. CB65)

The Ten Commandments (No. CB17)

The Law of God (No. CB25)

What is the Holy Spirit? (No. CB3)

Why we don't celebrate Christmas (No. CB24))

The Beatitudes (No. 40)

Understanding the Beatitudes (No. CB27)

FAQ Bible Study New Testament (No. 58)

The Eternal Kingdom of God (No. 144))


Relevant Scriptures:

Ephesians 4:24

2Peter 2:4



Open with prayer.

The Breastplate of Righteousness. 

Activity associated with The Breastplate of Righteousness. 

Close with prayer.



Read: The Breastplate of Righteousness (No. CB125)


Questions and Answers:


Q1.      What two words in English have the same concept in Hebrew?

A.        Righteousness and justice are essentially the same concepts being the same word in Hebrew. The Hebrew word tsĕdaqah (SHD 6666) means justice and righteousness; it is the same word. Therefore, a Christian cannot be righteous without being just.


Q2.      What are the five centralities of Eloah and His Law?

A.        * Righteous: Ezra 9:15; Psalm 119:172;

* Perfect: Matthew 5:48; Psalm 19:7;

* Holy: Leviticus 19:2; Romans 7:12;

* Good: Psalm 34:8; Romans 7:12;

* Truth: Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 119:142.


Q3.      Are we to become righteous and holy like Eloah and His Law?

A.        Yes, we are also to become righteous and holy (Eph. 4:24).


Q4.      Are we become like Eloah?

A.        Yes, we are to be partaking of the divine nature of Eloah (2Pet. 2:4)


Q5.      Who was a man after God’s own heart? Did this individual ever sin?

A.        King David sinned and made grave mistakes but due to his attitude of repentance he was a man after God’s own heart (Acts 13:22).


Q6.      Who wore the breastpiece of all the priests and why was it significant?

A.        "Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually" (Ex. 28:30). It is a memorial before the Lord continually (Ex. 28:29).


Q7.      Who did Aaron represent when he was chosen as High Priest?

A.        Aaron as High Priest prefigured Christ as High Priest from his appointment above his fellows when he, Christ, was accepted as the perfect sacrifice on Wave Sheaf, in 30 CE.


Q8.      What were the five materials used in the breastplate and ephod?

A.        The breastplate and ephod were made of all five materials. “And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgement with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold of blue, and purple, and of scarlet material and of twined linen, shall thou make it” (Ex. 28:6,15, NASV).


Q9.      What does the number five represent?

A.        Five is the number of Grace.


Q10.    What leads us to the truth?

A.        The Holy Spirit leads us to all truth (Jn. 16:13).


Q11.    Are we supposed to guard and protect the truth?

A.        The first fruit of the Holy Spirit is the guardianship or protecting of the truth (2Tim. 6:13). The Holy Spirit is of power and love and self-control. One of the responsibilities of the elect is the protection of the truth as the first step of righteousness.


Q12.    Per Ephesians 5:9, are both righteousness and truth fruits of the Spirit?

A.        Yes, the fruit of the Spirit comes from God; it is both righteousness and truth.


Q13.    Should the elect always do works of righteousness and speak the truth?

A.        Yes, if we are to be taking on God’s divine nature all our acts and words should be righteous, and if we lie we break the Commandments (Ps. 15:2).


Q14.    How many Beatitudes mention righteousness (see Mat. 5)?

A.        Two of the Beatitudes make reference to righteousness.


Q15.    Do we have anything to fear if people try to persecute or hurt God’s people?

A.        We have nothing to fear as long as we are obeying God’s word. If God be for us who can be against us? (Rom. 8:31).


Q16.    Is Eloah righteous?

A.        Yes, He is (Ps. 7:9; 11:7; 71:15; 116:5; 119:137).


Q17.    Are Eloah’s testimonies, His Commandments and judgments and the Gospel righteous?

A.        Eloah’s testimonies are righteousness (Ps. 119:138,144) as His Commandments (Deut. 4:8; Ps. 119:172), His judgments (Ps. 19:9; 119:7,62) and the Gospel (Ps. 85:10; Rom 3:25,26) are all righteous.


Q18.    Should we pray to be lead in the righteousness of God?  

A.        Yes, we should pray to be lead in the righteousness of God (Ps. 5:8) and pray for God to answer in righteousness (Ps. 143:1).


