Sabbath Message 27/5/33/120B                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Dear Friends

We now continue with the Temple Calendar and show how it existed from the very beginning and was never lost even now among the nations not keeping the laws of God.

Genesis 1:14-19 And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years, [15] and let them be lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth." And it was so. [16] And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also. [17] And God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth, [18] to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. [19] And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

We see that God set these lights in the firmament in the heavens to separate the day from the night and made them as signs and for seasons and for days and years.

The Moon was thus set as a focal point for the night and for the seasons and the days and the years.

This was established from the creation and is not dependent upon any system of human observation or determination save that they are required to read what God has placed in the heavens and to determine the days and the seasons and the years from these signs. It does not depend on any growth of plant nor does it depend on human visual sighting. To assume that God requires a human to determine when the months begin by a system of observation is arrogant stupidity. The Karaite heresy of observations and the Crescent New Moon stems from ancient paganism and the mysticism of the Twelfth century CE and is a heresy of apostate Jews. There is nothing clever about it at all and it was NEVER seen or followed in the Temple system.

Psalm 104:19 Thou hast made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting.
Thus the Bible tells us that the Moon is the body that determines the seasons in conjunction with the sun and is involved with the setting of the sun.

The Bible tells us that there are two seasons only. Those seasons are the Summer and the Winter seasons. These seasons are determined from what is termed the Turn of the Year which is determined from the two equinoxes. The Vernal or Spring Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is termed from the Month of Abib meaning “to spring” and hence Abib. This month is commanded to be the beginning of months for the servants of God.

Exodus 12:2 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, [2] "This month shall be for you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year for you.

The Equinox is the day in the month of Abib and in time of Ingathering which leads up to the time that is called the “Turn of the year” also which is incorrectly translated as end of the year by some to justify the use of Trumpets as a calendar demarcation point or the end. The translation is incorrect. From the equinox in Abib the summer season begins with the solstice determining the longest day and the Turn begins the winter with the winter solstice determining the shortest day. The opposite occurs in the Southern Hemisphere.

Turn of the year is the scriptural phrase for the passing of both equinoxes in the given year. The Hebrew words in the phrase are shaneh and tequwphah. The text at reference is Exodus 34:22-23: And you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the Turn of the year (rendered years end by some translations). The Tanakh uses the Turn of the year from the two Hebrew words used: shaneh meaning the course or changing (of the season) and tequwphah meaning after the courses of the year; hence together they mean the turn of the year (into the winter season).

The beginning of the Month has always been determined from the conjunction. The word month is derived from the word moon.  All nations have always determined the months from the conjunctions. It was the Roman system that used the sun and the months lost their relationship to the moon. The Macedonian system was the same as the Temple system and the Macedonian months beginning with the conjunction were always synonymous with the Temple months and we see that in the dating system used by Josephus and others.

It was with the pagan systems and the worship of the moon god Sin that the Crescent was used to determine the system at Babylon and in Egypt under the Mystery Cults. It was determined as the finger of Ashirat the Moon goddess, and all the Babylonian and Egyptian systems were based on this premise. It was never so in the Temple system (see the paper The Golden Calf (No. 222) at

The Calendar was in use with Adam and continued on with the patriarchs. Genesis is dated from the months according to the days of the months determined from the conjunctions and we have the historical records that confirm these conclusions. The determination of the Calendar was set in stone by Seth son of Adam, and he also erected a pillar of brick on both of which the calculation of the heavens were determined and able to be calculated in long advance. That pillar was still in existence at the fall of the Temple period in Syria (Syriad). Josephus records the fact in his work (A of J, Bk. I, ch. 2, 3 (Whiston, p. 27, 1981).

