Sabbath 100239120

Dear Friends,

Re the Second Resurrection and the Great White Throne Judgment.

We had a person studying under CCG say that he thought that the Great White Throne Judgment was merely one of judgment and sentence. There was no period of correction so he understood. How do we know that is wrong and what do the texts have to say in that regard?  What has the Church of God continually taught?

Christ himself taught that there are two resurrections in John 5:29.The dead will come forth, those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment.
The word judgment is SGD <2920> Krisis, it has nothing to do with a condemnation.

The Book of Revelation shows us clearly the sequence of these resurrections.
The Resurrection of Life is described in Revelation 20:6. Blessed and holy is he who shares in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and they shall reign with him a thousand years.

So there is a capacity to die for the Second Resurrection (see the paper Second Resurrection of the Dead and the Great White Throne Judgment (No. 143B)).

The Resurrection of Krisis called “Judgement” is described in Rev 20:11-15.
[11]Then I saw a great white throne and him who sat upon it; from his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them.
[12] And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, by what they had done. 
[13] And the sea gave up the dead in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead in them, and all were judged by what they had done. 
[14] Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire; 
[15] and if any one's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. 

Now, what is difficult to understand?

What is also important is that the text from verse 13 has been used by the COG in the Twentieth century under Herbert Armstrong to teach a false doctrine of a third resurrection which has been examined and shown as false in the paper The Fallacy of the Third Resurrection (No. 166). This doctrine imputes respect of persons to God and is blasphemy.

But do people in the Second Resurrection have a chance? What does the Bible say and what have we taught over the centuries?

In the former view the judgment referred to is simply prior to sentence. Thus there must be a host of detail in the plan of salvation that shows this to be wrong. Otherwise there are many implications for the Plan of God and God’s morality.

It makes no sense to resurrect the Host just to condemn them.
Krisis judgment is a judgment of correction, not a judgment of condemnation.  God has said it is not His will that any flesh should perish and thus no flesh will perish or He is not God and His will is not Omnipotent.  His creation is given the opportunity of Salvation no matter where or when they were born into the family of Adam.  All Israel is given the opportunity of resurrection and yet the First Resurrection is only of the prophets and patriarchs and the elect of the Church after the receipt of the Holy Spirit. Therefore the Resurrection and Salvation must extend over the two Resurrections for God to be the God of the Living and not the dead.

The simple logic of what occurs is contained in the OT text. God states that there is no resurrection for the Rephaim and those not created by Him which were the product of the demons. This is examined and explained in the paper Resurrection of the Dead (No. 143) at

(see also the paper Heaven, Hell or the First Resurrection of the Dead (No. 143A)).
This issue was also covered in the paper B5 Creation etc.

There is a logical and ethical responsibility on God or any moral and ethical being that creates something as part of a plan that will extend eternal life to those involved in the creation to share equal chance to partake of the benefits of that which is extended to them. In this case a chance to become a son of God. Christ said: Is it not written in the law that I said ye are gods all of you, and Scripture cannot be broken. Why then do you say I blaspheme when I said” I am a son of God (Jn 10:34-36). 

So also there exists a responsibility to ensure that all sons of God that were created by God have an equal opportunity for repentance and salvation. Thus repentance must also be open to the demons as well as all mankind or God is a respecter of persons. But Scripture tells as that God is not a respecter of person and thus salvation is open to all God's creation.

Yes, God is not a respecter of persons, the Demons will die also because the wages of sin is death (Rom. 6:23).

And God will resurrect each one as a human being for the Judgement of Krisis. That is to show His Wisdom and Mercy for His Glory. See also the paper Judgment of the Demons (No. 080).

It is beyond question that the Holy Spirit was withheld from Israel until Christ established the Church and only the patriarchs and prophets as chosen by God were able to be given that power.

Thus if Israel pre-church and the rest of the world are not given that opportunity then God is in respect of persons. If He allows Satan to prevent His creation from getting access to the Holy Spirit then God is neither Omniscient nor Omnipotent and cannot therefore be God.