Q19.    Is there a period of Just Rule to come to Earth? If so when, and who will be King and High Priest during that time?

A.        Messiah will usher in or bring in the Millennium. Satan and the fallen Host will already be bound, and for the first time in 6000 years the people on the Earth will not be influenced by Satan’s thoughts.


Q20.    Will Messiah rule fairly and justly?

A.        Messiah will govern righteously. It will no longer rain on the just and the unjust. Only those obeying God will receive rain in due season or at the right time of the year. Psalm 9 alludes to this when the world will be judged in righteousness.


Q21.    What happens at the end of the 1000 years or Period of Just Rule?

A.        At the end of the 1000 years, Satan and the fallen Host will be released from the pit; they lead the people living on the planet in another rebellion against Eloah and His Law. It seems amazing that after living under just and right rule for almost a 1000 years people will still choose to disobey God, but that is what the Bible tells us will happen.


Q22.    What happens to Satan and the fallen Host at the end of the Millennium?

A.        Messiah and the saints once and for all deal with Satan and the fallen Host in the final battle and their spiritual life is removed from them.


Q23.    Do Satan and the fallen Host continue to live and disobey Eloah?

A.        No, they die and are raised as men (Isa. 14:16). The fallen Host, like all beings, will be given an opportunity to learn and to live by God’s Laws in the Great White Throne Judgement. 


Q24.    Will there be a time on the Earth when sin does not exist? If so, what happens at that time?

A.        Yes, there will be a time when sin no longer exists on the planet and we will then see a new Heaven and a new Earth, as described in 2Peter 3:13.


Q25.    Do we know exactly what will happen after the Great White Throne Judgement?

A.        No, the Bible is not clear about what Eloah has planned after this, yet we know He is not idle. Therefore, we can expect His Kingdom and Family to continue. We see the coming kingdom as though we look through a dark glass. We can only guess at our future.











o       Cardboard, foam breast pieces



Run for Righteousness


You see your sister take a cookie out of the cookie jar after your mom had said no treats before supper. You decide to go talk with your sister.

You are taking a cookie out of the cookie jar after mom had told you no treats before supper; your mom comes in and you lie and say: “But mom, my big brother, said if I didn’t give him cookies he would beat me up.”

There are only a few pieces of your favourite desert left on the plate and you are asked to pass the plate to the elderly people first. You take a deep breath knowing that you may not get what you want yet cheerfully take the desert plate to the elderly people.

You and your brother both got new ‘game boys’ and you each got to choose different games. You really like one of his better than yours. You get home from school earlier than he does and you steal the game and allow your brother to search for over a week looking for his game.

Your parents helped you to save your second tithe so you would have money to spend at the Feast. Though there were times you wanted to take money or not put all the money into the account, you kept God’s Laws and obediently tithed.

Your Dad gives you money to put into the donation jar at school for the homeless children’s school. You keep the money and buy a special snack with it. When asked how much money the school collected you say “they had enough”.

Your school is doing all sorts of special projects for Christmas. You ask your teacher if you can make get-well cards for the local nursing home residents.

Your friend is having a birthday party and there will be really cute guys there. You really want to go so you tell your mom that you are going to a going-away party for a friend.

You are with your family and the car stops at a stoplight. The light turns green but there is a person in a wheelchair that appears to have gotten stuck in the road. Your Dad gets out and pushes the lady across the street.

You are with a group of friends at a circus. While talking to friends you don’t realize you just pushed into a person with a walker. You do not apologize and make fun of the person to your friends.

You mention to your mom that one of your teachers just returned to school after breaking her leg. You ask to bake cookies for her and your class.

One of the neighbours has just returned from the hospital and your mom made them dinner, including your favourite cookies. She asks you to take the food over to them. Once you are out of sight from your house you eat three of the cookies.

You really don’t feel well and have a temperature. Your best friend is having a really cool party that you have been planning to go to for months. Yet you stay home so no one else gets sick.

Even though your mom tells you to wash your hands after using the bathroom, you don’t think that can make anyone sick so you never wash your hands after using the bathroom.

Even when you are around people who swear or use God’s name in vain, you are very careful what you say as to not break the Commandments.

You are getting older and you notice a lot of kids are swearing or using “bad” language and you really want to fit in with them so you start using inappropriate language.