It is a matter beyond dispute that the New Moons were kept as Sabbaths and the New Moon was determined well in advance as the day on which the conjunction fell and was determined from Jerusalem by the astronomical schools.  We know these things to be true as we have the evidence of the Bible in Genesis and the Torah, and we also have it on the evidence of the scribes and the philosophers such as Philo who was writing in the first century before the destruction of the Temple.  Josephus also makes the interesting notation (A of J, Bk. III, ch. X, 4) that the Tabernacles were actually erected by Judah in their houses and that it was on the fifteenth day of the seventh month when the season is changing to winter, and in that way they preserved themselves from the cold. Josephus also states that the beginning of the year occurred in the (Macedonian) month of Xanthicus (called by the Jews Nisan) and on the Fourteenth Day of the lunar month when the sun is in Aries they sacrifice the Passover and then eat it leaving nothing until morning which is the Fifteenth day of the month, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread falls on that day and continues seven days (v. 5). This is in exact accord with Scripture and confirms that the Jews kept the correct Passover until the end of the Temple period. 

The Jewish writers have contrived to make the position on the Temple period calendar based on the calculated conjunctions obscure by claiming observations. That is a complete lie and the  arguments have been examined and exposed in the papers God’s Calendar (No. 156) at; The New Moons (No. 125) at and The New Moons of Israel (No. 132) at which shows the spiritual intent of the structure. The Temple Calendar was perfect and was kept correctly until the fall of the Temple and the Pharisees and their post-Temple rabbinical system got their hands on the Calendar and sent Judaism into total apostasy.

The Jewish calendar is acknowledged by the authorities, and the Encyclopaedia Britannica records that the modern Jewish calendar is independent of the true New Moons.

The Jewish calendar is thus contrary to the intention of the biblical texts and Laws. It is obvious that the Jewish or Hillel calendar, being acknowledged to be independent of the true New Moons, cannot accurately reflect the Laws of God, which make no provision for the alteration of the Sabbaths, or their removal from the true New Moon. The conjecture of modern scholarship that the New Moon was viewed as a crescent appears to rest on a completely speculative foundation, in ignorance of the known practices of the Samaritans and Sadducees, and contrary to the rules of postponement themselves. A later rule appeared to be that the crescent must develop from the New Moon within the day on which it appeared; hence, the 1200-hours rule of the postponements. The crescent was tied to the worship of the moon god Sin and is not a scriptural practice. Our word sin is itself derived from the ancient practices as viewed from the Hebrew and scriptural position. Our way of calculating the New Moon is according to the phasis and has never changed following the ancient Samaritan practice. That of itself should be persuasive evidence. It is modern Judaism that is in a state of perpetual sin, led there by its rabbis.

Point of calculation

The New Moon is a precise astronomical event which is perfectly predictable. The event can occur on different days because of the rotation of the Earth. The determination of the New Moon, therefore, must be determined from the time in which it occurs in Jerusalem to ensure the uniformity of religious worship throughout the world, given increased communication.

The determination of the New Moon in Jerusalem is based upon the Scriptures that place Jerusalem as the Throne of the Lord (Jer. 3:17), the centre of the Law and the point from which it will issue under Messiah (Isa. 2:3) and through the waters of the Spirit (Zech. 8:22; 14:8-21). God has placed His Name there forever (2Chr. 33:4).

The Biblical position

The biblical requirement for the New Moons was examined in the paper The New Moons (No. 125). The position is restated.

The feast of the New Moon is one of the Feasts of the Lord. It is listed at Numbers 10:10.

“Numbers 10:10    Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God. (KJV)”

The sacrifices were fulfilled in Christ. The Feasts or Sabbaths themselves were not eliminated.

The offerings required were altered in their necessity to that of spiritual offerings each day of the Holy Day sequence, from Sabbaths to New Moons to Feasts. The sacrifices under the Law were provided for from a special levy allocated under the responsibility of the national authority. The Prince’s levy is examined in the paper Tithing (No. 161) .

‘Ezekiel 45:14-17   Concerning the ordinance of oil, the bath of oil, ye shall offer the tenth part of a bath out of the cor, which is an homer of ten baths; for ten baths are an homer: 15 And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; for a meat offering, and for a burnt offering, and for peace offerings, to make reconciliation for them, saith the Lord GOD. 16 All the people of the land shall give this oblation for the prince in Israel. 17 And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel. (KJV)’

This offering was a tithe of a tithe of oil, and a half-tithe of the tithe for the meat offerings. It was collected by the Prince for the sacrifices on Sabbaths, New Moons, Holy Days and offerings. Thus it is incorrect to claim that the tithe was eliminated with the sacrifices, because they were obviously provided for separately. This text also concerns the first-fruits from Ezekiel 44:29-30, and the orders are made for the restoration of Israel in its lands. Messiah will thus set up the system that he is alleged to have done away with from his crucifixion – and Scripture cannot be broken. This will be for the mental healing of the nations, but this matter will be examined separately.