The Bible is clear that Satan was one of the anointed covering Cherubs set with Christ and was the Light bearer or Morning star of the earth (Isa. 14 and Ezek. 28). He is to be brought down and killed like a human and then he is to be resurrected and seen by the creation who will look at him and say "is this the man that troubled the nations etc."

We know also from the parable of the Prodigal Son that repentance and return is extended to Satan. Christ places words in his own mouth that highlight the glory and mercy of God. See Lost Sheep and the Prodigal Son (No. 199).

From Peter repentance is also extended to the demons at all levels even to the lowest levels in Tartaros. If it is not then Christ is a sadist and not the mediator of the covenant with all creation as High priest of Melchisedek. However he is high priest and the mediator with God.

To suggest that the nations are not given opportunity at correction and salvation is to say that Salvation is not of the gentiles and God is a respecter of persons but we know that through Christ salvation is of the Gentiles and therefore their time of correction must come or again God is imputed to be in respect of persons.

The Church has also taught, and at least over the early centuries of the Church, that salvation was accorded to the unborn foetus and even those of sin and adultery.


1. CLEMENS ALEXANDRINUS, Eclog. 48. For instance, Peter in the Apocalypse says that the children who are born out of due time shall be of the better part: and that these are delivered over to a care-taking angel that they may attain a share of knowledge and gain the better abode [after suffering what they would have suffered if they had been in the body: but the others shall merely obtain salvation as injured beings to whom mercy is shown, and remain without punishment, receiving this as a reward].*

2. CLEM. ALEX. Eclog. 49. But the milk of the women running down from their breasts and congealing shall engender small flesh eating beasts: and these run up upon them and devour them.

3. MACARIUS MAGNES, Apocritica iv., 6 cf. 16. The earth, it (sc. the Apoc. of Peter) says, "shall present all men before God at the day of judgment, being itself also to be judged, with the heaven also which encompasses it."

4. CLEM. ALEX. Eclog. 41. The scripture says that infants that have been exposed are delivered to a care-taking angel, by whom they are educated and so grow up, and they will be, it says, as the faithful of a hundred years old are here.

5. METHODIUS, Conviv. ii., 6. Whence also we have received in divinely-inspired scriptures that untimely births are delivered to care-taking angels, even if they are the offspring of adultery.

Thus the resurrection of even foetuses must be to an adulthood for a purpose of education rather than is condemnation or God’s Motives, Plan and Nature are again impugned.  Each must be given the same opportunity in the long run. Therefore the judgment of krisis must be of the same duration as that extended to human adults at the longest time given them in the texts and that was 100 years as we know from the life of Moses who was 120 years old and his period from an adult was two jubilees. This was later shortened to 70 years but we see from Isaiah 65 that it is reinstated at 100 years for judgment.

Also one cannot say that these gentiles have heard the gospel when it has not been preached in say India for over a millennium and those preaching a false gospel as did the RCs and Anglicans in India cannot possibly count as the Trinitarian Sunday worshippers themselves cannot enter the kingdom of God in the First Resurrection. They along with the Whore in total will be consigned to the same Second Resurrection.

It is written that it is God's Will that no flesh will perish and therefore no flesh will perish as God's Will will be done. Those who do not wish to work for the Salvation of all mankind will not be in the First Resurrection.

Very few people among the human beings are chosen by God to be in the First Resurrection. People don't understand that the First Resurrection is for a specific purpose and also for the Judgment of the Demons by the elect who perform their tasks.

Only those who serve others and wish for their salvation can enter the First Resurrection. No one is to be allowed to mess up anyone else's salvation.

 It is simple, from the mouth of Christ that even the antinomians will enter the kingdom of God.

Matthew 5:19 Whoever then relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but he who does them and teaches them shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

However, they have to repent. So, yes God's Will is that no flesh will perish.

At the Second Resurrection they will face all of us and they will soon know that they are to keep the Commandments of God and the Faith and Testimony of Jesus Christ (Rev. 12:17 and 14:12).

Remember also that God is dealing with the problem of evil and the Plan of Salvation is designed to overcome evil in all its manifestations (see the paper The Problem of Evil (No.118)).

Wade Cox
Coordinator General