The Feast of the New Moon was treated as a Shabbathown or Holy Sabbath. Sacrifices were offered as we see above as a memorial.

‘Numbers 28:11-15   And in the beginnings of your months ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot; 12 And three tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one bullock; and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one ram; 13 And a several tenth deal of flour mingled with oil for a meat offering unto one lamb; for a burnt offering of a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD. 14 And their drink offerings shall be half an hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part of an hin unto a ram, and a fourth part of an hin unto a lamb: this is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year. 15 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering unto the LORD shall be offered, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering. (KJV)’

We see from this text that the New Moon festivals were to be on every month throughout the months of the year. The same requirements apply to the New Moons as they do to the other Feasts and Sabbaths.

‘1Chronicles 23:31   And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD: (KJV)’

We see that the New Moons are in fact intermediary between the Sabbaths and the Feasts. Like the Feasts and the Sabbaths, the nexus between the sacrifices and the New Moons was fulfilled in Messiah. However, the observance of the New Moons themselves was not eliminated.

This observance is not to be construed with the worship of the moon, which is expressly forbidden.

‘Deuteronomy 4:19   And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven. (KJV)’

‘Deuteronomy 17:3    And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded; (KJV)’

The observance of the Sabbaths and New Moons together with the set Feasts is given to mark the Plan of God and the flow of the cycles of the creation. The solar calendar does not perform this function.

From the restoration of the Passover of Hezekiah, after the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Hezekiah restored the New Moons as well as the Feasts. No restoration will be complete until the New Moons are correctly restored to their rightful place in the system.

‘2Chronicles 31:3  He appointed also the king's portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD. (KJV)’

Ezra 3:5 also notes the New Moons were restored under Ezra. Thus both major restorations involved the restoration of the New Moons.

‘Ezra 3:5   And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the LORD. (KJV)’

The New Moon is the beginning or the First day of the month (Num. 10:10; 28:11). No system that bases itself on the relocation of the beginning of the month is valid. The Hillel calendar is invalid because of this fact. The actual Temple Calendar was based on the conjunction of the New Moon and we know that from the text in Philo.

 “This is the New Moon, or beginning of the lunar month, namely the period between one conjunction and the next, the length of which has been accurately calculated in the astronomical schools.” (Judaeus, Philo, The Special Laws, II, XXVI, 140, Treatise by F.H. Colson, Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA, 1937.)

The lunar calendar is the mark of the Holy People. In its notation to Exodus 12:2, the Mekilta states that: “the nations reckon by the sun, but Israel by the moon”.

‘The feasts of PASSOVER and BOOTHS were not set simply by the general lunar calculation, but on the basis of the appearance of the new moon of the month in which they occurred, PENTECOST depending on Passover in this respect ... Though it is impossible to document this fully, it seems probable that the sabbath was originally also part of this natural cycle of time, related to the phases of the moon, and that, following its separation the Feast of the New Moon continued as a separate observance (The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Vol. 3, art. ‘New Moon’, p. 544).’

The conjecture regarding the Sabbath and New Moon is perhaps based upon the system of observance that we see in paper The Works of the Law Text - or MMT (No. 104) . Strugnell and Qimron have translated the text from the DSS (see Bib. Arch. Review, Nov.-Dec. 1994). All historic Jewish rites for the announcement of the New Moon from the preceding Sabbath contain a prayer of eschatological content. The rationale for the observance was God’s creation of the moon as a “sign” of the unbreakable covenant with Israel, the “times” of whose cultus it decreed (Ps. 104:19; Ecclus. 43:6-8) (Int. Dict., ibid., see also Ber. R. 13d). The Calendar is thus an inseparable part of the covenant with Israel.

The New Moon was noted as significant for the giving of visions and prophecy, perhaps from 2Kings 4:23 but certainly from Ezekiel 26:1; 29:17; 31:1; 32:1 (cf. Isa. 47:13; Hag. 1:1). This directly refuted the astrologers and stargazers of the Babylonian system, as we see from Isaiah 47:13.

 ‘Isaiah 47:13   Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee. (KJV)’

The monthly prognostications were done on the phases of the moon, thus perverting the system.

The Sabbaths and the New Moons both enjoined rest from work, as we see from Amos 8:5. It was a day of rejoicing. The mirth intended for the Holy Days was removed from Hosea 2:11.

‘Hosea 2:11   I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. (KJV)’

This was because of unfaithfulness and idolatry. God destroys His people because they do not keep His Laws. The end result is that He destroys the wealth of the nation.

‘Hosea 2:12    And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them. (KJV)’

Fasting and mourning were suspended on the New Moons. We know that this occurred throughout Israel up until Messiah from the Apocrypha (Jth. 8:6). The ceremonies were proclaimed with trumpets (Num. 10:10; Ps. 81:3).

‘Psalm 81:3  Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. (KJV)’

The New Moon of significant months is especially kept from the texts.

‘1Samuel 20:6    If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. (KJV)’

The New Moon of Nisan was significant, and also the New Moon of Tishri was itself the Feast of Trumpets (see also the paper Trumpets (No. 136) ).

‘Ezekiel 45:18-20   Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary: 19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it upon the posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court. 20 And so thou shalt do the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple: so shall ye reconcile the house. (KJV)’

The cleansing of the sanctuary or Temple commenced on the New Moon of the First month (Nisan) beginning the Sacred Year (cf. Sanctification of the Temple of God (No. 241) . This cleansed the inner court. This was to represent the elect as the inner wheel of Ezekiel’s vision. The cleansing of the simple and the erroneous was effected from the Seventh of the First month or Nisan. The priesthood had prepared themselves and the nation.

The New Moon of the Seventh month was also important.

‘Leviticus 23:24   Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. (KJV)
Nehemiah 8:2 2 And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month. (KJV)’

The New Moon of the Seventh month thus commences the restoration through the Reading of the Law, which occurs every seven years of the Jubilee cycle over every day of Tabernacles (cf. also Reading the Law with Ezra and Nehemiah (No. 250) ).

‘Deuteronomy 31:10-12  And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, 11 When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing.12 Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: (KJV)

Nehemiah 8:18  Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner. (KJV)’

The symbolism here is that the seventh or Sabbath year represents the millennial cycle of one thousand years, commencing with the return of Messiah, who issues the Law from Jerusalem. The Law then spreads throughout the world from the subjugation of the nations. The reading on the Feast of Trumpets, in the restoration of Nehemiah, was to point towards the restoration of Messiah, and from Trumpets. (cf. also the paper Outline Timetable of the Age (No. 272) ).
(Section requoted from W.E. Cox The New Moons (No. 125) , Christian Churches of God, 1995, 1999.)

The Festivals according to Philo

In dealing with the Feasts under the Commandments we read what Philo has to say in The Specials Laws about the Fourth Commandment inter alia:

{**Yonge's title, A Treatise on the Special Laws, Which Are Referred to Three Articles of the Decalogue, Namely the Third, Fourth, and Fifth; About Oaths, and the Reverence Due to Them; About the Holy Sabbath; About the Honour To Be Paid to Parents.}

Yonge's translation includes a separate treatise title at this point: On the Number Seven. His next division begins and ends with roman numeral I (= X in the Loeb). The text follows the Loeb numbering.
X. (39) The next commandment is that concerning the sacred seventh day, in which are comprehended an infinite number of most important festivals. For instance, there is the release of those men who by nature were free, but who, through some unforeseen necessity of the times, have become slaves, which release takes place every seventh year. Again, there is the humanity of creditors towards their debtors, as they forgive their countrymen their debts every seventh year. Also there is the rest given to the fertile ground, whether it be in the champaign or in the mountainous country, which also takes place every seventh year. Moreover, there are those ordinances, which are established respecting the fiftieth year. And of all these things the bare narration (without looking to any inner and figurative signification) is sufficient to lead those who are well disposed to perfect virtue, and to make even those who are obstinate and stubborn in their dispositions more docile and tractable. (40) Now we have already spoken at some length about the virtue of the number seven, explaining what a nature it has in reference to the number ten; and also what a connection it has to the decade itself, and also to the number four, which is the foundation and the source of the decade. And now, having been compounded in regular order from the unit, it in regular order produces the perfect number twenty-eight; being multiplied according to a regular proportion equal in all its parts, it makes at last both a cube and a square. I also showed how there is an infinite number of beauties which may be extracted from a careful contemplation of it, on which we have not at present time to dilate. But we must examine every one of the special matters which are before us as comprehended in this one, beginning with the first. The first matter to be considered is that of the Festivals. [Yonge's translation includes a separate treatise title at this point: To Show That the Festivals Are Ten in Number. This "treatise" begins with roman numeral I (= XI in the Loeb), enumerates each of the ten festivals individually, and extends through Loeb number 214. The text follows the Loeb numbering.]
XI. (41) Now there are ten festivals in number, as the law sets them down.
The first is that which any one will perhaps be astonished to hear called a festival. This festival is every day.
The second festival is the seventh day, which the Hebrews in their native language call the sabbath.
The third is that which comes after the conjunction, which happens on the day of the new moon in each month.
The fourth is that of the passover which is called the passover.
The fifth is the first fruits of the corn--the sacred sheaf. [Note the Wave Sheaf is one of the Ten festivals of the Temple period]
The sixth is the feast of unleavened bread, after which that festival is celebrated, which is really
The seventh day of seventh days.
The eighth is the festival of the sacred moon, or the feast of trumpets.
The ninth is the fast.
The tenth is the feast of tabernacles, which is the last of all the annual festivals, ending so as to make the perfect number of ten. We must now begin with the first festival.

{Note Philo here combines the Last Great Day with the Feast of Tabernacles makingTen instead of Eleven]

We notice here that in the introduction in dealing with the third Feast, namely the New Moon, Philo uses the term which has been rendered after the conjunction and some others have rendered as following in the sense of “according to” or “as determined by” the conjunction. However, he qualifies this matter by saying which happens on the day of the New Moon in each month. The text is thus quite clear that the New Moon is the day on which the conjunction occurs. In the later explanations Philo then goes on to state that the month is from one conjunction to the next as determined in the astronomical schools, as was quoted above.

There can thus be no error. The New Moon is on the day of the conjunction as determined by the schools from Jerusalem. To postpone the New Moon as is done by Judaism is to postpone all the festivals and make them of no value. It is simply thumbing one’s nose at God and His Laws. On the New Moon hang all the subsequent festivals.

Yonge’s translation lacked part of 140 and the texts of 142-144 (which is supplied here) and explains the timing and the theology behind the New Moon and why it runs according to the conjunction and the New Moon day is the day of the conjunction.

XXVI. (140) Following the order which we have adopted, we proceed to speak of the third festival, that of the new moon. First of all, because it is the beginning of the month, and the beginning, whether of number or of time, is honourable. Secondly, because at this time there is nothing in the whole of heaven destitute of light. (141) Thirdly, because at that period the more powerful and important body gives a portion of necessary assistance to the less important and weaker body; for, at the time of the new moon, the sun begins to illuminate the moon with a light which is visible to the outward senses, and then she displays her own beauty to the beholders. And this is, as it seems, an evident lesson of kindness and humanity to men, to teach them that they should never grudge to impart their own good things to others, but, imitating the heavenly bodies, should drive envy away and banish it from the Soul.{17}{sections 142-144 were omitted in Yonge's translation because the edition on which Yonge based his translation, Mangey, lacked this material. These lines have been newly translated for this volume.} (142) The fourth reason is that of all the bodies in the heaven, the moon traverses the zodiac in the least appointed time: it accomplishes its orbit in a monthly interval. For this reason the law has honored the end of its orbit, the point when the moon has finished at the beginning point from which it began to travel, by having called that day a feast so that it might again teach us an excellent lesson that in the affairs of life we should make the ends harmonious with the beginnings. This will happen if we hold the reins on our first impulses with the power of reason and do not permit them to refuse the reins and to run free like animals without anyone in charge of the herd.

It is thus beyond question that the New Moon in the Temple period was the day on which the conjunction occurred and thus the calendar was understood from the beginning and was kept by the priesthood in the Temple according to the conjunctions as calculated in the astronomical schools, and the Churches of God always understood that and kept the church calendar according to the calculations until Herbert Armstrong destroyed the structure by introducing that Hillel abomination. 

God gave us laws to follow and He gave us a calendar and He expects us to obey Him. It is straightforward and only a wilfully disobedient person that is more interested in a social club than obeying God would ignore the errors and apostasy and continue in sin regardless of the Laws of God. There is no excuse for the Churches of God to follow Hillel and these apostate ministers that force you to bring your children up in error and deceit and sin.

Other texts show the importance of the New Moons to the Calendar and the importance of the Sanctification period. The New Moons are critical to the Temple which Temple we are.

New Moons were Sabbaths used for the prophets and they were both to be kept in righteousness:  
2Kings 4:23  And he said, "Why will you go to him today? It is neither new moon nor sabbath." She said, "It will be well."

Haggai 1:1   In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came by Haggai the prophet to Zerub'babel the son of She-al'ti-el, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehoz'adak, the high priest,

Psalm 81:3-4  Blow the trumpet at the new moon, at the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. [4] For it is a statute for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob.      

The term at the time appointed is rendered in the RSV as on the full moon but it does not mean that and the New Moon of Abib which is being referred to is the beginning of the sanctification period.

Isaiah 1:13-14    Bring no more vain offerings; incense is an abomination to me. New moon and Sabbath and the calling of assemblies -- I cannot endure iniquity and solemn assembly. [14] Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hates; they have become a burden to me, I am weary of bearing them.

Ezekiel 46:3 is pretty clear the new moons are kept like a Sabbath. [3] The people of the land shall worship at the entrance of that gate before the LORD on the sabbaths and on the new moons.

Also read 1Chronicles 23:31-32:   and whenever burnt offerings are offered to the LORD on sabbaths, new moons, and feast days, according to the number required of them, continually before the LORD. [32] Thus they shall keep charge of the tent of meeting and the sanctuary, and shall attend the sons of Aaron, their brethren, for the service of the house of the LORD."

2Chronicles 2:4  Behold, I am about to build a house for the name of the LORD my God and dedicate it to him for the burning of incense of sweet spices before him, and for the continual offering of the showbread, and for burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths and the new moons and the appointed feasts of the LORD our God, as ordained for ever for Israel.

2Chronicles 8:13  as the duty of each day required, offering according to the commandment of Moses for the sabbaths, the new moons, and the three annual feasts -- the feast of unleavened bread, the feast of weeks, and the feast of tabernacles.

2Chronicles 31:3 The contribution of the king from his own possessions was for the burnt offerings: the burnt offerings of morning and evening, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, the new moons, and the appointed feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD.

Ezra 3:5-6  and after that the continual burnt offerings, the offerings at the new moon and at all the appointed feasts of the LORD, and the offerings of every one who made a freewill offering to the LORD. [6] From the first day of the seventh month they began to offer burnt offerings to the LORD. But the foundation of the temple of the LORD was not yet laid.

Nehemiah 10:33  for the showbread, the continual cereal offering, the continual burnt offering, the sabbaths, the new moons, the appointed feasts, the holy things, and the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.

Ezekiel 45:17  It shall be the prince's duty to furnish the burnt offerings, cereal offerings, and drink offerings, at the feasts, the new moons, and the Sabbaths, all the appointed feasts of the house of Israel: he shall provide the sin offerings, cereal offerings, burnt offerings, and peace offerings, to make atonement for the house of Israel.

Numbers 10:10 On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts, and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; they shall serve you for remembrance before your God: I am the LORD your God." (See also Numbers 28 and 29.) 

Nor is there trading on Sabbath or New moons. Amos 8:5: "When will the New Moon be over that we may sell grain, and the Sabbath be ended that we may market wheat?"

(See also Ex. 12:2; Psalm 104:19) The Calendar has never been lost because the Churches of God have been its guardians until WCG. We know when it is and it depends on the New Moons.

Wade Cox
Coordinator General